Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Rest

Rest

(rĕst)
,
Verb.
T.
[For
arrest
.]
To arrest.
[Obs.]

Rest

,
Noun.
[AS.
rest
,
ræst
, rest; akin to D.
rust
, G.
rast
. OHG.
rasta
, Dan. & Sw.
rast
rest, repose, Icel.
röst
the distance between two resting places, a mole, Goth.
rasta
a mile, also to Goth.
razn
house, Icel.
rann
, and perhaps to G.
ruhe
rest, repose, AS.
rōw
, Gr.
ἐρωή
. Cf.
Ransack
.]
1.
A state of quiet or repose; a cessation from motion or labor; tranquillity;
as,
rest
from mental exertion;
rest
of body or mind
.
Chaucer.
Sleep give thee all his
rest
!
Shakespeare
2.
Hence, freedom from everything which wearies or disturbs; peace; security.
And the land had
rest
fourscore years.
Judges iii. 30.
3.
Sleep; slumber; hence, poetically, death.
How sleep the brave who sink to
rest
,
By all their country’s wishes blest.
Collins.
4.
That on which anything rests or leans for support;
as, a
rest
in a lathe, for supporting the cutting tool or steadying the work
.
He made narrowed
rests
round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house.
1 Kings vi. 6.
5.
(Anc. Armor)
A projection from the right side of the cuirass, serving to support the lance.
Their visors closed, their lances in the
rest
.
Dryden.
6.
A place where one may rest, either temporarily, as in an inn, or permanently, as, in an abode.
“Halfway houses and travelers' rests.”
J. H. Newman.
In dust our final
rest
, and native home.
Milton.
Ye are not as yet come to the
rest
and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you.
Deut. xii. 9.
7.
(Pros.)
A short pause in reading verse; a caesura.
8.
The striking of a balance at regular intervals in a running account.
“An account is said to be taken with annual or semiannual rests.”
Abbott.
9.
A set or game at tennis.
[Obs.]
10.
(Mus.)
Silence in music or in one of its parts; the name of the character that stands for such silence. They are named as notes are, whole, half, quarter,etc.
Rest house
,
an empty house for the accomodation of travelers; a caravansary.
[India]
To set one's rest
or
To set up one's rest
,
to have a settled determination; – from an old game of cards, when one so expressed his intention to stand or rest upon his hand.
[Obs.]
Shak.
Bacon.
Syn. – Cessation; pause; intermission; stop; stay; repose; slumber; quiet; ease; quietness; stillness; tranquillity; peacefulness; peace.
Rest
,
Repose
. Rest is a ceasing from labor or exertion; repose is a mode of resting which gives relief and refreshment after toil and labor. The words are commonly interchangeable.

Rest

(rĕst)
,
Verb.
I.
[
imp. & p. p.
Rested
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Resting
.]
[AS.
restan
. See
Rest
,
Noun.
]
1.
To cease from action or motion, especially from action which has caused weariness; to desist from labor or exertion.
God . . .
rested
on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
Gen. ii. 2.
Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt
rest
.
Ex. xxiii. 12.
2.
To be free from whatever wearies or disturbs; to be quiet or still.
There
rest
, if any rest can harbor there.
Milton.
3.
To lie; to repose; to recline; to lan;
as, to
rest
on a couch
.
4.
To stand firm; to be fixed; to be supported;
as, a column
rests
on its pedestal
.
5.
To sleep; to slumber; hence, poetically, to be dead.
Fancy . . . then retries
Into her private cell when Nature
rests
.
Milton.
6.
To lean in confidence; to trust; to rely; to repose without anxiety;
as, to
rest
on a man's promise
.
On him I
rested
, after long debate,
And not without considering, fixed my fate.
Dryden.
7.
To be satisfied; to acquiesce.
To
rest
in Heaven's determination.
Addison.
To rest with
,
to be in the power of; to depend upon; as, it rests with him to decide.

Rest

,
Verb.
T.
1.
To lay or place at rest; to quiet.
Your piety has paid
All needful rites, to
rest
my wandering shade.
Dryden.
2.
To place, as on a support; to cause to lean.
Her weary head upon your bosom
rest
.
Waller.

Rest

,
Noun.
[F.
reste
, fr.
rester
to remain, L.
restare
to stay back, remain; pref.
re-
re- +
stare
to stand, stay. See
Stand
, and cf.
Arrest
,
Restive
.]
(With the definite article.)
1.
That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder; residue.
Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the present comfort of having done our duty, and, for the
rest
, it offers us the best security that Heaven can give.
Tillotson.
2.
Those not included in a proposition or description; the remainder; others.
“Plato and the rest of the philosophers.”
Bp. Stillingfleet.
Armed like the
rest
, the Trojan prince appears.
Dryden.
3.
(Com.)
A surplus held as a reserved fund by a bank to equalize its dividends, etc.; in the Bank of England, the balance of assets above liabilities.
[Eng.]
Syn. – Remainder; overplus; surplus; remnant; residue; reserve; others.

Rest

,
Verb.
I.
[F.
rester
. See
Rest
remainder.]
To be left; to remain; to continue to be.
The affairs of men
rest
still uncertain.
Shakespeare

Webster 1828 Edition


Rest

REST

,
Noun.
[L. resto, if the latter is a compound of re and sto; but is an original word. See Verb.]
1.
Cessation of motion or action of any kind, and applicable to any body or being; as rest from labor; rest from mental exertion; rest of body or mind. A body is at rest, when it ceases to move; the mind is at rest, when it ceases to be disturbed or agitated; the sea is never at rest. Hence,
2.
Quiet; repose; a state free from motion or disturbance; a state of reconciliation to God.
Learn of me, for I am meek and lowly in heart; and ye shall find rest to your souls. Matt. 11.
3.
Sleep; as, retire to rest.
4.
Peace; national quiet.
The land had rest eighty years. Judges 3. Deut. 12.
5.
The final sleep, death.
6.
A place of quiet; permanent habitation.
Ye are not as yet come to the rest, and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you. Deut. 12.
7.
Any place of repose.
In dust, our final rest, and native home.
8.
That on which any thing leans or lies for support. 1Kings 6.
Their vizors clos'd, their lances in the rest.
9.
In poetry, a short pause of the voice in reading; a cesura.
10.
In philosophy, the continuance of a body in the same place.
11.
Final hope.
Sea fights have been final to the war; but this is, when princes set up their rest upon the battle. Obs.
12.
Cessation from tillage. Lev. 25.
13.
The gospel church or new covenant state in which the people of God enjoy repose, and Christ shall be glorified.
Is. 11.
14.
In music, a pause; an interval during which the voice is intermitted; also, the mark of such intermission.

REST

,
Noun.
[L. resto.]
1.
That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder.
Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the present comfort of having done our duty, and for the rest, it offers us the best security that heaven can give.
2.
Others; those not included in a proposition or description. [In this sense, rest is a noun, but with a singular termination expressing plurality.]
Plato and the rest of the philosophers -
Arm'd like the rest, the Trojan prince appears.
The election hath obtained it and the rest were blinded. Romans 11.

REST

, v.i.
1.
To cease from action or motion of any kind; to stop; a word applicable to any body or being, and to any kind of motion.
2.
To cease from labor, work or performance.
God rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Gen. 2.
So the people rested on the seventh day. Ex. 16.
3.
To be quiet or still; to be undisturbed.
There rest, if any rest can harbor there.
4.
To cease from war; to be at peace.
And the land rested from war. Josh. 11.
5.
To be quiet or tranquil, as the mind; not to be agitated by fear, anxiety or other passion.
6.
To lie; to repose; as, to rest on a bed.
7.
To sleep; to slumber.
Fancy then retires into her private cell, when nature rests.
8.
to sleep the final sleep; to die or be dead.
Glad I'd lay me down, as in my mother's lap; ther I should rest, and sleep secure.
9.
To lean; to recline for support; as, to rest the arm on a table. The truth of religion rests on divine testimony.
10.
to stand on; to be supported by; as, a column rests on its pedestal.
11.
To be satisfied; to acquiesce; as, to rest on heaven's determination.
12.
To lean; to trust; to rely; as, to rest on a man's promise.
13.
To continue fixed. Is. 51.
14.
To terminate; to come to an end. Ezek. 16.
15.
To hang, lie or be fixed.
Over a tent a cloud shall rest by day.
16.
To abide; to remain with.
They said, the spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elisha. 2Kings 2. Eccles 7.
17.
To be calm or composed in mind; to enjoy peace of conscience.

REST

,
Verb.
I.
To be left; to remain. Obs.

REST

, v.t.
1.
To lay at rest; to quiet.
Your piety has paid all needful rites, to rest my wandering shade.
2.
To place, as on a support. We rest our cause on the truth of the Scripture.
Her weary head upon your bosom rest.

Definition 2022


Rest

Rest

See also: rest, REST, rešt, rest., and Rest.

German

Noun

Rest m (genitive Rests or Restes, plural Reste)

  1. rest, remainder, remnant
    • 1919, Walther Kabel, Irrende Seelen, Werner Dietsch Verlag, page 41:
      Die kleine Stutzuhr auf dem Kamin, ein letzter Rest der Habe meiner Eltern, schlug zehn.
      The small bracket clock on the chimney, a last remnant of the belongings of my parents, chimed ten.
  2. (chemistry) radical
Declension
Synonyms
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Proper noun

Rest m, f (genitive Rests)

  1. A surname.

rest

rest

See also: Rest, REST, rešt, rest., and Rest.

English

Noun

rest (countable and uncountable, plural rests)

  1. (uncountable, of a person or animal) Relief from work or activity by sleeping; sleep.
    I need to get a good rest tonight; I was up late last night.
    The sun sets, and the workers go to their rest.
  2. (countable) Any relief from exertion; a state of quiet and relaxation.
    We took a rest at the top of the hill to get our breath back.
  3. (uncountable) Peace; freedom from worry, anxiety, annoyances; tranquility.
    It was nice to have a rest from the phone ringing when I unplugged it for a while.
    • Bible, Judges iii. 30
      And the land had rest fourscore years.
  4. (uncountable, of an object or concept) A state of inactivity; a state of little or no motion; a state of completion.
    The boulder came to rest just behind the house after rolling down the mountain.
    The ocean was finally at rest.
    Now that we're all in agreement, we can put that issue to rest.
  5. (euphemistic, uncountable) A final position after death.
    She was laid to rest in the village cemetery.
  6. (music, countable) A pause of a specified length in a piece of music.
    Remember there's a rest at the end of the fourth bar.
  7. (music, countable) A written symbol indicating such a pause in a musical score such as in sheet music.
  8. (physics, uncountable) Absence of motion.
    The body's centre of gravity may affect its state of rest.
  9. (snooker, countable) A stick with a U-, V- or X-shaped head used to support the tip of a cue when the cue ball is otherwise out of reach.
    Higgins can't quite reach the white with his cue, so he'll be using the rest.
  10. (countable) Any object designed to be used to support something else.
    She put the phone receiver back in its rest.
    He placed his hands on the arm rests of the chair.
  11. A projection from the right side of the cuirass of armour, serving to support the lance.
    • Dryden
      their visors closed, their lances in the rest
  12. A place where one may rest, either temporarily, as in an inn, or permanently, as, in an abode.
    • J. H. Newman
      halfway houses and travellers' rests
    • Milton
      in dust our final rest, and native home
    • Bible, Deuteronomy xii. 9
      Ye are not as yet come to the rest and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you.
  13. (poetry) A short pause in reading poetry; a caesura.
  14. The striking of a balance at regular intervals in a running account. Often, specifically, the intervals after which compound interest is added to capital.
    • Abbott
      An account is said to be taken with annual or semiannual rests.
  15. (dated) A set or game at tennis.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Hypernyms
  • (snooker: stick used to support the tip of the cue when the cue ball is out of reach): bridge
Hyponyms
  • (object designed to be used to support something else): arm rest, elbow rest, foot rest, head rest, leg rest, neck rest, wrist rest
  • (pause of specified length in a piece of music): breve rest, demisemiquaver rest, hemidemisemiquaver rest, minim rest, quaver rest, semibreve rest, semiquaver rest
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English resten, from Old English restan (to rest, cease from toil, be at rest, sleep, rest in death, lie dead, lie in the grave, remain unmoved or undisturbed, be still, rest from, remain, lie), from Proto-Germanic *rastijaną (to rest), from Proto-Indo-European *ros-, *res-, *erH- (rest). Cognate with Dutch rusten (to rest), Middle Low German resten (to rest), German rasten (to rest), Danish raste (to rest), Swedish rasta (to rest).

Verb

rest (third-person singular simple present rests, present participle resting, simple past and past participle rested)

  1. (intransitive) To cease from action, motion, work, or performance of any kind; stop; desist; be without motion.
    • Bible, Exodus xxiii. 12
      Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest.
  2. (intransitive) To come to a pause or an end; end.
  3. (intransitive) To be free from that which harasses or disturbs; be quiet or still; be undisturbed.
    • Milton
      There rest, if any rest can harbour there.
  4. (intransitive, transitive, reflexive) To be or to put into a state of rest.
    My day's work is over; now I will rest.   We need to rest the horses before we ride any further.   I shall not rest until I have uncovered the truth.   Rest assured that I will do my best.
    • 2011 September 29, Jon Smith, Tottenham 3-1 Shamrock Rovers”, in BBC Sport:
      With the north London derby to come at the weekend, Spurs boss Harry Redknapp opted to rest many of his key players, although he brought back Aaron Lennon after a month out through injury.
  5. (intransitive) To stay, remain, be situated.
    The blame seems to rest with your father.
  6. (transitive, intransitive, reflexive) To lean, lie, or lay.
    A column rests on its pedestal.
    I rested my head in my hands.   She rested against my shoulder.   I rested against the wall for a minute.
  7. (intransitive, transitive, law, US) To complete one's active advocacy in a trial or other proceeding, and thus to wait for the outcome (however, one is still generally available to answer questions, etc.)
    The defense rests, your Honor.   I rest my case.
  8. (intransitive) To sleep; slumber.
  9. (intransitive) To lie dormant.
  10. (intransitive) To sleep the final sleep; sleep in death; die; be dead.
  11. (intransitive) To rely or depend on.
    • Dryden
      On him I rested, after long debate, / And not without considering, fixed fate.
    • 2013 August 3, Boundary problems”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
      Economics is a messy discipline: too fluid to be a science, too rigorous to be an art. Perhaps it is fitting that economists’ most-used metric, gross domestic product (GDP), is a tangle too. [] But as a foundation for analysis it is highly subjective: it rests on difficult decisions about what counts as a territory, what counts as output and how to value it. Indeed, economists are still tweaking it.
    The decision rests on getting a bank loan.
  12. To be satisfied; to acquiesce.
    • Addison
      to rest in Heaven's determination
Synonyms
Troponyms
  • (lie down and take repose): sleep, nap
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English reste, from Old French reste, from Old French rester (to remain), from Latin restare (to stay back, stay behind), from re- + stare (to stand). Replaced native Middle English lave (rest, remainder) (from Old English lāf (remnant, remainder)).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: rĕst, IPA(key): /ɹɛst/
  • Rhymes: -ɛst

Noun

rest (uncountable)

  1. (uncountable) That which remains.
    She ate some of the food, but was not hungry enough to eat it all, so she put the rest in the refrigerator to finish later.
  2. Those not included in a proposition or description; the remainder; others.
    • Bishop Stillingfleet (1635–1699)
      Plato and the rest of the philosophers
    • John Dryden (1631-1700)
      Armed like the rest, the Trojan prince appears.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 11, in The Celebrity:
      The rest of us were engaged in various occupations: Mr. Trevor relating experiences of steamboat days on the Ohio to Mrs. Cooke; Miss Trevor buried in a serial in the Century; and Farrar and I taking an inventory of the fishing-tackle, when we were startled by a loud and profane ejaculation.
  3. (Britain, finance) A surplus held as a reserved fund by a bank to equalize its dividends, etc.; in the Bank of England, the balance of assets above liabilities.
Synonyms
Derived terms
  • all the rest
Translations

Verb

rest (third-person singular simple present rests, present participle resting, simple past and past participle rested)

  1. (obsolete) To remain.
Translations

Etymology 4

Aphetic form of arrest.

Verb

rest (third-person singular simple present rests, present participle resting, simple past and past participle rested)

  1. (obsolete) To arrest.

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: sure · indeed · leave · #323: rest · 2 · open · therefore

Anagrams


Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛst

Etymology

From Middle French reste.

Noun

rest f (plural resten, diminutive restje n)

  1. rest (that which remains)

Anagrams


Hungarian

Etymology

From a Northern Italian dialect, compare Emilian rest, Romagnol rést, Italian resto (rest), from restare, from Latin restō (I stay behind, remain).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈrɛʃt]
  • Hyphenation: rest

Adjective

rest (comparative restebb, superlative legrestebb)

  1. lazy

Synonyms

Derived terms


Ladin

Noun

rest m (plural resc)

  1. rest, residue

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From French reste

Noun

rest m (definite singular resten, indefinite plural rester, definite plural restene)

  1. remainder, rest
    resten av - the rest of
    rester - remains, remnants

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From French reste

Noun

rest m (definite singular resten, indefinite plural restar, definite plural restane)

  1. remainder, rest
    resten av - the rest of
    restar - remains, remnants

References


Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *rastō, *rastijō (rest), from Proto-Indo-European *ros-, *res-, *erH- (rest).

Noun

rest f

  1. rest
  2. resting place; bed

Romanian

Etymology

From French reste.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rest/

Noun

rest n (plural resturi)

  1. rest (remainder)

Declension

See also

Noun

rest inv. (allows only the definite articled form for singular restul)

  1. change (small denominations of money given in exchange for a larger denomination)
    Poftim restul de la înghețată, băiete. — Here's your change from the ice-cream you bought, son.

Usage notes

  • The use of the meaning for change is restrictive to money, usually in small sums, taken after making a transaction. To describe such change when it is in one's pocket or lying around, the term mărunțiș is preferred.

Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

rest c

  1. (plural only) remainder, rest (what remains)
    Resten är gula.
    The rest are yellows.
  2. (mathematics) remainder
    11 dividerat med 2 är 5, med 1 i rest — 11 divided by 2 is 5 remainder 1
  3. leftover

Declension

Inflection of rest 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative rest resten rester resterna
Genitive rests restens resters resternas

Verb

rest

  1. supine of resa.
  2. past participle of resa.