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Webster 1913 Edition


Pound

Pound

(pound)
,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Pounded
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Pounding
.]
[OE.
pounen
, AS.
punian
to bruise. Cf.
Pun
a play on words.]
1.
To strike repeatedly with some heavy instrument; to beat.
With cruel blows she
pounds
her blubbered cheeks.
Dryden.
2.
To comminute and pulverize by beating; to bruise or break into fine particles with a pestle or other heavy instrument;
as, to
pound
spice or salt
.

Pound

,
Verb.
I.
1.
To strike heavy blows; to beat.
2.
(Mach.)
To make a jarring noise, as in running;
as, the engine
pounds
.

Pound

,
Noun.
[AS.
pund
an inclosure: cf.
forpyndan
to turn away, or to repress, also Icel.
pynda
to extort, torment, Ir.
pont
, pond, pound. Cf.
Pinder
,
Pinfold
,
Pin
to inclose,
Pond
.]
1.
An inclosure, maintained by public authority, in which cattle or other animals are confined when taken in trespassing, or when going at large in violation of law; a pinfold.
Shak.
2.
A level stretch in a canal between locks.
3.
(Fishing)
A kind of net, having a large inclosure with a narrow entrance into which fish are directed by wings spreading outward.
Pound covert
,
a pound that is close or covered over, as a shed.
Pound overt
,
a pound that is open overhead.

Pound

,
Verb.
T.
To confine in, or as in, a pound; to impound.
Milton.

Pound

,
Noun.
;
pl.
Pounds
(#)
, collectively
Pound
or
Pounds
.
[AS.
pund
, fr. L.
pondo
, akin to
pondus
a weight,
pendere
to weigh. See
Pendant
.]
1.
A certain specified measure of mass or weight; especially, a legal standard consisting of an established number of ounces.
☞ The pound in general use in the
United States
and in England is the
pound avoirdupois
, which is divided into sixteen ounces, and contains 7,000 grains (0.453 kilogram). The
pound troy
is divided into twelve ounces, and contains 5,760 grains. 144 pounds avoirdupois are equal to 175 pounds troy weight. See
Avoirdupois
, and
Troy
.
☞ The
pound
sterling was in Saxon times, about
a. d.
671, a
pound
troy of silver, and a shilling was its twentieth part; consequently the latter was three times as large as it is at present.
Peacham.

Webster 1828 Edition


Pound

POUND

,
Noun.
[L. pondo, pondus, weight, a pound; pendo, to weigh, to bend.]
1.
A standard weight consisting of twelve ounces troy or sixteen ounces avoirdupois.
2.
A money of account consisting of twenty shillings, the value of which is different in different countries. The pound sterling is equivalent to $4.44.44 cts. money of the United States. In New England and Virginia, the pound is equal to $3 1/3; in New York to $2 1/2.

POUND

,
Noun.
An inclosure erected by authority, in which cattle or other beasts are confined when taken in trespassing, or going at large in violation of law; a pin-fold.

POUND

,
Verb.
T.
To confine in a public pound.

POUND

, v.t.
1.
To beat; to strike with some heavy instrument, and with repeated blows, so as to make an impression.
With cruel blows she pounds her blubber'd cheeks.
2.
To comminute and pulverize by beating; to bruise or break into fine parts by a heavy instrument; as, to pound spice or salt.
Loud strokes with pounding spice the fabric rend.

Definition 2021


pound

pound

English

Noun

pound (plural pounds) (sometimes pound after numerals)

  1. A unit of mass equal to 16 avoirdupois ounces (= 453.592 37 g). Today this value is the most common meaning of "pound" as a unit of weight.
    • 2010 July 28, Rachel Williams, “Mothers who lose weight before further pregnancy ‘reduce risks’”, in The Guardian:
      Research shows that retaining even one or two pounds after giving birth can make problems more likely in a subsequent pregnancy, experts said, with women who have several children facing a "slippery slope" if they continue to gain weight each time.
  2. A unit of mass equal to 12 troy ounces (≈ 373.242 g). Today, this is a common unit of weight when measuring precious metals, and is little used elsewhere.
  3. (US) The symbol # (octothorpe, hash)
  4. The unit of currency used in the United Kingdom and its dependencies. It is divided into 100 pence.
    • 2012 November 11, Carole Cadwalladr, “Do online courses spell the end for the traditional university?”, in Observer:
      For students in developing countries who can't get it any other way, or for students in the first world, who can but may choose not to. Pay thousands of pounds a year for your education? Or get it free online?
    • 1860, George Eliot, chapter 6, in The Mill on the Floss, book 5:
      "Only a hundred and ninety-three pound," said Mr. Tulliver. "You've brought less o' late; but young fellows like to have their own way with their money. Though I didn't do as I liked before I was of age." He spoke with rather timid discontent.
  5. Any of various units of currency used in Cyprus, Egypt, Lebanon, and formerly in the Republic of Ireland and Israel.
    • 1922, James Joyce, Ulysses Episode 4
      He glanced back through what he had read and, while feeling his water flow quietly, he envied kindly Mr Beaufoy who had written it and received payment of three pounds, thirteen and six.
  6. Any of various units of currency formerly used in the United States.
    the Rhode Island pound; the New Hampshire pound
    • 2010, Steven Field, Dusty's Fort, ISBN 1445292416, page 33:
      He knocked out cans of warm cola at two pound fifty a time.
  7. Abbreviation for pound-force, a unit of force/weight. Using this abbreviation to describe pound-force is inaccurate and unscientific.
Usage notes
  • Internationally, the "pound" has most commonly referred to the UK pound, £, (pound sterling). The other currencies were usually distinguished in some way, e.g., the "Irish pound" or the "punt".
  • In the vicinity of each other country calling its currency the pound among English speakers the local currency would be the "pound", with all others distinguished, e.g., the "British pound", the "Egyptian pound" etc.
  • The general plural of "pound" has usually been "pounds" (at least since Chaucer), but the continuing use of the Old English genitive or neuter "pound" as the plural after numerals (for both currency and weight) is common in some regions. It can be considered correct, or colloquial, depending on region.

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:pound.

Synonyms
  • (16 avoirdupois ounces): lb
  • (12 troy ounces): lb t
  • (UK unit of currency): £, pound sterling, GBP, quid (colloquial), nicker (slang)
  • (Other units of currency): punt (the former Irish currency)
  • (# symbol): hash (UK), sharp
Derived terms
See also
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English *pound, pond, from Old English *pund (an inclosure), attested by pyndan (to enclose, shut up, dam, impound). Compare also Old English pynd (a cistern, lake).

Noun

pound (plural pounds)

  1. A place for the detention of stray or wandering animals.
    • 2002, 25th Hour, 00:27:30 from the start:
      (Police officer to a dog owner) "He'd better stay calm or I'll have the pound come and get him."
  2. A place for the detention of automobiles that have been illegally parked, abandoned, etc.
  3. A section of a canal between two adjacent locks.
  4. A kind of fishing net, having a large enclosure with a narrow entrance into which fish are directed by wings spreading outward.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Then there came a reg'lar terror of a sou'wester same as you don't get one summer in a thousand, and blowed the shanty flat and ripped about half of the weir poles out of the sand. We spent consider'ble money getting 'em reset, and then a swordfish got into the pound and tore the nets all to slathers, right in the middle of the squiteague season.
Usage notes
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

pound (third-person singular simple present pounds, present participle pounding, simple past and past participle pounded)

  1. To confine in, or as in, a pound; to impound.
    • 1644, John Milton, Areopagitica; A speech of Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicenc’d Printing, to the Parlament of England:
      And he who were pleasantly disposed, could not well avoid to liken it to the exploit of that gallant man, who thought to pound up the crows by shutting his park gate.

Etymology 3

From an alteration of earlier poun, pown, from Middle English pounen, from Old English pūnian (to pound, beat, bray, bruise, crush), from Proto-Germanic *pūnōną (to break to pieces, pulverise). Related to Saterland Frisian Pün (debris, fragments), Dutch puin (debris, fragments, rubbish), Low German pun (fragments). Perhaps influenced by Etymology 2 Middle English *pound, pond, from Old English *pund, pynd, in relation to the hollow mortar for pounding with the pestle.

Alternative forms

  • poun, pown (obsolete or dialectal)

Verb

pound (third-person singular simple present pounds, present participle pounding, simple past and past participle pounded)

  1. (transitive) To strike hard, usually repeatedly.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 12, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      She had Lord James' collar in one big fist and she pounded the table with the other and talked a blue streak. Nobody could make out plain what she said, for she was mainly jabbering Swede lingo, but there was English enough, of a kind, to give us some idee.
  2. (transitive) To crush to pieces; to pulverize.
  3. (transitive, slang) To eat or drink very quickly.
    You really pounded that beer!
  4. (transitive, baseball, slang) To pitch consistently to a certain location.
    The pitcher has been pounding the outside corner all night.
  5. (intransitive, of a body part, generally heart, blood, or head) To beat strongly or throb.
    As I tiptoed past the sleeping dog, my heart was pounding but I remained silent.
    My head was pounding.
  6. (transitive, slang) To penetrate sexually, with vigour.
    I was pounding her all night!
  7. To advance heavily with measured steps.
    • 1899, Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness, section 1:
      We pounded along, stopped, landed soldiers; went on, landed custom–house clerks to levy toll in what looked like a God–forsaken wilderness, with a tin shed and a flag–pole lost in it; landed more soldiers—to take care of the custom–house clerks, presumably.
  8. (engineering) To make a jarring noise, as when running.
    The engine pounds.
  9. (slang, dated) To wager a pound on.
    • 1854, Dickens, chapter 4, in Hard Times:
      Good-bye, my dear!' said Sleary. 'You'll make your fortun, I hope, and none of our poor folkth will ever trouble you, I'll pound it.
Synonyms
  • (drink quickly): Wikisaurus:drink
Derived terms
Translations
See also

Noun

pound (plural pounds)

  1. A hard blow.
Translations