Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Jump

Jump

,
Verb.
T.
1.
To pass over by means of a spring or leap; to overleap;
as, to
jump
a stream
.
2.
To cause to jump;
as, he
jumped
his horse across the ditch
.
3.
To expose to danger; to risk; to hazard.
[Obs.]
To
jump
a body with a dangerous physic.
Shakespeare
4.
(Smithwork)
(a)
To join by a butt weld.
(b)
To thicken or enlarge by endwise blows; to upset.
5.
(Quarrying)
To bore with a jumper.

Jump

,
Noun.
1.
The act of jumping; a leap; a spring; a bound.
“To advance by jumps.”
Locke.
2.
An effort; an attempt; a venture.
[Obs.]
Our fortune lies
Upon this
jump
.
Shakespeare
3.
The space traversed by a leap.
4.
(Mining)
A dislocation in a stratum; a fault.
5.
(Arch.)
An abrupt interruption of level in a piece of brickwork or masonry.
From the jump
,
from the start or beginning.
[Colloq.]
Jump joint
.
(a)
A butt joint
.
(b)
A flush joint, as of plank in carvel-built vessels.
Jump seat
.
(a)
A movable carriage seat
.
(b)
A carriage constructed with a seat which may be shifted so as to make room for second or extra seat. Also used adjectively;
as, a
jump-seat
wagon
.

Jump

,
Adj.
Nice; exact; matched; fitting; precise.
[Obs.]
Jump names.”
B. Jonson.

Jump

,
adv.
Exactly; pat.
[Obs.]
Shak.

Webster 1828 Edition


Jump

JUMP

, v.i.
1.
To leap; to skip; to spring. Applied to men, it signifies to spring upwards or forwards with both feet, in distinction from hop, which signifies to spring with one foot. A man jumps over a ditch; a beast jumps over a fence. A man jumps upon a horse; a goat jumps from rock to rock.
2.
To spring over any thing; to pass to at a leap.
Here, upon this bank and shelve of time,
We'd jump the life to come.
We see a little, presume a great deal, and so jump to the conclusion.
3.
To bound; to pass from object to object; to jolt.
The noise of the rattling of the wheels, and of the prancing horses, and of the jumping chariots. Nahum 3.
4.
To agree; to tally; to coincide.
In some sort it jumps with my humor.
[This use of the word is now vulgar, and in America, I think, is confined to the single phrase, to jump in judgment.

JUMP

,
Verb.
T.
To pass by a leap; to pass over eagerly or hastily; as, to jump a stream. [But over is understood.]

JUMP

,
Noun.
The act of jumping; a leap; a spring; a bound.
1.
A lucky chance.

JUMP

,
Noun.
A kind of loose or limber stays or waistcoat, worn by females.

JUMP

,
adv.
Exactly; nicely.

Definition 2023


jump

jump

English

Verb

jump (third-person singular simple present jumps, present participle jumping, simple past and past participle jumped)

  1. (intransitive) To propel oneself rapidly upward, downward and/or in any horizontal direction such that momentum causes the body to become airborne.
    The boy jumped over a fence.
    Kangaroos are known for their ability to jump high.
    • Shakespeare
      Not the worst of the three but jumps twelve foot and a half by the square.
  2. (intransitive) To cause oneself to leave an elevated location and fall downward.
    She is going to jump from the diving board.
  3. (transitive) To pass by a spring or leap; to overleap.
    to jump a stream
  4. (intransitive) To employ a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
  5. (intransitive) To react to a sudden, often unexpected, stimulus (such as a sharp prick or a loud sound) by jerking the body violently.
    The sudden sharp sound made me jump.
  6. (intransitive) To employ a move in certain board games where one game piece is moved from one legal position to another passing over the position of another piece.
    The player's knight jumped the opponent's bishop.
  7. (transitive) To move to a position in (a queue/line) that is further forward.
    I hate it when people jump the queue.
  8. (transitive) To attack suddenly and violently.
    The hoodlum jumped a woman in the alley.
  9. (transitive) To engage in sexual intercourse.
    The hoodlum jumped a woman in the alley.
  10. (transitive) To cause to jump.
    The rider jumped the horse over the fence.
  11. (transitive) To move the distance between two opposing subjects.
  12. (transitive) To increase the height of a tower crane by inserting a section at the base of the tower and jacking up everything above it.
  13. (cycling, intransitive) To increase speed aggressively and without warning.
  14. (transitive, obsolete) To expose to danger; to risk; to hazard.
    • Shakespeare
      to jump a body with a dangerous physic
  15. (transitive, smithwork) To join by a buttweld.
  16. To thicken or enlarge by endwise blows; to upset.
  17. (quarrying) To bore with a jumper.
  18. (obsolete) To coincide; to agree; to accord; to tally; followed by with.
    • Shakespeare
      It jumps with my humour.
  19. (intransitive, computing) To start executing code from a different location, rather than following the program counter.
Synonyms
  • (propel oneself upwards): leap, spring
  • (cause oneself to leave an elevated location and fall): jump down, jump off
  • (employ a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location): skydive
  • (react to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body violently): flinch, jerk, jump out of one's skin, leap out of one's skin, twitch
  • (To engage in sexual intercourse): hump, jump someone's bones
Related terms
Derived terms

See also jumped, jamp, jumper and jumping

Translations

Noun

jump (plural jumps)

  1. The act of jumping; a leap; a spring; a bound.
    • John Locke
      To advance by jumps.
  2. An effort; an attempt; a venture.
    • Shakespeare
      Our fortune lies / Upon this jump.
  3. (mining) A dislocation in a stratum; a fault.
  4. (architecture) An abrupt interruption of level in a piece of brickwork or masonry.
  5. An instance of propelling oneself upwards.
    The boy took a skip and a jump down the lane.
  6. An instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location.
    There were a couple of jumps from the bridge.
  7. An instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
    She was terrified before the jump, but was thrilled to be skydiving.
  8. An instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body.
  9. A jumping move in a board game.
    the knight's jump in chess
  10. A button (of a joypad, joystick or similar device) used to make a video game character jump (propel itself upwards).
    Press jump to start.
  11. (sports, horses) An obstacle that forms part of a showjumping course, and that the horse has to jump over cleanly.
    Heartless managed the scale the first jump but fell over the second.
  12. (with on) An early start or an advantage.
    He got a jump on the day because he had laid out everything the night before.
    Their research department gave them the jump on the competition.
  13. (mathematics) A discontinuity in the graph of a function, where the function is continuous in a punctured interval of the discontinuity.
  14. (science fiction) An instance of faster-than-light travel, not observable from ordinary space.
  15. (computing) A change of the path of execution to a different location.
Quotations
  • For usage examples of this term, see Citations:jump.
Synonyms
  • (instance of propelling oneself into the air): leap
  • (instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location):
  • (instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location):
  • (instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body): flinch, jerk, twitch
Derived terms
Translations

Adverb

jump (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) exactly; precisely
    • Marcellus, in "Hamlet" by William Shakespeare, act 1 scene 1, l 64-65
      Thus twice before, and jump at this dead hour,
      With martial stalk hath he gone by our watch.

Adjective

jump (comparative more jump, superlative most jump)

  1. (obsolete) Exact; matched; fitting; precise.
    • Ben Jonson
      jump names

Etymology 2

Compare French jupe (a long petticoat, a skirt) and English jupon.

Noun

jump (plural jumps)

  1. A kind of loose jacket for men.
Related terms