Webster 1913 Edition
The chloride of sodium, a substance used for seasoning food, for the preservation of meat, etc. It is found native in the earth, and is also produced, by evaporation and crystallization, from sea water and other water impregnated with saline particles.
Hence, flavor; taste; savor; smack; seasoning.
Though we are justices and doctors and churchmen . . . we have some
saltof our youth in us.
Hence, also, piquancy; wit; sense;
A dish for salt at table; a saltcellar.
I out and bought some things; among others, a dozen of silver
A sailor; – usually qualified by old.
Around the door are generally to be seen, laughing and gossiping, clusters of old
The neutral compound formed by the union of an acid and a base;
thus, sulphuric acid and iron form the.
saltsulphate of iron or green vitriol
☞ Except in case of ammonium salts, accurately speaking, it is the acid radical which unites with the base or basic radical, with the elimination of hydrogen, of water, or of analogous compounds as side products. In the case of diacid and triacid bases, and of dibasic and tribasic acids, the mutual neutralization may vary in degree, producing respectively basic, neutral, or acid salts. See Phrases below.
Fig.: That which preserves from corruption or error; that which purifies; a corrective; an antiseptic; also, an allowance or deduction;
as, his statements must be taken with a grain of.
Ye are the
saltof the earth.
Matt. v. 13.
Any mineral salt used as an aperient or cathartic, especially Epsom salts, Rochelle salt, or Glauber’s salt.
Marshes flooded by the tide.
Above the salt,
Below the salt
phrases which have survived the old custom, in the houses of people of rank, of placing a large saltcellar near the middle of a long table, the places above which were assigned to the guests of distinction, and those below to dependents, inferiors, and poor relations. See
His fashion is not to take knowledge of him that is beneath him in clothes. He never drinks–
below the salt.
A salt derived from an acid which has several replaceable hydrogen atoms which are only partially exchanged for metallic atoms or basic radicals;
as, acid potassium sulphate is an.
A salt, whatever its constitution, which merely gives an acid reaction;–
thus, copper sulphate, which is composed of a strong acid united with a weak base, is an.
acid saltin this sense, though theoretically it is a neutral salt
a salt which gives an alkaline reaction, as sodium carbonate.–
a salt of the oxy type, formerly regarded as composed of two oxides, an acid and a basic oxide.
A salt which contains more of the basic constituent than is required to neutralize the acid.
An alkaline salt.–
a salt of the oxy type conveniently regarded as composed of two ingredients (analogously to a haloid salt), viz., a metal and an acid radical.–
a salt regarded as formed by the union of two distinct salts, as common alum, potassium aluminium sulphate. See under–
See in the Vocabulary.–
a salt obtained by crystallizing plant juices.–
See in Vocabulary.–
a simple salt of a halogen acid, as sodium chloride.–
A salt in which the acid and base (in theory) neutralize each other.
A salt which gives a neutral reaction.–
a salt derived from an oxygen acid.–
a salt supposed to be derived from a peroxide base or analogous compound.
a salt which undergoes no change on exposure to the air.–
a salt derived from a protoxide base or analogous compound.–
Salt of amber
Salt of colcothar
green vitriol, or sulphate of iron.–
Salt of hartshorn.
Sal ammoniac, or ammonium chloride.
Ammonium carbonate. Cf.–
Spirit of hartshorn, under
Salt of lemons.
Salt of sorrel, below.
Salt of Saturn
sugar of lead; lead acetate; – the alchemical name of lead being Saturn.–
Salt of Seignette.
Salt of soda
Salt of sorrel
acid potassium oxalate, or potassium quadroxalate, used as a solvent for ink stains; – so called because found in the sorrel, or Oxalis. Also sometimes inaccurately called–
salt of lemon.
Salt of tartar
potassium carbonate; – so called because formerly made by heating cream of tartar, or potassium tartrate.
Salt of Venus
blue vitriol; copper sulphate; – the alchemical name of copper being Venus.–
Salt of wisdom.
(Old Med. Chem.),
a salt derived from a sesquioxide base or analogous compound.–
Spirit of salt.
a salt analogous to an oxy salt, but containing sulphur in place of oxygen.
Of or relating to salt; abounding in, or containing, salt; prepared or preserved with, or tasting of, salt; salted;“Salt tears.”
Overflowed with, or growing in, salt water;
Fig.: Bitter; sharp; pungent.
I have a
saltand sorry rheum offends me.
Fig.: Salacious; lecherous; lustful.
an apparatus for evaporating brine; a salt factory.
a flat piece of ground covered with saline efflorescences.
the white caked mass, consisting of sodium sulphate, which is obtained as the product of the first stage in the manufacture of soda, according to Leblanc's process.–
Salted fish, especially cod, haddock, and similar fishes that have been salted and dried for food.
A marine fish.–
an arrangement for the natural evaporation of sea water for the production of salt, employing large shallow basins excavated near the seashore.–
an instrument used to test the strength of brine; a salimeter.–
hard salt beef for use at sea.
grass land subject to the overflow of salt water.–
an American bombycid moth (–
Spilosoma acraeawhich is very destructive to the salt-marsh grasses and to other crops. Called also
woolly bear. See Illust. under
Woolly bear, under
a strong-scented composite herb (–
Pluchea camphorata) with rayless purplish heads, growing in salt marshes.
the clapper rail. See under–
a mine where rock salt is obtained.–
A large pan used for making salt by evaporation; also, a shallow basin in the ground where salt water is evaporated by the heat of the sun.
a pit where salt is obtained or made.–
a kind of yeast in which common salt is a principal ingredient.
one who collects salt in natural salt ponds, or inclosures from the sea.–
a spring of salt water.–
a small leguminous tree (–
Halimodendron argenteum) growing in the salt plains of the Caspian region and in Siberia.
water impregnated with salt, as that of the ocean and of certain seas and lakes; sometimes, also, tears.
Mine eyes are full of tears, I can not see;–
But they can see a sort of traitors here.
salt waterblinds them not so much
But they can see a sort of traitors here.
an ocean mariner.–
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
To sprinkle, impregnate, or season with salt; to preserve with salt or in brine; to supply with salt;
saltfish, beef, or pork; to
To fill with salt between the timbers and planks, as a ship, for the preservation of the timber.
To salt a mine,
to artfully deposit minerals in a mine in order to deceive purchasers regarding its value.
To salt away,
To salt down
to prepare with, or pack in, salt for preserving, as meat, eggs, etc.; hence, colloquially, to save, lay up, or invest sagely, as money.
To deposit salt as a saline solution;
as, the brine begins to.
The act of leaping or jumping; a leap.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.Common salt is the muriate of soda, a substance used for seasoning certain kinds of food, and for the preservation of meat, &c. It is found native in the earth, or it is produced by evaporation and crystallization from water impregnated with saline particles.
2.In chimistry, a body compounded of an acid united to some base, which may be either an alkali, an earth, or a metallic oxyd. Accordingly, salts are alkaline, earthy, or metallic. Many compounds of this kind, of which common salt, (muriate of soda,) is the most distinguished, exist in nature; but most of these, together with many others not known in nature, have been formed by the artificial combination of their elements. Their entire number exceeds 2000. When the acid and base mutually saturate each other, so that the individual properties of each are lost, the compound is a neutral salt; when the acid predominates, it is a super salt; and when the base predominates, it is a sub salt. Thus we have a subcarbonate, a carbonate, and a supercarbonate of potash.
3.Taste; sapor; smack.
We have some salt of our youth in us.
4.Wit; poignancy; as Attic salt.
1.Having the taste of salt;impregnated with salt; as salt beef; salt water
2.Abounding with salt; as a salt land. Jer. 17.
3.Overflowed with salt water, or impregnated with it; as a salt marsh.
4.Growing on salt marsh or meadows and having the taste of salt; as salt grass or hay.
5.Producing salt water; as a salt spring.
1.The part of a river near the sea, where the water is salt.
2.A vessel for holding salt.
1.To sprinkle, impregnate or season with salt; as, to salt fish, beef or pork.
2.To fill with salt between the timbers and planks, as a ship, for the preservation of the timber.