Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Ton

Ton

(tŏn)
,
obs.
pl.
of
Toe
.
Chaucer.

Ton

(tŭn)
,
Noun.
[Cf.
Tunny
.]
(Zool.)
The common tunny, or horse mackerel.

Ton

(tôn)
,
Noun.
[F. See
Tone
.]
The prevailing fashion or mode; vogue;
as, things of
ton
.
Byron.
If our people of
ton
are selfish, at any rate they show they are selfish.
Thackeray.
Bon ton
.
See in the Vocabulary.

Ton

(tŭn)
,
Noun.
[OE.
tonne
,
tunne
, a tun,
AS
.
tunne
a tun, tub, a large vessel; akin to G. & F.
tonne
a ton, tun, LL.
tunna
a tun; all perhaps of Celtic origin; cf. Ir. & Gael.
tunna
a tun. Cf.
Tun
,
Tunnel
.]
(Com.)
A measure of weight or quantity.
Specifically: –
(a)
The weight of twenty hundredweight.
☞ In England, the ton is 2,240 pounds. In the United States the ton is commonly estimated at 2,000 pounds, this being sometimes called the short ton, while that of 2,240 pounds is called the long ton.
(b)
(Naut. & Com.)
Forty cubic feet of space, being the unit of measurement of the burden, or carrying capacity, of a vessel; as a vessel of 300 tons burden.
See the Note under
Tonnage
.
(c)
(Naut. & Com.)
A certain weight or quantity of merchandise, with reference to transportation as freight; as, six hundred weight of ship bread in casks, seven hundred weight in bags, eight hundred weight in bulk; ten bushels of potatoes; eight sacks, or ten barrels, of flour; forty cubic feet of rough, or fifty cubic feet of hewn, timber, etc.
Ton and tun have the same etymology, and were formerly used interchangeably; but now ton generally designates the weight, and tun the cask. See
Tun
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Ton

TON

, the termination of names of places,is town.

TON

,
Noun.
The prevailing fashion.

TON

,
Noun.
The weight of twenty hundred gross. [See Tun.] This is false orthography. The word is from the Saxon tunna, a cask, and the sense of weight is taken from that of a cask or butt.

Definition 2022


Ton

Ton

See also: ton, TON, tón, tòn, tốn, tợn, -ton, and Appendix:Variations of "ton"

Alemannic German

Noun

Ton (genitive singular Tones, plural Tän, genitive plural Tänens)

  1. (Berne dialect) tooth

Derived terms


German

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /toːn/
  • Rhymes: -oːn

Etymology 1

From Old High German dāha, from Proto-Germanic *þanhǭ; compare Old English þō, Old Norse þá, and Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐌷𐍉 (þāhō).

Noun

Ton m (genitive Tons or Tones, plural Tone)

  1. clay
Declension

Etymology 2

Borrowing from Latin tonus, from Ancient Greek τόνος (tónos).

Noun

Ton m (genitive Tons or Tones, plural Töne)

  1. tone
    • 1929, Kurt Tucholsky, Das Lächeln der Mona Lisa (Sammelband), Ernst Rowohlt Verlag, page 43:
      Eine der unangenehmsten Peinlichkeiten in deutschen Gerichtssälen ist die Überheblichkeit der Vorsitzenden im Ton den Angeklagten gegenüber.
      One of the most unpleasant embarrassments in German court rooms is the hubris of the presiding judges in the tone towards the defendants.
  2. (music) note (a musical pitch or sound)
Declension
Derived terms

References

  • Kluge, Friedrich (1975). Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. 21. unveränderte Auflage. ISBN 3-11-005709-3. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, pp. 781–82.

ton

ton

See also: Ton, TON, tón, tòn, tốn, tợn, -ton, and Appendix:Variations of "ton"

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tʌn/
  • Rhymes: -ʌn

Noun

ton (plural tons)

  1. A unit of weight (mass) equal to 2240 pounds (a long ton) or 2000 pounds (a short ton) or 1000 kilograms (a metric ton).
  2. A unit of volume; register ton.
  3. In refrigeration and air conditioning, a unit of thermal power defined as 12,000 BTU/h (about 3.514 kW or 3024 kcal/h), originally the rate of cooling provided by uniform isothermal melting of one short ton of ice per day at 32 °F (0 °C).
  4. (colloquial, hyperbolic) A large amount.
    I’ve got a ton of work to do.
    I've got tons of work to do.
  5. (slang) A speed of 100 mph.
  6. (slang) One hundred pounds sterling.
  7. (cricket) One hundred runs.
  8. (darts) One hundred points.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From French ton (manner), from Latin tonus.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /tɔ̃/, /tɒn/

Noun

ton (uncountable)

  1. Fashion, the current style, the vogue.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Byron to this entry?)
    • Thackeray
      If our people of ton are selfish, at any rate they show they are selfish.
  2. Fashionable society; those in style.

Related terms

Etymology 3

Noun

ton (plural tons)

  1. The common tunny, or house mackerel.

Anagrams


Catalan

Determiner

ton m (feminine ta, masculine plural tos, feminine plural tes)

  1. your (singular)

Usage notes

The use of ton and the other possessive determiners is mostly archaic in the majority of dialects, with articulated possessive pronouns (e.g. el meu) mostly being used in their stead. However, mon, ton, and son are still widely used before certain nouns referring to family members and some affective nouns, such as amic, casa, and vida. Which nouns actually find use with the possessive determiners depends greatly on the locale.

The standard masculine plural form is tos, but tons can be found in some dialects.

See also


Chuukese

Noun

ton

  1. torch

Crimean Tatar

Noun

ton

  1. fur coat

Derived terms


Danish

Etymology

From English ton, variant of tun (cask).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tʌn/
  • Rhymes: -ʌn

Noun

ton c, n (singular definite tonnet or tonnen, plural indefinite ton or tons, abbreviation t)

  1. ton (unit of weight)

See also


Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɔn
  • IPA(key): /tɔn/

Noun

ton f (plural tonnen, diminutive tonnetje n)

  1. barrel
  2. ton (1000 kilograms)
  3. 100,000 of some monetary unit, particularly guilders
    Dat zou zeker een ton kosten.
    Dat zou zeker een ton euro kosten.
    140.000 euro is bijna drie ton gulden
  4. A large amount.
    Hij leende tonnen met geld. - He borrowed large amounts of money.

Finnish

Pronoun

ton

  1. (colloquial) Genitive form of tuo.
  2. (colloquial) Accusative form of tuo.

See also


French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tɔ̃/
  • Homophone: thon

Etymology 1

From Old French ton, tos, from Latin tuus, from Proto-Indo-European *towos.

Determiner

ton m

  1. (possessive) Your, thine (used to qualify masculine nouns and before vowel).
    Tu as pensé à prendre ton livre? — Did you think to take your book?
    Ton écriture est jolie.Your writing is nice.

Related terms

Possessee
Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine
Possessor Singular First person mon ma mes
Second person ton ta tes
Third person son sa ses
Plural First person notre nos
Second person votre vos
Third person leur leurs

Etymology 2

Borrowing from Latin tonus.

Noun

ton m (plural tons)

  1. Tone (sound of a particular frequency).
  2. (music) Tone (interval).
    Il y a un ton entre do et — Doh and ray are separated by one tone.
  3. Tone (manner of speaking).
    Je n'aime pas le ton sur lequel tu me parles! — I don’t like your tone! or I don’t like the way you are talking to me!
  4. Tone, shade (of colour).
    Différents tons de rouge. — Several shades of red.

Anagrams


Friulian

Etymology 1

From Latin tonus. Compare Italian tuono, Romansh tun, tung, Dalmatian tun, Romanian tun.

Noun

ton m (plural tons)

  1. thunder

Related terms

Etymology 2

From Latin thunnus, from Ancient Greek θύννος (thúnnos). Compare Italian tonno.

Noun

ton m (plural tons)

  1. tuna

Etymology 3

Ultimately a borrowing from Latin tonus. Cf. French ton, Italian tono.

Noun

ton m (plural tons)

  1. tone

Hausa

Noun

tôn m

  1. ton

Irish

Noun

ton m (genitive singular toin, nominative plural toin)

  1. (biology, literature, music) tone

Declension

Derived terms

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ton thon dton
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Japanese

Romanization

ton

  1. rōmaji reading of とん

Lojban

Rafsi

ton

  1. rafsi of torni.

Old French

Alternative forms

  • toun (Anglo-Norman)
  • tun (Anglo-Norman)

Etymology

From Latin tuus, tuum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tõn/
  • Rhymes: -õn

Determiner

ton m (feminine ta, plural tes)

  1. your (second-person singular possessive)

Descendants


Old Provençal

Etymology

From Latin thunnus.

Noun

ton m (oblique plural tons, nominative singular tons, nominative plural ton)

  1. tuna (fish)

References


Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /t̪ɔn̪/

Noun

ton m inan

  1. (linguistics) tone

Declension


Romanian

Etymology 1

Borrowing from French thon.

Noun

ton m (plural toni)

  1. tuna
Declension

Etymology 2

Borrowing from French ton, from Latin tonus. Doublet of tun.

Noun

ton n (plural tonuri)

  1. tone
Declension

Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tôːn/

Noun

tȏn m (Cyrillic spelling то̑н)

  1. tone

Declension


Skolt Sami

Pronoun

ton

  1. you (singular)

Inflection


Swedish

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): tɔn

Noun

ton n

  1. tonne
Declension
Inflection of ton 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ton tonnet ton tonnen
Genitive tons tonnets tons tonnens

Related terms

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): tuːn

Noun

ton c

  1. tone (sound of a particular frequency)
  2. (music) tone (interval)
  3. tone (behaviour)
    att hålla god ton
    to behave well (also in presence of someone disliked)
  4. tone, shade (of colour)
Declension
Inflection of ton 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ton tonen toner tonerna
Genitive tons tonens toners tonernas

Related terms

  • grundton
  • halvton
  • tona
  • tonal
  • tonalitet
  • tonarm
  • tonart
  • tonband
  • tonbildning
  • tondikt
  • tondöv
  • tonem
  • toner
  • tonfall
  • tonföljd
  • tongenerator
  • tongivande
  • tongång
  • tonhuvud
  • tonhöjd
  • tonika
  • toning
  • tonkonst
  • tonkonstnär
  • tonkontroll
  • tonlig
  • tonläge
  • tonlös
  • tonlöshet
  • tonmålning
  • tonomfång
  • tonskala
  • tonspråk
  • tonsteg
  • tonstycke
  • tonstyrka
  • tonstöt
  • tonsäker
  • tonsäkerhet

References


Volapük

Noun

ton (plural tons)

  1. sound

Declension


Zuni

Pronoun

ton

  1. Second person dual subject (medial position)
    you two
  2. Second person plural subject (medial position)
    you (three or more)

Related terms

  • to'na'
  • to'n'aawan

See also