Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Sol


Sol

,
Noun.
[L.]
1.
The sun.
2.
(Alchem.)
Gold; – so called from its brilliancy, color, and value.
Chaucer.

Sol

,
Noun.
[It.]
(Mus.)
(a)
A syllable applied in solmization to the note G, or to the fifth tone of any diatonic scale.
(b)
The tone itself.

Sol

,
Noun.
[See
Sou
.]
1.
A sou.
2.
A silver and gold coin of Peru. The silver sol is the unit of value, and is worth about 68 cents.

Webster 1828 Edition


Sol

SOL

,
Noun.
[from L. solidus.]
1.
In France, a small copper coin; a penny; usually sou sor sous.
2.
A copper coin and money of acount in Switzerland.

SOL

,
Noun.
The name of a not in music.

Definition 2022


Sol

Sol

See also: sol and Appendix:Variations of "sol"

English

Proper noun

Sol

  1. The name of the Earth's star.
  2. (Roman mythology) The sun god; equivalent of the Greek Helios. Brother of Luna and Aurora.
  3. (Norse mythology) The sun goddess.
Synonyms

Etymology 2

Shortening.

Proper noun

Sol

  1. A diminutive of the male given name Solomon.

Anagrams


Galician

Proper noun

Sol m

  1. the Sun, Sol

Related terms


German

Etymology

From Latin sol(ve) in the hymn for St. John the Baptist all note names were taken from.

Noun

Sol n (genitive Sols, plural Sole)

  1. (music) sol, the fifth step in the solfège scale of C, preceded by fa and followed by la.
  2. (physical chemistry) sol, a type of colloid in which a solid is dispersed in a liquid.

Declension


Plautdietsch

Noun

Sol f (plural Sole)

  1. sole (of a shoe)

Portuguese

Etymology

From Latin sōl (sun), solem, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈsɔɫ/
  • Hyphenation: Sol

Proper noun

Sol m

  1. (astronomy) the Sun

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: Sol

Proper noun

Sol m

  1. the Sun

sol

sol

See also: Sol and Appendix:Variations of "sol"

English

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

sol (uncountable)

  1. (music) The fifth step in the solfège scale of C (Ut), preceded by fa and followed by la.
Translations

Etymology 2

Borrowing from Latin sol (sun).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɑːl/

Noun

sol (plural sols)

  1. (astronomy) A solar day on Mars (equivalent to 24 hours, 39 minutes, 35 seconds).
    • 2014, Andy Weir, The Martian, Crown Publishing Group, ISBN 9780804139038:
      A sol is 39 minutes longer than a day, so it works out to be 1425 days.
    • 2014, Gerard 't Hooft, Stefan Vandoren, Time in Powers of Ten: Natural Phenomena and Their Timescales, World Scientific Publishing Company, ISBN 9789814489805, page 25:
      88,775 seconds = 24 hours, 39 minutes and 35 seconds
      The duration of a synodic day on Mars, a 'sol'
  2. (obsolete, alchemy) Gold.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
Translations
See also

Etymology 3

Borrowing from Spanish sol (sun), itself from Latin sol (sun).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɑːl/, /sɒl/

Noun

sol (plural sols)

  1. A Spanish-American gold or silver coin, now the main currency unit of Peru (also new sol), or a coin of this value.
    • (Can we date this quote?), M. Le Page Du Pratz, History of Louisiana:
      Three days after, the Great Sun, his brother, sent me another deer-skin of the same oil, to the quantity of forty pints. The most common sort sold this year at twenty sols a pint, and I was sure mine was not of the worst kind.

Etymology 4

Abbreviation of solution.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɑːl/, /sɒl/, /soʊl/

Noun

sol (plural sols)

  1. (physical chemistry) A type of colloid in which a solid is dispersed in a liquid.
Translations

Etymology 5

Borrowing from Old French sol, from Latin solidus

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɑːl/, /sɒl/

Noun

sol (plural sols)

  1. An old French coin consisting of 12 deniers.

Anagrams


Asturian

Etymology

From a contraction of the preposition so (under) + masculine singular article el (the).

Contraction

sol m

  1. under the

Catalan

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic) IPA(key): /ˈsɔl/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /ˈsɔl/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈsɔl/
  • Rhymes: -ɔl

Etymology 1

From Old Provençal sol, from Latin sōl (sun), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Proper noun

sol m

  1. (astronomy) the Sun

Noun

sol m (plural sols)

  1. (astronomy) a sun
  2. (money) sol (unit of currency used by Peru)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Noun

sol m (plural sols)

  1. (music) sol (the fifth note of the diatonic scale)

Etymology 3

Borrowing from English sol.

Noun

sol m (plural sols)

  1. (chemistry) sol (a colloid suspension of a solid in a liquid)

Etymology 4

From Latin sōlus (solitary).

Adjective

sol m (feminine sola, masculine plural sols, feminine plural soles)

  1. alone
  2. unique

Etymology 5

Verb

sol

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of soler
  2. second-person singular imperative form of soler

Crimean Tatar

Noun

sol

  1. left

Declension

Adjective

sol

  1. left

References

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary], Simferopol: Dolya, ISBN 966-7980-89-8

Czech

Verb

sol

  1. second-person singular imperative of solit

Danish

Etymology 1

From Old Norse sól (sun), from Proto-Germanic *sōwulą, *sōwulō (sun), from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /soːl/, [soːˀl]

Noun

sol c (singular definite solen, plural indefinite sole)

  1. sun
Inflection

Verb

sol

  1. imperative of sole

Etymology 2

From Latin solūtiō (solution).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /soːl/, [soːˀl]

Noun

sol c (singular definite solen, plural indefinite soler)

  1. (chemistry) sol (solution)
Inflection

Etymology 3

From Latin sol(ve) in the hymn for St. John the Baptist.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɔl/, [sʌl]

Noun

sol n (singular definite sollet, plural indefinite soller)

  1. (music) sol (note)
Inflection

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɔl/

Etymology

From Latin sol(ve) in the hymn for St. John the Baptist all note names were taken from.

Noun

sol f (plural sollen, diminutive solletje n)

  1. (music, Belgium) sol, the fifth step in the solfège scale of C, preceded by fa and followed by la.

Anagrams


French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɔl/

Etymology 1

Borrowing from Latin solum (soil, ground, floor).

Noun

sol m (plural sols)

  1. soil, earth
  2. ground
  3. floor
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Latin sol(ve) in the hymn for St. John the Baptist all note names were take from.

Noun

sol m (plural sol)

  1. (music) sol, the fifth step (G) in the solfège scale of C, preceded by fa and followed by la.

Etymology 3

Borrowing from Spanish sol (sun), itself from Latin sol.

Noun

sol m (plural sols)

  1. A Spanish-American gold or silver coin, now the main currency unit of Peru (also new sol), or a coin of this value.

Etymology 4

From Latin solidus, a Roman coin

Noun

sol m (plural sols)

  1. (archaic) sou, the feudal era coin.

Galician

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sol/

Etymology 1

From Old Portuguese sol, from Latin sōl (sun), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Noun

sol m (plural soles)

  1. sun
  2. sunlight
  3. sunny side (of a place)
    quítate do sol ― go away from sunny side
  4. daylight (time between sunrise and sunset)
Antonyms
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Noun

sol m (plural soles)

  1. (music) sol (musical note)
  2. (music) G (the musical note or key)
See also

Etymology 3

Borrowing from English sol.

Noun

sol m (plural soles)

  1. (chemistry) sol (a colloid suspension of a solid in a liquid)

Indonesian

Noun

sol

  1. sole (of the foot)

Interlingua

Noun

sol (plural soles)

  1. sun

Adjective

sol (comparative plus sol, superlative le plus sol)

  1. alone

Determiner

sol

  1. (quantifying) only

Derived terms


Italian

Noun

sol m (invariable)

  1. sol (musical note, colloid)
  2. G (musical note and key)
  3. apocopic form of sole

Adjective

sol

  1. apocopic form of solo

Kurdish

Noun

sol f

  1. shoe

Ladino

Noun

sol m (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling סול)

  1. sun

Latin

sōl (the sun)

Etymology

From Proto-Italic *swōl, from pre-Italic *sh₂wōl, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥. Cognate with Old English sōl, Old Norse sól, Gothic 𐍃𐌰𐌿𐌹𐌻 (sauil), Old Church Slavonic слъньцє (slŭnĭce), Ancient Greek ἥλιος (hḗlios), Sanskrit सूर (sūra).

Pronunciation

Noun

sōl m (genitive sōlis); third declension

  1. sun
    • Catullus, Carmina V; lines 4-6
      Soles occidere et redire possunt
      Sed nobis cum semel occidit brevis lux
      Nox est perpetua una dormienda
      Suns are able to set and rise again
      But with us, once this brief light ends
      There is endless night for us to sleep

Declension

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative sōl sōlēs
genitive sōlis sōlum
dative sōlī sōlibus
accusative sōlem sōlēs
ablative sōle sōlibus
vocative sōl sōlēs

Derived terms

Descendants

References

  • sol in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sol in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • SOL in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), “sol”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the sun rises, sets: sol oritur, occidit
    • the sun, moon, is eclipsed: sol (luna) deficit, obscuratur
    • the sun burns, scorches: sol ardet, urit
    • to lie to the east, west, south, north: spectare in (vergere ad) orientem (solem), occidentem (solem), ad meridiem, in septentriones
    • (ambiguous) sunrise; sunset: ortus, occasus solis
    • (ambiguous) an eclipse of the sun: solis defectio
    • (ambiguous) to be dried up by the sun's heat: ardore solis torreri
    • (ambiguous) the east winds are blowing: venti ab ortu solis flant
    • (ambiguous) to be situate to the north-west: spectare inter occasum solis et septentriones
    • (ambiguous) this is as clear as daylight: hoc est luce (sole ipso) clarius
  • sol in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sol in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

Lojban

Rafsi

sol

  1. rafsi of solri.

Lower Sorbian

sol

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *solь, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂ls.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɔl/

Noun

sol f

  1. salt (sodium chloride)
  2. (chemistry) salt (compound of an acid and a base)

Declension

Derived terms


Norwegian Bokmål

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /suːl/
  • (Many eastern and northern dialects) IPA(key): [suːɽ]

Etymology 1

From Old Norse sól, from Proto-Germanic *sōwulą, *sōwulō (sun), from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Noun

sol f, m (definite singular sola or solen, indefinite plural soler, definite plural solene)

  1. sun
    Solen skinner.
    The sun is shining.
Related terms
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Shortened form of Latin solutio

Noun

sol m

  1. solution
Derived terms

Etymology 3

Verb

sol

  1. imperative of sole

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /suːl/
  • (Many eastern and northern dialects) IPA(key): [suːɽ]

Etymology 1

From Old Norse sól, from Proto-Germanic *sōwulą, *sōwulō (sun), from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Noun

sol f (definite singular sola, indefinite plural soler, definite plural solene)

  1. sun
    Sola skin i dag.
    The sun shines today.
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Shortened form of Latin solutio

Noun

sol m

  1. solution
Derived terms

References


Old English

Etymology 1

From Proto-Germanic *sōwulą, *sōwulō (sun), from Proto-Indo-European *sewol-, *sóh₂wl̥. Akin to Proto-Germanic *sunnǭ (sun), from Proto-Indo-European *suwen- (sun). Akin to Old Norse sól, Gothic 𐍃𐌰𐌿𐌹𐌻 (sauil, sun), Old English sunne, Old Norse, Old Saxon and Old High German sunna (sun).

Noun

sōl n

  1. sun
  2. the Sun
Synonyms
Declension

Etymology 2

From Proto-Germanic *sulą (mud, spot), from Proto-Indo-European *sūl- (thick liquid). Cognate with Old High German sol, gisol (pool of excrement), Middle Dutch sol (puddle, dirt, filth). More at soil.

Noun

sol n

  1. mud, wet sand, mire
  2. a wallowing-place, slough, miry-place
Declension
Related terms
Descendants

Adjective

sol

  1. dark, dirty, soiled

Old French

Etymology 1

From Latin solus, sola.

Alternative forms

Adjective

sol m (oblique and nominative feminine singular sole)

  1. alone
Derived terms
Descendants

Etymology 2

From Latin solidus.

Noun

sol m (oblique plural sous or sox or sols, nominative singular sous or sox or sols, nominative plural sol)

  1. sol; Old French coin
Descendants
  • English: sol (borrowed)
  • French: sou

Old Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɔl/

Etymology 1

From Latin sōlus (alone).

Adverb

sol

  1. only; just; no more than
Derived terms
Related terms

Etymology 2

From Latin sol, sōlem (sun), from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥ (sun).

Noun

sol m

  1. sun
    • 13th century, attributed to Alfonso X of Castile, Cantigas de Santa Maria, To codex, cantiga 423 (facsimile):
      Eſta primeira é de comel fez ó çeo. ⁊ á terra. ⁊ ó mar ⁊ o ſol. ⁊ á lũa. ⁊ as eſtrelas ⁊ todalas outras couſas q̇ ſon. ⁊ como fez ó ome áſa ſemellança
      This first one is (about) how He made the heaven, and the earth, and the sea, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and everything else that exists. And how (He) made man in His own likeness.
Descendants

Etymology 3

Verb

sol

  1. third-person singular present indicative of soer

Old Provençal

Etymology

From Latin sōl.

Proper noun

sol m

  1. Sun (celestial object)

Synonyms

Descendants

References


Old Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse sól, from Proto-Germanic *sōwulō.

Noun

sōl f

  1. sun

Declension

Descendants


Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈsɔɫ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈsɔw/
  • Hyphenation: sol

Etymology 1

From Old Portuguese sol, from Latin sōl (sun), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Noun

sol m (plural sóis)

  1. sun
  2. sunshine (a location on which the sun's rays fall)

Etymology 2

From Latin solve in the hymn for St. John the Baptist.

Noun

sol m (plural sóis)

  1. sol (musical note)

Romanian

Etymology 1

Borrowing from Latin solum (base, bottom; soil), French sol.

Noun

sol n (plural soluri)

  1. The lowest part of something; bottom, ground, base, foundation, bed.
  2. The floor or pavement of a room.
  3. Ground, earth, land, soil.
  4. (gymnastics) An event performed on a floor-like carpeted surface.

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *sъlъ, compare Slovene sel.

Noun

sol m (plural soli)

  1. messenger
  2. envoy
Declension

Serbo-Croatian

Alternative forms

  • (Bosnian, Serbian):

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *solь, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls. Compare Solyanka.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sôːl/

Noun

sȏl f (Cyrillic spelling со̑л)

  1. (Croatia) salt

Declension


Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *solь, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsóːw/
  • Tonal orthography: sọ̑ł

Noun

sól f (genitive solí, nominative plural solí)

  1. salt (common substance)

Declension


Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sol/

Etymology 1

From Latin sōl (sun), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Noun

sol m (plural soles)

  1. sun
  2. sunlight
  3. sunny side (of a place)
    quítate del sol
    go away from sunny side
  4. daylight (time between sunrise and sunset)
  5. sol (a unit of currency, currently used in Peru)
Antonyms
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Latin solve in the hymn for St. John the Baptist.

Noun

sol m (uncountable)

  1. sol (musical note)

Etymology 3

Borrowing from English sol.

Noun

sol m (plural soles)

  1. (chemistry) sol (a colloid suspension of a solid in a liquid)

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Swedish sōl, from Old Norse sól, from Proto-Germanic *sōwulō, from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /suːl/

Noun

sol c

  1. sun
  2. (by extension) a star, especially when one considers things in its surroundings.

Declension

Inflection of sol 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sol solen solar solarna
Genitive sols solens solars solarnas

Derived terms

References


Tok Pisin

Etymology 1

From English shoulder.

Noun

sol

  1. (anatomy) shoulder

Etymology 2

From English salt.

Noun

sol

  1. salt
Derived terms

Turkish

Etymology

From Old Turkic sol, from Proto-Turkic *sōl.

Noun

sol (definite accusative solu, plural sollar)

  1. left

Antonyms


Volapük

Noun

sol (plural sols)

  1. sun

Declension