Definify.com

Definition 2022


See also: and

Translingual

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han character

(radical 203 黑+0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田土火 (WGF) or X田土火 (XWGF), composition)

References

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1518, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48040
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2052, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 7, page 4743, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9ED2

Japanese

Kanji

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji, shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. black

Readings

Compounds

Etymology

(kuro): the colour black.
Kanji in this term
くろ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Via root morpheme *kur, cognate with kuri (, "black mud from the bed of a body of water"),[1] noun kura (, "darkness; deception"; , , "[dark] storehouse") > adjective kurai (暗い, "dark"), verb kuru > kureru (暮れる, "to become dark; to near the end [of a day, of a year, of a life]"; 暗れる, 眩れる, "to become depressed, to become dreary of mood"). Compare Proto-Turkic *kara (black), Mongolian хар (har, black).

Possibly cognate with Korean 구름 (gureum, cloud); compare also Japanese (kumo, cloud) and Korean * (geom, black), root morpheme of 검다 (geomda, to be black, verb), 검은 (geomeun, black, adjective).

Pronunciation

Noun

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くろ, romaji kuro)

  1. the colour black
  2. a 女房詞 (nyōbō kotoba, woman's word) for (nabe, pot, pan) or (kama, pot, kettle)
  3. (accounting) short for 黒字 (kuroji): black as an accounting term, indicating a profit
  4. (euphemistic) short for 黒幕 (kuromaku): a black curtain, a euphemism for someone influencing or controlling matters from behind the scenes
  5. guilt; the guilty one, the guilty party
  6. (slang) anarchy as a belief system or philosophy; an anarchist

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

See also

Colors in Japanese ·  (いろ) (iro) (layout · text)
      (あか) (aka)       (みどり) (midori)      黄色 (きいろ) (kiiro)      クリーム (いろ) (kurīmuiro)       (しろ) (shiro)
     深紅 (しんく) (shinku),
クリムゾン (kurimuzon),
紅色 (べにいろ) (beniiro),
紅色 (くれないいろ) (kurenaiiro)
     マゼンタ (mazenta)      ?      黄緑 (きみどり) (kimidori)      ピンク (pinku),
桃色 (ももいろ) (momoiro)
     ?       (あお) (ao)      オレンジ (orenji), 橙色 (だいだいいろ) (daidaiiro)      灰色 (はいいろ) (haiiro),
鼠色 (ねずみいろ) (nezumiiro)
     ?
      (くろ) (kuro)       (むらさき) (murasaki)      茶色 (ちゃいろ) (chairo),
褐色 (かっしょく) (kasshoku)
     水色 (みずいろ) (mizuiro)      シアン (shian)

References

  1. 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9