Webster 1913 Edition
r[GREEK]h; akin to LG.
rauch; cf. Lith.
ruktito wrinkle. √ 18. Cf.
Having inequalities, small ridges, or points, on the surface; not smooth or plain;Specifically:
Not level; having a broken surface; uneven; – said of a piece of land, or of a road.“Rough, uneven ways.”
Not polished; uncut; – said of a gem;
Tossed in waves; boisterous; high; – said of a sea or other piece of water.
More unequal than the
Marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; – said of dress, appearance, or the like;“A visage rough.”
Hence, figuratively, lacking refinement, gentleness, or polish.
Not courteous or kind; harsh; rude; uncivil;
A fiend, a fury, pitiless and
A surly boatman,
roughas wayes or winds.
Marked by severity or violence; harsh; hard;
roughmeasures or actions
roughedge of battle.
A quicker and
Kind words prevent a good deal of that perverseness which
roughand imperious usage often produces.
Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating; – said of sound, voice, and the like;
Austere; harsh to the taste;
Tempestuous; boisterous; stormy;
He stayeth his
Isa. xxvii. 8.
Time and the hour runs through the
Hastily or carelessly done; wanting finish; incomplete;
an uncut diamond; hence, colloquially, a person of intrinsic worth under a rude exterior.–
Rough and ready.
Acting with offhand promptness and efficiency. “The rough and ready understanding.”
Produced offhand.“Some rough and ready theory.”
A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy.
In the rough,
in an unwrought or rude condition; unpolished;
as, a diamond or a sketch.
in the rough
Contemplating the people
in the rough.
In a rough manner; rudely; roughly.
roughon the trenches, and dying stubbornly in their boats.
Sir W. Scott.
To render rough; to roughen.
To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes.
To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; – with out;
roughout a carving, a sketch
rolls for reducing, in a rough manner, a bloom of iron to bars.–
To rough it,
to endure hard conditions of living; to live without ordinary comforts.
Webster 1828 Edition
1.Having inequalities, small ridges or points on the surface; not smooth or plane; as a rough board, a rough stone; rough cloth.
2.Stony; abounding with stones and stumps; as rough land; or simply with stones; as a rough road.
3.Not wrought or polished; as a rough diamond.
4.Thrown into huge waves; violently agitated; as a rough sea.
5.Tempestuous; stormy; boisterous; as rough weather.
6.Austere to the taste; harsh; as rough wine.
7.Harsh to the ear; grating; jarring; unharmonious; as rough sounds; rough numbers.
8.Rugged of temper; severe; austere; rude; not mild or courteous.
A fiend, a fury, pitiless and rough.
9.Coarse in manners; rude.
A surly boatman, rough as seas and wind.
10.Harsh; violent; not easy; as a rough remedy.
11.Hard featured; not delicate; as a rough visage.
12.Harsh; severe; uncivil; as rough usage.
On the rough edge of battle, ere it join'd, Satan advanc'd.
14.Rugged; disordered in appearance; coarse.
Rough from the tossing surge Ulysses moves.
15.Hairy; shaggy; covered with hairs, bristles and the like.