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Definition 2022


See also: , , , and

Translingual

Stroke order
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character

(radical 166 里+0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 田土 (WG), four-corner 60104)

  1. Kangxi radical #166, (village).

Derived characters

References

  • KangXi: page 1291, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40131
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1791, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3680, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+91CC

Chinese

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mrɯː
*mrɯː
*mrɯː
*ʔr'ɯː
*rɯ
*rɯ
*p·rɯ
*rɯ
*rɯ
*rɯʔ
*rɯʔ
*rɯʔ
*rɯʔ
*rɯʔ, *km̥ʰlɯː
*rɯʔ
*rɯʔ
*r̥ʰɯɡ, *l̥ʰuɡ, *hluɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意) :  (field) +  (potter's clay; earth) – a measure of land and fields; mile; place.

Etymology 1

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨX/
Li
Rong
/liəX/
Wang
Li
/lĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/liX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ liX ›
Old
Chinese
/*(mə.)rəʔ/
English li (measure of distance); village

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7826
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rɯʔ/

Definitions

  1. li (a unit of distance equal to half a kilometre in modern China)
       gōng   kilometre
  2. village (an administrative unit in the Republic of China)
  3. lane (a type of road in Hong Kong)
  4. A surname.
Compounds

Etymology 2

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“inside”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese

Kanji

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

Compounds

Etymology 1

Kanji in this term
さと
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.[1] Ultimately derivation unknown.

Pronunciation

Alternative forms

Adjective

(-na inflection, hiragana さと, romaji sato)

  1. (slang, red-light district) boorish, hickish
Conjugation

Noun

(hiragana さと, romaji sato)

  1. village
  2. country house
  3. one's hometown
  4. the country, the countryside
  5. the original home of a household member (such as a wife, adoptee, or other person who has joined the household from outside)
  6. a separate home or boarding situation to which one's own children are sent for upbringing or education
  7. a red-light district
  8. one's birth, parentage, origins
  9. (slang, red-light district) boorishness, hickishness
  10. the lay world (as opposed to life within a temple)
  11. (obsolete) in ancient times, a unit of area for regional administration
    The ri reading below was more common for this.
  12. (obsolete) in ancient times, a unit of distance
    The ri reading below was more common for this.

Etymology 2

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (liX).

Pronunciation

Noun

(hiragana , romaji ri)

  1. unit of distance

References

  1. 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 1 2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 1 2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean

Hanja

(ri>i) (hangeul >, McCune-Reischauer ri>i, Yale li>i)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

(lịa, , lìa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.