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Definition 2022


je

je

See also: Appendix:Variations of "je"

Albanian

Verb

je

  1. second-person singular present indicative of jam

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jɛ/

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *jь, *ja, *je, originally from Proto-Indo-European *eno-, *ono-, *no-.[cs 1]

Pronoun

je (personal pronoun, accusative case)

  1. the third-person plural accusative case of on
  2. the third-person plural accusative case of ona
  3. the third-person plural accusative case of ono
See also

Etymology 2

Formerly jest, from Proto-Slavic *estь, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es-.[cs 1]

Verb

je

  1. Third person singular present tense of být

References

  1. 1 2 Rejzek, Jiří (2007) Český etymologický slovník (in Czech), Version 1.0 edition, Prague: Leda

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jə/

Etymology 1

Pronoun

je

  1. Second-person singular, subjective, unstressed form of jij (you)
    Wat doe je daar? — What are you doing there?
  2. Second-person singular, objective, unstressed form of jou (you)
    Ik doe dit wel voor je. — I'll do this for you.
  3. Second-person plural, subjective, unstressed form of jullie (you) (plural)
    Wat doe je daar? — What are you doing there?
  4. Second-person plural, objective, unstressed form of jullie (you) (plural)
    Ik doe dit wel voor je. — I'll do this for you.
Inflection


Etymology 2

Determiner

je (second person, possessive)

  1. Second-person singular, unstressed form of jouw (your)
    Neem je boek en maak die oefening. — Take your book and do that exercise.
  2. Second-person plural, unstressed form of jullie (your) (plural)
    Neem je boeken en maak die oefening. — Take your books and do that exercise.
Inflection


Etymology 3

Pronoun

je (second person, reflexive)

  1. Second-person singular of je (yourself)
    Heb je je gewassen? — Did you wash yourself?
  2. Second-person plural of je (yourselves)
    Hebben jullie je goed voorbereid? — Have you all prepared yourselves well?
Inflection



Esperanto

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /je/

Preposition

je

  1. An all-purpose preposition.

Usage notes

The preposition je can replace any other preposition and remain grammatically correct, albeit more ambiguous. It is usually clear what meaning is intended based on context.

Without context, Donu ĝin je mi could mean any of the following:

Donu ĝin je [al] mi. — “Give it to me.”
Donu ĝin je [el] mi. — “Give it from me.”
Donu ĝin je [kun] mi. — “Give it with me.”

Without context, La kato saltis je la tablon could mean any of the following:

La kato saltis je [sur] la tablon. — “The cat jumped onto the table.”
La kato saltis je [malsuper] la tablon. — “The cat jumped under the table.”
La kato saltis je [malantaŭ] la tablon. — “The cat jumped behind the table.”

Related terms

  • je la tria
  • je mia bedaŭro

French

Etymology

From Old French jo, from Vulgar Latin *eo, from Latin ego, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. Near cognates include Spanish yo and Italian io. Further cognates include Ancient Greek ἐγώ (egṓ), Russian я (ya) English I, German ich, etc.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʒə/
  • Rhymes:

Pronoun

je (first person singular, plural nous, object me, emphatic moi)

  1. I

Usage notes

  • When several pronouns are included in the same sentence, it is considered impolite to say the pronoun je first; it must be the last one, and tu must be said after third persons (this applies also for toi and moi):
    • Nous irons, Rose, toi et moi.
      You, Rose, and I will go.

Derived terms

Related terms


German

Etymology

Old High German io.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jeː/
  • Rhymes: -eː
  • Homophone: jäh (only according to a regional pronunciation of this word)

Adverb

je

  1. ever
    • 1930, Paul Joachimsen, Der Humanismus und die Entwicklung des deutschen Geistes, in: Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte, 8, page 467:
      Und nun kommt die Reformation selbst. Die größte geistige Umwälzung, die je ein Volk des Abendlandes erlebt hat.
      And now comes the Reformation itself. The largest spiritual upheaval that was ever experienced by a nation of the Occident.
  2. per
  3. (with “desto” or “umso) the ... the ...
    je mehr, desto besser — “the more the merrier”
    je mehr, umso besser – “the more the merrier”

Related terms

  • je länger je lieber - “The longer it lasts, the more I like it.”
  • je nachdem

Haitian Creole

Noun

je

  1. eye

Synonyms


Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jɛː/
  • Rhymes: -ɛː

Etymology 1

Shortening of Jesús (Jesus).

Interjection

je

  1. oh my!

Etymology 2

From English yeah.

Interjection

je

  1. (slang) yeah (indicating enthusiastic appreciation, etc.)

Etymology 3

Noun

je n (genitive singular jes, nominative plural je)

  1. (obsolete) Name of the letter J, j.
Declension
Synonyms
  • (name of J, j): joð

Ido

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʒe/, /ʒɛ/

Noun

je (plural je-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter J/j.

See also


Lojban

Cmavo

je (rafsi jev or jve)

  1. (conjunction) and; joins two predicate words (selbri) in a complex predicate
    le sutra je bunre lorxu cu plipe
    The quick and brown fox jumps.
    la ceikspir. pu cusku lu le gunma mivmu'e cu tsina .ije ro lo nanmu je ninmu cu po'o xe draci li'u
    Shakespeare said "All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players"

Derived terms

Related terms

See also


Lower Sorbian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [jɛ]

Pronoun

je

  1. accusative of wóni

Related terms

  • nje (after a preposition)

Middle French

Pronoun

je

  1. Alternative form of ie

Middle Low German

Pronunciation

  • Stem vowel: ê⁴
    • (originally) IPA(key): /jeː/

Pronoun

  1. Alternative form of .

Old French

Alternative forms

Etymology

Latin ego.

Pronoun

je

  1. I
    • circa 1176, Chrétien de Troyes, Cligès:
      qant je vos voi de tel meniere
      when I see you in such a state

Descendants


Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [jɛ]

Pronoun

je

  1. accusative of one
  2. accusative of ono

Verb

je

  1. third-person singular present indicative of jeść

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

Shortened from jȅst (is).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /je/

Verb

je ? (Cyrillic spelling је)

  1. is (clitic third-person singular present of bȉti (to be))

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /je/

Pronoun

je (Cyrillic spelling је)

  1. of her (clitic genitive singular of òna (she))
  2. to her (clitic accusative singular of òna (she))
Declension

Slovak

Verb

je

  1. Third-person singular of of byť
  2. Third-person singular of jesť

Slovene

Verb

je

  1. third-person singular present tense form of biti.

Swahili

Particle

je

  1. well? now? (used to call attention to a question)

Usage notes

Je precedes the question, and is more commonly used in writing (to supplement for what is usually conveyed by tone of voice in speech).


Turkish

Noun

je (definite accusative, plural jeler)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter J/j.

See also


Turkmen

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒe/

Noun

je (definite accusative jeni, plural jeler)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter J/j.

Declension