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Webster 1913 Edition


Break

Break

(brāk)
,
Verb.
T.
[
imp.
broke
(brōk)
, (
Obs.
Brake
);
p. p.
Broken
(brō′k’n)
, (
Obs.
Broke
);
p. pr. & vb. n.
Breaking
.]
[OE.
breken
, AS.
brecan
; akin to OS.
brekan
, D.
breken
, OHG.
brehhan
, G.
brechen
, Icel.
braka
to creak, Sw.
braka
,
bräkka
to crack, Dan.
brække
to break, Goth.
brikan
to break, L.
frangere
. Cf.
Bray
to pound,
Breach
,
Fragile
.]
1.
To strain apart; to sever by fracture; to divide with violence;
as, to
break
a rope or chain; to
break
a seal; to
break
an axle; to
break
rocks or coal; to
break
a lock
.
Shak.
2.
To lay open as by breaking; to divide;
as, to
break
a package of goods
.
3.
To lay open, as a purpose; to disclose, divulge, or communicate.
Katharine,
break
thy mind to me.
Shakespeare
4.
To infringe or violate, as an obligation, law, or promise.
Out, out, hyena! these are thy wonted arts . . .
To break
all faith, all vows, deceive, betray.
Milton
5.
To interrupt; to destroy the continuity of; to dissolve or terminate;
as, to
break
silence; to
break
one’s sleep; to
break
one's journey
.
Go, release them, Ariel;
My charms I'll
break
, their senses I'll restore.
Shakespeare
6.
To destroy the completeness of; to remove a part from;
as, to
break
a set
.
7.
To destroy the arrangement of; to throw into disorder; to pierce;
as, the cavalry were not able to
break
the British squares
.
8.
To shatter to pieces; to reduce to fragments.
The victim
broke
in pieces the musical instruments with which he had solaced the hours of captivity.
Prescott.
9.
To exchange for other money or currency of smaller denomination;
as, to
break
a five dollar bill
.
10.
To destroy the strength, firmness, or consistency of;
as, to
break
flax
.
11.
To weaken or impair, as health, spirit, or mind.
An old man,
broken
with the storms of state.
Shakespeare
12.
To diminish the force of; to lessen the shock of, as a fall or blow.
I'll rather leap down first, and
break
your fall.
Dryden.
13.
To impart, as news or information; to broach; – with to, and often with a modified word implying some reserve;
as, to
break
the news gently to the widow; to
break
a purpose cautiously to a friend
.
14.
To tame; to reduce to subjection; to make tractable; to discipline;
as, to
break
a horse to the harness or saddle
.
“To break a colt.”
Spenser.
Why, then thou canst not
break
her to the lute?
Shakespeare
15.
To destroy the financial credit of; to make bankrupt; to ruin.
With arts like these rich Matho, when he speaks,
Attracts all fees, and little lawyers
breaks
.
Dryden.
16.
To destroy the official character and standing of; to cashier; to dismiss.
I see a great officer
broken
.
Swift.
With prepositions or adverbs: –
To break down
.
(a)
To crush; to overwhelm;
as, to
break down
one's strength; to
break down
opposition
.
(b)
To remove, or open a way through, by breaking;
as, to
break down
a door or wall
.
To break in
.
(a)
To force in;
as, to
break in
a door
.
(b)
To train; to discipline;
as, a horse well
broken in
.
To break of
,
to rid of; to cause to abandon;
as, to
break
one
of
a habit
.
To break off
.
(a)
To separate by breaking;
as, to
break off
a twig
.
(b)
To stop suddenly; to abandon.
Break off thy sins by righteousness.”
Dan. iv. 27.
To break open
,
to open by breaking.
“Open the door, or I will break it open.”
Shak.
To break out
,
to take or force out by breaking;
as, to
break out
a pane of glass
.
To break out a cargo
,
to unstow a cargo, so as to unload it easily.
To break through
.
(a)
To make an opening through, as, as by violence or the force of gravity; to pass violently through;
as,
to break through
the enemy's lines;
to break through
the ice
.
(b)
To disregard;
as,
to break through
the ceremony
.
To break up
.
(a)
To separate into parts; to plow (new or fallow ground).
Break up this capon.”
Shak.
Break up your fallow ground.”
Jer. iv. 3.
(b)
To dissolve; to put an end to.
Break up the court.”
Shak.
To break
(one)
all up
,
to unsettle or disconcert completely; to upset.
[Colloq.]
With an immediate object: –
To break the back
.
(a)
To dislocate the backbone; hence, to disable totally.
(b)
To get through the worst part of;
as, to
break the back
of a difficult undertaking
.
To break bulk
,
to destroy the entirety of a load by removing a portion of it; to begin to unload; also, to transfer in detail, as from boats to cars.
To break a code
to discover a method to convert coded messages into the original understandable text.
To break cover
,
to burst forth from a protecting concealment, as game when hunted.
To break a deer
or
To break a stag
,
to cut it up and apportion the parts among those entitled to a share.
To break fast
,
to partake of food after abstinence. See
Breakfast
.
To break ground
.
(a)
To open the earth as for planting; to commence excavation, as for building, siege operations, and the like;
as, to
break ground
for a foundation, a canal, or a railroad
.
(b)
Fig.: To begin to execute any plan.
(c)
(Naut.)
To release the anchor from the bottom.
To break the heart
,
to crush or overwhelm (one) with grief.
To break a house
(Law)
,
to remove or set aside with violence and a felonious intent any part of a house or of the fastenings provided to secure it.
To break the ice
,
to get through first difficulties; to overcome obstacles and make a beginning; to introduce a subject.
To break jail
,
to escape from confinement in jail, usually by forcible means.
To break a jest
,
to utter a jest.
“Patroclus . . . the livelong day breaks scurril jests.”
Shak.
To break joints
,
to lay or arrange bricks, shingles, etc., so that the joints in one course shall not coincide with those in the preceding course.
To break a lance
,
to engage in a tilt or contest.
To break the neck
,
to dislocate the joints of the neck.
To break no squares
,
to create no trouble.
[Obs.]
To break a path
,
road
, etc.,
to open a way through obstacles by force or labor.
To break upon a wheel
,
to execute or torture, as a criminal by stretching him upon a wheel, and breaking his limbs with an iron bar; – a mode of punishment formerly employed in some countries.
To break wind
,
to give vent to wind from the anus.
Syn. – To dispart; rend; tear; shatter; batter; violate; infringe; demolish; destroy; burst; dislocate.

Break

(brāk)
,
Verb.
I.
1.
To come apart or divide into two or more pieces, usually with suddenness and violence; to part; to burst asunder.
2.
To open spontaneously, or by pressure from within, as a bubble, a tumor, a seed vessel, a bag.
Else the bottle
break
, and the wine runneth out.
Math. ix. 17.
3.
To burst forth; to make its way; to come to view; to appear; to dawn.
The day begins to
break
, and night is fled.
Shakespeare
And from the turf a fountain
broke
,
and gurgled at our feet.
Wordsworth.
4.
To burst forth violently, as a storm.
The clouds are still above; and, while I speak,
A second deluge o'er our head may
break
.
Dryden.
5.
To open up; to be scattered; to be dissipated;
as, the clouds are
breaking
.
At length the darkness begins to
break
.
Macaulay.
6.
To become weakened in constitution or faculties; to lose health or strength.
See how the dean begins to
break
;
Poor gentleman! he droops apace.
Swift.
7.
To be crushed, or overwhelmed with sorrow or grief;
as, my heart is
breaking
.
8.
To fall in business; to become bankrupt.
He that puts all upon adventures doth oftentimes
break
, and come to poverty.
Bacn.
9.
To make an abrupt or sudden change; to change the gait;
as, to
break
into a run or gallop
.
10.
To fail in musical quality;
as, a singer's voice
breaks
when it is strained beyond its compass and a tone or note is not completed, but degenerates into an unmusical sound instead
. Also, to change in tone, as a boy's voice at puberty.
11.
To fall out; to terminate friendship.
To
break upon
the score of danger or expense is to be mean and narrow-spirited.
Collier.
With prepositions or adverbs: -
To break away
,
to disengage one's self abruptly; to come or go away against resistance.
Fear me not, man; I will not
break away
.
Shakespeare
He had
broken down
almost at the outset.
Thackeray.
To break forth
,
to issue; to come out suddenly, as sound, light, etc.
“Then shall thy light break forth as the morning.”
Isa. lviii. 8;
often with into in expressing or giving vent to one's feelings. “Break forth into singing, ye mountains.”
Isa. xliv. 23.
To break from
,
to go away from abruptly.
This radiant
from
the circling crowd he
broke
.
Dryden.
To break into
,
to enter by breaking;
as,
to break into
a house
.
To break in upon
,
to enter or approach violently or unexpectedly.
“This, this is he; softly awhile; let us not break in upon him.”
Milton.
To break loose
.
(a)
To extricate one's self forcibly.
“Who would not, finding way, break loose from hell?”
Milton.
(b)
To cast off restraint, as of morals or propriety.
To break off
.
(a)
To become separated by rupture, or with suddenness and violence.
(b)
To desist or cease suddenly.
“Nay, forward, old man; do not break off so.”
Shak.
To break off from
,
to desist from; to abandon, as a habit.
To break out
.
(a)
To burst forth; to escape from restraint; to appear suddenly, as a fire or an epidemic.
“For in the wilderness shall waters break out, and stream in the desert.”
Isa. xxxv. 6
(b)
To show itself in cutaneous eruptions; – said of a disease.
(c)
To have a rash or eruption on the akin; – said of a patient.
To break over
,
to overflow; to go beyond limits.
To break up
.
(a)
To become separated into parts or fragments; as, the ice break up in the rivers; the wreck will break up in the next storm.
(b)
To disperse.
“The company breaks up.”
I. Watts.
To break upon
,
to discover itself suddenly to; to dawn upon.
To break with
.
(a)
To fall out; to sever one's relations with; to part friendship.
“It can not be the Volsces dare break with us.”
Shak.
“If she did not intend to marry Clive, she should have broken with him altogether.”
Thackeray.
(b)
To come to an explanation; to enter into conference; to speak.
[Obs.]
“I will break with her and with her father.”
Shak.

Break

(brāk)
,
Noun.
[See
Break
,
Verb.
T.
, and cf.
Brake
(the instrument),
Breach
,
Brack
a crack.]
1.
An opening made by fracture or disruption.
2.
An interruption of continuity; change of direction; as, a break in a wall; a break in the deck of a ship.
Specifically:
(a)
(Arch.)
A projection or recess from the face of a building.
(b)
(Elec.)
An opening or displacement in the circuit, interrupting the electrical current.
3.
An interruption; a pause;
as, a
break
in friendship; a
break
in the conversation
.
4.
An interruption in continuity in writing or printing, as where there is an omission, an unfilled line, etc.
All modern trash is
Set forth with numerous
breaks
and dashes.
Swift.
5.
The first appearing, as of light in the morning; the dawn;
as, the
break
of day; the
break
of dawn
.
6.
A large four-wheeled carriage, having a straight body and calash top, with the driver's seat in front and the footman's behind.
7.
A device for checking motion, or for measuring friction. See
Brake
,
Noun.
9 & 10.
8.
(Teleg.)

Webster 1828 Edition


Break

BREAK

,
Verb.
T.
pret. broke, [brake.obs.] pp. broke or broken.
[L. frango, fregi, n casual; Heb.to break, to free or deliver, to separate.]
1.
To part or divide by force and violence, as a solid substance; to rend apart; as, to break a band; to break a thread or a cable.
2.
To burst or open by force.
The fountains of the earth were broke open.
3.
To divide by piercing or penetrating; to burst forth; as, the light breaks through the clouds.
4.
To make breaches or gaps by battering, as in a wall.
5.
To destroy, crush, weaken, or impair, as the human body or constitution.
6.
To sink; to appall or subdue; as, to break the spirits, or the passions.
7.
To crush; to shatter; to dissipate the strength of, as of an army.
8.
To weaken, or impair, as the faculties.
9.
To tame; to train to obedience; to make tractable; as, to break a horse.
10. To make bankrupt.
11. To discard, dismiss or cashier; as, to break an officer.
12. To crack, to part or divide, as the skin; to open, as an aposteme.
13. To violate, as a contract or promise, either by a positive act contrary to the promise, or by neglect or non-fulfillment.
14. To infringe or violate, as a law, or any moral obligation, either by a positive act or by an omission of what is required.
15. To stop; to interrupt; to cause to cease; as, to break conversation; to break sleep.
16. To intercept; to check; to lessen the force of; as, to break a fall, or a blow.
17. To separate; to part; as, to break company of friendship.
18. To dissolve any union; sometimes with off; as, to break off a connection.
19. To cause to abandon; to reform or cause to reform; as, to break one of ill habits or practices.
20. To open as a purpose; to propound something new; to make a first disclosure of opinions; as, to break one's mind.
21. To frustrate; to prevent.
If plagues or earthquakes break not heaven's design.
22. To take away; as, to break the whole staff of bread. Ps. 105.
23. To stretch; to strain; to rack; as, to break one on the wheel.
To break the back, to strain or dislocate the vertebers with too heavy a burden; also, to disable one's fortune.
To break bulk, to begin to unload.
To break a deer, to cut it up at table.
To breakfast, to eat the first meal in the day, but used as a compound word.
To break ground, to plow.
To break ground, to dig; to open trenches.
To break the heart, to afflict grievously; to cause great sorrow or grief; to depress with sorrow or despair.
To break a jest, to utter a jest unexpected.
To break the neck, to dislocate the joints of the neck.
To break off, to put a sudden stop to; to interrupt; to discontinue.
Break off thy sins by righteousness. Dan.4.
1.
To sever; to divide; as, to break off a twig.
To break sheer, in marine language. When a ship at anchor is in a position to keep clear of the anchor, but is forced by wind or current out of that position,she breaks her sheer.
To break up, to dissolve or put an end to; as, to break up house-keeping.
1.
To open or lay open; as, to break up a bed of earth.
2.
To plow ground the first time, or after lying long unplowed; a common use in the U. States.
3.
To separate; as, to break up a company.
4.
To disband; as, to break up an army.
To break upon the wheel, to stretch and break the bones by torture upon the wheel.
To break wind, to give vent to wind from the body backward.

BREAK

,
Verb.
I.
To part; to separate;to divide in two; as, the ice breaks; a band breaks.
1.
To burst; as, a storm or deluge breaks.
2.
To burst, by dashing against something; as, a wave breaks upon a rock.
3.
To open, as a tumor or aposteme.
4.
To open, as the morning; to show the first light; to dawn.
5.
To burst forth; to utter or exclaim.
6.
To fail in trade or other occupation; to become bankrupt.
7.
To decline in health and strength; to begin to lose the natural vigor.
8.
To issue out with vehemence.
9.
To make way with violence or suddenness; to rush; often with a particle; as, to break in; to break in upon, as calamities; to break over, as a flood; to break out, as a fire; to break forth, as light or a sound.
10. To come to an explanation.
I am to break with thee upon some affairs. [I believe, antiquated.]
11. To suffer an interruption of friendship; to fall out.
Be not afraid to break with traitors.
12. To faint, flag or pant.
My soul breaketh for longing to thy judgments. Ps.119.
To break away, to disengage itself from; to rush from; also, to dissolve itself or dissipate, as fog or clouds.
To break forth, to issue out.
To break from, to disengage from; to depart abruptly, or with vehemence.
To break in, to enter by force; to enter unexpectedly; to intrude.
To break loose, to get free by force; to escape from confinement by violence; to shake off restraint.
To break off, to part; to divide; also, to desist suddenly.
To break off from, to part from with violence.
To break out, to issue forth; to discover itself by its effects, to arise or spring up; as, a fire breaks out; a sedition breaks out; a fever breaks out.
1.
To appear in eruptions, as pustules; to have pustules, or an efflorescence on the skin, as a child breaks out. Hence we have freckle from the root of break.
2.
To throw off restraint, and become dissolute.
To break up, to dissolve itself and separate; as a company breaks up; a meeting breaks up; a fog breaks up; but more generally we say, fog, mist or clouds break away.
To break with, to part in enmity; to cease to be friends; as, to break with a friend or companion.
This verb carries with it its primitive sense of straining, parting, severing, bursting, often with violence, with the consequential senses of injury, defect and infirmity.

BREAK

,
Noun.
A state of being open, or the act of separating; an opening made by force; an open place. It is the same word as brack, differently written and pronounced.
1.
A pause; an interruption.
2.
A line in writing or printing, noting a suspension of the sense, or a stop in the sentence.
3.
In a ship, the break of the deck is the part where it terminates, and the descent on to the next deck below commences.
4.
The first appearance of light in the morning; the dawn; as the break of day.

Definition 2021


Break

Break

See also: break

German

Noun

Break n (genitive Breaks, plural Breaks)

  1. (tennis) break
  2. (snooker) break