Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Terra


Ter′ra

,
Noun.
[It. & L. See
Terrace
.]
The earth; earth.
Terra alba
[L., white earth]
(Com.)
,
a white amorphous earthy substance consisting of burnt gypsum, aluminium silicate (kaolin), or some similar ingredient, as magnesia. It is sometimes used to adulterate certain foods, spices, candies, paints, etc.
Terra cotta
.
[It., fr.
terra
earth +
cotta
, fem. of
cotto
cooked, L.
coctus
, p. p. of
coquere
to cook. See
Cook
,
Noun.
]
Baked clay; a kind of hard pottery used for statues, architectural decorations, figures, vases, and the like.
Terrae filius
[L., son of the earth]
,
formerly, one appointed to write a satirical Latin poem at the public acts in the University of Oxford; – not unlike the prevaricator at Cambridge, England.
Terra firma
[L.]
,
firm or solid earth, as opposed to
water
.
Terra Japonica
.
[NL.]
Same as
Gambier
. It was formerly supposed to be a kind of earth from Japan.
Terra Lemnia
[L., Lemnian earth]
,
Lemnian earth. See under
Lemnian
.
Terra ponderosa
[L., ponderous earth]
(Min.)
,
barite, or heavy spar.
Terra di Sienna
.
See
Sienna
.

Definition 2022


Terra

Terra

See also: terra, tèrra, terrà, and Tèrra

English

Proper noun

Terra

  1. (Roman mythology) The Roman earth goddess, equivalent in the interpretatio graeca to Gaea.
  2. (astronomy) The planet Earth.
  3. A female given name.

Usage notes

The usage of Terra as a name for the planet Earth is particularly common among English-language science fiction writers. Terra had been the official name of Earth for many centuries in the scientific community due to the use of Latin as international science tongue [1]

Synonyms

Translations

Derived terms

See also

References

  1. Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed. "terra, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1911.

Anagrams


Catalan

Proper noun

Terra f

  1. Earth

See also


Galician

Proper noun

Terra f

  1. Earth

See also


Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɛrra/, [ˈt̪ɛr.ra]
  • Hyphenation: tèr‧ra
  • Homophone: terra

Proper noun

la Terra f

  1. Earth

Proper noun

Terra ?

  1. (astrology) The astrological element Earth that comprises the three earth signs (Toro, Vergine and Capricorno)

See also


Latin

Etymology

From terra (earth), to distinguish the goddess or planet from its other senses.

Proper noun

Terra f (genitive Terrae); first declension

  1. (Roman mythology) The Roman earth goddess, equivalent in the interpretatio graeca to Gaea.
  2. (New Latin) The planet Earth.

Portuguese

Terra

Etymology

From Latin terra.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Terra f

  1. Earth

See also

terra

terra

See also: Terra, terrà, tèrra, and Tèrra

English

Noun

terra (plural terras or terrae)

  1. A rough upland or mountainous region of the moon with a relatively high albedo.

Related terms

Anagrams


Catalan

Etymology

From Old Provençal terra, from Latin terra, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ters- (dry).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɛrə/
  • Rhymes: -ɛra

Noun

terra f (plural terres)

  1. earth
  2. land

Noun

terra m (plural terres)

  1. ground

See also


Corsican

Etymology

From Latin terra.

Noun

terra f (plural terri)

  1. earth
  2. Earth

French

Verb

terra

  1. third-person singular past historic of terrer

Anagrams


Galician

Etymology

From Old Portuguese terra, from Latin terra.

Pronunciation

Noun

terra f (plural terras)

  1. soil, earth
  2. land

See also


Interlingue

Noun

terra

  1. earth
  2. ground

Latin

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *ters- (dry). Cognates include Old Irish (and Irish) tír, Ancient Greek τέρσομαι (térsomai), Sanskrit तृष्यति (tṛṣyati) and Old English þurst (English thirst).

Pronunciation

Noun

terra f (genitive terrae); first declension

  1. ground, dry land
  2. earth, soil, dirt
  3. Earth's surface (dry land and sea together; as opposed to the heavens)
    • 29 bc, Vergil, Georgics, III
      omne adeo genvs in terris hominvmqve ferarvmqve
      et genvs æqvorevm pecvdes pictæqve volvcres
      in fvrias ignemqve rvvnt
      So far does every species on earth of man and beast,
      whether the aquatic species, livestock, or painted-winged,
      collapse into the frenzies and the fire [of sex].
  4. the world, the globe, earth as a celestial object
  5. a land, a region
    • ad 405, Jerome, Vulgate Bible, Dan. 1:2
      [] et asportavit ea in terram sennaar in domvm dei svi []
      [] which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god []

Usage notes

The use of terra to describe the globe as a heavenly body was already established in antiquity, but (like Earth) gradually became treated as a proper noun Terra in New Latin as it became more indistinguishable from other planets and became treated as a simple name.

Declension

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative terra terrae
genitive terrae terrārum
dative terrae terrīs
accusative terram terrās
ablative terrā terrīs
vocative terra terrae

Synonyms

Derived terms

Descendants

References

  • terra in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • terra in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • TERRA in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), “terra”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the earth; the glob: orbis terrae, terrarum
    • the continent: (terra) continens (B. G. 5. 8. 2)
    • an inland region; the interior: terra (regio) mediterranea
    • the earth brings forth fruit, crops: terra effert (more rarely fert, but not profert) fruges
    • the earth brings forth fruit abundantly: terra fundit fruges
    • the vegetable kingdom: ea, quae terra gignit
    • the vegetable kingdom: ea, quae e terra gignuntur
    • the vegetable kingdom: ea, quae a terra stirpibus continentur
    • the vegetable kingdom: ea quorum stirpes terra continentur (N. D. 2. 10. 26)
    • the atmosphere: aer terrae circumiectus or circumfusus
    • the atmosphere: aer qui est terrae proximus
    • a zone: orbis, pars (terrae), cingulus
    • to be contiguous, adjacent to a country: tangere, attingere terram
    • to be contiguous, adjacent to a country: finitimum esse terrae
    • to have the same boundaries; to be coterminous: continentem esse terrae or cum terra (Fam. 15. 2. 2)
    • the empire reaches to the ends of the world: imperium orbis terrarum terminis definitur
    • the most distant countries, the world's end: ultimae terrae
    • the most distant countries, the world's end: extremae terrae partes
    • to begin a journey (on foot, on horseback, by land): iter ingredi (pedibus, equo, terra)
    • to travel through the most remote countries: disiunctissimas ultimas terras peragrare (not permigrare)
    • to fall to the earth: in terram cadere, decidere
    • to sink into the earth: in terram demergi
    • to keep one's eyes on the ground: oculos figere in terra and in terram
    • geography: terrarum or regionum descriptio (geographia)
    • to conquer a country: terra potiri
    • to reduce a country to subjection to oneself: terram suae dicionis facere
    • to make oneself master of a people, country: populum, terram suo imperio, suae potestati subicere (not sibi by itself)
    • to disembark troops: milites in terram, in terra exponere
    • the storm drives some one on an unknown coast: procella (tempestas) aliquem ex alto ad ignotas terras (oras) defert
    • to land (of people): appellere navem (ad terram, litus)
    • to land, disembark: exire, egredi in terram
    • to be unable to land: portu, terra prohiberi (B. C. 3. 15)
  • terra in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • terra in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

Neapolitan

Etymology

From Latin terra.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈterə/

Noun

terra f (plural terre)

  1. land

Old Provençal

Etymology

From Latin terra.

Noun

terra f (oblique plural terras, nominative singular terra, nominative plural terras)

  1. land

Descendants


Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Portuguese terra, from Latin terra, from Proto-Indo-European *ters- (dry).

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈtɛʁɐ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈtɛʁɐ/
    • (Northeast Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈtɛɦɐ/

Noun

terra f (plural terras)

  1. land; region; territory (area associated with something)
    Cuidado, essa é a terra dos caçadores de cabeças.
    Be careful, this is the land of the headhunters.
  2. ground (the surface of the Earth outside buildings)
    Deixa essa pedra na terra.
    Leave this rock on the ground.
  3. land; property (partitioned and measurable area owned by someone)
    Compramos uma terra para criar gado.
    We bought land to raise cattle.
  4. (sailing) land; dry land; ground (places outside a body of water)
    Após meses de viagem, finalmente chegaram em terra.
    After months of travel, they finally arrived on land.
  5. earth; soil (mixture of sand and organic material found on the ground)
    Tua camisa está suja de terra.
    Your shirt is dirty with soil.
  6. land; homeland
    Lá na minha terra tem muitas capivaras.
    There are a lot of capybaras in my homeland.

Synonyms

Proper noun

terra f

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Terra

Verb

terra

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of terrar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of terrar

See also


Romansch

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin terra.

Noun

terra f (plural terras)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter) land, soil
  2. (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter) country, land
  3. (capitalized, proper noun, Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader) the planet Earth

Synonyms


Sicilian

Etymology

From Latin terra.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɛʐʐa/
  • Hyphenation: tèr‧ra

Noun

terra f (plural terri)

  1. land
  2. earth
  3. soil
  4. ground

Related terms