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Definition 2022


Da

Da

See also: Appendix:Variations of "da"

English

Abbreviation

Da

  1. dalton (atomic mass unit)

Proper noun

Da

  1. A great serpent in the mythology of Dahomey

Anagrams


Luxembourgish

Etymology

From Old High German (*)dou, northern variant of tou, from Proto-Germanic *dawwaz. Cognate with German Tau, English dew, Dutch dauw.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /daː/
    • Rhymes: -aː

Noun

Da m (uncountable)

  1. dew

da

da

See also: Appendix:Variations of "da"

Translingual

Symbol

da

  1. (metrology) Symbol for the prefix deca-, indicating multiplication by 10

English

Noun

da (plural das)

  1. (Ireland, Scotland, Northern England) Father.
    • 2008, James Kelman, Kieron Smith, Boy, Penguin 2009, page 55:
      Oh where is yer da son? The man said it to me and was grumpy. Is yer da here?
Synonyms

Etymology 2

From Russian да (da, yes).

Noun

da (uncountable)

  1. (slang, Russianism) Yes; an affirmative response.

Interjection

da

  1. (slang, Russianism) Yes!
Antonyms

Etymology 3

Representing pronunciation of the in informal speech.

Article

da

  1. (in the US, especially used in Chicago and New York) Eye dialect spelling of the.
    Da New York Times, Da Bears

Quotations

  • For usage examples of this term, see Citations:da.

Etymology 4

Abbreviation of duck's ass

Noun

da (plural das)

  1. Hair at the back of a person's head, styled resembling the rear of a duck. (See drawing at ducktail.)
Synonyms

Anagrams


Basque

Verb

da

  1. third-person singular present indicative of izan; He/She is

Breton

Etymology 1

From Proto-Celtic *tu (to).

Preposition

da (requires soft mutation)

  1. to
    An den a zo aet da Vreizh. ― The man went to Brittany.
Inflection
singular plural
1 din 1 dimp
2 dit 2 deoc'h
3 m dezhañ 3 dezho
3 f dezhi
imp. deor

Etymology 2

From Proto-Celtic *tu (your, thy).

Pronoun

da (requires soft mutation)

  1. your sg

Cebuano

Etymology 1

Initial clipping of ada.

Pronunciation 1

  • (General Cebuano) IPA(key): /dæ/
  • Rhymes: -dæ

Interjection

da

  1. It's unimportant.

Etymology 2

Undetermined

Pronunciation 2

  • (General Cebuano) IPA(key): /ˈdɑ/
  • Rhymes: -dɑ

Interjection

da

  1. (idiomatic) serves you right
  2. (idiomatic) good for you
Synonyms

Dalmatian

Etymology

From Latin de ab. Compare Italian da.

Preposition

da

  1. from
  2. of

Danish

Adverb

da

  1. surely
  2. then

Conjunction

da

  1. when
    Da jeg var ung, fandtes der ikke computere.
    When I was young, there were no computers.
  2. as, at the same time as
    Da jeg kom, gik hun.
    As I arrived, she left.

Dena'ina

Conjunction

da

  1. when
  2. if

Adverb

da

  1. there

Esperanto

Preposition

da

  1. Of (used instead of de with quantities, to emphasize the quantity rather than the thing quantified, or to indicate the unity of a shape and its material, a container and its contents, or a group and its members)[1][2]
    glaso da vino ― a glass of wine
    kilogramo da viando ― a kilogram of meat
    grupo da homoj ― a group of people
    kvar metroj da ĉi tiu ŝtofo kostas naŭ frankojn ― four meters of this cloth costs nine francs
    Li ligis la tri florojn en bukedon, kaj prezentis al ŝi tiun bukedon da floroj ― He tied the three flowers into a bouquet, and presented her with this bouquet of flowers
    listo da kandidatoj ― a list of candidates (of their names: compare listo da kondiĉoj de la kandidatoj ― a list of conditions from the candidates)
    skatolo da ĉokolado ― a box of chocolates (a boxful of chocolate: compare skatolo de ĉokolado ― a chocolates box (the box itself, made for chocolates, but now perhaps used to store paper clips), and skatolo el ĉokolado ― a box made of chocolate)
    la spektaklo daŭris duonon da horo ― the show lasted half an hour (compare tri estas duono de ses ― three is half of six)
    Damasko [...] estos amaso da ruinaĵoj ― Damascus will be a mass of ruins
    tuto da kondiĉoj kaj cirkonstancoj, en kiuj iu troviĝas ― all of the conditions and circumstances in which we find ourselves
    sistemo da sonoj por la esprimado de pensoj ― a system of sounds for the expression of thought
    ho, se mia kapo havus sufiĉe da akvo kaj miaj okuloj estus fonto da larmoj! ― oh, if my head had enough water, and my eyes were a spring of tears! (compare fonto de akvo ― a spring of water, which indicates the kind of spring rather than a unity of eyes and tears)

Usage notes

Unlike most prepositions, da cannot occur after a verb. It necessarily links two nouns.

The article la does not occur after the preposition da, and this is often mistakenly understood to mean that the quantity introduced by da must be indefinite. However, there is no such restriction, any more than there is with possessive pronouns such as mia 'my', which also do not allow the article. Because of the unity of the two nouns linked by da, only the phrase can be modified by the article, so it must precede the first noun. See the fourth and fifth examples above.

Some Esperanto dictionaries substitute listo de and tuto de for listo da and tuto da. This is an error, an influence of Western languages which do not have an equivalent to da.

References

  1. Sergio Pokrovskij (2007) 'La artikolo', in Lingva Kritiko: Studoj kaj notoj pri la Internacia Lingvo
  2. 'Da' Reta vortaro

Ewe

Noun

da

  1. bow
  2. mother
  3. snake

Fala

Etymology

From Old Portuguese da, from de + a.

Preposition

da f (plural das, masculine do, masculine plural dos)

  1. contraction of de (of) + a (the)
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Theme I, Chapter 1: Lengua Española:
      A grandeda da lengua española é indiscotibli, i sei estudio, utilización defensa debin sel algo consostancial a nos, []
      The greatness of the Spanish language is unquestionable, and its study, use and defense must be something consubstantial to us, []

Galician

Etymology

From contraction of preposition de (of, from) + feminine definite article a (the)

Contraction

da f (masculine do, masculine plural dos, feminine plural das)

  1. of the; from the

German

Etymology

From a merger of Middle High German dār, (there; at that place), from Old High German dār, , and Middle High German (then; at that time), from Old High German .

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /daː/, [daː]
  • Rhymes: -aː

Adverb

da

  1. (local) there; here
    • 1918, Elisabeth von Heyking, Aus dem Lande der Ostseeritter, in Zwei Erzählungen, Phillipp Reclam jun., page 78:
      Am liebsten entfloh sie dem allem in den großen Garten. Da verbrachte sie ihre schönsten Stunden.
      She liked best to escape from all of that into the big garden. There she spent her most pleasant hours.
    Wir fahren nach Hamburg. Meine Frau hat eine Freundin, die da wohnt.
    We’re going to Hamburg. My wife has a friend who lives there.
    Die Gäste sind noch nicht da.
    The guests aren’t here yet.
  2. (temporal) then; so; at that moment
    Ich war gerade eingeschlafen, und da kam ein Anruf.
    I had just fallen asleep, and that’s when someone called.
    Er hat immer weiter auf mich eingeschrien. Da bin ich einfach gegangen.
    He just kept on shouting at me. So I just left.
  3. (colloquial) replaces any pronominal adverb when the context is clear
    Ich wollte eigentlich Linsensuppe machen, aber da (= dafür, dazu) hatte ich das Rezept nicht.
    I was actually going to make lentil soup, but I didn’t have the recipe for that.
    Wir haben jetzt ein Angebot gekriegt, aber da (= darüber) müssen wir noch diskutieren.
    We’ve now received an offer, but we’ll still need to have discussion about that.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Conjunction

da

  1. (chiefly literary) since; as; because; given that
    Da die Stelle mit häufigen Auslandskontakten verbunden ist, sind gute Fremdsprachenkenntnisse unerlässlich.
    Since the position involves frequent international contacts, good foreign-language skills are essential.
  2. (literary, dated) when
    • 1545, Martin Luther et al., Genesis 7:6:
      Er war aber sechshundert jar alt / da das wasser der Sindflut auff Erden kam.
      He was six hundred years old however, when the water of the deluge came upon Earth.
    Am Tag, da die Wahrheit offenbar wird, ist es zur Umkehr zu spät.
    On the day when the Truth will become manifest, it will be to late for penitence.

Synonyms


Grass Koiari

Pronoun

da

  1. I

References

  • Terry Crowley, Claire Bowern, An Introduction to Historical Linguistics

Ido

Etymology

Borrowing from Italian da.

Preposition

da

  1. by
    La genitori amesas da lia filii.
    The parents are loved by their children.

Related terms

  • di (of (indicates possession or association))
  • de (from, of (where an amount is indicated))

Interlingua

Verb

da

  1. present of dar
  2. imperative of dar

Italian

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -a

Etymology 1

From Latin de (of, from) + a/ab (of, from). In the meaning of “at, near, by”, da probably comes from Latin unde + ad.[1]

Preposition

da

  1. from
    Giacomino da Verona ― Giacomino from Verona
    interviste dal libro ― interviews from the book
    traduzione dall’“Inferno” di Dante ― translation from Dante’s ‘Inferno’
    Dalla Terra alla Luna ― From the Earth to the Moon
  2. At the house of, since
    da Giovanni ― at Giovanni’s house
  3. to (implying necessity)
Usage notes
  • When followed by the definite article, da combines with the article to produce the following combined forms:
da + article Combined form
da + il dal
da + lo dallo
da + l' dall'
da + i dai
da + gli dagli
da + la dalla
da + le dalle

See also

Etymology 2

Verb

da

  1. Misspelling of .

References

  1. Angelo Prati, "Vocabolario Etimologico Italiano", Torino, 1951

Anagrams


Japanese

Romanization

da

  1. rōmaji reading of
  2. rōmaji reading of

Koitabu

Pronoun

da

  1. I

References

  • Terry Crowley, Claire Bowern, An Introduction to Historical Linguistics

Kurdish

Conjunction

da

  1. so
    Em dixwin da em karibin bijîn.
    We eat so we may live.

Ladin

Preposition

da

  1. from
  2. At the house of
  3. to (implying necessity)

Latin

Verb

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of "give!"
    da mihi osculum.
    Give me a kiss.

Lojban

Cmavo

da (rafsi dav or dza)

  1. (pro-sumti) someone/something which exists #1 (multiple occurrences of da in logically connected sentences refer to the same thing)
    ro da poi plini la solri ku'o de poi mluni zo'u da se mluni de
    For every planet x orbiting around the Sun, there exists a moon y such that x is orbited by y.
    ro da poi plini la solri cu se mluni de poi mluni
    Every planet orbiting around the Sun has an orbiting moon.
    [1]

Related terms

See also

References

  1. John Woldemar Cowan, The Lojban Reference Grammar, §16.5: Dropping the prenex.

Lower Sorbian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [da]

Verb

da

  1. second-person singular preterite of daś
  2. third-person singular preterite of daś

Mandarin

Romanization

da (Zhuyin ㄉㄚ˙)

  1. Pinyin transcription of
  2. Pinyin transcription of
  3. Pinyin transcription of
  4. Pinyin transcription of
  5. Pinyin transcription of
  6. Nonstandard spelling of .
  7. Nonstandard spelling of .
  8. Nonstandard spelling of .
  9. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Manx

Etymology

From Old Irish do.

Preposition

da

  1. to
  2. for

Inflection

Singular Plural
Person 1st 2nd 3rd m. 3rd f. 1st 2nd 3rd
Normal dou dhyt da jee dooin diu daue
Emphatic dooys dhyts dasyn jeeish dooinyn diuish dauesyn

Pronoun

da

  1. third-person singular masculine of da
    to him/it

Derived terms


Mountain Koiari

Pronoun

da

  1. I

References

  • Terry Crowley, Claire Bowern, An Introduction to Historical Linguistics

Navajo

Pronunciation

Adverb

da

  1. (used with doo) not
    doo yáʼátʼééh da ― it is not good

Conjunction

da

  1. including, as well as, and

North Frisian

Article

da

  1. the (plural)

See also


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse þá and þó (adverb); and Old Norse þá er (when, conjunction), and German da (because, conjunction)

Adverb

da

  1. then

Derived terms

Conjunction

da

  1. when
  2. because

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse þá and þó (adverb); and Old Norse þá er (when, conjunction), and German da (because, conjunction)

Alternative forms

Adverb

da

  1. then

Derived terms

Conjunction

da

  1. when
  2. because

References


Nyunga

Noun

da

  1. mouth

References

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Nyunga is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Ojibwe

Particle

da

  1. please, come on (clarification marker)
    da naa! — damn it!

Related terms


Old English

Pronunciation

Noun

 f

  1. doe, female fallow deer

Declension

Descendants


Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /da/

Verb

da

  1. third-person singular future indicative of dać

Portuguese

Etymology 1

From Old Portuguese da, from de (of) + a (feminine definite article).

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Preposition

da f sg (plural das, masculine do, masculine plural dos)

  1. Contraction of de a (pertaining or relating to the). Of the; from the (feminine singular)
    • 2005, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e o Enigma do Príncipe (Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince), Rocco, page 104:
      Ela estava sentada no parapeito da janela do quarto [...]
      She was sitting on the parapet of the window of the room [...]
Quotations

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:do.

See also

  • do (masculine form)
  • das (plural form)
  • dos (masculine plural form)

Etymology 2

Verb

da

  1. Obsolete spelling of
    • 1614, Fernão Mendes Pinto, Peregrinaçam:
      [] , com que cada día nos da noticia de outras tão nouas que parece que a excedem, []
      [] , with which he gives us each day news of other [marvels] so new that they seem to exceed it, []

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /da/
  • Rhymes: -a

Etymology 1

From a Slavic language (e.g. Bulgarian, Serbo-Croatian, Russian), from Proto-Slavic *da.

Interjection

da

  1. yes
Antonyms

Etymology 2

From Latin dare, present active infinitive of , ultimately from Proto-Italic *didō, from Proto-Indo-European *dédeh₃ti, from the root *deh₃- (give). Compare Aromanian dau, dari, Italian dare, Spanish dar.

Verb

a da (third-person singular present , past participle dat) 1st conj.

  1. to give
Conjugation
Derived terms

References

  1. A Latin etymology for Romanian da = yes, by Keith Andrew Massey, 2008-06-30
  2. Romanian Explanatory Dictionary

Romansch

Alternative forms

  • (before vowels) dad

Etymology

From Latin .

Preposition

da

  1. of, from
  2. about

Scottish Gaelic

Prepositional pronoun

da

  1. Alternative form of dha

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *da, probably old imperative of the word dȁti, itself from Proto-Indo-European *deh₃- (to give).

Conjunction

da (Cyrillic spelling да)

  1. that
    rekao je da će doći
    he said that he would come
    odgovorio sam mu da nemam pojma o čemu priča
    I've told him that I have no idea what he was talking about
  2. in order to, to
    došao je da mi sve ispriča
    he came to tell me everything
    stigao je u našu zemlju da nauči naš jezik
    he arrived in our country in order to learn our language
  3. to (when the subjects of both clauses are not the same)
    on hoće da mu pokažete put do stanice
    he wants you to show him the way to the station
  4. (Serbian) to (when the subjects of both clauses are the same; for western Serbo-Croatian use infinitive instead of da + present tense)
    on želi da priča s vama (Serbian)
    on želi pričati s vama (Croatian)
    he wants to talk with you
  5. if
    da sam na vašem m(j)estu, ne bih se puno zamarao takvim detaljima
    if I were you, I wouldn't bother too much with such details
    da si više radio, zaradio bi više novca
    if you worked harder, you would have earned more money
  6. (with kȁo) as if, like
    s(j)ećam se, kao da je bilo juče(r)
    I remember, as if it were yesterday
    kao da ne znaš o čemu pričam
    as if you don't know what I'm talking about
  7. (a + da + ne) without (usually after negative verbs)
    ne mogu se uključiti u raspravu, a da ne napravim nered
    I cannot enter a discussion without making a mess
    odlazi, a da nije rekao ni zbogom
    he's leaving without even saying goodbye
  8. (a + i + da) even if
    a i da jesam to napravio, ne bi to učinilo neku razliku
    even if I did it, it wouldn't have made much of a difference
  9. lest
    onaj koji se bori protiv čudovišta treba paziti da time i sam ne postane čudovište
    he who fights with monsters might take care lest he thereby become a monster

Particle

da (Cyrillic spelling да)

  1. yes
    Je li tako? Da! ― Is that so? Yes!
  2. (Serbia) used when starting a question
    da li ste žedni? ― are you thirsty?
    reci mi da li je to istina? ― tell me if that is true?
  3. in combination with other words, expressing wish, command etc.
    da se nisi usudio! ― don't you dare!
    dȃ Bog! ― may God grant it!
    da počnemo! ― let's begin!

Synonyms

  • (when starting a question): je li (Croatian)

Skolt Sami

Etymology

Presumably loaned from a Russian language (compare with Russian да (da)) or from Proto-Slavic *da.

Conjunction

da

  1. and

Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *da.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈdá/
  • Tonal orthography:

Particle

  1. yes

Synonyms

  • (informal)

Antonyms


Spanish

Pronunciation

Verb

da

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of dar.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of dar.
  3. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of dar.

Ter Sami

Etymology

Presumably loaned from a Russian language (compare with Russian да (da)) or from Proto-Slavic *da.

Conjunction

da

  1. and

Tolai

Alternative forms

  • dat (when not preceding a verb)

Pronoun

da

  1. First-person inclusive plural pronoun: you (many) and I, you (many) and me

Declension



Turkish

Adverb

da

  1. as well, too, also
    o da sorunun yanıtını biliyor ― he/she/it also knows the answer of the question
    Oğuzhan da bizimle geliyor ― Oğuzhan is coming with us as well
    Yağız da dondurma yemeyi sever ― Yağız likes eating ice cream, too.

Usage notes

  • It's used when the previous word's last vowel is "a", "ı", "o" or "u". Otherwise (if the word's last vowel is "e", "i", "ö" or "ü"); it becomes "de"

Synonyms


Uzbek

Particle

da (Cyrillic spelling да)

  1. Locative case marker. It is used to show the time or the place of an action. Equates to "in", or "at" in English.
    • Samarqandda yashayman.
      I live in Samarqand.
    • Soat uchda boraman.
      I go at 3 o'clock.

Usage notes

  • When used after interrogative pronouns da can take on different meanings. Pronouns such as kim (who), nima (what), qayer (where), necha (how many, how much) become kimda (to whom), nimada (with what, by using what), qayerda (from where), nechada (what time).

Vanimo

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /da/

Noun

da

  1. pig

References

  • Dialogue on Dialect Standardization, edited by Carrie Dyck, Tania Granadillo, Keren Rice

Veps

Etymology

Borrowing from Russian да (da).

Conjunction

da

  1. and

References

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), да, и”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Vietnamese

Etymology

From Proto-Vietic *-taː

Pronunciation

Noun

da

  1. (anatomy) skin (outer covering of the body)
    da đầu
    scalp
  2. hide; material made of animal skin, such as leather

Volapük

Preposition

da

  1. through
  2. throughout

Welsh

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dɑː/

Etymology 1

From Proto-Celtic *dagos (good) (compare Irish dea-).

Adjective

da (feminine singular da, plural da, equative cystal, comparative gwell, superlative gorau)

  1. good, well
Derived terms

Noun

da m

  1. goodness
  2. (collective noun) goods, cattle

Etymology 2

Alternative forms

  • deuaf (literary)
  • do (colloquial)
  • dof (literary)

Verb

da

  1. (colloquial) first-person singular future of dod

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
da dda na unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Zhuang

Pronunciation

  • (Standard Zhuang) IPA(key): /ta˨˦/

Etymology

Compare Lao ຕາ (), ᦎᦱ (ṫaa), Shan တႃ (tǎa), Thai ตา (taa).

Noun

da

  1. eye