Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Vest

Vest

(vĕst)
,
Noun.
[L.
vestis
a garment, vesture; akin to Goth.
wasti
, and E.
wear
: cf. F.
veste
. See
Wear
to carry on the person, and cf.
Divest
,
Invest
,
Travesty
.]
1.
An article of clothing covering the person; an outer garment; a vestment; a dress; a vesture; a robe.
In state attended by her maiden train,
Who bore the
vests
that holy rites require.
Dryden.
2.
Any outer covering; array; garb.
Not seldom clothed in radiant
vest

Deceitfully goes forth the morn.
Wordsworth.
3.
Specifically, a waistcoat, or sleeveless body garment, for men, worn under the coat.
Syn. – Garment; vesture; dress; robe; vestment; waistcoat.
Vest
,
Waistcoat
. In England, the original word waistcoat is generally used for the body garment worn over the shirt and immediately under the coat. In the United States this garment is commonly called a vest, and the waistcoat is often improperly given to an under-garment.

Vest

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Vested
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Vesting
.]
[Cf. L.
vestire
,
vestitum
, OF.
vestir
, F.
vêtir
. See
Vest
,
Noun.
]
1.
To clothe with, or as with, a vestment, or garment; to dress; to robe; to cover, surround, or encompass closely.
Came
vested
all in white, pure as her mind.
Milton.
With ether
vested
, and a purple sky.
Dryden.
2.
To clothe with authority, power, or the like; to put in possession; to invest; to furnish; to endow; – followed by with before the thing conferred;
as, to
vest
a court with power to try cases of life and death
.
Had I been
vested
with the monarch’s power.
Prior.
3.
To place or give into the possession or discretion of some person or authority; to commit to another; – with in before the possessor;
as, the power of life and death is
vested
in the king, or in the courts
.
Empire and dominion was [were]
vested
in him.
Locke.
4.
To invest; to put;
as, to
vest
money in goods, land, or houses
.
[R.]
5.
(Law)
To clothe with possession;
as, to
vest
a person with an estate
; also, to give a person an immediate fixed right of present or future enjoyment of;
as, an estate is
vested
in possession
.
Bouvier.

Vest

(vĕst)
,
Verb.
I.
To come or descend; to be fixed; to take effect, as a title or right; – followed by in;
as, upon the death of the ancestor, the estate, or the right to the estate,
vests
in the heir at law
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Vest

VEST

,
Noun.
[L. vestis, a coat or garment; vestio, to cover or clothe.]
1.
An outer garment.
Over his lucid arms a military vest of purple flow'd.
2.
In common speech, a man's under garment; a short garment covering the body, but without sleeves, worn under the coat; called also waistcoat.

VEST

,
Verb.
T.
1.
To clothe; to cover, surround or encompass closely.
With ether vested and a purple sky.
2.
To dress; to clothe with a long garment; as the vested priest.
To vest with, to clothe; to furnish with; to invest with; as, to vest a man with authority; to vest a court with power to try cases of life and death; to vest one with the right of seizing slave ships.
Had I been vested with the monarch's pow'r.
To vest in, to put in possession of; to furnish with; to clothe with. The supreme executive power in England is vested in the king; in the United States, it is vested in the president.
2.
To clothe with another form; to convert into another substance or species of property; as, to vest money in goods; to vest money in land or houses; to vest money in bank stock, or in six per cent stock; to vest all one's property in the public funds.

VEST

,
Verb.
I.
To come or descend to; to be fixed; to take effect, as a title or right. Upon the death of the ancestor, the estate, or the right to the estate, vests in the heir at law.

Definition 2022


vest

vest

See also: vést and vešt

English

Noun

vest (plural vests)

  1. (now rare) A loose robe or outer garment worn historically by men in Arab or Middle Eastern countries.
  2. (now Canada, US) A sleeveless garment that buttons down the front, worn over a shirt, and often as part of a suit; a waistcoat.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 10, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      The Jones man was looking at her hard. Now he reached into the hatch of his vest and fetched out a couple of cigars, everlasting big ones, with gilt bands on them.
  3. (Britain) A sleeveless garment, often with a low-cut neck, usually worn under a shirt or blouse.
  4. A sleeveless top, typically with identifying colours or logos, worn by an athlete or member of a sports team.
  5. Any sleeveless outer garment, often for a purpose such as identification, safety, or storage.
    • 2010, Thomas Mullen, The Many Deaths of the Firefly Brothers, Random House, ISBN 9781400067534, page 162:
      He gripped some of the shreds and pulled off his vest and the shirt beneath it, his clothing disintegrating around him. What in the **** point was there in wearing a twenty-five-pound bulletproof vest if you could still get gunned to death?
  6. A vestment.
    • John Dryden (1631-1700)
      In state attended by her maiden train, / Who bore the vests that holy rites require.
  7. Clothing generally; array; garb.
    • William Wordsworth (1770-1850)
      Not seldom clothed in radiant vest / Deceitfully goes forth the morn.

Synonyms

Hyponyms

  • (sleeveless outergarment): safety vest, scrimmage vest, fishing vest

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

vest (third-person singular simple present vests, present participle vesting, simple past and past participle vested)

  1. To clothe with, or as with, a vestment, or garment; to dress; to robe; to cover, surround, or encompass closely.
    • Milton
      Came vested all in white, pure as her mind.
    • Dryden
      With ether vested, and a purple sky.
  2. To clothe with authority, power, etc.; to put in possession; to invest; to furnish; to endow; followed by with and the thing conferred.
    to vest a court with power to try cases of life and death
    • Prior
      Had I been vested with the monarch's power.
  3. To place or give into the possession or discretion of some person or authority; to commit to another; with in before the possessor.
    The power of life and death is vested in the king, or in the courts.
    • John Locke
      Empire and dominion was [were] vested in him.
  4. (obsolete) To invest; to put.
    to vest money in goods, land, or houses
  5. (law) To clothe with possession; also, to give a person an immediate fixed right of present or future enjoyment of.
    to vest a person with an estate
    an estate is vested in possession
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bouvier to this entry?)
  6. (commonly used of financial arrangements) To become vested, to become permanent.
    My pension vests at the end of the month and then I can take it with me when I quit.
    • 2005, Kaye A. Thomas, Consider Your Options, page 104
      If you doubt that you'll stick around at the company long enough for your options to vest, you should discount the value for that uncertainty as well.
    • 2007, Ransey Guy Cole, Jr. (United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit), Roger Miller Music, Inc. v. Sony ATV Publishing, LLC
      Sony interpreted 17 U.S.C. § 304 as requiring that the author be alive at the start of the copyright renewal term for the author’s prior assignments to vest.

Anagrams


Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vɛst/, [ʋɛsd̥]

Etymology 1

From Old Norse vestr, from Proto-Germanic *westrą.

Noun

vest c (singular definite vesten, not used in plural form)

  1. The west.
Inflection
Derived terms

Adverb

vest

  1. Toward the west, westwards.

Etymology 2

From French veste.

Noun

vest c (singular definite vesten, plural indefinite veste)

  1. A vest.
Inflection

References


Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛst

Etymology 1

Noun

vest f (plural vesten, diminutive vestje n)

  1. fortified wall, city wall
  2. moat
  3. boulevard
Synonyms

Etymology 2

Noun

vest n (plural vesten, diminutive vestje n)

  1. cardigan

Latvian

Verb

vest tr. or intr., 1st conj., pres. vedu, ved, ved, past vedu

  1. to lead

Conjugation


Norwegian Bokmål

vest

Etymology 1

From Old Norse vestr, from Proto-Germanic *westrą.

Noun

vest n (indeclinable) (abbreviation: V)

  1. west (compass point)
Antonyms
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Latin vestis, via French and Italian.

Noun

vest m (definite singular vesten, indefinite plural vester, definite plural vestene)

  1. a waistcoat
Derived terms

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From Old Norse vestr, from Proto-Germanic *westrą.

Noun

vest n (indeclinable) (abbreviation: V)

  1. west (compass point)
Antonyms
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Latin vestis, via French and Italian.

Noun

vest m (definite singular vesten, indefinite plural vestar, definite plural vestane)

  1. a waistcoat
Derived terms

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowing from German West.

Noun

vest n (uncountable)

  1. west

Declension

Synonyms

See also


Romansch

Etymology

From a Germanic language.

Noun

vest m

  1. west

Antonyms

Derived terms

Related terms


Serbo-Croatian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *věstь, from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (to see, know, perceive).

Noun

vȇst f (Cyrillic spelling ве̑ст)

  1. report, news

Declension


Slovene

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋéːst/
  • Tonal orthography: vẹ̑st

Noun

vést f (genitive vestí, nominative plural vestí)

  1. conscience

Declension