Webster 1913 Edition
hond; akin to D., G., & Sw.
handus, and perh. to Goth.
hinþanto seize (in comp.). Cf.
That part of the fore limb below the forearm or wrist in man and monkeys, and the corresponding part in many other animals; manus; paw. See
That which resembles, or to some extent performs the office of, a human hand; as:
A limb of certain animals, as the foot of a hawk, or any one of the four extremities of a monkey.
An index or pointer on a dial;
as, the hour or minute.
handof a clock
A measure equal to a hand’s breadth, – four inches; a palm. Chiefly used in measuring the height of horses.
Side; part; direction, either right or left.
hand, were hangings.
Ex. xxxviii. 15.
The Protestants were then on the winning
Power of performance; means of execution; ability; skill; dexterity.
He had a great mind to try his
handat a Spectator.
Actual performance; deed; act; workmanship; agency; hence, manner of performance.
To change the
handin carrying on the war.
Gideon said unto God, If thou wilt save Israel by my
Judges vi. 36.
An agent; a servant, or laborer; a workman, trained or competent for special service or duty; a performer more or less skillful;
as, a deck
hand; a farm
hand; an old
A dictionary containing a natural history requires too many
hands, as well as too much time, ever to be hoped for.
I was always reckoned a lively
handat a simile.
Handwriting; style of penmanship;
as, a good, bad, or running. Hence, a signature.
I say she never did invent this letter;
This is a man's invention and his
This is a man's invention and his
Some writs require a judge's
Personal possession; ownership; hence, control; direction; management; – usually in the plural.“Receiving in hand one year's tribute.”
Albinus . . . found means to keep in his
handsthe government of Britain.
Agency in transmission from one person to another;
as, to buy at first.
hand, that is, from the producer, or when new; at second
hand, that is, when no longer in the producer's hand, or when not new
[Obs.]“Business is bought at a dear hand, where there is small dispatch.”
That which is, or may be, held in a hand at once; as:
The quota of cards received from the dealer.
A bundle of tobacco leaves tied together.
The small part of a gunstock near the lock, which is grasped by the hand in taking aim.
☞ Hand is used figuratively for a large variety of acts or things, in the doing, or making, or use of which the hand is in some way employed or concerned; also, as a symbol to denote various qualities or conditions, as:
(a)Activity; operation; work; – in distinction from the head, which implies thought, and the heart, which implies affection. “His hand will be against every man.”
Gen. xvi. 12.
(b)Power; might; supremacy; – often in the Scriptures. “With a mighty hand . . . will I rule over you.”
Ezek. xx. 33.
as, to give, or take, the.
hand; to give the right
(d)Contract; – commonly of marriage; as, to ask the hand; to pledge the hand.
☞ Hand is often used adjectively or in compounds (with or without the hyphen), signifying performed by the hand; as, hand blow or hand-blow, hand gripe or hand-gripe: used by, or designed for, the hand; as, hand ball or handball, hand bow, hand fetter, hand grenade or hand-grenade, handgun or hand gun, handloom or hand loom, handmill or hand organ or handorgan, handsaw or hand saw, hand-weapon: measured or regulated by the hand; as, handbreadth or hand's breadth, hand gallop or hand-gallop. Most of the words in the following paragraph are written either as two words or in combination.
a satchel; a small bag for carrying books, papers, parcels, etc.–
a small or portable basket.–
a small bell rung by the hand; a table bell.
a small pruning hook. See 4th–
an instrument to aid in forming a good position of the hands and arms when playing on the piano; a hand guide.–
apparatus by means of which a machine, or parts of a machine, usually operated by other power, may be operated by hand.–
A glass or small glazed frame, for the protection of plants.
A small mirror with a handle.–
the art of conversing by the hands, esp. as practiced by the deaf and dumb; dactylology.–
money paid in hand to bind a contract; earnest money.–
a barrel organ, operated by a crank turned by hand.–
Hand tree(below). –
Hand rail, a rail, as in staircases, to hold by.
a sail managed by the hand.
Sir W. Temple.–
a small screen to be held in the hand.–
a small jack for raising heavy timbers or weights;
a screw clamp.–
Ezek. xxxix. 9.–
a small stamp for dating, addressing, or canceling papers, envelopes, etc.–
a lofty tree found in Mexico (–
Cheirostemon platanoides), having red flowers whose stamens unite in the form of a hand.
a small vise held in the hand in doing small work.
Hand work, or
work done with the hands, as distinguished from work done by a machine; handiwork.–
everybody; all parties.–
At all hands,
On all hands
on all sides; from every direction; generally.–
At any hand,
At no hand
in any (or no) way or direction; on any account; on no account.“And therefore at no hand consisting with the safety and interests of humility.”
At first hand,
At second hand
See def. 10 (above).–
Near in time or place; either present and within reach, or not far distant.“Your husband is at hand; I hear his trumpet.”
Under the hand or bridle.
[Obs.]“Horses hot at hand.”
At the hand of,
by the act of; as a gift from.“Shall we receive good at the hand of God and shall we not receive evil?”
Job ii. 10.–
with the hands, in distinction from instrumentality of tools, engines, or animals; as, to weed a garden by hand; to lift, draw, or carry by hand.–
freedom from guilt, esp. from the guilt of dishonesty in money matters, or of bribe taking.“He that hath clean hands shall be stronger and stronger.”
Job xvii. 9.–
From hand to hand,
from one person to another.–
Hand in hand.
In union; conjointly; unitedly.
Just; fair; equitable.
As fair and as good, a kind of
hand in handcomparison.
Hand over hand,
Hand over fist
by passing the hands alternately one before or above another; as, to climb hand over hand; also, rapidly; as, to come up with a chase hand over hand.–
Hand over head,
negligently; rashly; without seeing what one does.
as, he won ten times.
keep off! forbear! no interference or meddling!–
Hand to hand,
in close union; in close fight;
hand to handcontest
severity or oppression.–
Paid down.“A considerable reward in hand, and . . . a far greater reward hereafter.”
In preparation; taking place.
Chaucer.“Revels . . . in hand.”
Under consideration, or in the course of transaction;–
as, he has the business.
In one's handor
In one's hands
In one's possession or keeping.
At one's risk, or peril;–
as, I took my life.
in my hand
Laying on of hands,
a form used in consecrating to office, in the rite of confirmation, and in blessing persons.–
Note of hand,
a promissory note.–
Out of hand
forthwith; without delay, hesitation, or difficulty; promptly.“She causeth them to be hanged up out of hand.”
Off one's hands,
out of one's possession or care.–
in present possession; as, he has a supply of goods on hand.–
On one's hands,
in one's possession care, or management.–
Putting the hand under the thigh,
an ancient Jewish ceremony used in swearing.–
the place of honor, power, and strength.–
idleness; carelessness; inefficiency; sloth.–
severe discipline; rigorous government.–
To bear a hand
to give help quickly; to hasten.–
To bear in hand,
to keep in expectation with false pretenses.
To be hand and glove withor
To be hand in glove with
To be on the mending hand,
to be convalescent or improving.–
To bring up by hand,
to feed (an infant) without suckling it.–
To change hand.
To change hands,
to change sides, or change owners.
To clap the hands,
to express joy or applause, as by striking the palms of the hands together.–
To come to hand,
to be received; to be taken into possession; as, the letter came to hand yesterday.–
To get hand,
to gain influence.
Appetites have . . .
To get one's hand in,
to make a beginning in a certain work; to become accustomed to a particular business.–
To have a hand in,
to be concerned in; to have a part or concern in doing; to have an agency or be employed in.–
To have in hand.
To have in one's power or control.
To be engaged upon or occupied with.–
To have one's hands full,
to have in hand all that one can do, or more than can be done conveniently; to be pressed with labor or engagements; to be surrounded with difficulties.–
To have the (higher) upper hand, or
To get the (higher) upper hand
to have, or get, the better of another person or thing.–
To his hand,
To my hand, etc.
in readiness; already prepared.“The work is made to his hands.”
To hold hand,
to compete successfully or on even conditions.
To lay hands on,
to seize; to assault.–
To lend a hand,
to give assistance.–
To lift the hand against, or
To put forth the hand against
to attack; to oppose; to kill.–
To live from hand to mouth,
to obtain food and other necessaries as want compels, without previous provision.–
To make one's hand,
to gain advantage or profit.–
To put the hand unto,
Ex. xxii. 8.–
To put the last hand toor
To put the finishing hand to
to make the last corrections in; to complete; to perfect.–
To set the hand to,
to engage in; to undertake.
That the Lord thy God may bless thee in all that thou
settest thine hand to.
Deut. xxiii. 20.
To stand one in hand,
to concern or affect one.–
To strike hands,
to make a contract, or to become surety for another's debt or good behavior.–
To take in hand.
To attempt or undertake.
To seize and deal with; as, he took him in hand.–
To wash the hands of,
to disclaim or renounce interest in, or responsibility for, a person or action; as, to wash one's hands of a business.
Matt. xxvii. 24.–
Under the hand of,
authenticated by the handwriting or signature of;
as, the deed is executed.
under the handand seal
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
To give, pass, or transmit with the hand;
handedthem the letter
To lead, guide, or assist with the hand; to conduct;
handa lady into a carriage
To seize; to lay hands on.
To pledge by the hand; to handfast.
To furl; – said of a sail.
To hand down,
to transmit in succession, as from father to son, or from predecessor to successor; as, fables are handed down from age to age; to forward to the proper officer (the decision of a higher court); as, the Clerk of the Court of Appeals handed down its decision.–
To hand over,
to yield control of; to surrender; to deliver up.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.In man, the extremity of the arm, consisting of the palm and fingers, connected with the arm at the wrist; the part with which we hold and use any instrument.
2.In falconry, the foot of a hawk; and in the manege, the fore-foot of a horse.
3.A measure of four inches; a palm applied chiefly to horses; as a horse 14 hands high.
4.Side; part; right or left; as on the one hand or the other. This is admitted on all hands, that is, on all sides, or by all parties.
5.Act; deed; performance; external action; that is, the effect for the cause,the hand being the instrument of action.
Thou sawest the contradiction between my heart and hand.
6.Power of performance; skill.
A friend of mine has a very fine hand on the violin.
He had a mind to try his hand at a Spectator.
7.Power of making or producing.
An intelligent being coming out of the hands of infinite perfection.
8.Manner of acting or performance; as, he changed his hand.
9.Agency; part in performing or executing. Punish every man who had a hand in the mischief. We see the hand of God in this event.
10. Conveyance; agency in transmitting.
11. Possession; power. The estate is in the hands of the owner. The papers are in my hands.
12. The cards held at a game; hence, a game.
13. That which performs the office of the hand or of a finger in pointing; as the hand of a clock; the hour hand, and the minute hand.
14. A person; an agent; a man employed in agency or service. The mason employs twenty hands.
15. Form of writing; style of penmanship; as a good hand; a bad hand; a fine hand.
16. Agency; service; ministry. Ex.4. Lev.8.
17. In Scripture, the hand of God, is his eternal purpose and executive power. Acts.4.
18. The providential bounty of God. Ps.104.
19. The power of God exerted in judgments or mercies, in punishing or defending. Judges. 2. Ps.32.
20. The spirit of God; divine influence. 1 Kings 18.
21. The favor of God, or his support. Neh.2. Luke 1.
At hand, near; either present and within reach, or not far distant.
Your husband is at hand, I hear his trumpet.
1.Near in time; not distant.
The day of Christ is at hand. 2 Thess.2.
By hand, with the hands,in distinction from the instrumentality of tools, engines or animals; as, to weed a garden by hand; to lift, draw or carry by hand.
In hand, present payment; in respect to the receiver.
Receiving in hand one year's tribute.
1.In a state of execution. I have a great work in hand.
At my hand, at his hand, &c., denote from the person or being.
Shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil? Job.2.
Of hand, in present possession; as,he has a supply of goods on hand.
1.Under one's care or management.
Jupiter had a farm on his hands.
Off hand, without delay, hesitation or difficulty; immediately; dexterously; without previous preparation.
Out of hand, ready payment; with regard to the payer.
Let not the wages of any man tarry with thee; but give it him out of hand.
To his hand, to my hand, &c., in readiness; already prepared; ready to be received.
The work is made to his hands.
Under his hand, under her hand, &c., with the proper writing or signature of the name.
This deed is executed under the hand and seal of the owner.
Hand over head, negligently; rashly; without seeing what one does. [Little used.]
Hand over hand, by passing the hands alternately one before or above another, as to climb hand over hand; also, rapidly, as to come up with a chase hand over hand; ;used by seamen.
Hand to hand, in close union; close fight.
But from hand to hand is from one person to another.
Hand in hand, in union; conjointly; unitedly.
To join hand in hand, is to unite efforts and act in concert.
Hand in hand, fit; pat; suitable.
Hand to mouth. To live from hand to mouth, is to obtain food and other necessaries, as want requires, without making previous provision, or having an abundant previous supply.
To bear in hand, to keep in expectation; to elude. [Not used.]
To bear a hand, to hasten; a seaman's phrase.
To be hand and glove, to be intimate and familiar, as friends or associates.
To set the hand to, to engage in; to undertake.
That the Lord thy God may bless thee, in all thou
settest thine hand to. Dest.23.
To take in hand, to attempt; to undertake. Luke 1. Also, to seize and deal with.
To have a hand in, to be concerned in; to have a part or concern in doing; to have an agency in.
To put the last hand or finishing hand to, to complete; to perfect; to make the last corrections, or give the final polish.
To change hands, to change sides; to shift.
Hand, in the sense of rate, price, terms, conditions, as used by Bacon, Taylor, &c., is obsolete; as, 'to buy at a dear hand;' 'accept the mystery, but at no hand wrest it by pride or ignorance.' So in the sense of advantage, gain, superiority, as used by Hayward; and in that of competition, content, as used by Shakespeare.
To get hand, to gain influence, is obsolete.
A heavy hand, severity or oppression.
A light hand, gentleness; moderation.
A strict hand, severe discipline; rigorous government.
Hands off, a vulgar phrase for keep off, forbear.
pour water on the hands, in the phraseology of the Scriptures, is to serve or minister to. 2 Kings 3.
To wash the hands, to profess in innocence. Matt.27.
To kiss the hand, imports adoration. Job.31.
To lean on the hand, imports familiarity. 2 Kings.5.
To strike hands, to make a contract, or to become surety for another's debt or good behavior. Prov.17.
Putting the hand under the thigh, was an ancient ceremony used in swearing.
To give the hand, is to make a covenant with one, or to unite with him in design. 2 Kings.10.
The stretching out of the hand, denotes an exertion of power. But,
The stretching out of the hand to God, imports earnest prayer or solemn dedication of one's self to him. Ps.68, and 143.
The lifting of the hand, was used in affirmation and swearing, and in prayer imported a solemn wishing of blessings from God. Gen.14. Lev.19.
To lift the hand against a superior, to rebel. 2 Sam.20.
To put forth the hand against one, to kill him. 1 Sam.24.
To put one's hand to a neighbor's goods, to steal them. Ex.22.
To lay hands on in anger, to assault or seize, or to smite. Ex.24. Is.11.
To lay the hand on the mouth, imports silence. Job.40.
The laying on of hands, was also a ceremony used in consecrating one to office. Num.27. 1 Tim.4.
It was also used in blessing persons. Mark 10.
Hiding the hand in the bosom, denotes idleness; inactivity; sluggishness. Prov.19.
The clapping of hands, denotes joy and rejoicing. But in some instances, contempt or derision, or joy at the calamities of others. Ps.47. Ezek.25.
A station at the right hand is honorable, and denotes favor, approbation or honor. A station on the left hand is less honorable. Matt.20.
's standing at the right hand of men, imports his regard for them, and his readiness to defend and assist them. Ps.16.
Satan's standing at the right hand of men, imports his readiness to accuse them, or to hinder or torment them. Zech.3.
Clean hands, denotes innocence and a blameless and holy life. Ps.24.
A slack hand, denotes idleness; carelessness; sloth. Prov.10.
The right hand, denotes power; strength. Ex.15.
Hand me a book.
1.To lead, guide and lift with the hand; to conduct.
2.To manage; as, I hand my oar.
3.To seize; to lay hands on. [Not used.]
4.In seamanship, to furl; to wrap or roll a sail close to the yard, stay or mast, and fasten it with gaskets.
To hand down, to transmit in succession, as from father to son, or from predecessor to successor. Fables are handed down from age to age.