Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Venus

Ve′nus

(vē′nŭs)
,
Noun.
[L.
Venus
,
-eris
, the goddess of love, the planet Venus.]
1.
(Class. Myth.)
The goddess of beauty and love, that is, beauty or love deified.
2.
(Anat.)
One of the planets, the second in order from the sun, its orbit lying between that of Mercury and that of the Earth, at a mean distance from the sun of about 67,000,000 miles. Its diameter is 7,700 miles, and its sidereal period 224.7 days. As the morning star, it was called by the ancients
Lucifer
; as the evening star,
Hesperus
.
3.
(Alchem.)
The metal copper; – probably so designated from the ancient use of the metal in making mirrors, a mirror being still the astronomical symbol of the planet Venus.
[Archaic]
4.
(Zool.)
Any one of numerous species of marine bivalve shells of the genus
Venus
or family
Veneridae
. Many of these shells are large, and ornamented with beautiful frills; others are smooth, glossy, and handsomely colored. Some of the larger species, as the round clam, or quahog, are valued for food.
Venus’s basin
(Bot.)
,
the wild teasel; – so called because the connate leaf bases form a kind of receptacle for water, which was formerly gathered for use in the toilet. Also called
Venus's bath
.
Venus's basket
(Zool.)
,
an elegant, cornucopia-shaped, hexactinellid sponge (
Euplectella speciosa
) native of the East Indies. It consists of glassy, transparent, siliceous fibers interwoven and soldered together so as to form a firm network, and has long, slender, divergent anchoring fibers at the base by means of which it stands erect in the soft mud at the bottom of the sea. Called also
Venus's flower basket
, and
Venus's purse
.
Venus's comb
.
(a)
(Bot.)
Same as
Lady's comb
.
(b)
(Zool.)
A species of
Murex
(
Murex tenuispinus
). It has a long, tubular canal, with a row of long, slender spines along both of its borders, and rows of similar spines covering the body of the shell. Called also
Venus's shell
.
Venus's fan
(Zool.)
,
a common reticulated, fanshaped gorgonia (
Gorgonia flabellum
) native of Florida and the West Indies. When fresh the color is purple or yellow, or a mixture of the two.
Venus's flytrap
.
(Bot.)
See
Flytrap
, 2.
Venus's girdle
(Zool.)
,
a long, flat, ribbonlike, very delicate, transparent and iridescent ctenophore (
Cestum Veneris
) which swims in the open sea. Its form is due to the enormous development of two spheromeres. See Illust. in Appendix.
Venus's hair
(Bot.)
,
a delicate and graceful fern (
Adiantum Capillus-Veneris
) having a slender, black and shining stem and branches.
Venus's hair stone
(Min.)
,
quartz penetrated by acicular crystals of rutile.
Venus's looking-glass
(Bot.)
,
an annual plant of the genus
Specularia
allied to the bellflower; – also called
lady's looking-glass
.
Venus's navelwort
(Bot.)
,
any one of several species of
Omphalodes
, low boraginaceous herbs with small blue or white flowers.
Venus's pride
(Bot.)
,
an old name for Quaker ladies. See under
Quaker
.
Venus's purse
.
(Zool.)
Same as
Venus's basket
, above.
Venus's shell
.
(Zool.)
(a)
Any species of Cypraea; a cowrie.
(b)
Same as
Venus's comb
, above.
(c)
Same as
Venus
, 4.
Venus's slipper
.
(a)
(Bot.)
Any plant of the genus
Cypripedium
. See
Lady's slipper
.
(b)
(Zool.)
Any heteropod shell of the genus
Carinaria
. See
Carinaria
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Venus

VE'NUS

,
Noun.
[L. ventus, venenum; Eng. venom to poison, to fret or irritate. These affinities lead to the true origin of these words. The primary sense of the root is to shoot or rush, as light or wind. From light is derived the sense of white, fair, Venus, or it is from opening, parting; and from rushing, moving, comes wind, and the sense of raging, fury, whence L. venenum, poison, that which frets or causes to rage. These words all coincide with L. venio, which signifies to rush, to fall, to happen; venor, to hunt, &c. The Greeks had the same idea of the goddess of love,
viz.
that her name signified fairness, whiteness, and hence the fable that she sprung from froth, whence her Green name.]
1.
In mythology, the goddess of beauty and love; that is, beauty or love deified; just as the Gaelic and Irish diana, swiftness, impetuosity, is denominated the goddess of hunting.
2.
In astronomy, one of the inferior planets, whose orbit is between the earth and Mercury; a star of brilliant splendor.
3.
In the old chimistry, a name given to copper.

Definition 2022


Venus

Venus

See also: venus, Venüs, Vénus, and Vênus

Translingual

Etymology

Latin after Venus (goddess of beauty, love, sexual intercourse). See images.

Proper noun

Venus f

  1. A taxonomic genus within the family Veneridae – the true venus clams.

Hypernyms

Hyponyms


The Birth of Venus

English

Venus astronomical symbol

Proper noun

Venus

  1. (Roman mythology) The goddess of love, beauty, and natural productivity; the Roman counterpart of Aphrodite.
  2. The second planet in our solar system, named for the goddess; represented in astronomy and astrology by .
  3. (obsolete) Sexual activity or intercourse; sex, lust, venery.
  4. (poetry): Love; sex.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

Anagrams


Asturian

Proper noun

Venus f

  1. Venus (planet)

Catalan

Proper noun

Venus f

  1. Venus (goddess, planet)

See also


Danish

Proper noun

Venus

  1. Venus

See also

(planets of the solar system) planeter i solsystemet; Merkur, Venus, Jorden/jorden, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptun [edit]


Dutch

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Venus f

  1. Venus

Estonian

Proper noun

Venus

  1. (Roman mythology) Venus (goddess)

Finnish

Proper noun

Venus

  1. (Roman mythology) Venus (goddess, planet)

Declension

Inflection of Venus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative Venus
genitive Venuksen
partitive Venusta
illative Venukseen
singular plural
nominative Venus
accusative nom. Venus
gen. Venuksen
genitive Venuksen
partitive Venusta
inessive Venuksessa
elative Venuksesta
illative Venukseen
adessive Venuksella
ablative Venukselta
allative Venukselle
essive Venuksena
translative Venukseksi
instructive
abessive Venuksetta
comitative

Anagrams


Galician

Proper noun

Venus f

  1. Venus (planet)
  2. Aphrodite, Venus (goddess)

See also


German

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Venus f (genitive Venus)

  1. (Roman mythology) Venus (goddess, planet)

See also


Icelandic

Etymology

From Latin Venus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈvɛːnʏs/
  • Rhymes: -ɛːnʏs

Proper noun

Venus f

  1. (Roman mythology) Venus (goddess)
  2. Venus (planet)
  3. A female given name

Latin

Etymology

From Proto-Italic *wenos (love), from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (to wish, love). See also Latin veneror, venia and English wish.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Venus f (genitive Veneris); third declension

  1. Venus, Roman goddess of natural productivity.
  2. Venus, the second planet in our solar system.

Inflection

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative Venus Venerēs
genitive Veneris Venerum
dative Venerī Veneribus
accusative Venerem Venerēs
ablative Venere Veneribus
vocative Venus Venerēs

Derived terms

References


Northern Sami

Etymology

Borrowing from Norwegian Venus.

Proper noun

Venus

  1. Venus (planet)

Inflection

Odd, no gradation
Nominative Venus
Genitive Venusa
Singular Plural
Nominative Venus Venusat
Accusative Venusa Venusiid
Genitive Venusa Venusiid
Illative Venusii Venusiidda
Locative Venusis Venusiin
Comitative Venusiin Venusiiguin
Essive Venusin
Possessive forms
Singular Dual Plural
1st person Venusan Venuseame Venuseamet
2nd person Venusat Venuseatte Venuseattet
3rd person Venusis Venuseaskka Venuseaset

See also


Norwegian

Proper noun

Venus

  1. (Roman mythology) Venus (goddess, planet)

See also


Spanish

Proper noun

Venus ?

  1. Venus

See also


Swedish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈveːnɵs/

Proper noun

Venus c

  1. (Roman mythology) Venus (goddess, planet)

venus

venus

See also: Venus, Venüs, Vénus, and Vênus

English

Noun

venus (plural venuses)

  1. Any of the bivalve molluscs in the genus Venus or family Veneridae.

Anagrams


Esperanto

Verb

venus

  1. conditional of veni

French

Verb

venus

  1. masculine plural of the past participle of venir

Ido

Verb

venus

  1. conditional of venar

Latin

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *wes- (to sell, buy). Cognate with vīlis, Ancient Greek ὦνος (ônos), ὠνέομαι (ōnéomai, to buy), Sanskrit वस्नयति (vasnayati, to haggle), वस्न (vasna, price).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈweː.nus/, [ˈweː.nʊs]

Noun

vēnus m (genitive vēnūs); fourth declension

  1. sale, purchase

Inflection

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative vēnus vēnūs
genitive vēnūs vēnuum
dative vēnuī vēnibus
accusative vēnum vēnūs
ablative vēnū vēnibus
vocative vēnus vēnūs

Derived terms

References