Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


E

E

(ē)
.
1.
The fifth letter of the English alphabet.
It derives its form, name, and value from the Latin, the form and value being further derived from the Greek, into which it came from the Phœnician, and ultimately, probably, from the Egyptian. Its etymological relations are closest with the vowels i, a, and o, as illustrated by to fall, to fell; man, pl. men; drink, drank, drench; dint, dent; doom, deem; goose, pl. geese; beef, OF. boef, L. bos; and E. cheer, OF. chiere, LL. cara.
See Guide to Pronunciation , §§ 74-97.
2.
(Mus.)
E is the third tone of the model diatonic scale. E♭ (E flat) is a tone which is intermediate between D and E.

Webster 1828 Edition


E

DESCRIPTIV

,E,
Adj.
Containing description; tending to describe; having the quality of representing; as a descriptive figure; a descriptive narration; a story descriptive of the age.

Definition 2022


E

E


E U+0045, E
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E
D
[U+0044]
Basic Latin F
[U+0046]
See also: and Appendix:Variations of "e"

Translingual

Etymology

From Latin E, from Ancient Greek Ε (E, Epsilon).

Letter

E upper case (lower case e)

  1. The fifth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

Symbol

E

  1. Representing × 10x in floating-point notation.
    2E5 = 2 × 105
  2. (computing) Hexadecimal symbol for 14.
  3. (physics) Energy.
  4. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for glutamic acid
  5. (mathematics) expectation function

See also

Other representations of E:


English

Letter

E (upper case, lower case e, plural Es or E's)

  1. The fifth letter of the English alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

Number

E (upper case, lower case e)

  1. The ordinal number fifth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2

  • (ESRB rating, everyone): Abbreviation of everyone
  • (East): Abbreviation of east
  • (slang, ecstasy): Abbreviation of ecstacy
  • (grade): From the position of the letter E in the English alphabet

Symbol

E

  1. (ESRB rating) Everyone.
  2. East.

Noun

E (plural Es)

  1. (street slang) The illicit drug ecstasy (MDMA).
  2. The grade below D in some grading systems. In most such systems, it is a failing grade.
    • 1999, Julian Stallabrass, High Art Lite: British Art in the 1990s, Verso, ISBN 1859843182, page 25,
      In line with this, he is marketed not only as a mental innocent, but as a class primitive, someone who only got an E in A-level art […]
    • a2003, Rick, quoted in Linda MacDowell, Redundant Masculinities?: Employment Change and White Working Class Youth, Blackwell Publishing (2003), ISBN 1405105860, page 198,
      My results weren’t that great, to be honest. I weren’t right happy with them; I got an E in Maths and that were a surprise, but I did get a B in Technology that were all right.
    • 2005, S. J. Smith, Joe Public, Virtualbookworm Publishing, ISBN 1589397681, page 125,
      Not really, but perhaps I’d have got an ‘E’ in Tech Drawing no matter how much I’d asserted myself. Maybe Mr. Pinkerton would have seen to it that my exam paper was tampered with. A spot of teacher to student revenge.
    • 2005, Craig Taylor, Light, Reverb, ISBN 1905315007, page 103,
      But she didn’t get the bit about my accidental artistic career, “But you can’t draw love. You got an E in your exam. I remember that. You drew that onion that looked like a boil.”
  3. Abbreviation of episode. (installment of a series)
    The pilot episode is S01E01.
Translations

Etymology 3

From Mandarin (È), formed as a phono-semantic character from ("beat a drum", reconstructed Old Chinese pronunciation *Ngˤak) + , the combinatorial form of ("area", "place").

Proper noun

E

  1. (historical) A state in ancient China of varying location in present-day Shanxi, Henan, and Hubei
  2. (historical) Its capital, also known as Echeng and Ezhou

Etymology 4

From (the pinyin romanization of) Mandarin , from E , which is both the language's autonym and an expression of affirmation in the language.

Proper noun

E

  1. A Tai-Chinese mixed language spoken primarily in Rongshui Miao Autonomous County, Guangxi, China; Kjang E.

Etymology 5

Unknown.

Proper noun

E

  1. A river in the Highlands of Scotland.

American Sign Language

Letter

(Stokoe E)

  1. The letter E

Azeri

Letter

E upper case (lower case e)

  1. The sixth letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /eː/

Letter

E (capital, lowercase e)

  1. The fifth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: D
  • Next letter: F

Esperanto

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /e/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /e/

Letter

E (upper case, lower case e)

  1. The sixth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

Abbreviation

E

  1. Abbreviation of eosto (east).

Finnish

Letter

E (upper case, lower case e)

  1. The fifth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called ee and written in the Latin script.

See also

Abbreviation

E

  1. eximia cum laude approbatur

French

Pronunciation

Abbreviation

E

  1. Abbreviation of est; east

Letter

E

  1. The fifth letter of the French alphabet.

Galician

Abbreviation

E

  1. leste (east)

Synonyms

  • (east): L

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʔeː/

Letter

E (upper case, lower case e)

  1. The fifth letter of the German alphabet.

German Sign Language

Etymology

Related to the French Sign Language sign for "E".

Production

This one-handed GSL sign is produced as follows:

  • Posture the dominant hand in the “E” shape.

Letter

  1. the letter E

Italian

Pronunciation

  • (name of letter) IPA(key): /e/
  • Homophone: e
  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /e/, /ɛ/
  • Homophones: e, è

Letter

E m, f (lower case e)

  1. The fifth letter of the Italian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also


Latvian

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɛ]
  • IPA(key): [æ]

Letter

E

E (upper case, lower case e)

  1. The seventh letter of the Latvian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

The letter E/e (like its long counterpart Ē/ē) represent two sounds, [ɛ] — šaurais e (narrow e) — and [æ] — platais e (broad e). In principle, [ɛ] is used when there is a palatal element (the vowels i, ī, e, ē, the diphthongs ie, ei, and the palatal consonants j, ķ, ģ, ļ, ņ, š, ž, č, , and, in the old spelling, ŗ) either in the same or in the following syllable; otherwise, [æ] is used. Unfortunately, some historical changes have obscured this pattern by removing some previously existing palatal elements; as a result of that, for a number of words the actual pronunciation of the letter e — [ɛ] or [æ] — must be memorized.

See also


Malay

Pronunciation

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [i]
  • (Phoneme 1) IPA(key): [e], [ɛ]
  • (Phoneme 2) IPA(key): [ə]

Letter

E

  1. The fifth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Portuguese

Letter

E (upper case, lower case e)

  1. The fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e/, /je/

Letter

E (upper case, lower case e)

  1. The seventh letter of the Romanian alphabet.

Usage notes

At the beginnings of many words, this letter takes on the sound of /je/ as in este (he/she/it is) /'je.ste/. This does not happen when the preceding word ends in a vowel, as in el este (he is) /jel'es.te/.

When followed by the letter a, a dipthong representing the phoneme /e̯a/ or /æ/ is formed, as in prea /præ/

See also

  • Previous letter: D
  • Next letter: F

Saanich

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ə/

Letter

E

  1. The ninth letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /e/, /ɛ/

Letter

E (lower case e)

  1. The tenth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Slovene

Letter

E (capital, lowercase e)

  1. The 6th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by D and followed by F.

Somali

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɛ/, /e/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ʔɛ/

Letter

E upper case (lower case e)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Somali alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by A and followed by I.

See also


Spanish

Letter

E (upper case, lower case e)

  1. The fifth letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Abbreviation

E

  1. Abbreviation of este; east

Turkish

Letter

E (upper case, lower case e)

  1. The sixth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also


Vietnamese

Pronunciation

Letter

E (upper case, lower case e)

  1. The eighth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

e

e


e U+0065, e
LATIN SMALL LETTER E
d
[U+0064]
Basic Latin f
[U+0066]
See also: E, è, and Appendix:Variations of "e"

Translingual

Etymology

Modification of capital letter E, from Ancient Greek letter Ε (E, Epsilon).

Pronunciation

Letter

e lower case (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

Symbol

e

  1. (mathematics) The base of natural logarithms, a transcendental number with a value of approximately 2.718281828459
  2. Symbol separating mantissa from the exponent in scientific notation.
    1.2566e-6 = 1.2566 × 10-6
  3. (IPA) close-mid front unrounded vowel
  4. (algebra, group theory) identity element
    ae = ea = a
  5. (physics) electron

Synonyms

  • (electron): e⁻
  • (identity element): 1, (chiefly matrices) I

See also

Other representations of E:


English

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E, plural e's)

  1. The fifth letter of the English alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Coordinate terms

Number

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The ordinal number fifth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Noun

e (plural ees)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.
  2. (mathematics) the base of the natural logarithm, 2.718281828459045…

Coordinate terms

Translations


Afrikaans

Noun

e (plural e's, diminutive e'tjie)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

Albanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɛ]

Pronoun

e

  1. Third-person singular accusative-case pronominal clitic (him, her, it)
    S'e di.
    I don't know (it).

Article

e

  1. adjectival article for:
    1. definite masculine singular adjectives in all accusative case
    2. indefinite feminine singular adjectives in the nominative case
    3. definite plural and feminine singular adjectives in the nominative and accusative cases

See also


Alemannic German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ə/

Article

e f

  1. (indefinite) a/an

Declension

Declension of en
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative/accusative en e es -
dative emene enere emene -
  • Short forms of the dative – eme, ere, eme – are also common.

Angolar

Pronoun

e

  1. he

Aromanian

Etymology

From Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and
  2. but
  3. or

Synonyms


Azeri

Letter

e lower case (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Breton

Etymology 1

Pronoun

e

  1. his

Etymology 2

From Proto-Brythonic *ɨn, from Proto-Celtic *eni.

Preposition

e

  1. in
Usage notes

It contracts with the articles, see el, en and er.


Catalan

Noun

e f (plural es)

  1. The Latin letter E (lowercase e).

Corsican

Article

e f pl

  1. the

Related terms


Dalmatian

Etymology

From Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -eː
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /eː/

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: d
  • Next letter: f

Emilian

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Esperanto

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /e/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /e/

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

Noun

e (accusative singular e-on, plural e-oj, accusative plural e-ojn)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

See also


Fala

Conjunction

e

  1. Alternative form of i

Faroese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /eː/

Letter

e (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Friulian

Etymology

From Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Galician

Etymology

From Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Hawaiian

Particle

e

  1. used to mark the following verb as an infinitive; to
  2. used before a name, a noun or a phrase to address someone or something

Preposition

e

  1. by (indicating the agent of a verb in the passive voice)

Hungarian

Etymology

From Proto-Uralic *e-. Cognates include Finnish että and Estonian et.[1]

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛ]

Pronoun

e

  1. (archaic) this (used as a pronoun, that is, instead of a noun phrase, with postpositions taking nouns with cases)
    • 1836: Vörösmarty Mihály, Szózat
      A nagy világon e kivűl (modern spelling: kívül)
      Nincsen számodra hely;

Determiner

e (demonstrative)

  1. this
    E házban lakott Petőfi Sándor - Petőfi Sándor lived in this house.

Synonyms

Usage notes

A rarer substitute of ez, but unlike ez, it does not take the case of the noun it is attached to, and no definite article is used:

ezen a helyen - e helyen (at this place)
ebben a házban - e házban (in this house)

Interjection

e

  1. look!, hey! (expressing surprise or wanting to get attention)
    E! Hát Józsi meg hová tűnt? - Hey! Where is Joe?
    Itt van, e! - Here it is. (informal, not polite)

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The ninth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • Previous letter: dzs
  • Next letter: é

See also

  • -e (suffix)

References

  1. Entry #125 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Ido

Alternative forms

  • (before a vowel) ed

Etymology

From French et, Spanish y, e, Italian e, ed, Russian и (i).

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Related terms

  • a, ad (to)
  • o, od (or)

Indo-Portuguese

Etymology

From Portuguese e (and), from Old Portuguese e (and), from Latin et (and), from Proto-Indo-European *éti (over).

Conjunction

e

  1. and (expresses two elements to be taken together or in addition to each other)
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      Trasê tamêm um vaquinh bem gord e matá par nós comê e par nós regalá:
      Bring also a small and very fat cow and kill (it) for us to eat and for us to feast on:

Interlingua

Alternative forms

  • (rare) et

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Istriot

Etymology

From Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 128:
      Caro, cun quil visito bianco e russo.
      Dear, with that little white and red face.

Italian

Etymology

From Latin et.[1]

Alternative forms

  • (before a vowel) ed

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e/

Conjunction

e

  1. and

See also

References

  1. Angelo Prati, "Vocabolario Etimologico Italiano", Torino, 1951

Japanese

Romanization

e

  1. rōmaji reading of
  2. rōmaji reading of
  3. rōmaji reading of
  4. rōmaji reading of

Latin

Etymology 1

Letter

e

  1. A letter of the Latin alphabet.

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Noun

ē (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter E.
Coordinate terms

References

  • e in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • E in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), “e”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the vegetable kingdom: ea, quae e terra gignuntur
    • from a distance: e longinquo
    • across; transversely: in transversum, e transverso
    • far and wide; on all sides; everywhere: longe lateque, passim (e.g. fluere)
    • in the following year: insequenti(e) anno (not sequente)
    • to turn a deaf ear to, to open one's ears to..: aures claudere, patefacere (e.g. veritati, assentatoribus)
    • to let go from one's hands: e manibus dimittere
    • to slip, escape from the hands: e (de) manibus effugere, elābi
    • to go out of sight, disappear: abire ex oculis, e conspectu alicuius
    • son of such and such a father, mother: patre, (e) matre natus
    • to recruit oneself after a severe illness: e gravi morbo recreari or se colligere
    • to rouse, wake some one: (e) somno excitare, dormientem excitare
    • to rise from one's bed, get up: e lecto or e cubīli surgere
    • to remove a person: e or de medio tollere
    • to draw from the fountain-head: e fontibus haurire (opp. rivulos consectari or fontes non videre)
    • a thing escapes, vanishes from the memory: aliquid excidit e memoria, effluit, excidit ex animo
    • to be brought up in some one's school: e disciplina alicuius profectum esse
    • a thing is taken from life: aliquid e vita ductum est
    • to make a marble statue: simulacrum e marmore facere
    • to translate from Greek into Latin: aliquid e graeco in latinum (sermonem) convertere, vertere, transferre
    • to translate literally, word for word (not verbo tenus): verbum e verbo exprimere
    • in some one's name; on some one's behalf (not nomine alicuius): verbis alicuius, e.g. salutare (Liv. 9. 36)
    • immorality is daily gaining ground: mores in dies magis labuntur (also with ad, e.g. ad mollitiem)
    • to drive a person out of house and home: exturbare aliquem omnibus fortunis, e possessionibus
    • to have a large income from a thing (e.g. from mines): magnas pecunias ex aliqua re (e.g. ex metallis) facere
    • the perfume exhaled by flowers: odores, qui efflantur e floribus
    • for the advantage of the state; in the interests of the state: e re publica (opp. contra rem p.)
    • one of the crowd; a mere individual: unus de or e multis
    • an ordinary, average Roman citizen: unus e togatorum numero
    • to give the palm, the first place (for wisdom) to some one: primas (e.g. sapientiae) alicui deferre, tribuere, concedere
    • to erase a person's name from the list of the proscribed: e proscriptorum numero eximere aliquem
    • to banish a person, send him into exile: de, e civitate aliquem eicere
    • to banish a man from his native land: e patria exire iubere aliquem
    • to expel from the senate: e senatu eicere
    • to wrest weapons from some one's hands: extorquere arma e manibus
    • to draw one's sword (from the scabbard): gladium educere (e vagīna)
    • to not let the enemy escape: hostem e manibus non dimittere
    • to escape from the hands of the enemy: effugere, elābi e manibus hostium
    • to let the enemy escape: dimittere e manibus hostes
    • to rescue some one from the hands of the enemy: eripere aliquem e manibus hostium
  • e in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32: "Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū—each, again, with a long vowel sound."

Etymology 3

Abbreviated from ēx.

Preposition

ē (short form of ex)

  1. out of, from
Related terms
Derived terms

Latvian

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɛ]
  • IPA(key): [æ]

Letter

E

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Latvian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

The letter E/e (like its long counterpart Ē/ē) represent two sounds, [ɛ] — šaurais e (narrow e) — and [æ] — platais e (broad e). In principle, [ɛ] is used when there is a palatal element (the vowels i, ī, e, ē, the diphthongs ie, ei, and the palatal consonants j, ķ, ģ, ļ, ņ, š, ž, č, , and, in the old spelling, ŗ) either in the same or in the following syllable; otherwise, [æ] is used. Unfortunately, some historical changes have obscured this pattern by removing some previously existing palatal elements; as a result of that, for a number of words the actual pronunciation of the letter e — [ɛ] or [æ] — must be memorized.

See also

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɛ]

Noun

e m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter E/e.

See also


Livonian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /e/

Letter

e (upper case E)

  1. The eighth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Malay

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Mandarin

Romanization

e (Zhuyin ㄜ˙)

  1. Pinyin transcription of

e

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ē.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of é.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of ě.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of è.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Navajo

Letter

e

  1. The eighth letter of the Navajo alphabet:
    e = /ɛ˨/
    ę = /ɛ̃˨/
    é = /ɛ˥/
    ę́ = /ɛ̃˥/
    ee = /ɛː˨˨/
    ęę = /ɛ̃ː˨˨/
    ée = /ɛː˥˨/
    ę́ę = /ɛ̃ː˥˨/
    eé = /ɛː˨˥/
    ęę́ = /ɛ̃ː˨˥/
    éé = /ɛː˥˥/
    ę́ę́ = /ɛ̃ː˥˥/

Neapolitan

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e/

Etymology 1

From Latin de

Alternative forms

'e

Preposition

e

  1. of (used to express ownership)

Etymology 2

From Latin et

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Norwegian

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /eː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /eː/, /e/, /ɛ/, /ə/, /æ/

Etymology 1

Usage notes
  • /ə/ only appears in unstressed syllables.

Letter

e

  1. The fifth letter of the Norwegian alphabet
Inflection

Etymology 2

Verb

e

  1. (dialectal) Present tense of være (Bokmål), vera/vere (Nynorsk); equivalent to standardized er.

Novial

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Occitan

Etymology

From Old Provençal e, from Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Old French

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Old Portuguese

Etymology 1

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e/

Alternative forms

Conjunction

e

  1. and (expresses two elements to be taken together or in addition to each other)
Descendants
  • Fala: i
  • Galician: e
  • Portuguese: e

Etymology 2

Verb

e

  1. Alternative form of é

Old Provençal

Etymology

From Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Descendants

  • Occitan: e

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: e

Letter:

Conjunction:

Noun:

Etymology 1

From Old Portuguese e (and), from Latin et (and), from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Conjunction

e

  1. and (connects two clauses indicating the the events occurred together, one after the other or without any special implication)
    Eu vim e eles saíram.
    I came and they left.
    • 2007, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e as Relíquias da Morte (Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows), Rocco, page 211:
      Mandaram lacrar todas as saídas e não deixar ninguém...
      They ordered me to seal all the exits and not to let anyone...
  2. and (connects the last and penultimate elements in a list)
    Eu e ele vamos embora.
    He and I are going away.
    Tenho quatro frutas: uma maçã, uma pera, uma laranja e uma uva.
    I have four fruits: an apple, a pear, an orange and a grape.
  3. (emphatic) and (connects every element of a list)
    • 2003, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e a Ordem da Fênix (Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix), Rocco, page 308:
      Você notou os cabelos dela, são negros e brilhantes e macios...
      You noticed her hair, it's dark and brilliant and soft...
    Ela é baixa, e burra, e preguiçosa, e feia.
    She is short, and stupid, and lazy, and ugly.
  4. (logic) and (indicates a conjunction operation)
    Verdadeiro e falso dá falso.
    True and false yields false.
  5. (in the format “X e X”) and (indicates a great number of something)
    Esperei por anos e anos.
    I waited for years and years.
Quotations

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:e.

Synonyms

Noun

e m (uncountable)

  1. (logic) and, conjunction

Quotations

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:e.

Etymology 2

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See also
  1. The fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, called ê or é and written in the Latin script.
    • 2005, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e o Enigma do Príncipe (Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince), Rocco, page 141:
      Quero conversar com os senhores e exijo sua total e absoluta atenção.
      I want to talk with you and I demand your total and absolute attention.

Etymology 3

Noun

e m (uncountable)

  1. Abbreviation of este (east)

Rapa Nui

Particle

e

  1. agentive particle that marks the subject when a sensing verb is used

Usage notes

Only used with sensing verbs; otherwise use i.


Romagnol

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Romanian

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /e/
  • (phoneme, generally) IPA(key): /e/

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Romanian alphabet.
See also
  • Previous letter: d
  • Next letter: f
Usage notes

See E for pronunciation notes and details.

Interjection

e

  1. expression of annoyance, irritation
  2. expression of boredom, indifference
  3. (when prolonged...eee) surprise, satisfaction, admiration

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /je/

Verb

e

  1. (informal) third-person singular present tense form of fi.
    El e un copil.
    "He is a child."
Synonyms

Etymology 3

From Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. (obsolete) and
  2. (obsolete) but
Synonyms

Samoan

Preposition

e

  1. by (a person or animate object)

Scottish Gaelic

Etymology

From Old Irish é, , from Proto-Indo-European *éy.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɛ]

Pronoun

e

  1. he
  2. him
  3. (referring to a masculine noun) it

Related terms

See also

References

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • 1 é, hé” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

See Translingual section.

Alternative forms

  • (uppercase): E

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /e/

Letter

e (Cyrillic spelling е)

  1. The 9th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by đ and followed by f.
Usage notes

Its name is е /ɛ/ and it has the sound of e in net.

Etymology 2

Variant of ej or hej

Interjection

e (Cyrillic spelling е)

  1. (rare) well, now
  2. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) hey
  3. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to emphasize the sentence
    E, šta ima? — “Hey, what's up?”
  4. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to express surprise
    E, otkud ti? — “Hey, where did you come from?”
  5. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to get attention or change the topic of conversation, especially if followed by a (and, but)
    E, a vidi ovo. — “And look at this.”

Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /e/, /ɛ/

Letter

e (upper case E)

  1. The tenth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e̞/, /ɛ̝/
  • Homophones: he,

Etymology 1

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Noun

e f (plural es)

  1. Name of the letter E.

Etymology 2

Alternative forms

  • y
  • é (obsolete)

Conjunction

e

  1. and
    Yo hablo francés e inglés.
    I speak French and English.
Usage notes

Used instead of y when the following word starts with the vowel sound /i/.

See also


Swedish

Pronunciation

Letter name
  • IPA(key): /eː/
Phoneme
  • IPA(key): /eː/, /ɛ/, /ɛː/

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Swedish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Verb

e

  1. (informal, Internet slang, text messaging) colloquial spelling of är

Tahitian

Particle

e

  1. indicates that an action is unfinished when inserted before the verb

Tongan

Preposition

e

  1. by

Turkish

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

Noun

e

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

See also


Turkmen

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /e/

Letter

e (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also


Tuvaluan

Particle

e

  1. present tense marker, inserted immediately before the relevant verb

Vietnamese

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Borrowing from Portuguese é

Noun

e

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E/e.

Etymology 2

Verb

e (, , 𢙬, 𠵱, 𠲖, )

  1. to fear; to be apprehensive, to be afraid
    Tôi e cô ta không đến.
    I am afraid she will not come.
  2. to be slightly ashamed
Derived terms
  • e rằng

References


Vilamovian

Pronunciation

Noun

e n

  1. egg

Volapük

Alternative forms

  • (before a vowel) ed

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Related terms


Welsh

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [eː]

Pronoun

e

  1. he, him

Usage notes

[Term?] (E) is used predominantly in the south of Wales, while o is used in the north. fe and fo are variants of e and o respectively.


Zazaki

Interjection

e

  1. yes

Particle

e

  1. yes

Antonyms