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Definition 2022


U+4ED6, 他
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4ED6

[U+4ED5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4ED7]
See also: , , and

Translingual

Stroke order
Stroke order

Han character

(radical 9 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人心木 (OPD), four-corner 24212, composition)

References

  • KangXi: page 92, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 370
  • Dae Jaweon: page 195, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 115, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4ED6

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰaːl
*l̥ʰaːl, *l̥ʰaːls
*l'aːl
*l'aːl, *l'al
*ljalʔ
*ɦljaːl, *hljal, *hljals
*ɦljal, *laːlʔ, *lal
*laːlʔ
*hleːl
*l'eːls
*l̥ʰalʔ, *l'alʔ, *lal
*l̥ʰalʔ, *lalʔ
*l'al
*l'alʔ, *hljalʔ
*hljal, *hljals
*hljal
*hljal
*hljalʔ
*lal
*lel, *lalʔ
*lel
*lal, *lalʔ
*lal, *lalʔ
*lal, *lalʔ
*lalʔ
*lalʔ
*lalʔ
*lals, *ɦljels, *lels
*l'els

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰaːl) : semantic  (man) + phonetic  (OC *laːlʔ).

Pronunciation



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰa/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑ/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tuō
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tha ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˤaj/ (E dialect: *l̥ˤ- > MC th-)
English another

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14765
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰaːl/
Notes

Definitions

  1. (Mandarin) he; him; she; her (originally gender-neutral; nowadays usually referring to males)
       qù le.   He went away.
    認識 / 认识   Wǒ rènshi .   I know him.
  2. other; another
    /    bié wú qiú   have no other request (formal)

See also

Dialectal synonyms of (“he”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 他家
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong 佢、其、渠
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Taipei
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou 、俚倷、唔倷
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Tangxi 渠儂
Ningbo 渠儂
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Standard Chinese personal pronouns
Person Singular Plural
1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
2nd male/indefinite () 你們你们 (nǐmen)
female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
您們您们 (nínmen)
3rd male/indefinite 他們他们 (tāmen)
female () 她們她们 (tāmen)
deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
inanimate () 它們它们 (tāmen)

Compounds

  • 他懣他懑
  • 他拉他拉
  • 他故
  • 他敘式他叙式
  • 他方 (tāfāng)
  • 他方言語他方言语
  • 他方說他方说
  • 他日 (tārì)
  • 他時他时
  • 他殺他杀 (tāshā)
  • 他無所有他无所有
  • 他瑪羅池他玛罗池
  • 他生
  • 他端
  • 他處他处
  • 他說他说
  • 他辰
  • 他遷他迁
  • 他鄉他乡 (tāxiāng)
  • 他鄉外府他乡外府
  • 他鄉外縣他乡外县
  • 假手他人
  • 其他 (qítā)
  • 別無他法别无他法
  • 利他
  • 利他主義利他主义 (lìtāzhǔyì)
  • 吉他 (jítā)
  • 安非他命 (ānfēitāmìng)
  • 巽他海峽巽他海峡
  • 巽他群島巽他群岛
  • 排他性
  • 潘他唑新
  • 無他无他
  • 燕入他家
  • 猶他州 犹他州
  • 笑罵由他笑骂由他
  • 維他命维他命 (wéitāmìng)
  • 覺他觉他
  • 貝他係數贝他系数
  • 貝他射線贝他射线
  • 貝他蛻變贝他蜕变
  • 電吉他电吉他 (diànjítā)
  • 非他
  • 馬爾他马尔他 (Mǎ'ěrtā)

Japanese

Kanji

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

Compounds

Kanji in this term
ほか
Grade: 3
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
on'yomi

Pronunciation

Noun

(hiragana ほか, romaji hoka) (alternative reading hiragana , romaji ta)

  1. another, other, some other
    この (ほか)にも () (さき)がありますか。
    Kono hoka ni mo yukisaki ga arimasu ka.
    Do you have any other destinations?
    この事業 (じぎょう) () ()するために開始 (かいし)されました。
    Kono jigyō wa ta o risuru tame ni kaishi saremashita.
    This project was started in order to benefit others.

Derived terms

Idioms

References

  1. 1 2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 1 2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean

Hanja

(ta) (hangeul , revised ta, McCune-Reischauer t'a)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

(tha, thà, thè, thơ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References