Webster 1913 Edition
Above, or higher than, in place or position, with the idea of covering; – opposed to
as, clouds are
overour heads; the smoke rises
The mercy seat that is
Ex. xxx. 6.
Overthem gleamed far off the crimson banners of morning.
Across; from side to side of; – implying a passing or moving, either above the substance or thing, or on the surface of it;
as, a dog leaps.
overa stream or a table
Certain lakes . . . poison birds which fly
Upon the surface of, or the whole surface of; hither and thither upon; throughout the whole extent of;
as, to wander
overthe earth; to walk
overa field, or
Above; – implying superiority in excellence, dignity, condition, or value;
as, the advantages which the Christian world has.
Above in authority or station; – implying government, direction, care, attention, guard, responsibility, etc.; – opposed to
Thou shalt be
Gen. xli. 40.
I will make thee rules
Matt. xxv. 23.
Dost thou not watch
overmy sin ?
Job xiv. 16.
His tender mercies are
overall his works.
Ps. cxlv. 9.
Across or during the time of; from beginning to end of;
as, to keep anything
overnight; to keep corn
Above the perpendicular height or length of, with an idea of measurement;
as, the water, or the depth of water, was.
Beyond; in excess of; in addition to; more than;“Over all this.”
as, it cost.
Above, implying superiority after a contest; in spite of; notwithstanding;
as, he triumphed
overdifficulties; the bill was passed
☞ Over, in poetry, is often contracted into o’er.
☞ Over his signature (or name) is a substitute for the idiomatic English form, under his signature (name, hand and seal, etc.), the reference in the latter form being to the authority under which the writing is made, executed, or published, and not the place of the autograph, etc.
placed over or upon other bearings, and therefore hinding them in part; – said of a charge.–
Over one's head,
Over head and ears
beyond one's depth; completely; wholly; hopelessly;–
over head and earsin debt
head over heels
head over heelsin love
in a tumbling manner;
as, to fall.
head over heelsdown the stairs
precipitously and without forethought; impulsively.–
Over the left.
To run over
to have rotation in such direction that the crank pin traverses the upper, or front, half of its path in the forward, or outward, stroke; – said of a crank which drives, or is driven by, a reciprocating piece.
From one side to another; from side to side; across; crosswise;
as, a board, or a tree, a foot.
over, i. e., a foot in diameter
From one person or place to another regarded as on the opposite side of a space or barrier; – used with verbs of motion;“We will pass over to Gibeah.”
as, to sail
overto England; to hand
overthe money; to go
overto the enemy.
Judges xix. 12.
Also, with verbs of being: At, or on, the opposite side;
as, the boat is.
From beginning to end; throughout the course, extent, or expanse of anything;
as, to look
overaccounts, or a stock of goods; a dress covered
From inside to outside, above or across the brim.
Good measure, pressed down . . . and running
Luke vi. 38.
Beyond a limit; hence, in excessive degree or quantity; superfluously; with repetition;“So over violent.”
as, to do the whole work.
He that gathered much had nothing
Ex. xvi. 18.
In a manner to bring the under side to or towards the top;
as, to turn (one's self)
over; to roll a stone
over; to turn
overthe leaves; to tip
Completed; at an end; beyond the limit of continuance; finished;“Their distress was over.”
as, when will the play be.
Macaulay.“The feast was over.”
Sir W. Scott.
☞ Over, out, off, and similar adverbs, are often used in the predicate with the sense and force of adjectives, agreeing in this respect with the adverbs of place, here, there, everywhere, nowhere; as, the games were over; the play is over; the master was out; his hat is off.
☞ Over is much used in composition, with the same significations that it has as a separate word; as in overcast, overflow, to cast or flow so as to spread over or cover; overhang, to hang above; overturn, to turn so as to bring the underside towards the top; overact, overreach, to act or reach beyond, implying excess or superiority.
Over the whole; upon all parts; completely;
as, he is spatterd with mud.
Wholly over; at an end;–
as, it is.
all overwith him
once more; with repetition; afresh; anew.
opposite; in front.
Over and above,
in a manner, or degree, beyond what is supposed, defined, or usual; besides; in addition;“He . . . gained, over and above, the good will of all people.”
over and abovewell
Over and over,
repeatedly; again and again.–
To boil over.
To come it over,
To do over,
To give over, etc.
To throw over,
to abandon; to betray. Cf.
To throw overboard, under
Upper; covering; higher; superior; – chiefly used in composition;
A certain number of balls (usually four) delivered successively from behind one wicket, after which the ball is bowled from behind the other wicket as many times, the fielders changing places.
Webster 1828 Edition
O'VER, prep. [L. super., Gr.]
1.Across; from side to side; implying a passing or moving either above the substance or thing, or on the surface of it. Thus we say, a dog leaps over a stream, or over a table; a boat sails over a lake.
2.Above in place or position; opposed to below; as the clouds over our heads. The smoke rises over the city.
The mercy-seat that is over the testimony. Ex. 30.
3.Above, denoting superiority in excellence, dignity or value; as the advantages which the christian world has over the heathen.
Young Pallas shone conspicuous o'er the rest.
4.Above in authority, implying the right or power of superintending or governing; opposed to under.
Thou shalt be over my house. Gen. 41.
I will make thee ruler over many things. Matt. 25.
5.Upon the surface or whole surface; through the whole extent; as, to wander over the earth; to walk over a field, or over a city.
6.Upon. Watch over your children.
Dost thou not watch over my sin? Job. 14.
His tender mercies are over all his works. Ps. 145.
7.During the whole time; from beginning to end; as, to keep any thing over night; to keep corn over winter.
8.Above the top; covering; immersing; as, the water is over the shoes or boots.
Over night. In this phrase, over sometimes signifies before; as, when preparing for a journey, we provide things necessary over night.
Over, in poetry, is often contracted into o'er.
1.From side to side; as a board a foot over; a tree a foot over, a foot in diameter.
2.On the opposite side. The boat is safe over.
3.From one to another by passing; as, to deliver over goods to another.
4.From one country to another by passing; as, to carry any thing over to France, or to bring any thing over to England.
5.On the surface.
6.Above the top.
Good measure, pressed down and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. Luke 6.
7.More than the quantity assigned; beyond a limit.
He that gathered much had nothing over. Ex. 14.
8.Throughout; from beginning to end; completely; as, to read over a book; to argue a question over again.
Over and over, repeatedly; once and again.
And every night review'd it o'er and o'er.
Over again, once more; with repetition.
O kill not all my kindred o'er again.
Over and above, besides; beyond what is supposed or limited.
He gained, over and above, the good will of the people.
Over against, opposite; in front.
Over against this church stands a large hospital.
Over is used with rolling or turning from side to side; as, to turn over; to roll over.
1.To give over, to cease from; as, to give over an enterprize.
2.To consider as in a hopeless state; as, the physicians have given over their patient.
Over, in composition, denotes spreading, covering above; as in overcast, overflow; or across, as to overhear; or above, as to overhang; or turning, changing sides, as in overturn; or more generally beyond, implying excess or superiority, as in overact, overcome.
The Olympic games were over.
2.Upper; covering; as over-shoes; over-leather.