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Webster 1913 Edition


Solid

Sol′id

(sŏl′ĭd)
,
Adj.
[L.
solidus
, probably akin to
sollus
whole, entire, Gr. [GREEK][GREEK][GREEK]: cf. F.
solide
. Cf.
Consolidate
,
Soda
,
Solder
,
Soldier
,
Solemn
.]
1.
Having the constituent parts so compact, or so firmly adhering, as to resist the impression or penetration of other bodies; having a fixed form; hard; firm; compact; – opposed to
fluid
and
liquid
or to
plastic
, like clay, or to
incompact
, like sand.
2.
Not hollow; full of matter;
as, a
solid
globe or cone, as distinguished from a
hollow
one
; not spongy; dense; hence, sometimes, heavy.
3.
(Arith.)
Having all the geometrical dimensions; cubic;
as, a
solid
foot contains 1,728
solid
inches
.
☞ In this sense, cubics now generally used.
4.
Firm; compact; strong; stable; unyielding;
as, a
solid
pier; a
solid
pile; a
solid
wall.
5.
Applied to a compound word whose parts are closely united and form an unbroken word; – opposed to
hyphened
.
6.
Fig.: Worthy of credit, trust, or esteem; substantial, as opposed to
frivolous
or
fallacious
; weighty; firm; strong; valid; just; genuine.
The
solid
purpose of a sincere and virtuous answer.
Milton.
These, wanting wit, affect gravity, and go by the name of
solid
men.
Dryden.
The genius of the Italians wrought by
solid
toil what the myth-making imagination of the Germans had projected in a poem.
J. A. Symonds.
7.
Sound; not weakly;
as, a
solid
constitution of body
.
I. Watts.
8.
(Bot.)
Of a fleshy, uniform, undivided substance, as a bulb or root; not spongy or hollow within, as a stem.
9.
(Metaph.)
Impenetrable; resisting or excluding any other material particle or atom from any given portion of space; – applied to the supposed ultimate particles of matter.
10.
(Print.)
Not having the lines separated by leads; not open.
11.
United; without division; unanimous;
as, the delegation is
solid
for a candidate
.
[Polit. Cant. U.S.]
Solid angle
.
(Geom.)
See under
Angle
.
Solid color
,
an even color; one not shaded or variegated.
Solid green
.
See
Emerald green
(a)
, under
Green
.
Solid measure
(Arith.)
,
a measure for volumes, in which the units are each a cube of fixed linear magnitude, as a cubic foot, yard, or the like; thus, a foot, in solid measure, or a solid foot, contains 1,728 solid inches.
Solid newel
(Arch.)
,
a newel into which the ends of winding stairs are built, in distinction from a hollow newel. See under
Hollow
,
Adj.
Solid problem
(Geom.)
,
a problem which can be construed geometrically, only by the intersection of a circle and a conic section or of two conic sections.
Hutton.
Solid square
(Mil.)
,
a square body or troops in which the ranks and files are equal.
Syn. – Hard; firm; compact; strong; substantial; stable; sound; real; valid; true; just; weighty; profound; grave; important.
Solid
,
Hard
. These words both relate to the internal constitution of bodies; but hardnotes a more impenetrable nature or a firmer adherence of the component parts than solid. Hard is opposed to soft, and solid to fluid, liquid, open, or hollow. Wood is usually solid; but some kinds of wood are hard, and others are soft.
Repose you there; while I [return] to this
hard
house,
More
harder
than the stones whereof ’t is raised.
Shakespeare
I hear his thundering voice resound,
And trampling feet than shake the
solid
ground.
Dryden.

Sol′id

,
Noun.
1.
A substance that is held in a fixed form by cohesion among its particles; a substance not fluid.
2.
(Geom.)
A magnitude which has length, breadth, and thickness; a part of space bounded on all sides.
Solid of revolution
.
(Geom.)
See
Revolution
,
Noun.
, 5.

Webster 1828 Edition


Solid

SOL'ID

,
Adj.
[L, solidus; from the sense to setting or pressure, and hence allied to L. solum, Eng. sill.]
1.
Hard; firm; compact; having its constituent particles so close or dense as to resist the impression or penetration of other bodies. Hence solid bodies are not penetrable, not are the parts moveable and easily displaced like those of fluids. Solid is opposed to fluid and liquid.
2.
Not hollow; full of matter; as a solid globe or cone, as distinguished from a hollow one.
3.
Having all the gemetrical dimensions; cubic; as, a solid foot contains 1728 solid inhes. [In this sense, cubic is not generally used.]
4.
Firm; compact; strong; as a solid pier; a solid pile; a solid wall.
5.
Sound; not weakly; as a solid constitution of body. [Sound is more generally used.]
6.
Real; sound; valid; true; just; not empty or fallacious. Wise men seek solid reasons for their opinions.
7.
Grave; profound; not light, trifling or superficial. These wanting wit, affect gravity, and go by the name of solid men.
8.
In botany, of a fleshy, uniform, undivided substance, as a bulb or root; not spungy or hollow within, as a stem.

Definition 2021


solid

solid

See also: SOLID and sòlid

English

Ề===Pronunciation===

Adjective

solid (comparative more solid, superlative most solid)

  1. In the state of a solid; not fluid.
  2. Large, massive.
  3. Lacking holes or hollows; as solid gold, solid chocolate.
  4. Strong or unyielding.
    a solid foundation
    • 2012 June 2, Phil McNulty, “England 1-0 Belgium”, in BBC Sport:
      As in the 1-0 win against Norway in Oslo, this was an England performance built on the foundations of solid defence and tactical discipline.
  5. (slang) Excellent, of high quality, or reliable.
    That's a solid plan.
    Radiohead's on tour! Have you heard their latest album yet? It's quite solid.
    I don't think Dave would have done that. He's a solid dude.
  6. Hearty; filling.
    a solid meal
  7. Worthy of credit, trust, or esteem; substantial; not frivolous or fallacious.
    • Milton
      the solid purpose of a sincere and virtuous answer
    • Dryden
      These, wanting wit, affect gravity, and go by the name of solid men.
    • J. A. Symonds
      The genius of the Italians wrought by solid toil what the myth-making imagination of the Germans had projected in a poem.
  8. Sound; not weakly.
    a solid constitution of body
  9. (typography) Written as one word, without spaces or hyphens.
    American English writes many words as solid that British English hyphenates.
  10. (printing, dated) Not having the lines separated by leads; not open.
  11. (US, politics, slang) United; without division; unanimous.
    The delegation is solid for a candidate.
  12. Of a single color throughout.
    John painted the walls solid white.
    He wore a solid shirt with floral pants.
  13. (dated) Having all the geometrical dimensions; cubic.
    A solid foot contains 1,728 solid inches.

Hyponyms

  • rock-solid

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Noun

solid (plural solids)

  1. (chemistry) A substance in the fundamental state of matter that retains its size and shape without need of a container (as opposed to a liquid or gas).
  2. (geometry) A three-dimensional figure (as opposed to a surface, an area, or a curve).
  3. (informal) A favor.
    Please do me a solid: lend me your car for one week.
    I owe him; he did me a solid last year.
    • 2010, Loren D. Estleman, Frames, page 54:
      Fortunately, the president of our illustrious institution has been after me for a year to get Francis Ford Coppola to speak at next year's commencement, and Francis owes me a solid.
    • 2012, Robert Cea, No Lights, No Sirens: The Corruption and Redemption of an Inner City Cop, page 61:
      You can't make a move till you have about a year in a precinct, but tell you what, stay in touch. Lots a people still owe me a solid or two on the Job.
    • 2013, Nicole Williams, Crush:
      Thomas had seemed ready to spend the night on the couch, and now he couldn't get out of here fast enough. Hopping up, I followed after him. "Thanks again, Thomas," I said, opening the door for him. "I owe you a solid."
  4. An article of clothing which is of a single color throughout.
    I prefer solids over paisleys.
  5. (in the plural) Food which is not liquid-based.
    The doctor said I can't eat any solids four hours before the operation.

Translations

Adverb

solid (comparative more solid, superlative most solid)

  1. Solidly.
    • 1872, Mark Twain, Roughing It, page 306:
      True, not ten of these mines were yielding rock worth hauling to a mill, but everybody said, "Wait till the shaft gets down where the ledge comes in solid, and then you will see!"
    • 1937 March 7, Marsh, “Dan Dunn-Secret Operative 48”, in Sarasota (FL) Herald-Tribune:
      Hm-m---These papers are complete--They make Mortimer and Matilda the legal guardians of Babs--ought to put me in more solid than ever with Miss Effie--and that home is good graft.
    • 1943, Wallace Stegner, The Big Rock Candy Mountain, page 246:
      Suppose, then, a whole family got sick with this flu, and no help around, and winter setting in solid and cold three weeks early?
    • 1943 July 16, “Dodger Rebellion Is Settled With One Dramatic Flourish”, in Youngstown (OH) Vindicator:
      set a new high in baseball for the year, not only ending speculation as to when Durocher would be fired but putting him in more solid than ever before.
    • 1960, P[elham] G[renville] Wodehouse, “chapter XVI”, in Jeeves in the Offing, London: Herbert Jenkins, OCLC 1227855:
      She was telling Bobbie about the time when Boko Fittleworth was trying to ingratiate himself with your Uncle Percy, and you very sportingly offered to go and call your Uncle Percy a lot of offensive names, so that Boko, hovering outside the door, could come in and stick up for him, thus putting himself in solid with him.
    • 1997, David Ambrose, Superstition, page 239:
      If true, that means he deliberately risked American and French lives, and maybe the battle, in order to get in solid with Lafayette.
    • 2008, James Oliver Curwood, The Courage of Captain Plum, page 3:
      Then he drew a long-barreled revolver from under a coat that he had thrown aside and examined it carefully to see that the powder and ball were in solid and that none of the caps was missing
    • 2009 July 26, Rika Otsuka, “Nikkei hits 6-wk high on earnings hopes, Hitachi jumps”, in Reuters.com:
      Soichi Yamazaki, chief analyst at Fukoku Capital Management said Nidec Corp's (6594.OS) earnings came in more solid than expected on Friday
  2. (not comparable, typography) Without spaces or hyphens.
    Many long-established compounds are set solid.

Anagrams


Danish

Adjective

solid

  1. solid, robust
  2. strong
  3. substantial (e.g. et solidt måltid: a substantial meal)
  4. reliable

German

Alternative forms

  • solide (both are roughly equally common)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /zoˈliːt/

Adjective

solid (comparative solider, superlative am solidesten)

  1. solid

Declension


Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /soˈlid/

Etymology 1

From French solide, from Latin solidus.

Adjective

solid m, n (feminine singular solidă, masculine plural solizi, feminine and neuter plural solide)

  1. solid, firm
Synonyms

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Latin solidus.

Noun

solid m (plural solizi)

  1. a solidus (Roman gold coin)

Swedish

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -iːd

Adjective

solid

  1. solid, massive, stable, reliable
  2. solvent, in good financial standing
    och är idag ett solitt företag med 15 anställda
    and is today a respectable business with 15 employees

Declension

Inflection of solid
Indefinite/attributive Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular solid solidare solidast
Neuter singular solitt solidare solidast
Plural solida solidare solidast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 solide solidare solidaste
All solida solidare solidaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in an attributive role.

Related terms

  • soliditet

Noun

solid c

  1. (geometry) a solid body

Declension

Inflection of solid 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative solid soliden solider soliderna
Genitive solids solidens soliders solidernas