Webster 1913 Edition
hors; akin to OS.
hros, D. & OHG.
hross; and perh. to L.
currereto run, E.
A hoofed quadruped of the genus
Equus; especially, the domestic horse (
Equus caballus), which was domesticated in Egypt and Asia at a very early period. It has six broad molars, on each side of each jaw, with six incisors, and two canine teeth, both above and below. The mares usually have the canine teeth rudimentary or wanting. The horse differs from the true asses, in having a long, flowing mane, and the tail bushy to the base. Unlike the asses it has callosities, or chestnuts, on all its legs. The horse excels in strength, speed, docility, courage, and nobleness of character, and is used for drawing, carrying, bearing a rider, and like purposes.
☞ Many varieties, differing in form, size, color, gait, speed, etc., are known, but all are believed to have been derived from the same original species. It is supposed to have been a native of the plains of Central Asia, but the wild species from which it was derived is not certainly known. The feral horses of America are domestic horses that have run wild; and it is probably true that most of those of Asia have a similar origin. Some of the true wild Asiatic horses do, however, approach the domestic horse in several characteristics.
Several species of fossil (
Several species of fossil (
Equus) are known from the later Tertiary formations of Europe and America. The fossil species of other genera of the family
Equidæare also often called
horses, in general sense.
The male of the genus
Equus, in distinction from the female or male; usually, a castrated male.
Mounted soldiery; cavalry; – used without the plural termination;
as, a regiment of; – distinguished from
The armies were appointed, consisting of twenty-five thousand
A frame with legs, used to support something;
as, a clothes
horse, a saw
A frame of timber, shaped like a horse, on which soldiers were made to ride for punishment.
Anything, actual or figurative, on which one rides as on a horse; a hobby.
A mass of earthy matter, or rock of the same character as the wall rock, occurring in the course of a vein, as of coal or ore; hence, to take horse – said of a vein – is to divide into branches for a distance.
A breastband for a leadsman.
An iron bar for a sheet traveler to slide upon.
W. C. Russell.
☞ Horse is much used adjectively and in composition to signify of, or having to do with, a horse or horses, like a horse, etc.; as, horse collar, horse dealer or horse[GREEK]dealer, horsehoe, horse jockey; and hence, often in the sense of strong, loud, coarse, etc.; as, horselaugh, horse nettle or horse-nettle, horseplay, horse ant, etc.
etc. See under–
a large ant (–
Formica rufa); – called also
that portion of the artillery in which the cannoneers are mounted, and which usually serves with the cavalry; flying artillery.–
a strong-scented labiate plant (–
Collinsonia Canadensis), having large leaves and yellowish flowers.
a variety of the English or Windsor bean (–
Faba vulgaris), grown for feeding horses.
a boat for conveying horses and cattle, or a boat propelled by horses.–
a railroad car for transporting valuable horses, as hunters.
one employed in subduing or training horses for use.–
A railroad car drawn by horses. See under
A car fitted for transporting horses.–
a leguminous plant (–
Cassia Javanica), bearing long pods, which contain a black, catharic pulp, much used in the East Indies as a horse medicine.
a cloth to cover a horse.–
a large, spiral, marine shell of the genus Triton. See–
One that runs horses, or keeps horses for racing.
A dealer in horses.
the Limulus; – called also–
horsehoe crab, and
the horse ant.–
a large calking iron.–
a space in the North Atlantic famous for calms and baffling winds, being between the westerly winds of higher latitudes and the trade winds.
Ham. Nav. Encyc.–
The common tunny (
Orcynus thunnus), found on the Atlantic coast of Europe and America, and in the Mediterranean.
The bluefish (
The name is locally applied to various other fishes, as the California hake, the black candlefish, the jurel, the bluefish, etc.–
an awkward, lubbery person; one of a mythical body of marine cavalry.
a large, marine mussel (–
Modiola modiolus), found on the northern shores of Europe and America.
a coarse, prickly, American herb, the–
a coarse fleshy weed of tropical America (–
a race by horses; a match of horses in running or trotting.–
the practice of racing with horses.–
a railroad on which the cars are drawn by horses; – in England, and sometimes in the United States, called a–
a device for drawing loaded wheelbarrows up an inclined plane by horse power.–
strong common sense.
a large, coarse, commercial sponge (–
(Zool.), a large dragon fly.
a shrub of the southern part of the United States (–
Symplocos tinctoria), whose leaves are sweet, and good for fodder.
a winged, dipterous insect (–
Hippobosca equina), which troubles horses by biting them, and sucking their blood; – called also
horse louse, and
a plant of the genus–
Hippocrepis comosa), cultivated for the beauty of its flowers; – called also
horsehoe vetch, from the peculiar shape of its pods.
the sailor’s name for salt beef.–
To look a gift horse in the mouth,
to examine the mouth of a horse which has been received as a gift, in order to ascertain his age; – hence, to accept favors in a critical and thankless spirit.
To take horse.
To set out on horseback.
To be covered, as a mare.
See definition 7 (above).
imp. & p. p.
p. pr. & vb. n.
To provide with a horse, or with horses; to mount on, or as on, a horse.“Being better horsed, outrode me.”
To sit astride of; to bestride.
To mate with (a mare); – said of the male.
To take or carry on the back;
as, the keeper,.
To place on the back of another, or on a wooden horse, etc., to be flogged; to subject to such punishment.
To get on horseback.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.A species of quadrupeds of the genus Equus, having six erect and parallel fore-teeth in the upper jaw, and six somewhat prominent in the under jaw; the dog teeth are solitary, and the feet consist of an undivided hoof. The horse is a beautiful animal, and of great use for draught or conveyance on his back. Horse, in English, is of common gender, and may comprehend the male and female.
3.Cavalry; a body of troops serving on horseback. In this sense, it has no plural termination. We say, a thousand horse, a regiment of horse.
4.A machine by which something is supported; usually a wooden frame with legs. Various machines used in the arts are thus called.
5.A wooden machine on which soldiers ride by way of punishment; sometimes called a timber-mare.
6.In seamen's language, a rope extending from the middle of a yard to its extremity, to support the sailors while they loose, reef or furl the sails, also, a thick rope extended near the mast for hoisting a yard or extending a sail on it.
To take horse to set out to ride on horseback.
1.To be covered, as a mare.
1.To carry on the back.
The keeper, horsing a deer.
2.To ride astride; as ridges horsed.
3.To cover a mare, as the male.