- they, them
Irish personal pronouns
Note: L indicates that the word triggers lenition. E indicates that the word triggers eclipsis. H indicates that the word triggers h-prothesis.
is formed by adding féin
to the relevant pronoun: e.g. "myself" = mé féin
, "yourselves" = sibh féin
| Irish mutation|
|| with h-prothesis
|| with t-prothesis
| Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every|
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
From Middle Irish íat (“they, them”).
- Bha iad a' teagasg Seamus. - They were teaching James.
Note that iad, or any other free-standing pronoun, cannot be used as the object of a verbal noun.
- *Bha Seamus a' teagasg iad. - Intended: 'James was teaching them.'
Instead, one of the gam series must be used. See the discussion at here.