Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Tun

Tun

(tŭn)
,
Noun.
[AS.
tunne
. See
Ton
a weight.]
1.
A large cask; an oblong vessel bulging in the middle, like a pipe or puncheon, and girt with hoops; a wine cask.
2.
(Brewing)
A fermenting vat.
3.
A certain measure for liquids, as for wine, equal to two pipes, four hogsheads, or 252 gallons. In different countries, the tun differs in quantity.
4.
(Com.)
A weight of 2,240 pounds. See
Ton
.
[R.]
5.
An indefinite large quantity.
Shak.
A
tun
of man in thy large bulk is writ.
Dryden.
6.
A drunkard; – so called humorously, or in contempt.
Dryden.
7.
(Zool.)
Any shell belonging to
Dolium
and allied genera; – called also
tun-shell
.

Tun

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Tunned
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Tunning
.]
To put into tuns, or casks.
Boyle.

Webster 1828 Edition


Tun

TUN

,
Noun.
[L. teneo, to hold; Gr. to stretch.]
1.
In a general sense, a large cask; an oblong vessel bulging in the middle, like a pipe or puncheon, and girt with hoops.
2.
A certain measure for liquids,as for wine, oil, &c.
3.
A quantity of wine, consisting of two pipes or four hogsheads, or 252 gallons. In different countries, the tun differs in quantity.
4.
In commerce, the weight of twenty hundreds gross, each hundred consisting of 112 lb = 2240 lb. But by a law of Connecticut, passed June 1827, gross weight is abolished, and a tun is the weight of 2000 lb. It is also a practice in N. York to sell by 2000 lb. to the tun.
5.
A certain weight by which the burden of a ship is estimated; as a ship of three hundred tuns, that is, a ship that will carry three hundred times two thousand weight. Forty two cubic feet are allowed to a tun.
6.
A certain quantity of timber, consisting of forty solid feet if round, or fifty four feet if square.
7.
Proverbially, a large quantity.
8.
In burlesque, a drunkard.
9.
At the end of names, tun, ton, or don, signifies town, village, or hill.

TUN

,
Verb.
T.
To put into casks.

Definition 2022


Tun

Tun

See also: Appendix:Variations of "tun"

German

Noun

Tun n (genitive Tuns, no plural)

  1. gerund of tun; doing, deeds, behaviour
    Der Zwiespalt zwischen Wollen und Tun
    The antagonism between willing and doing

Synonyms


Plautdietsch

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle Low German tūn, from Old Saxon tūn.

Noun

Tun m (plural Tuns or Tien)

  1. fence

Derived terms

  • Tunpol (fence post)
  • Tuntrap (stile)
  • Tieninj (fencing, enclosure)
  • Schneetun (snow fence)
  • Goadentun (garden fence)

See also

  • Waunt (wall)
  • Schauns (hedge)
  • Hoff (yard)
  • Goaden
  • Puat (gate)
  • Tooschlach (gate, port)
  • Wolm (handrail)
  • Wäs (pasture, meadow)
  • Weidlaunt (pastureland)
  • Wajch
  • Stap
  • Boom
  • Staul
  • Däa
  • Hus

Turkish

Proper noun

Tun

  1. A male given name

tun

tun

See also: Appendix:Variations of "tun"

English

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /tʌn/
  • Homophones: ton, tonne
  • Rhymes: -ʌn

Noun

tun (plural tuns)

  1. A large cask; an oblong vessel bulging in the middle, like a pipe or puncheon, and girt with hoops; a wine cask.
  2. (brewing) A fermenting vat.
  3. An old English measure of capacity for liquids, containing 252 wine gallons; equal to two pipes.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, p. 205:
      Again, by 28 Hen. VIII, cap. 14, it is re-enacted that the tun of wine should contain 252 gallons, a butt of Malmsey 126 gallons, a pipe 126 gallons, a tercian or puncheon 84 gallons, a hogshead 63 gallons, a tierce 41 gallons, a barrel 31.5 gallons, a rundlet 18.5 gallons.
  4. A weight of 2,240 pounds.
  5. An indefinite large quantity.
    • "He therefore sends you, meeter for your spirit, This tun of treasure; and, in lieu of this, Desires you let the dukedoms that you claim Hear no more of you. " -- Shakespeare
    • (Can we date this quote?) Dryden
      A tun of man in thy large bulk is writ.
  6. (archaic, humorous or derogatory) A drunkard.
  7. (zoology) Any shell belonging to Tonna and allied genera; called also tun-shell.

Verb

tun (third-person singular simple present tuns, present participle tunning, simple past and past participle tunned)

  1. (transitive) To put into tuns, or casks.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Boyle to this entry?)

Etymology 2

Mayan.

Noun

tun (plural tuns)

  1. A part of the ancient Maya Long Count Calendar system which corresponds to 18 winal cycles or 360 days.

Anagrams


Dalmatian

Etymology

From Latin tonus. Compare Italian tuono, French ton, Catalan to, Romansch tun, tung, Romanian tun, tunet, Spanish trueno, .

Noun

tun m

  1. thunderclap, thunder

Danish

Etymology 1

A contraction of tunfisk, from German Thunfisch (tuna), from Latin thunnus, from Ancient Greek θύννος (thúnnos).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tuːn/, [tˢuːˀn]

Noun

tun c (singular definite tunen, plural indefinite tun)

  1. tuna
  2. tuna fish
  3. tun
Inflection

Etymology 2

From Old Norse tún, from Proto-Germanic *tūną, from Proto-Celtic *dūnom.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tuːn/, [tˢuːˀn]

Noun

tun n (singular definite tunet, plural indefinite tun)

  1. (dated) an enclosed piece of ground
Inflection

Etymology 3

See tune.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tuːn/, [tˢuːˀn]

Verb

tun

  1. imperative of tune

German

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tuːn/, [tuːn]

Etymology

From Middle High German tuon, from Old High German tuon, from Proto-Germanic *dōną. Akin to Low German doon, Dutch doen, English do, West Frisian dwaan; all derived from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (to put, set, place).

Further Indo-European cognates: Latin faciō, Greek τίθημι (títhēmi), Sanskrit दधाति (dádhāti), Russian делать (délat’), Lithuanian dėti, Old Armenian դնեմ (dnem).

Verb

tun (irregular, third-person singular simple present tut, past tense tat, past participle getan, auxiliary haben)

  1. to do (to perform or execute an action)
    Tu es!Do it!
    Man tut, was man kann. — One does what one can.
    Er tat das, was man ihm gesagt hat. — He did as he was told.
    Das einzige, was er je tat, war arbeiten. — The only thing he ever did was work.
  2. (with dative) to do something (positive or negative) to someone
    Der tut Ihnen nichts! — He won't hurt you! (said for example about a dog)
    Mein Mann hat mir so viel Gutes getan. – My husband has done me so much good.
  3. (colloquial) to put, to place, to add
    Tu das hier rein.Put it in here.
    Ich würde noch was Salz an die Kartoffeln tun. – I would add some more salt to the potatoes.
  4. (somewhat informal, with “so) to fake; to feign; to pretend
    Er hat nur so getan. — He just faked it.
    Tu nicht so, als wüsstest du nichts! — Don't pretend to know nothing!
  5. (colloquial, with “es) to work, to function
    Die Uhr tut’s nicht mehr. – “The clock doesn’t work anymore.”
  6. (chiefly colloquial, but acceptable in writing) used with the preceding infinitive of another verb to emphasise this verb
    Er singt immer noch gern, aber tanzen tut er gar nicht mehr.
    He still loves singing, but as to dancing, he doesn't do that anymore at all.
  7. (colloquial, nonstandard) used with the following infinitive of another verb to emphasise the whole statement
    Ich tu doch zuhören! – I am listening! (as a response to the reproach that one is not)
  8. (colloquial, nonstandard) used in the past subjunctive with the infinitive of another verb to form the conditional tense (instead of standard würde)
    Ich tät mir das noch mal überlegen. – I would think about that again.

Usage notes

  • The verb tun in the sense of “to perform” is not used in combination with nouns. This function is covered by the verb machen: ich mache Sport, wir machen ein Spiel, er macht die Wäsche (“I do sport, we do a game, he does the laundry”). The same is true with pronouns that represent such nouns: Wer macht die Wäsche? – Ich mache sie. (“Who does the laundry? – I do it.”) It is usually ungrammatical to use tun in sentences like these.
Tun is only used with pronouns that represent actions as a whole: Was tust du? (“What are you doing?”) Ich tue viel für die Umwelt. (“I do a lot for the environment.”) Er tut alles, was sie sagt. (“He does everything she says.”)
  • The usage of do-support is a feature of several dialects and minority languages in Germany. In the standard language, it is most established along the Rhine. It is generally associated with lower socio-economic status.

Conjugation

  • The 1st person singular indicative present active is also (ich) tu.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms


Hausa

Preposition

tun

  1. since, ever since

Inari Sami

Pronoun

tun

  1. (personal) you (sg.)

Lojban

Rafsi

tun

  1. rafsi of tunta.

Mandarin

Romanization

tun (Zhuyin ㄊㄨㄣ˙)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of tūn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of tún.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of tǔn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of tùn.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mapudungun

Verb

tun (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. to catch

Conjugation


Norman

Noun

tun m (plural tuns)

  1. (Jersey) tuft

Synonyms


Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *tūną (enclosure). Cognate with Old Frisian tūn, Old Saxon tūn, Dutch tuin (garden), Old High German zūn (German Zaun (fence)), Old Norse tún (Swedish tun (fence)).

Noun

tūn m

  1. An enclosed piece of ground, an enclosure or garden.
  2. The enclosed ground belonging to an individual dwelling.
  3. The group of houses on an area of enclosed land, a homestead.
  4. A large inhabited place, a town.

Descendants

Related terms

See also

  • dōn "to place, put, set"

Old French

Pronoun

tun m (feminine ta)

  1. (Anglo-Norman) your (second-person singular possessive pronoun)

Synonyms

  • vostre (second-person plural form)

Romanian

Etymology

From Latin tonus. See also the doublet ton (tone), borrowed through French.

Noun

tun n (plural tunuri)

  1. cannon
  2. (archaic, popular) thunderclap

Related terms


Romansch

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin tonus.

Noun

tun m

  1. sound
  2. thunder

Skolt Sami

Pronoun

tun

  1. (personal) you (sg.)

Spanish

Noun

tun m (plural tunes)

  1. (music) A Pre-Hispanic percussion instrument from Guatemala, consisting of a hollow wooden block with slits in the sides

Tetum

Verb

tun

  1. to descend