Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Lead

Lead

(lĕd)
,
Noun.
[OE.
led
,
leed
,
lead
, AS.
leád
; akin to D.
lood
, MHG.
lōt
, G.
loth
plummet, sounding lead, small weight, Sw. & Dan.
lod
. √123.]
1.
(Chem.)
One of the elements, a heavy, pliable, inelastic metal, having a bright, bluish color, but easily tarnished. It is both malleable and ductile, though with little tenacity, and is used for tubes, sheets, bullets, etc. Its specific gravity is 11.37. It is easily fusible (melting point 327.5° C), forms alloys with other metals, and is an ingredient of solder and type metal. Atomic number 82. Atomic weight, 207.2. Symbol Pb (L. Plumbum). It is chiefly obtained from the mineral galena, lead sulphide.
2.
An article made of lead or an alloy of lead
; as:
(a)
A plummet or mass of lead, used in sounding at sea.
(b)
(Print.)
A thin strip of type metal, used to separate lines of type in printing.
(c)
Sheets or plates of lead used as a covering for roofs; hence,
pl.
, a roof covered with lead sheets or terne plates.
I would have the tower two stories, and goodly
leads
upon the top.
Bacon
3.
A small cylinder of black lead or graphite, used in pencils.
Black lead
,
graphite or plumbago; – so called from its leadlike appearance and streak.
[Colloq.]
Coasting lead
,
a sounding lead intermediate in weight between a hand lead and deep-sea lead.
Deep-sea lead
,
the heaviest of sounding leads, used in water exceeding a hundred fathoms in depth.
Ham. Nav. Encyc.
Hand lead
,
a small lead use for sounding in shallow water.
Krems lead
,
Kremnitz lead
[so called from
Krems
or
Kremnitz
, in Austria]
,
a pure variety of white lead, formed into tablets, and called also
Krems white
, or
Kremnitz white
, and
Vienna white
.
Lead arming
,
tallow put in the hollow of a sounding lead. See
To arm the lead
(below).
Lead colic
.
See under
Colic
.
Lead color
,
a deep bluish gray color, like tarnished lead.
Lead glance
.
(Min.)
Same as
Galena
.
Lead line
(a)
(Med.)
A dark line along the gums produced by a deposit of metallic lead, due to lead poisoning.
(b)
(Naut.)
A sounding line.
Lead mill
,
a leaden polishing wheel, used by lapidaries.
Lead ocher
(Min.)
,
a massive sulphur-yellow oxide of lead. Same as
Massicot
.
Lead pencil
,
a pencil of which the marking material is graphite (black lead).
Lead plant
(Bot.)
,
a low leguminous plant, genus
Amorpha
(
Amorpha canescens
), found in the Northwestern United States, where its presence is supposed to indicate lead ore.
Gray.
Lead tree
.
(a)
(Bot.)
A West Indian name for the tropical, leguminous tree,
Leucæna glauca
; – probably so called from the glaucous color of the foliage.
(b)
(Chem.)
Lead crystallized in arborescent forms from a solution of some lead salt, as by suspending a strip of zinc in lead acetate.
Mock lead
,
a miner’s term for blende.
Red lead
,
a scarlet, crystalline, granular powder, consisting of minium when pure, but commonly containing several of the oxides of lead. It is used as a paint or cement and also as an ingredient of flint glass.
Red lead ore
(Min.)
,
crocoite.
Sugar of lead
,
acetate of lead.
To arm the lead
,
to fill the hollow in the bottom of a sounding lead with tallow in order to discover the nature of the bottom by the substances adhering.
Ham. Nav. Encyc.
To cast the lead
, or
To heave the lead
,
to cast the sounding lead for ascertaining the depth of water.
White lead
,
hydrated carbonate of lead, obtained as a white, amorphous powder, and much used as an ingredient of white paint.

Lead

(lĕd)
,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Leaded
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Leading
.]
1.
To cover, fill, or affect with lead;
as, continuous firing
leads
the grooves of a rifle
.
2.
(Print.)
To place leads between the lines of;
as, to
lead
a page;
leaded
matter.

Lead

(lēd)
,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Led
(lĕd)
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Leading
.]
[OE.
leden
, AS.
lǣdan
(akin to OS.
lēdian
, D.
leiden
, G.
leiten
, Icel.
leīða
, Sw.
leda
, Dan.
lede
), properly a causative fr. AS.
liðan
to go; akin to OHG.
līdan
, Icel.
līða
, Goth.
leiþan
(in comp.). Cf.
Lode
,
Loath
.]
1.
To guide or conduct with the hand, or by means of some physical contact or connection;
as, a father
leads
a child; a jockey
leads
a horse with a halter; a dog
leads
a blind man.
If a blind man
lead
a blind man, both fall down in the ditch.
Wyclif (Matt. xv. 14.)
They thrust him out of the city, and
led
him unto the brow of the hill.
Luke iv. 29.
In thy right hand
lead
with thee
The mountain nymph, sweet Liberty.
Milton.
2.
To guide or conduct in a certain course, or to a certain place or end, by making the way known; to show the way, esp. by going with or going in advance of.
Hence,
figuratively
:
To direct; to counsel; to instruct;
as, to
lead
a traveler; to
lead
a pupil.
The Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to
lead
them the way.
Ex. xiii. 21.
He
leadeth
me beside the still waters.
Ps. xxiii. 2.
This thought might
lead
me through the world's vain mask.
Content, though blind, had I no better guide.
Milton.
3.
To conduct or direct with authority; to have direction or charge of;
as, to
lead
an army, an exploring party, or a search; to
lead
a political party.
Christ took not upon him flesh and blood that he might conquer and rule nations,
lead
armies, or possess places.
South.
4.
To go or to be in advance of; to precede; hence, to be foremost or chief among;
as, the big sloop
led
the fleet of yachts; the Guards
led
the attack;
Demosthenes
leads
the orators of all ages.
As Hesperus, that
leads
the sun his way.
Fairfax.
And
lo
! Ben Adhem's name
led
all the rest.
Leigh Hunt.
5.
To draw or direct by influence, whether good or bad; to prevail on; to induce; to entice; to allure;
as, to
lead
one to espouse a righteous cause
.
He was driven by the necessities of the times, more than
led
by his own disposition, to any rigor of actions.
Eikon Basilike.
Silly women, laden with sins,
led
away by divers lusts.
2 Tim. iii. 6 (Rev. Ver.).
6.
To guide or conduct one's self in, through, or along (a certain course); hence, to proceed in the way of; to follow the path or course of; to pass; to spend. Also, to cause (one) to proceed or follow in (a certain course).
That we may
lead
a quiet and peaceable life.
1 Tim. ii. 2.
Nor thou with shadowed hint confuse
A life that
leads
melodious days.
Tennyson.
You remember . . . the life he used to
lead
his wife and daughter.
Dickens.
7.
(Cards & Dominoes)
To begin a game, round, or trick, with;
as, to
lead
trumps; the double five was
led
.
To lead astray
,
to guide in a wrong way, or into error; to seduce from truth or rectitude.
To lead captive
,
to carry or bring into captivity.
To lead the way
,
to show the way by going in front; to act as guide.
Goldsmith.

Lead

,
Verb.
I.
1.
To guide or conduct, as by accompanying, going before, showing, influencing, directing with authority, etc.; to have precedence or preëminence; to be first or chief; – used in most of the senses of lead,
Verb.
T.
2.
To tend or reach in a certain direction, or to a certain place;
as, the path
leads
to the mill; gambling
leads
to other vices.
The mountain foot that
leads
towards Mantua.
Shakespeare

Lead

,
Noun.
1.
The act of leading or conducting; guidance; direction;
as, to take the
lead
; to be under the
lead
of another.
At the time I speak of, and having a momentary
lead
, . . .
I am sure I did my country important service
.
Burke.
2.
Precedence; advance position; also, the measure of precedence;
as, the white horse had the
lead
;
a lead
of a boat's length, or of half a second.
3.
(Cards & Dominoes)
The act or right of playing first in a game or round; the card suit, or piece, so played;
as, your partner has the
lead
.
4.
An open way in an ice field.
Kane.
5.
(Mining)
A lode.
6.
(Naut.)
The course of a rope from end to end.
7.
(Steam Engine)
The width of port opening which is uncovered by the valve, for the admission or release of steam, at the instant when the piston is at end of its stroke.
☞ When used alone it means outside lead, or lead for the admission of steam. Inside lead refers to the release or exhaust.
8.
(Civil Engineering)
the distance of haul, as from a cutting to an embankment.
9.
(Horology)
The action of a tooth, as a tooth of a wheel, in impelling another tooth or a pallet.
Saunier.
Lead angle
(Steam Engine)
,
the angle which the crank maker with the line of centers, in approaching it, at the instant when the valve opens to admit steam.
Lead screw
(Mach.)
,
the main longitudinal screw of a lathe, which gives the feed motion to the carriage.

Webster 1828 Edition


Lead

LEAD

,
Noun.
led.
1.
A metal of a dull white color, with a cast of blue. It is the least elastic and sonorous of all the metals, and at the same time it is soft and easily fusible. It is found native in small masses, but generally mineralized by sulphur, and sometimes by other substances. Lead fused in a strong heat, throws off vapors which are unwholesome.
2.
A plummet or mass of lead, used in sounding at sea.
3.
Leads, a flat roof covered with lead.
White lead, the oxyd of lead, ground with one third part of chalk.

LEAD

,
Verb.
T.
led.
To cover with lead; to fit with lead.

LEAD

,
Verb.
T.
pret. and pp. led.
1.
To guide by the hand; as, to lead a child. It often includes the sense of drawing as well as of directing.
2.
To guide or conduct by showing the way; to direct; as, the Israelites were led by a pillar of a cloud by day, and by a pillar of fire by night.
3.
To conduct to any place.
He leadeth me beside the still waters. Ps. 23.
4.
To conduct, as a chief or commander, implying authority; to direct and govern; as, a general leads his troops to battle and to victory.
Christ took not on him flesh and blood, that he might conquer and rule nations, lead armies.
5.
To precede; to introduce by going first.
As Hesperus that leads the sun his way.
6.
To guide; to show the method of attaining an object. Self-examination may lead us to a knowledge of ourselves.
7.
To draw; to entice; to allure. The love of pleasure leads men into vices which degrade and impoverish them.
8.
To induce; to prevail on; to influence.
He was driven by the necessities of the times more than led by his own disposition to any rigor of actions.
9.
To pass; to spend, that is, to draw out; as, to lead a life of gayety, or a solitary life.
That we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty. 1Tim. 2.
To lead astray, to guide in a wrong way or into error; to seduce from truth or rectitude.
To lead captive, to carry into captivity.

LEAD

,
Verb.
I.
1.
To go before and show the way.
I will lead on softly. Gen. 33.
2.
To conduct, as a chief or commander. Let the troops follow, where their general leads.
3.
To draw; to have a tendency to. Gaming leads to other vices.
4.
To exercise dominion.
To lead off or out, to go first; to begin.

LEAD

,
Noun.
Precedence; a going before; guidance. Let the general take the lead. [A colloquial word in reputable use.]

Definition 2022


lead

lead

English

Chemical element
Pb Previous: thallium (Tl)
Next: bismuth (Bi)

Pronunciation

  • enPR: lĕd, IPA(key): /lɛd/
  • Homophone: led

Noun

lead (countable and uncountable, plural leads)

  1. (uncountable) A heavy, pliable, inelastic metal element, having a bright, bluish color, but easily tarnished; both malleable and ductile, though with little tenacity. It is easily fusible, forms alloys with other metals, and is an ingredient of solder and type metal. Atomic number 82, symbol Pb (from Latin plumbum).
  2. (countable) A plummet or mass of lead attached to a line, used in sounding depth at sea or (dated) to estimate velocity in knots.
  3. A thin strip of type metal, used to separate lines of type in printing.
  4. (uncountable, typography) Vertical space in advance of a row or between rows of text. Also known as leading.
    This copy has too much lead; I prefer less space between the lines.
  5. Sheets or plates of lead used as a covering for roofs.
  6. (plural leads) A roof covered with lead sheets or terne plates.
    • I would have the tower two stories, and goodly leads upon the top. — Bacon
  7. (countable) A thin cylinder of black lead or plumbago (graphite) used in pencils.
  8. (slang) Bullets; ammunition.
    They pumped him full of lead.
Derived terms


Translations

Verb

lead (third-person singular simple present leads, present participle leading, simple past and past participle leaded)

  1. (transitive) To cover, fill, or affect with lead; as, continuous firing leads the grooves of a rifle.
  2. (transitive, printing, historical) To place leads between the lines of.
    to lead a page; leaded matter
Usage notes

Note carefully these three senses are verbs derived from the noun referring to the metallic element, and are unrelated to the heteronym defined below under #Etymology 2.

Translations

See also

External links

  • lead Barthelmy, David (accessed 29 August 2016) Webmineral Mineralogy Database
  • lead mindat.org, Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, accessed 29 August 2016
  • lead on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Etymology 2

From Middle English leden, from Old English lǣdan (to lead), from Proto-Germanic *laidijaną (to cause one to go, lead), causative of Proto-Germanic *līþaną (to go), from Proto-Indo-European *leit-, *leith- (to leave, die). Cognate with West Frisian liede (to lead), Dutch leiden (to lead), German leiten (to lead), Danish lede (to lead), Swedish leda (to lead). Related to Old English līþan (to go, travel).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: lēd, IPA(key): /liːd/
  • Homophones: leed, lede

Verb

lead (third-person singular simple present leads, present participle leading, simple past and past participle led)

  1. (heading, transitive) To guide or conduct.
    1. To guide or conduct with the hand, or by means of some physical contact connection.
      a father leads a child; a jockey leads a horse with a halter; a dog leads a blind man
      • John Wycliffe on Matthew 15:14
        If a blind man lead a blind man, both fall down in the ditch.
      • Luke 4:29
        They thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill.
      • John Milton (1608-1674)
        In thy right hand lead with thee / The mountain nymph, sweet Liberty.
    2. To guide or conduct in a certain course, or to a certain place or end, by making the way known; to show the way, especially by going with or going in advance of, to lead a pupil; to guide somebody somewhere or to bring somebody somewhere by means of.instructions. Hence, figuratively: To direct; to counsel; to instruct; as, to lead a traveler.
      • Exodus 13:21
        The Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way.
      • Psalms 23:2
        He leadeth me beside the still waters.
      • John Milton (1608-1674)
        This thought might lead me through the world’s vain mask. Content, though blind, had I no better guide.
      • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
        I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
    3. To conduct or direct with authority; to have direction or charge of; as, to lead an army, an exploring party, or a search; to lead a political party; to command, especially a military or business unit.
      • Robert South (1634–1716)
        Christ took not upon him flesh and blood that he might conquer and rule nations, lead armies, or possess places.
    4. To guide or conduct oneself in, through, or along (a certain course); hence, to proceed in the way of; to follow the path or course of; to pass; to spend. Also, to cause (one) to proceed or follow in (a certain course).
      The evidence leads me to believe he is guilty.
  2. (intransitive) To guide or conduct, as by accompanying, going before, showing, influencing, directing with authority, etc.; to have precedence or preeminence; to be first or chief; — used in most of the senses of the transitive verb.
  3. (heading) To begin, to be ahead.
    1. (transitive) To go or to be in advance of; to precede; hence, to be foremost or chief among.
      the big sloop led the fleet of yachts; the Guards led the attack; Demosthenes leads the orators of all ages
      • 1600, Edward Fairfax, The Jerusalem Delivered of Tasso
        As Hesperus, that leads the sun his way.
      • Leigh Hunt (1784-1859)
        And lo! Ben Adhem's name led all the rest.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
        “Well,” I answered, at first with uncertainty, then with inspiration, “he would do splendidly to lead your cotillon, if you think of having one.” “So you do not dance, Mr. Crocker?” I was somewhat set back by her perspicuity.
    2. (intransitive) To lead off or out, to go first; to begin.
    3. (intransitive) To be more advanced in technology or business than others.
    4. (heading, sports)
      1. (transitive, card games, dominoes) To begin a game, round, or trick, with; as, to lead trumps.
        He led the ace of spades.
      2. (intransitive) To be ahead of others, e.g., in a race.
      3. (intransitive) To have the highest interim score in a game.
      4. (baseball) To step off base and move towards the next base.
        The batter always leads off base.
      5. (shooting) To aim in front of a moving target, in order that the shot may hit the target as it passes.
      6. (transitive, climbing) Lead climb.
  4. (transitive) To draw or direct by influence, whether good or bad; to prevail on; to induce; to entice; to allure; as, to lead one to espouse a righteous cause.
    • 1649, King Charles I of England, Eikon Basilike
      He was driven by the necessities of the times, more than led by his own disposition, to any rigor of actions.
    • 2 Timothy 3:6.
      Silly women, laden with sins, led away by divers lusts.
    • 2013 June 28, Joris Luyendijk, Our banks are out of control”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 3, page 21:
      Seeing the British establishment struggle with the financial sector is like watching an alcoholic [].  Until 2008 there was denial over what finance had become. When a series of bank failures made this impossible, there was widespread anger, leading to the public humiliation of symbolic figures.
  5. (intransitive) To tend or reach in a certain direction, or to a certain place.
    the path leads to the mill; gambling leads to other vices
    • ca. 1590, Shakespeare, Two Gentlemen of Verona, V-ii
      The mountain-foot that leads towards Mantua.
    • 2013 August 10, Can China clean up fast enough?”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      All this has led to an explosion of protest across China, including among a middle class that has discovered nimbyism. That worries the government, which fears that environmental activism could become the foundation for more general political opposition. It is therefore dealing with pollution in two ways—suppression and mitigation.
  6. To produce (with to).
    The shock led to a change in his behaviour.
    • 2013 August 3, Yesterday’s fuel”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
      The dawn of the oil age was fairly recent. Although the stuff was used to waterproof boats in the Middle East 6,000 years ago, extracting it in earnest began only in 1859 after an oil strike in Pennsylvania. [] It was used to make kerosene, the main fuel for artificial lighting after overfishing led to a shortage of whale blubber. Other liquids produced in the refining process, too unstable or smoky for lamplight, were burned or dumped.
  7. Misspelling of led.
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

lead (countable and uncountable, plural leads)

  1. (uncountable) The act of leading or conducting; guidance; direction, course; as, to take the lead; to be under the lead of another.
    • At the time I speak of, and having a momentary lead, [] I am sure I did my country important service. — Edmund Burke
  2. (uncountable) Precedence; advance position; also, the measure of precedence; as, the white horse had the lead; a lead of a boat’s length, or of half a second; the state of being ahead in a race; the highest score in a game in an incomplete game.
    • 2010 December 28, Kevin Darlin, “West Brom 1 - 3 Blackburn”, in BBC:
      Blackburn then regained the lead with a simplest of set-piece goals
  3. (countable) An insulated metallic wire for electrical devices and equipment.
  4. (baseball) The situation where a runner steps away from a base while waiting for the pitch to be thrown.
    The runner took his lead from first.
  5. (uncountable, card games, dominoes) The act or right of playing first in a game or round; the card suit, or piece, so played; as, your partner has the lead.
  6. (countable) A channel of open water in an ice field.
  7. (countable, mining) A lode.
  8. (nautical) The course of a rope from end to end.
  9. A rope, leather strap, or similar device with which to lead an animal; a leash
  10. In a steam engine, the width of port opening which is uncovered by the valve, for the admission or release of steam, at the instant when the piston is at end of its stroke.
    • Usage note: When used alone it means outside lead, or lead for the admission of steam. Inside lead refers to the release or exhaust.
  11. Charging lead. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  12. (civil engineering) The distance of haul, as from a cutting to an embankment.
  13. (horology) The action of a tooth, as a tooth of a wheel, in impelling another tooth or a pallet. — Claudias Saunier
  14. Hypothesis that has not been pursued
    The investigation stalled when all leads turned out to be dead ends.
  15. Information obtained by a detective or police officer that allows him or her to discover further details about a crime or incident.
  16. (marketing) Potential opportunity for a sale or transaction, a potential customer.
    Joe is a great addition to our sales team, he has numerous leads in the paper industry.
  17. Information obtained by a news reporter about an issue or subject that allows him or her to discover more details.
  18. (curling) The player who throws the first two rocks for a team.
  19. (newspapers) A teaser; a lead-in; the start of a newspaper column, telling who, what, when, where, why and how. (Sometimes spelled as lede for this usage to avoid ambiguity.)
  20. An important news story that appears on the front page of a newspaper or at the beginning of a news broadcast
  21. (engineering) The axial distance a **** thread travels in one revolution. It is equal to the pitch times the number of starts.
  22. (music) In a barbershop quartet, the person who sings the melody, usually the second tenor
  23. (music) The announcement by one voice part of a theme to be repeated by the other parts.
  24. (music) A mark or a short passage in one voice part, as of a canon, serving as a cue for the entrance of others.
  25. (engineering) The excess above a right angle in the angle between two consecutive cranks, as of a compound engine, on the same shaft.
  26. (electrical) The angle between the line joining the brushes of a continuous-current dynamo and the diameter symmetrical between the poles.
  27. (electrical) The advance of the current phase in an alternating circuit beyond that of the electromotive force producing it.
Usage notes

Note that these noun (attributive) uses are all derived from the verb, not the chemical element in #Etymology 1.

Derived terms
Translations

Adjective

lead (not comparable)

  1. (not comparable) Foremost.
    The contestants are all tied; no one has the lead position.
Synonyms

Etymology 3

Verb

lead

  1. Misspelling of led.

References

  • lead in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: spite · built · lower · #902: lead · wouldn't · success · instance

Anagrams


Hungarian

Etymology

le- + ad

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛɒd]
  • Hyphenation: le‧ad

Verb

lead

  1. (transitive) to pass down, hand down, turn in, drop off
  2. (transitive) to lose weight, usually as a result of some kind of training or exercise

Conjugation

Derived terms

  • leadás

(Expressions):


Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *laudą.

Noun

lēad n

  1. lead (metal)

Descendants