Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Roman

Ro′man

,
Adj.
[L.
Romanus
, fr.
Roma
Rome: cf. F.
romain
. Cf.
Romaic
,
Romance
,
Romantic
.]
1.
Of or pertaining to Rome, or the Roman people; like or characteristic of Rome, the Roman people, or things done by Romans;
as,
Roman
fortitude; a
Roman
aqueduct;
Roman
art
.
2.
Of or pertaining to the Roman Catholic religion; professing that religion.
3.
(Print.)
(a)
Upright; erect; – said of the letters or kind of type ordinarily used, as distinguished from Italic characters.
(b)
Expressed in letters, not in figures, as I., IV., i., iv., etc.; – said of numerals, as distinguished from the Arabic numerals, 1, 4, etc.
Roman alum
(Chem.)
,
a cubical potassium alum formerly obtained in large quantities from Italian alunite, and highly valued by dyers on account of its freedom from iron.
Roman balance
,
a form of balance nearly resembling the modern steelyard. See the Note under
Balance
,
Noun.
, 1.
Roman candle
,
a kind of firework (generally held in the hand), characterized by the continued emission of shower of sparks, and the ejection, at intervals, of brilliant balls or stars of fire which are thrown upward as they become ignited.
Roman Catholic
,
of, pertaining to, or the religion of that church of which the pope is the spiritual head;
as, a
Roman Catholic
priest; the
Roman Catholic
Church
.
Roman cement
,
a cement having the property of hardening under water; a species of hydraulic cement.
Roman law
.
See under
Law
.
Roman nose
,
a nose somewhat aquiline.
Roman ocher
,
a deep, rich orange color, transparent and durable, used by artists.
Ure.
Roman order
(Arch.)
,
the composite order. See
Composite
,
Adj.
, 2.

Ro′man

,
Noun.
1.
A native, or permanent resident, of Rome; a citizen of Rome, or one upon whom certain rights and privileges of a Roman citizen were conferred.
2.
Roman type, letters, or print, collectively; – in distinction from Italics.

Webster 1828 Edition


Roman

RO'MAN

,
Adj.
[L. Romanus, from Roma, the principal city of the Romans in Italy. Rome is the oriental name Ramah, elevated, that is, a hill; for fortresses and towns were often placed on hills for security; Heb. to be high, to raise.]
1.
Pertaining to Rome, or to the Roman people.
2.
Romish; popish; professing the religion of the pope.
Roman catholic, as an adjective, denoting the religion professed by the people of Rome and of Italy, at the head of which is the pope or bishop of Rome; as a noun, one who adheres to the papal religion.

RO'MAN

, n.
1.
A native of rome.
2.
A citizen of Rome; one enjoying the privileges of a Roman citizen.
3.
One of the christian church at Rome to which Paul addressed an epistle, consisting of converts from Judaism or paganism.

Definition 2022


Roman

Roman

See also: roman, róman, román, român, and Rómán

English

Adjective

Roman (comparative more Roman, superlative most Roman)

  1. Of or from Rome.
  2. Of or from the Roman Empire
  3. (of type or text) supporting or using a Western European character set.
  4. Of or pertaining to the Roman Catholic Church or the Holy See.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Noun

Roman (plural Romans)

  1. A native or resident of Rome.
  2. (historical) A native or resident of the Roman Empire.
  3. (law, colloquial) Used to distinguish a Roman numeral from an Arabic numeral in oral discourse.
    You will find the term defined at the end of Roman one.
  4. (uncountable) The Roman script.

Translations

Proper noun

Roman (plural Romans)

  1. A male given name recently borrowed from continental Europe.

Translations

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: pleasant · forget · break · #863: Roman · wise · watch · equal

Anagrams


Czech

Etymology

From Latin Rōmānus

Proper noun

Roman m

  1. A male given name

Estonian

Etymology

From Latin Rōmānus.

Proper noun

Roman

  1. A male given name.

German

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -aːn

Etymology 1

From French roman

Noun

Roman m (genitive Romans or Romanes, plural Romane)

  1. (literature) novel
Declension

Etymology 2

From Latin Rōmānus.

Proper noun

Roman

  1. A male given name

Nauruan

Proper noun

Roman

  1. Romania

Polish

Etymology

From Latin Rōmānus, from rōmānus (adjective: Roman, of Rome)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɔ.man/

Proper noun

Roman m pers (diminutive Romek)

  1. A male given name

Declension


Slovak

Proper noun

Roman m

  1. A male given name.

Turkish

Etymology

Borrowing from Romani romano. Cognate to English Romani. Not related to Rumen (Romanian).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɾomɑn/

Proper noun

Roman

  1. a member of the Roma people, Rom, Romani

Declension

Synonyms

roman

roman

See also: róman, román, român, Roman, and Rómán

English

Adjective

roman (not comparable)

  1. (of type) Upright, as opposed to italic.
  2. (of text, computing) Of or related to the Latin alphabet.

Antonyms

Derived terms

Anagrams


Catalan

Verb

roman

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of romandre
  2. second-person singular imperative form of romandre

Crimean Tatar

Noun

roman

  1. novel, epic
  2. Romanian

Declension

Synonyms


Danish

Noun

roman c (singular definite romanen, plural indefinite romaner)

  1. novel (work of fiction)

Declension

References


Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

roman m (plural romans, diminutive romannetje n)

  1. novel (work of fiction)

Derived terms


French

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

In the 19th century, borrowed from Latin romanus.[1] or from the French noun below [2], originally from Old French romanz (common language).

Adjective

roman m (feminine singular romane, masculine plural romans, feminine plural romanes)

  1. Romance (in linguistics)
  2. romanesque (in history of art)

See also

Etymology 2

From Old French romanz (common language (as opposed to Latin)), from Medieval Latin rōmānicē, Vulgar Latin *romanicē (in the way of the Romans (as opposed to the Franks)), from Latin rōmānicus < rōmānus.[3]. The meaning “common language” changed into “book in common language” and then into “adventure novel”.[1] See also romance, of the same ultimate origin but borrowed through Spanish.

Noun

roman m (plural romans)

  1. novel (work of fiction)
Derived terms

References

  1. 1 2 Picoche, Jacqueline; Jean-Claude Rolland (2009), “Annexe IV, roman”, in Dictionnaire étymologique du français (in French), Paris: Dictionnaires Le Robert
  2. http://www.cnrtl.fr/etymologie/roman
  3. Dauzat, Albert; Jean Dubois, Henri Mitterand (1964), roman”, in Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique (in French), Paris: Librairie Larousse

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From French roman

Noun

roman m (definite singular romanen, indefinite plural romaner, definite plural romanene)

  1. novel (work of fiction)

Derived terms

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From French roman

Noun

roman m (definite singular romanen, indefinite plural romanar, definite plural romanane)

  1. novel (work of fiction)

References


Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /roˈman/

Etymology 1

Borrowing from French roman (novel, epic), from Old French romanz.

Noun

roman n (plural romane)

  1. novel, epic (work of fiction)
Declension

Etymology 2

Borrowing from French roman (a medieval romance).

Noun

roman n (plural romane)

  1. Medieval romance
Declension

Etymology 3

Borrowing from Latin rōmānus. Doublet of român (Romanian) and rumân, which was inherited.

Adjective

roman m, n (feminine singular romană, masculine plural romani, feminine and neuter plural romane)

  1. Roman
Declension

Noun

roman m (plural romani, feminine equivalent romană)

  1. Roman
Declension
Related terms

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From French roman.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rǒmaːn/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧man

Noun

ròmān m (Cyrillic spelling ро̀ма̄н)

  1. novel (work of fiction)

Declension

References

  • roman” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rɔˈmáːn/
  • Tonal orthography: romȃn

Noun

román m inan (genitive romána, nominative plural románi)

  1. novel (work of fiction)

Declension


Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

roman c

  1. novel (work of fiction)

Declension

Inflection of roman 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative roman romanen romaner romanerna
Genitive romans romanens romaners romanernas

Related terms

  • detektivroman

See also


Turkish

Etymology

Borrowing from French roman.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɾomán/

Noun

roman (definite accusative romanı, plural romanlar)

  1. novel (work of fiction)

Declension