Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


ground

ground

(ground)
,
Noun.
[OE.
ground
,
grund
, AS.
grund
; akin to D.
grond
, OS., G., Sw., & Dan.
grund
, Icel.
grunnr
bottom, Goth.
grundus
(in composition); perh. orig. meaning, dust, gravel, and if so perh. akin to E.
grind
.]
1.
The surface of the earth; the outer crust of the globe, or some indefinite portion of it.
There was not a man to till the
ground
.
Gen. ii. 5.
Hence:
A floor or pavement supposed to rest upon the earth.
2.
Any definite portion of the earth’s surface; region; territory; country.
Hence:
A territory appropriated to, or resorted to, for a particular purpose; the field or place of action;
as, a hunting or fishing
ground
; a play
ground
.
From . . . old Euphrates, to the brook that parts Egypt from Syrian
ground
.
Milton.
3.
Land; estate; possession; field; esp. (
pl.
), the gardens, lawns, fields, etc., belonging to a homestead;
as, the
grounds
of the estate are well kept
.
Thy next design is on thy neighbor's
grounds
.
Dryden. 4.
4.
The basis on which anything rests; foundation. Hence: The foundation of knowledge, belief, or conviction; a premise, reason, or datum; ultimate or first principle; cause of existence or occurrence; originating force or agency;
as, the
ground
of my hope
.
5.
(Paint. & Decorative Art)
(a)
That surface upon which the figures of a composition are set, and which relieves them by its plainness, being either of one tint or of tints but slightly contrasted with one another;
as, crimson Bowers on a white
ground
.
See
Background
,
Foreground
, and
Middle-ground
.
(b)
In sculpture, a flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief.
(c)
In point lace, the net of small meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied;
as, Brussels
ground
. See
Brussels lace
, under
Brussels
.
6.
(Etching)
A gummy composition spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle.
7.
(Arch.)
One of the pieces of wood, flush with the plastering, to which moldings, etc., are attached; – usually in the plural.
☞ Grounds are usually put up first and the plastering floated flush with them.
8.
(Mus.)
(a)
A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody.
(b)
The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song.
Moore (Encyc.).
On that
ground
I'll build a holy descant.
Shakespeare
9.
(Elec.)
A conducting connection with the earth, whereby the earth is made part of an electrical circuit.
10.
pl.
Sediment at the bottom of liquors or liquids; dregs; lees; feces;
as, coffee grounds
.
11.
The pit of a theater.
[Obs.]
B. Jonson.
Ground angling
,
angling with a weighted line without a float.
Ground annual
(Scots Law)
,
an estate created in land by a vassal who instead of selling his land outright reserves an annual ground rent, which becomes a perpetual charge upon the land.
Ground ash
.
(Bot.)
See
Groutweed
.
Ground bailiff
(Mining)
,
a superintendent of mines.
Simmonds.
Ground bait
,
bits of bread, boiled barley or worms, etc., thrown into the water to collect the fish,
Wallon.
Ground bass
or
Ground base
(Mus.)
,
fundamental base; a fundamental base continually repeated to a varied melody.
Ground beetle
(Zool.)
,
one of numerous species of carnivorous beetles of the family
Carabidæ
, living mostly in burrows or under stones, etc.
Ground chamber
,
a room on the ground floor.
Ground cherry
.
(Bot.)
(a)
A genus (
Physalis
) of herbaceous plants having an inflated calyx for a seed pod: esp., the strawberry tomato (
Physalis Alkekengi
). See
Alkekengl
.
(b)
A European shrub (
Prunus Chamæcerasus
), with small, very acid fruit.
Ground cuckoo
.
(Zool.)
Ground cypress
.
(Bot.)
Ground dove
(Zool.)
,
one of several small American pigeons of the genus
Columbigallina
, esp.
C. passerina
of the Southern United States, Mexico, etc. They live chiefly on the ground.
Ground fish
(Zool.)
,
any fish which constantly lives on the botton of the sea, as the sole, turbot, halibut.
Ground floor
,
the floor of a house most nearly on a level with the ground; – called also in America, but not in England, the
first floor
.
Ground form
(Gram.)
,
the stem or basis of a word, to which the other parts are added in declension or conjugation. It is sometimes, but not always, the same as the root.
Ground furze
(Bot.)
,
a low slightly thorny, leguminous shrub (
Ononis arvensis
) of Europe and Central Asia,; – called also
rest-harrow
.
Ground game
,
hares, rabbits, etc., as distinguished from winged game.
Ground hele
(Bot.)
,
a perennial herb (
Veronica officinalis
) with small blue flowers, common in Europe and America, formerly thought to have curative properties.
Ground of the heavens
(Astron.)
,
the surface of any part of the celestial sphere upon which the stars may be regarded as projected.
Ground hemlock
(Bot.)
,
the yew (
Taxus baccata
var.
Canadensisi
) of eastern North America, distinguished from that of Europe by its low, straggling stems.
Ground hog
.
(Zool.)
(a)
The woodchuck or American marmot (
Arctomys monax
). See
Woodchuck
.
(b)
The aardvark.
Ground hold
(Naut.)
,
ground tackle.
[Obs.]
Spenser.
Ground ice
,
ice formed at the bottom of a body of water before it forms on the surface.
Ground ivy
.
(Bot.)
A trailing plant; alehoof. See
Gill
.
Ground joist
,
a joist for a basement or ground floor; a. sleeper.
Ground lark
(Zool.)
,
the European pipit. See
Pipit
.
Ground laurel
(Bot.)
.
Ground line
(Descriptive Geom.)
,
the line of intersection of the horizontal and vertical planes of projection.
Ground liverwort
(Bot.)
,
a flowerless plant with a broad flat forking thallus and the fruit raised on peduncled and radiated receptacles (
Marchantia polymorpha
).
Ground mail
,
in Scotland, the fee paid for interment in a churchyard.
Ground mass
(Geol.)
,
the fine-grained or glassy base of a rock, in which distinct crystals of its constituents are embedded.
Ground parrakeet
(Zool.)
,
one of several Australian parrakeets, of the genera
Callipsittacus
and
Geopsittacus
, which live mainly upon the ground.
Ground pearl
(Zool.)
,
an insect of the family
Coccidæ
(
Margarodes formicarum
), found in ants' nests in the Bahamas, and having a shelly covering. They are strung like beads, and made into necklaces by the natives.
Ground pig
(Zool.)
,
a large, burrowing, African rodent (
Aulacodus Swinderianus
) about two feet long, allied to the porcupines but with harsh, bristly hair, and no spines; – called also
ground rat
.
Ground pigeon
(Zool.)
,
one of numerous species of pigeons which live largely upon the ground, as the tooth-billed pigeon (
Didunculus strigirostris
), of the Samoan Islands, and the crowned pigeon, or goura. See
Goura
, and
Ground dove
(above).
Ground pine
.
(Bot.)
(a)
A blue-flowered herb of the genus
Ajuga
(
A. Chamæpitys
), formerly included in the genus
Teucrium
or germander, and named from its resinous smell.
Sir J. Hill.
(b)
A long, creeping, evergreen plant of the genus
Lycopodium
(
L. clavatum
); – called also
club moss
.
(c)
A tree-shaped evergreen plant about eight inches in height, of the same genus (
L. dendroideum
) found in moist, dark woods in the northern part of the United States.
Gray.
Ground plan
(Arch.)
,
a plan of the ground floor of any building, or of any floor, as distinguished from an elevation or perpendicular section.
Ground plane
,
the horizontal plane of projection in perspective drawing.
Ground plate
.
(a)
(Arch.)
One of the chief pieces of framing of a building; a timber laid horizontally on or near the ground to support the uprights; a ground sill or groundsel.
(b)
(Railroads)
A bed plate for sleepers or ties; a mudsill.
(c)
(Teleg.)
A metallic plate buried in the earth to conduct the electric current thereto. Connection to the pipes of a gas or water main is usual in cities.
Knight.
Ground plot
,
the ground upon which any structure is erected; hence, any basis or foundation; also, a ground plan.
Ground plum
(Bot.)
,
a leguminous plant (
Astragalus caryocarpus
) occurring from the Saskatchewan to Texas, and having a succulent plum-shaped pod.
Ground rat
.
(Zool.)
See
Ground pig
(above).
Ground rent
,
rent paid for the privilege of building on another man's land.
Ground robin
.
(Zool.)
See
Chewink
.
Ground room
,
a room on the ground floor; a lower room.
Tatler.
Ground sea
,
the West Indian name for a swell of the ocean, which occurs in calm weather and without obvious cause, breaking on the shore in heavy roaring billows; – called also
rollers
, and in Jamaica,
the North sea
.
Ground sill
.
See
Ground plate
(a) (above).
Ground snake
(Zool.)
,
a small burrowing American snake (
Celuta amœna
). It is salmon colored, and has a blunt tail.
Ground squirrel
.
(Zool.)
(a)
One of numerous species of burrowing rodents of the genera
Tamias
and
Spermophilus
, having cheek pouches. The former genus includes the Eastern striped squirrel or chipmunk and some allied Western species; the latter includes the prairie squirrel or striped gopher, the gray gopher, and many allied Western species. See
Chipmunk
, and
Gopher
.
(b)
Any species of the African genus
Xerus
, allied to
Tamias
.
Ground story
.
Same as
Ground floor
(above).
Ground substance
(Anat.)
,
the intercellular substance, or matrix, of tissues.
Ground swell
.
(a)
(Bot.)
The plant groundsel.
[Obs.]
Holland.
(b)
A broad, deep swell or undulation of the ocean, caused by a long continued gale, and felt even at a remote distance after the gale has ceased.
Ground table
.
(Arch.)
See Earth table, under Earth.
Ground tackle
(Naut.)
,
the tackle necessary to secure a vessel at anchor.
Totten.
Ground thrush
(Zool.)
,
one of numerous species of bright-colored Oriental birds of the family
Pittidæ
. See
Pitta
.
Ground tier
.
(a)
The lowest tier of water casks in a vessel's hold.
Totten.
(b)
The lowest line of articles of any kind stowed in a vessel's hold.
(c)
The lowest range of boxes in a theater.
Ground timbers
(Shipbuilding)
the timbers which lie on the keel and are bolted to the keelson; floor timbers.
Knight.
Ground tit
.
(Zool.)
See
Ground wren
(below).
Ground wheel
,
that wheel of a harvester, mowing machine, etc., which, rolling on the ground, drives the mechanism.
Ground wren
(Zool.)
,
a small California bird (
Chamæa fasciata
) allied to the wrens and titmice. It inhabits the arid plains. Called also
ground tit
, and
wren tit
.
To bite the ground
,
To break ground
.
See under
Bite
,
Break
.
To come to the ground
,
To fall to the ground
,
to come to nothing; to fail; to miscarry.
To gain ground
.
(a)
To advance; to proceed forward in conflict; as, an army in battle
gains ground
.
(b)
To obtain an advantage; to have some success;
as, the army
gains ground
on the enemy
.
(c)
To gain credit; to become more prosperous or influential.
To get ground
, or
To gather ground
,
to gain ground.
[R.]
“Evening mist . . . gathers ground fast.”
Milton.

To give ground
,
to recede; to yield advantage.
To lose ground
,
to retire; to retreat; to withdraw from the position taken; hence, to lose advantage; to lose credit or reputation; to decline.
To stand one's ground
,
to stand firm; to resist attack or encroachment.
Atterbury.
To take the ground
to touch bottom or become stranded; – said of a ship.

ground

(ground)
,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
grounded
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
grounding
.]
1.
To lay, set, or run, on the ground.
2.
To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, reason, or principle; to furnish a ground for; to fix firmly.
Being rooted and
grounded
in love.
Eph. iii. 17.
So far from warranting any inference to the existence of a God, would, on the contrary,
ground
even an argument to his negation.
Sir W. Hamilton
3.
To instruct in elements or first principles.
4.
(Elec.)
To connect with the ground so as to make the earth a part of an electrical circuit.
5.
(Fine Arts)
To cover with a ground, as a copper plate for etching (see
Ground
,
Noun.
, 5); or as paper or other materials with a uniform tint as a preparation for ornament.

ground

,
Verb.
I.
To run aground; to strike the bottom and remain fixed;
as, the ship
grounded
on the bar
.

ground

,
imp.
&
p.
p.
of
Grind
.
ground cock
,
a cock, the plug of which is ground into its seat, as distinguished from a compression cock.
Knight.
Ground glass
,
glass the transparency of which has been destroyed by having its surface roughened by grinding.
Ground joint
,
a close joint made by grinding together two pieces, as of metal with emery and oil, or of glass with fine sand and water.

Webster 1828 Edition


Ground

GROUND

, n.
1.
The surface of land or upper part of the earth, without reference to the materials which compose it. We apply ground to soil,sand or gravel indifferently, but never apply it to the whole mass of the earth or globe, nor to any portion of it when removed. We never say a shovel full or a load of ground. We say under ground, but not under earth; and we speak of the globe as divided into land and water, not into ground and water. Yet ground, earth and land are often used synonymously. We say, the produce or fruits of the ground, of the earth, or of land. The water overflows the low ground, or the low land.
There was not a man to till the ground. Gen.2.
The ground shall give its increase. Zech.8.
The fire ran along on the ground. Ex.9.
2.
Region; territory; as Egyptian ground; British ground; heavenly ground.
3.
Land; estate; possession.
Thy next design is on thy neighbor's grounds.
4.
The surface of the earth, or a floor or pavement.
Dagon had fallen on his face to the ground. 1 Sam.5.
5.
Foundation; that which supports any thing. This argument stands on defensible ground. Hence,
6.
Fundamental cause; primary reason or original principle. He stated the grounds of his complaint.
Making happiness the ground of his unhappiness.
7.
First principles; as the grounds of religion.
8.
In painting, the surface on which a figure or object is represented; that surface or substance which retains the original color, and to which the other colors are applied to make the representation; as crimson on a white ground.
9.
In manufactures, the principal color, to which others are considered as ornamental.
10. Grounds, plural, the bottom of liquors; dregs; lees; feces; as coffee grounds; the grounds of strong beer.
11. The plain song; the tune on which descants are raised.
On that ground, I'll build a holy descant.
12. In etching, a gummous composition spread over the surface of the metal to be etched, to prevent the nitric acid from eating, except where the ground is opened with the point of a needle.
13. Field or place of action. He fought with fury, and would not quit the ground.
14. In music, the name given to a composition in which the base, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a continually varying melody.
15. The foil to set a thing off.
16. Formerly, the pit of a play house.
To gain ground, to advance; to proceed forward in conflict; as, an army in battle gains ground. Hence, to obtain an advantage; to have some success; as, the army gains ground on the enemy. Hence,
1.
To gain credit; to prevail; to become more general or extensive; as,the opinion gains ground.
To lose ground, to retire; to retreat; to withdraw from the position taken. Hence, to lose advantage. Hence,
1.
To lose credit; to decline; to become less in force or extent.
To give ground, to recede; to yield advantage.
get ground, and to gather ground, are seldom used.

GROUND

,
Verb.
T.
To lay or set on the ground.
1.
To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, cause, reason or principle; as arguments grounded on reason; faith grounded on scriptural evidence.
2.
To settle in first principles; to fix firmly.
Being rooted and grounded in love Eph.3.

GROUND

,
Verb.
I.
To run aground; to strike the bottom and remain fixed; as, the ship grounded in two fathoms of water.

GROUND

, pret. and pp. of grind.

Definition 2021


ground

ground

English

Alternative forms

  • GND (contraction used in electronics)

Noun

ground (countable and uncountable, plural grounds)

  1. (uncountable) The surface of the Earth, as opposed to the sky or water or underground.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 23, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      If the afternoon was fine they strolled together in the park, very slowly, and with pauses to draw breath wherever the ground sloped upward. The slightest effort made the patient cough.
    • 1977, Agatha Christie, An Autobiography, Part II, chapter4:
      Mind you, clothes were clothes in those days. []  Frills, ruffles, flounces, lace, complicated seams and gores: not only did they sweep the ground and have to be held up in one hand elegantly as you walked along, but they had little capes or coats or feather boas.
    • 2013 June 8, The new masters and commanders”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8839, page 52:
      From the ground, Colombo’s port does not look like much. Those entering it are greeted by wire fences, walls dating back to colonial times and security posts.
  2. (uncountable) Terrain.
  3. (uncountable) Soil, earth.
    The worm crawls through the ground.
  4. (countable) The bottom of a body of water.
  5. Basis, foundation, groundwork, legwork.
  6. Background, context, framework, surroundings.
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, chapter 1/1/2, in Piracy: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days:
      House Prees and Bloods [] were everywhere to be seen in earnest colloquy. For the matter was, that there was some sort of night-prowler about the school grounds.
  7. The plain surface upon which the figures of an artistic composition are set.
    crimson flowers on a white ground
  8. In sculpture, a flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief.
  9. In point lace, the net of small meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied.
    Brussels ground
  10. In etching, a gummy substance spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle.
  11. (architecture, chiefly in the plural) One of the pieces of wood, flush with the plastering, to which mouldings etc. are attached.
    Grounds are usually put up first and the plastering floated flush with them.
  12. (countable) A soccer stadium.
    Manchester United's ground is known as Old Trafford.
  13. (electricity, Canada and US) An electrical conductor connected to the ground.
  14. (electricity, Canada and US) A level of electrical potential used as a zero reference.
  15. (countable, cricket) The area of grass on which a match is played (a cricket field); the entire arena in which it is played; the part of the field behind a batsman's popping crease where he can not be run out (hence to make one's ground).
  16. (music) A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody.
  17. (music) The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song.
    • 1592, William Shakespeare, The Life and Death of Richard III, act III, scene vii, in: The Works of Shakeſpear V (1726), page 149:
      Buck[ingham]   The Mayor is here at hand; pretend ſome fear, // Be not you ſpoke with, but by mighty ſuit; // And look you get a prayer-book in your hand, // And ſtand between two churchmen, good my lord, // For on that ground I’ll build a holy deſcant: // And be not eaſily won to our requeſts: // Play the maid’s part, ſtill anſwer nay, and take it.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Moore (Encyc.) to this entry?)
  18. The pit of a theatre.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ben Jonson to this entry?)
Synonyms
  • (electricity) earth (British)
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Related terms
  • Look at pages starting with ground.
Translations
See also

Verb

ground (third-person singular simple present grounds, present participle grounding, simple past and past participle grounded)

  1. (US) To connect (an electrical conductor or device) to a ground.
  2. (transitive) To punish, especially a child or teenager, by forcing him/her to stay at home and/or give up certain privileges.
    If you don't clean your room, I'll have no choice but to ground you.
    Eric, you are grounded until further notice for lying to us about where you were last night!
    My kids are currently grounded from television.
  3. (transitive) To forbid (an aircraft or pilot) to fly.
    Because of the bad weather, all flights were grounded.
  4. To give a basic education in a particular subject; to instruct in elements or first principles.
    Jim was grounded in maths.
  5. (baseball) to hit a ground ball; to hit a ground ball which results in an out. Compare fly (verb(regular)) and line (verb).
    Jones grounded to second in his last at-bat.
  6. (cricket) (of a batsman) to place his bat, or part of his body, on the ground behind the popping crease so as not to be run out
  7. (intransitive) To run aground; to strike the bottom and remain fixed.
    The ship grounded on the bar.
  8. To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, reason, or principle; to furnish a ground for; to fix firmly.
    • Bible, Ephesians iii. 17
      being rooted and grounded in love
    • Sir W. Hamilton
      So far from warranting any inference to the existence of a God, would, on the contrary, ground even an argument to his negation.
  9. (fine arts) To cover with a ground, as a copper plate for etching, or as paper or other materials with a uniform tint as a preparation for ornament.
  10. To improve or focus the mental or emotional state of.
    I ground myself with meditation.
Translations

Etymology 2

Inflected form of grind. See also milled.

Verb

ground

  1. simple past tense and past participle of grind
    I ground the coffee up nicely.

Adjective

ground (not comparable)

  1. Crushed, or reduced to small particles.
    ground mustard seed
  2. Processed by grinding.
    lenses of ground glass
Synonyms
Antonyms
Translations

Derived terms

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: followed · fear · evening · #428: ground · understand · fine · law