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Definition 2021


See also: , , and

Translingual

Stroke order

Han character

(radical 147 見+0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 月山竹山 (BUHU), four-corner 60210, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #147, (see).

Descendants

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 1133, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34796
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1599, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3663, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+898B

Chinese

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡeːlʔ, *kʰeːns, *ɡeːns
*ɡreːns
*ɡreːns
*ŋl'eːns, *ɡeːnʔ
*keːnʔ
*keːnʔ
*keːnʔ, *ɡeːnʔ
*keːnʔ
*keːns, *ɡeːns
*kʰeːns, *ɡeːnʔ
*kʰeːns, *qʰeːnʔ, *ɡeːnʔ
*ŋɡeːn, *ŋɡeːns
*ɡeːnʔ
*ɡeːnʔ
*ɡeːnʔ
*ɡeːns

(eye) +  (human) – an eye on a pair of legs. Originally a human figure with a large eye for a head.

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ken ~ m-kjen.

Pronunciation 1



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kenH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kenH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɛnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛnH/
Li
Rong
/kenH/
Wang
Li
/kienH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kienH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤen-s/
English see (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 6192
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*keːns/

Definitions

  1. to see
    /    jiàn guò   to have seen
  2. to meet; to see
    我們點鐘 / 我们点钟   Wǒmen bā diǎnzhōng jiàn.   We'll meet at eight.
  3. to see; to refer to; vide
    /    jiàn xià yè   Please refer to next page.
    • 下面 / 下面   jiàn xiàmiàn   see below
  4. to appear; to seem
    /    jiàn   to appear, to seem
  5. opinion, idea, view
    /    jiànjiě   opinion, view
    /    jiàn   opinion, idea
  6. (to have something done) by (someone or something)

Compounds

Pronunciation 2



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (33)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦenH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦenH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɛnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɛnH/
Li
Rong
/ɣenH/
Wang
Li
/ɣienH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣienH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiàn xiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ henH › ‹ henH ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-[k]ˤen-s/ /*m-[k]ˤen-s/
English appear cause to appear, introduce

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 6206
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡeːns/

Definitions

  1. Original form of (xiàn, “to appear”).

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to see

Readings

Compounds


Korean

Hanja

(gyeon, hyeon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (McCune-Reischauer: kyŏn, hyŏn, Yale: kyen, hyen)
  • Name (hangeul): , 뵈올 (revised: bol, boeol, McCune-Reischauer: pol, poeol, Yale: pol, poy.ol)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

(kiến, kén, hiện, lương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.