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Definition 2021


-e

-e

See also: Appendix:Variations of "e"

Czech

Suffix

-e

  1. Used to form adverbs from adjectives.
    jednoduše ― simply (from jednoduchý)

See also


Dutch

Etymology 1

From various suffixes of the Middle Dutch [Term?] adjective inflection.

Suffix

-e

  1. Used to create the inflected form of an adjective, which is used after a definite determiner, or before masculine and feminine nouns in general.

Suffix

-e

  1. suffix indicating the female form of occupations or inhabitants of countries
<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Dutch_words_suffixed_with_-e'>Dutch words suffixed with -e</a>

Etymology 3

From Middle Dutch -e, from Old Dutch -i, from Proto-Germanic *-į̄.

Suffix

-e f

  1. (archaic) Used to form abstract nouns from adjectives; the nouns express the quality of the adjective.
    koud (cold)koude (the cold)
Synonyms

Etymology 4

From Middle Dutch -e, the ending of the first and third person singular subjunctive.

Suffix

-e

  1. (archaic) Used to form the singular subjunctive of a verb.

Esperanto

Etymology

From the Latin and Italian adverbial suffix -e (as in bene "well"), perhaps reinforced by the Russian adverbial -e found after a palatalized consonant.

Suffix

-e

  1. -ly; used to form adverbs.
    bona (good)bone (well)
    unu (one)unue (firstly)
  2. -e is the ending for correlatives of place

Derived terms


Estonian

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *-ek and Proto-Finnic *-eh. Cognate to Finnish -e.

Suffix

-e (genitive -e, partitive -et)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs.
    katma "to cover" → kate "cover"
    astuma "to step" → aste "a step"
    võtma "to take" → võte "trick", "mode", "way"
    mõtlema "to think" → mõte "thought"

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Estonian_words_suffixed_with_-e'>Estonian words suffixed with -e</a>

Finnish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈeˣ/

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *-ek and Proto-Finnic *-eh.

Suffix

-e

  1. Used for forming nouns from verbs or adjectives.
    ottaa (to take (hold of))ote (grip)
    paha (bad, evil)pahe (vice)
    ääntää (to pronounce, enunciate)äänne (sound (in phonetics))

Declension

Inflection of -e (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative -e -eet
genitive -een -eiden
-eitten
partitive -etta -eita
illative -eeseen -eisiin
-eihin
singular plural
nominative -e -eet
accusative nom. -e -eet
gen. -een
genitive -een -eiden
-eitten
partitive -etta -eita
inessive -eessa -eissa
elative -eesta -eista
illative -eeseen -eisiin
-eihin
adessive -eella -eilla
ablative -eelta -eilta
allative -eelle -eille
essive -eena -eina
translative -eeksi -eiksi
instructive -ein
abessive -eetta -eitta
comitative -eineen
Inflection of -e (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative -e -eet
genitive -een -eiden
-eitten
partitive -että -eitä
illative -eeseen -eisiin
-eihin
singular plural
nominative -e -eet
accusative nom. -e -eet
gen. -een
genitive -een -eiden
-eitten
partitive -että -eitä
inessive -eessä -eissä
elative -eestä -eistä
illative -eeseen -eisiin
-eihin
adessive -eellä -eillä
ablative -eeltä -eiltä
allative -eelle -eille
essive -eenä -einä
translative -eeksi -eiksi
instructive -ein
abessive -eettä -eittä
comitative -eineen

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Finnish_words_suffixed_with_-e'>Finnish words suffixed with -e</a>

See also


French

Suffix

-e f

  1. Used to form the feminine of adjectives.
    fort + -eforte

German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ə]

Suffix

-e

  1. used to form nouns from adjectives, sometimes with umlaut of the root vowel; the nouns express the quality of the adjective
    stark (strong)Stärke (strength)
  2. used to form the plural of some nouns, sometimes with umlaut of the root vowel
    Laut (sound)Laute (sounds)
    Baum (tree)Bäume (trees)
  3. used to form the dative of masculine and neuter nouns ending in a stressed syllable (dated except in certain fixed phrases)
    das Haus (house)dem Hause / dem Haus
  4. used to form the 1st person singular present indicative and subjunctive of a verb
    gehen (geh + en)ich gehe (geh + e) / ich geh
  5. used to form the 3rd person singular present subjunctive of a verb
    gehener gehe
  6. used to form the 1st and 3rd person singular past subjunctive of a verb
    gehenich ginge, er ginge (ging + e)
  7. (collquial) contraction of du after 2nd person singular forms of a verb
    habenhaste (hast du)

Hungarian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɛ]

Etymology 1

Alternative forms

Suffix

-e

  1. whether, if
    Nem tudom, voltál-e már Budapesten. ― I don't know if you've ever been in Budapest.
  2. Suffix for tag (yes/no) questions.
    1857, János Arany, A walesi bárdok (The Bards of Wales)
    Van-e ott folyó és földje jó? ― Is there a river and is its land good?
    Legelőin fű kövér ― Are the grasses rich on its meadows?
    Használt-e a megöntözés: ― Was the watering useful (i.e. to the meadows):
    A pártos honfivér? ― The rebel's blood?
Usage notes

Always written with a hyphen. Used in tag (yes/no) questions, but not all such questions use -e: in most cases a question is indicated only by emphasis and question mark. Always attached to the main word (usually the verb) of the predicate of the phrase.

Derived terms

Etymology 2

Suffix

-e

  1. (possessive suffix) his, her, its (third-person singular, single possession}}
    élet (life)az élete (his/her/its life)
Declension
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative -e
accusative -ét
dative -ének
instrumental -ével
causal-final -éért
translative -évé
terminative -éig
essive-formal -eként
essive-modal -éül
inessive -ében
superessive -én
adessive -énél
illative -ébe
sublative -ére
allative -éhez
elative -éből
delative -éről
ablative -étől
Usage notes
  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -a is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -e is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ja is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -je is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.

See also

  • Category:Hungarian noun forms
  • Appendix:Hungarian possessive suffixes

Ido

Etymology

From Esperanto -e, from Latin .

Suffix

-e

  1. -ly; used to form suffixes

Usage notes

Any adjective can be converted into an adverb by swapping the -a suffix by -e.


Irish

Suffix

-e

  1. Alternative form of -ne (used after -nn in pronouns)

Italian

Suffix

-e

  1. Used with a stem to form the third-person present of regular -ere verbs and those -ire verbs that don't take "isco"

Japanese

Romanization

-e

  1. rōmaji reading of

Latin

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Suffix

(comparative -ius, superlative -issimē)

  1. -ly; used to form adverbs from adjectives.
Usage notes

The suffix -e is usually added to a first/second-declension adjective stem to form an adverb of manner.

Examples:
clare (famously, clearly), from clarus (famous, clear)
pulchre (beautifully), from pulcher (beautiful)
Synonyms

Etymology 2

A regularly declined form of -us.

Pronunciation

Suffix

-e

  1. vocative masculine singular of -us

See also

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Latin_words_suffixed_with_-e'>Latin words suffixed with -e</a>

Latvian

Suffix

-e

  1. Used to derive feminine nouns from masculine nouns (like English -ess).
  2. Used to form (feminine) nouns from verb stems (e.g, iestādītiestāde, skatītskate).

Synonyms

Related terms

Femine suffixes that include -e:

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Latvian_words_suffixed_with_-e'>Latvian words suffixed with -e</a>

Maquiritari

Suffix

-e

  1. Adverbalizing suffix for verbs which results in a participle form; it is always accompanied by the prefix t- and an indicator referring to one of the arguments of the verb (w-, n-, or ∅-)
  2. Marker of circumstantial subordination of movement which indicates the reason for the movement described by the main verb

References

  • Cáceres, Natalia. Grammaire Fonctionelle-Typologique du Ye'kwana.

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch -i, from Proto-Germanic *-į̄.

Suffix

-e

  1. Used to form abstract nouns from adjectives, mostly those expressing physical properties.

Usage notes

This suffix originally triggered umlaut of the root vowel. This is seen in some words (kelde, from cout), but not in others (coude).

Synonyms

Derived terms

Category Middle Dutch words suffixed with -e not found

Descendants

  • Dutch: -e

Old English

Suffix

-e

  1. forming adverbs from adjectives; -ly

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Old_English_words_suffixed_with_-e'>Old English words suffixed with -e</a>

Old French

Etymology

Latin -a.

Suffix

-e

  1. used to form feminine forms of nouns and adjectives

Descendants

  • Middle French: -e
    • French: -e

Old Irish

Suffix

-e f

  1. Forms concrete or abstract nouns from existing adjectives ending in -ach.
    cathach (bellicose)cathaige (warlike spirit)

Usage notes

This suffix palatalises the preceding consonant.

Inflection

Feminine iā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Old_Irish_words_suffixed_with_-e'>Old Irish words suffixed with -e</a>

Romanian

Etymology 1

From Latin -ae (first-declension ending)

Suffix

-e

  1. (plural) -s (feminine/neuter)
Usage notes
  • This form of the plural is indefinite, and used for feminine nouns in the nominative/accusative and genitive/dative cases which end in , and some neuter nouns (with may or may not take plural -uri):
  • mame, from mamă, fem.
  • vise (also visuri), from vis, neut.
Alternative forms

Etymology 2

From Latin -e (second-declension vocative ending)

Suffix

-e

  1. Vocative singular (masculine/neuter)
Oh!
Usage notes
  • This suffixed used with masculine and neuter definite nouns in -l and -ul:
bărbatule!, from bărbatul, masc.
tatăle!, from tatăl, masc.
visule!, from visul, neut.
  • This suffix is absorbed in masculine and neuter definite nouns in -le:
fratele!, from fratele, masc.
numele!, from numele, neut.
Related terms

Etymology 3

From Latin -ere, the ending of the present active infinitive form of third conjugation verbs. Cognate with Spanish -er, Italian -ere, etc.

Suffix

-e

  1. A suffix forming infinitives of many verbs.
Related terms

See also


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *-ę.

Suffix

-e (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a neuter noun, usually denoting a young animal, plant, place name or is used as a collective noun.
Derived terms
Declension

Etymology 2

Suffix

-e (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to the truncated stem (up to the second syllable) of a proper name to create a masculine or feminine hypocoristic.
    KatarínaKáte
    MàrijaMáre
    JȕrājJúre
    MàtijaMáte

Etymology 3

From Proto-Slavic *-e, from Proto-Indo-European *-e, not a desinence per se but a thematic vowel in e-grade.

Suffix

-e (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to the nominal stem to create vocative singular. Used for masculine and neuter a-stems.
    vȗkvȗče (vocative singular)

See also


Swedish

Suffix

-e

  1. Conjugates verbs into the subjunctive mood (archaic except for the past subjunctive of vara: vore)
  2. Marker of definiteness on past participles ending in -ad
  3. Marker of plural on past participles ending in -ad
  4. Marker of definiteness on superlatives ending in -ast
  5. Marker of definiteness on adjectives describing nouns with masculine semantic gender (sex)

Turkish

Suffix

-e

  1. to (puts the word into the dative case)

Alternative forms


Tzotzil

Clitic

-e

  1. Phrase-final clitic used when an article precedes a word.
    ti vinike - the man

References

  • Aissen, Judith (1987) Tzotzil Clause Structure, p. 3. Dordrecht: D. Reidel. ISBN 9027723656