Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Die

Die

,
Verb.
I.
[
imp. & p. p.
Died
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Dying
.]
[OE.
deyen
,
dien
, of Scand. origin; cf. Icel.
deyja
; akin to Dan.
döe
, Sw.
dö
, Goth.
diwan
(cf. Goth.
afd[GREEK]jan
to harass), OFries.
d[GREEK]ia
to kill, OS.
doian
to die, OHG.
touwen
, OSlav.
daviti
to choke, Lith.
dovyti
to torment. Cf.
Dead
,
Death
.]
1.
To pass from an animate to a lifeless state; to cease to live; to suffer a total and irreparable loss of action of the vital functions; to become dead; to expire; to perish; – said of animals and vegetables; often with of, by, with, from, and rarely for, before the cause or occasion of death;
as, to
die
of disease or hardships; to
die
by fire or the sword; to
die
with horror at the thought.
To
die
by the roadside of grief and hunger.
Macaulay.
She will
die
from want of care.
Tennyson.
2.
To suffer death; to lose life.
In due time Christ
died
for the ungodly.
Rom. v. 6.
3.
To perish in any manner; to cease; to become lost or extinct; to be extinguished.
Letting the secret
die
within his own breast.
Spectator.
Great deeds can not
die
.
Tennyson.
4.
To sink; to faint; to pine; to languish, with weakness, discouragement, love, etc.
His heart
died
within, and he became as a stone.
1 Sam. xxv. 37.
The young men acknowledged, in love letters, that they
died
for Rebecca.
Tatler.
5.
To become indifferent; to cease to be subject;
as, to
die
to pleasure or to sin
.
6.
To recede and grow fainter; to become imperceptible; to vanish; – often with out or away.
Blemishes may
die
away and disappear amidst the brightness.
Spectator.
7.
(Arch.)
To disappear gradually in another surface, as where moldings are lost in a sloped or curved face.
8.
To become vapid, flat, or spiritless, as liquor.
To die in the last ditch
,
to fight till death; to die rather than surrender.

Syn. – To expire; decease; perish; depart; vanish.

Die

,
Noun.
;
pl. in 1 and (usually) in 2,
Dice
(dīs)
; in 4 & 5,
Dies
(dīz)
.
[OE.
dee
,
die
, F.
dé
, fr. L.
datus
given, thrown, p. p. of
dare
to give, throw. See
Date
a point of time.]
1.
A small cube, marked on its faces with spots from one to six, and used in playing games by being shaken in a box and thrown from it. See
Dice
.
2.
Any small cubical or square body.
Words . . . pasted upon little flat tablets or
dies
.
Watts.
3.
That which is, or might be, determined, by a throw of the die; hazard; chance.
Such is the
die
of war.
Spenser.
4.
(Arch.)
That part of a pedestal included between base and cornice; the dado.
5.
(Mach.)
(a)
A metal or plate (often one of a pair) so cut or shaped as to give a certain desired form to, or impress any desired device on, an object or surface, by pressure or by a blow; used in forging metals, coining, striking up sheet metal, etc.
(b)
A perforated block, commonly of hardened steel used in connection with a punch, for punching holes, as through plates, or blanks from plates, or for forming cups or capsules, as from sheet metal, by drawing.
(c)
A hollow internally threaded screw-cutting tool, made in one piece or composed of several parts, for forming screw threads on bolts, etc.; one of the separate parts which make up such a tool.

Webster 1828 Edition


Die

DIE

,
Verb.
I.
[See Day.]
1.
To be deprived of respiration, of the circulation of blood, and other bodily functions, and rendered incapable of resuscitation, as animals, either by natural decay, by disease, or by violence; to cease to live; to expire; to decease; to perish; and with respect to man, to depart from this world.
All the first born in the land of Egypt shall die. Exodus 11.
The fish that is in the river shall die. Exodus 7.
This word is followed by of or by. Men die of disease; of a fever; of sickness; of a fall; of grief. They die by the sword; by famine; by pestilence; by violence; by sickness; by disease. In some cases, custom has established the use of the one, to the exclusion of the other; but in many cases, either by or of may be used at the pleasure of the writer or speaker. The use of for, he died for thirst, is not elegant nor common.
2.
To be punished with death; to lose life for a crime, or for the sake of another.
I will relieve my master, if I die for it. Christ died for the ungodly. Romans 5.
Christ died for our sins. 1 Corinthians 15.
3.
To come to an end; to cease; to be lost; to perish or come to nothing; as, let the secret die in your own breast.
4.
To sink; to faint.
His heart died withing him, and he became as a stone. 1 Samuel 25.
5.
To languish with pleasure or tenderness; followed by away.
To sounds of heavenly harps she dies away.
6.
To languish with affection.
The young men acknowledged that they died for Rebecca.
7.
To recede as sound, and become less distinct; to become less and less; or to vanish from the sight, or disappear gradually. Sound or color dies away.
8.
To lose vegetable life; to wither; to perish; as plants or seeds. Plants die for want of water. Some plants die annually.
9.
To become vapid or spiritless, as liquors; mostly used in the participle; as the cider or beer is dead.
10.
In theology, to perish everlastingly; to suffer divine wrath and punishment in the future world.
11.
To become indifferent to, or to cease to be under the power of; as, to die to sin.
12.
To endure great danger and distress.
I die daily. 1 Corinthians 15.
To die away, to decrease gradually; to cease to blow; as, the wind dies away.

DIE

,
Noun.
plu.
dice.
1.
A small cube, marked on its faces with numbers from one to six, used in gaming, by being thrown from a box.
He ventured his all on the cast of a die.
2.
Any cubic body; a flat tablet.
3.
Hazard; chance.
Such is the die of war.

DIE

,
Noun.
Plu. Dies. A stamp used in coining money, in founderies, &c.

Definition 2021


die

die

See also: dié, diè, diē, Diè, and di'e

English

Verb

die (third-person singular simple present dies, present participle dying, simple past and past participle died)

  1. (intransitive) To stop living; to become dead; to undergo death.
    • 2008 December 8, James Rolfe as the Angry Video Game Nerd, Silver Surfer - NES - Angry Video Game Nerd - Episode 27 (The Angry Video Game Nerd), episode 27, written by James Rolfe, Philadelphia: Cinemassacre, 00:08:53 from the start:
      I mean this game just pukes snot up my ass. It's like you touch the top of the building, you die. You touch the ceiling, you die. You touch the floor, you die. Too far to the right, you die. Too far to the left, you die. You die, you die, you die, die, die, die, die, die, die, die, die, die, die, die, DIE!
    1. followed by of; general use:
      • 1839, Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist, Penguin 1985, page 87:
        "What did she die of, Work'us?" said Noah. "Of a broken heart, some of our old nurses told me," replied Oliver.
      • 2000, Stephen King, On Writing, Pocket Books 2002, page 85:
        In 1971 or 72, Mom's sister Carolyn Weimer died of breast cancer.
    2. followed by from; general use, though somewhat more common in the context of medicine or the sciences:
      • 1865, British Medical Journal, 4 Mar 1865, page 213:
        She lived several weeks; but afterwards she died from epilepsy, to which malady she had been previously subject.
      • 2007, Frank Herbert & Kevin J. Anderson, Sandworms of Dune, Tor 2007, page 191:
        "Or all of them will die from the plague. Even if most of the candidates succumb. . ."
    3. followed by for; often expressing wider contextual motivations, though sometimes indicating direct causes:
      • 1961, Joseph Heller, Catch-22, Simon & Schuster 1999, page 232:
        Englishmen are dying for England, Americans are dying for America, Germans are dying for Germany, Russians are dying for Russia. There are now fifty or sixty countries fighting in this war.
      • 2003, Tara Herivel & Paul Wright (editors), Prison Nation, Routledge 2003, page 187:
        Less than three days later, Johnson lapsed into a coma in his jail cell and died for lack of insulin.
    4. (now rare) followed by with as an indication of direct cause:
      • 1600, William Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, Act III, Scene I:
        Therefore let Benedicke like covered fire, / Consume away in sighes, waste inwardly: / It were a better death, to die with mockes, / Which is as bad as die with tickling.
      • 1830, Joseph Smith, The Book of Mormon, Richards 1854, page 337:
        And there were some who died with fevers, which at some seasons of the year was very frequent in the land.
    5. (still current) followed by with as an indication of manner:
      She died with dignity.
  2. (transitive) To stop living and undergo (a specified death).
    He died a hero's death.
    They died a thousand deaths.
  3. (intransitive, figuratively) To yearn intensely.
    • 1598, Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, Act III, Scene II:
      Yes, and his ill conditions; and in despite of all, dies for him.
    • 2004 Paul Joseph Draus, Consumed in the city: observing tuberculosis at century's end - Page 168
      I could see that he was dying, dying for a cigarette, dying for a fix maybe, dying for a little bit of freedom, but trapped in a hospital bed and a sick body.
  4. (intransitive, idiomatic) To be utterly cut off by family or friends, as if dead.
    The day our sister eloped, she died to our mother.
  5. (intransitive, figuratively) To become spiritually dead; to lose hope.
    He died a little inside each time she refused to speak to him.
  6. (intransitive, colloquial) To be mortified or shocked by a situation.
    If anyone sees me wearing this ridiculous outfit, I'll die.
  7. (intransitive, of a machine) to stop working, to break down.
    My car died in the middle of the freeway this morning.
  8. (intransitive, of a computer program) To abort, to terminate (as an error condition).
  9. To perish; to cease to exist; to become lost or extinct.
    • Spectator
      letting the secret die within his own breast
    • Tennyson
      Great deeds cannot die.
  10. To sink; to faint; to pine; to languish, with weakness, discouragement, love, etc.
    • Bible, 1 Samuel xxv. 37
      His heart died within, and he became as a stone.
  11. To become indifferent; to cease to be subject.
    to die to pleasure or to sin
  12. (architecture) To disappear gradually in another surface, as where mouldings are lost in a sloped or curved face.
  13. To become vapid, flat, or spiritless, as liquor.
  14. (of a stand-up comedian or a joke) To fail to evoke laughter from the audience.
    Then there was that time I died onstage in Montreal...
Synonyms
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations

References

  1. J. P. Mallory, Douglas Q. Adams, Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture (London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1999), page 150, s.v. "death"
  2. Vladimir Orel, A Handbook of Germanic Etymology (Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2003).

Etymology 2

A pair of common dice with six sides each.
Various dice with different numbers of sides and distributions of values.

From Middle English dee, from Old French de (Modern French ), from Latin datum, from datus (given), the past participle of dare (to give), from Proto-Indo-European *deh₃- (to lay out, to spread out).

Noun

die (plural dies or dice)

  1. (plural: dice) A regular polyhedron, usually a cube, with numbers or symbols on each side and used in games of chance.
    • 1748. David Hume. Enquiry concerning the human understanding. In: Wikisource. Wikimedia: 2007. § 46.
      If a die were marked with one figure or number of spots on four sides, and with another figure or number of spots on the two remaining sides, it would be more probable, that the former would turn up than the latter;
  2. (plural: dies) The cubical part of a pedestal, a plinth.
  3. (plural: dies) A device for cutting into a specified shape.
  4. A device used to cut an external **** thread. (Internal **** threads are cut with a tap.)
  5. (plural: dies) A mold for forming metal or plastic objects.
  6. (plural: dies) An embossed device used in stamping coins and medals.
  7. (electronics) (plural: dice or dies) An oblong chip fractured from a semiconductor wafer engineered to perform as an independent device or integrated circuit.
  8. Any small cubical or square body.
    • Watts
      words [] pasted upon little flat tablets or dies
  9. (obsolete) That which is, or might be, determined, by a throw of the die; hazard; chance.
    • Spenser
      Such is the die of war.
Usage notes

The game of dice is singular. Thus in "Dice is a game played with dice," the first occurrence is singular, the second occurrence is plural. Otherwise, using the plural dice as a singular instead of die is considered incorrect by most authorities, but has come into widespread use.

Derived terms
Translations

Anagrams


Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch die, which is used only as a demonstrative in Dutch. The replacement of the article de with stronger die is also common in Surinamese Dutch.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /di/
  • IPA(key): /‿i/ (article only; contracted form, particularly after prepositions and conjunctions)

Article

die (definite)

  1. the (definite article)
    die man ― the man
    die vrou ― the woman
    die kind ― the child

Pronoun

die

  1. this one, these; that one, those; he, she, it, they
    Ek het dokter toe gegaan en die het gesê ek moet in bed bly.
    I went to the doctor and he / she said I had to stay in bed.

Usage notes

  • The corresponding adjective form (“this”, “these”) is usually spelt dié in order to distinguish it from the definite article. This spelling is also sometimes used for the pronoun, though this is unnecessary.

Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /diːə/, [ˈd̥iːə]

Etymology 1

From Proto-Germanic, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁(y)- (to suck, suckle). Cognate with Latin fellō, Sanskrit धयति (dhayati, to suck). Compare Danish (causative) dægge, Gothic 𐌳𐌰𐌳𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 (daddjan, suckle).

Noun

die c

  1. breast milk, mother's milk, when sucked from the breast
Derived terms
  • savndiet

Etymology 2

Verb

die (imperative di, infinitive at die, present tense dier, past tense diede, perfect tense har diet)

  1. suck (being nursed)

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /di/

Etymology

From Middle Dutch die, a merger of Old Dutch thie, thē, thia, thiu and similar forms of the demonstrative. As in Old High German ther, der it replaced the original masculine and feminine nominative forms from Proto-Germanic *sa.

Determiner

die

  1. that (masculine, feminine); referring to a thing or a person further away.
    die boom
    that tree
    die vrouw
    that woman
  2. those (plural); referring to things or people further away.
    die vensters
    those windows

Inflection

Dutch demonstrative determiners
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Proximal deze deze dit deze
Distal die die dat die
Possessive diens dier diens dier

Pronoun

die m, f, pl

  1. (relative) who, which, that
    Ik ken geen mensen die dat kunnen.
    Don't know any people who can do that.
    Oh, maar ik ken iemand die dat wel kan!
    Oh, but I know somebody who can!

Usage notes

A preceding comma may alter the meaning of a clause starting with a relative pronoun. Compare the following sentences:

  • Alle arbeiders die staken zullen op sancties moeten rekenen.
    All workers who are striking should reckon on sanctions.
  • Alle arbeiders, die staken, zullen op sancties moeten rekenen.
    All workers, who are striking, should reckon on sanctions.

In the first sentence, only the striking workers are advised to reckon on sanctions. In the second sentence, the parenthetical phrase indicates that all the workers are striking and all should reckon on sanctions.


German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /diː/ (stressed)
  • IPA(key): /dɪ/ (unstressed)
  • Rhymes: -iː

Article

die (definite, feminine and plural form of der)

  1. The; declined form of der
    die Frau — “the woman”
    die Männer — “the men”

Usage notes

The definite article die is the form of der (the) used with the following types of noun phrases:

  • nominative singular feminine
  • accusative singular feminine
  • nominative plural for all genders
  • accusative plural for all genders

Declension

German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die das die
Genitive des der des der
Dative dem der dem den
Accusative den die das die

Pronoun

die (relative or demonstrative)

  1. (in a subordinate clause as a relative pronoun) That; which; who; whom; whose.
    Ich kenne eine Frau, die das kann. — “I know a woman who can do that.”
  2. (as a demonstrative pronoun) This one; that one; these ones; those ones; she; her; it; they; them
    die da — “that one (or she or they) there”

Usage notes

In a subordinate clause, die indicates a person or thing referenced in the main clause. It is used with plural or feminine singular antecedents.

Declension

Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das die
genitive dessen deren
younger also: derer
dessen derer
deren
dative dem der dem denen
accusative den die das die

Anagrams


Interlingua

Noun

die (plural dies)

  1. A day.

Derived terms

  • De die in die: From day to day
  • Un die: One day, sometime
  • Le die sequente: The next day, the following day

Italian

Etymology 1

From Latin diēs, back-formed from the accusative diem (whose vowel was once long), from Proto-Italic *djēm, the accusative of *djous, from Proto-Indo-European *dyew- (heaven, sky; to shine).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈdi.e/, [ˈd̪iːe]
  • Hyphenation: dì‧e

Noun

die m (invariable)

  1. Obsolete form of .

Etymology 2

Adjective

die f pl

  1. feminine plural of dio

Latin

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dieː/

Noun

diē

  1. ablative singular of diēs ("day").
    Sine die.
    Without a day.

Mandarin

Romanization

die

  1. Nonstandard spelling of diē.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of dié.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of diè.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch thie, thia, from Proto-Germanic *sa.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /diə/, /di/

Pronoun

die m, f

  1. that, that one

Determiner

die m, f

  1. that
  2. the

Descendants


Mirandese

Etymology

From Latin diēs.

Noun

die m (plural dies)

  1. day

Antonyms


Saterland Frisian

Article

die m

  1. the