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Webster 1913 Edition


Without

With-out′

,
p
rep.
[OE.
withoute
,
withouten
, AS.
wið[GREEK]tan
;
wið
with, against, toward +
[GREEK]tan
outside, fr.
[GREEK]t
out. See
With
,
p
rep.
,
Out
.]
1.
On or at the outside of; out of; not within;
as,
without
doors
.
Without
the gate
Some drive the cars, and some the coursers rein.
Dryden.
2.
Out of the limits of; out of reach of; beyond.
Eternity, before the world and after, is
without
our reach.
T. Burnet.
3.
Not with; otherwise than with; in absence of, separation from, or destitution of; not with use or employment of; independently of; exclusively of; with omission;
as,
without
labor;
without
damage
.
I wolde it do
withouten
negligence.
Chaucer.
Wise men will do it
without
a law.
Bacon.
Without
the separation of the two monarchies, the most advantageous terms . . . must end in our destruction.
Addison.
There is no living with thee nor
without
thee.
Tatler.
To do without
.
See under
Do
.
Without day
[a translation of L.
sine die
]
,
without the appointment of a day to appear or assemble again; finally; as, the Fortieth Congress then adjourned without day.
Without recourse
.
See under
Recourse
.

With-out′

,
c
onj.
Unless; except; – introducing a clause.
You will never live to my age
without
you keep yourselves in breath with exercise, and in heart with joyfulness.
Sir P. Sidney.
☞ Now rarely used by good writers or speakers.

With-out′

,
adv.
1.
On or art the outside; not on the inside; not within; outwardly; externally.
Without
were fightings, within were fears.
2 Cor. vii. 5.
2.
Outside of the house; out of doors.
The people came unto the house
without
.
Chaucer.

Webster 1828 Edition


Without

WITHOUT

, prep.
1.
Not with; as without success.
2.
In a state of destitution or absence from.
There is no living with thee nor without thee.
3.
In a state of destitution or absence from.
There is no living with thee nor without thee.
4.
Beyond; not within.
Eternity, before the world and after, is without our reach.
5.
Supposing the negation or omission of.
Without the separation of the two monarchies, the most advantageous terms from the French must end in our destruction.
6.
Independent of; not by the use of. Men like to live without labor.
Wise men will do it without a law.
7.
On the outside of; as without the gate; without doors.
8.
With exemption from. That event cannot happen without great damage to our interests.
9.
Unless; except.
Without, when it precedes a sentence or member of a sentence, has been called a conjunction. This is a mistake. You will not enjoy health, without you use much exercise. In this sentence, without is a preposition still, but followed by a member of a sentence, instead of a single noun. It has no property of a connective or conjunction, and does not fall within the definition. You will not enjoy health, this fact following being removed, or not taking place; you use exercise. This use of without, is nearly superseded by unless and except, among good writers and speakers; but is common in popular discourse or parlance.

WITHOUT

,
adv.
1.
Not on the inside; not within.
These were from without the growing miseries.
2.
Out of doors.
3.
Externally; not in the mind.
Without were fightings, within were fears. 2 Corinthians 7.

Definition 2021


without

without

English

Alternative forms

Adverb

without (comparative more without, superlative most without)

  1. (archaic or literary) Outside, externally.
  2. Lacking something.
    Being from a large, poor family, he learned to live without.

Preposition

without

  1. (archaic or literary) Outside of, beyond.
    The snow was swirling without the cottage, but it was warm within.
    • John Dryden (1631-1700)
      Without the gate / Some drive the cars, and some the coursers rein.
    • Thomas Burnet (1635?-1715)
      Eternity, before the world and after, is without our reach.
    • 1967, George Harrison, Sgt Pepper
      Life goes on within you and without you.
  2. Not having, containing, characteristic of, etc.
    It was a mistake to leave my house without a coat.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 22, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      From another point of view, it was a place without a soul. The well-to-do had hearts of stone; the rich were brutally bumptious; the Press, the Municipality, all the public men, were ridiculously, vaingloriously self-satisfied.
    • 1967, George Harrison, Sgt Pepper
      Life goes on within you and without you.
    • 2013 June 29, Travels and travails”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 55:
      Even without hovering drones, a lurking assassin, a thumping score and a denouement, the real-life story of Edward Snowden, a rogue spy on the run, could be straight out of the cinema.
  3. Not doing or not having done something.
    He likes to eat everything without sharing.
    He shot without warning anyone.
    • 1893, Walter Besant, The Ivory Gate, Prologue:
      Athelstan Arundel walked home […], foaming and raging. [] He walked the whole way, walking through crowds, and under the noses of dray-horses, carriage-horses, and cart-horses, without taking the least notice of them.

Derived terms

Synonyms

Antonyms

Translations

Conjunction

without

  1. Unless, except (introducing a clause).
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter iij, in Le Morte Darthur, book XV:
      And whanne this old man had sayd thus he came to one of tho knyghtes and sayd I haue lost alle that I haue sette in the / For thou hast rulyd the ageynste me as a warryour and vsed wrong werres with vayne glory more for the pleasyr of the world than to please me / therfor thow shalt be confounded withoute thow yelde me my tresour
    • 1913, DH Lawrence, Sons and Lovers, Penguin, 2006, p.264:
      ‘Why,’ he blurted, ‘because they say I've no right to come up like thiswithout we mean to marry
    • 1883, Howard Pyle, The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood Chapter V
      But in the meantime Robin Hood and his band lived quietly in Sherwood Forest, without showing their faces abroad, for Robin knew that it would not be wise for him to be seen in the neighborhood of Nottingham, those in authority being very wroth with him.

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: came · men · come · #109: without · make · def · might

Anagrams