momentum (plural momentums or momenta)
- (physics) (of a body in motion) The tendency of a body to maintain its inertial motion; the product of its mass and velocity.
- The impetus, either of a body in motion, or of an idea or course of events. (i.e: a moment)
- 1843, Nathaniel Hawthorne, "The Old Apple Dealer", in Mosses from an Old Manse
- The travellers swarm forth from the cars. All are full of the momentum which they have caught from their mode of conveyance.
- 1882, Thomas Hardy, Two on a Tower
- Their intention to become husband and wife, at first halting and timorous, had accumulated momentum with the lapse of hours, till it now bore down every obstacle in its course.
2013 September 14, Jane Shilling, “The Golden Thread: the Story of Writing, by Ewan Clayton, review [print edition: Illuminating language]”, in The Daily Telegraph (Review), page R29:
- Though his account of written communication over the past 5,000 years necessarily has a powerful forward momentum, his diversions down the fascinating byways of the subject are irresistible ...
product of mass and velocity
- Korean: 운동량 (undongnyang)
- Manx: çhionney m
- Mongolian: хөдөлгөөний тоо (хэмжээ) (hödölgöönij too (hemžee), literally “quantity of movement”), импульс (impulʹs)
- Persian: تکانه
- Polish: pęd (pl) m
- Portuguese: momento (pt) m
- Russian: и́мпульс (ru) m (ímpulʹs), коли́чество движе́ния n (kolíčestvo dvižénija, literally “quantity of movement”)
- Roman: (Serbia) ìmpuls, (Croatia) količìna gíbānja (literally “quantity of movement”), (Bosnia) količìna krétānja (literally “quantity of movement”)
- Cyrillic: (Serbia) ѝмпулс, (Croatia) количѝна ги́ба̄ња, (Bosnia)количѝна кре́та̄ња
- Spanish: cantidad de movimiento (literally “quantity of movement”), ímpetu (es)
- Swedish: rörelsemängd (sv) c
- Tagalog: dagsa
- Turkish: itki (tr), momentum (tr)
impetus, either of a body in motion, or of an idea or course of events
From *movimentum, from moveō (“move, set in motion; excite”) + -mentum (“suffix used to forming nouns from verbs”).
- (Classical) IPA(key): /moːˈmen.tum/, [moːˈmɛn.tũ]
mōmentum n (genitive mōmentī); second declension
- movement, motion, impulse; course
- change, revolution, movement, disturbance
- particle, part, point
- (of time) brief space, moment, short time
- cause, circumstance; weight, influence, moment
- (New Latin, physics) momentum
Terms derived from momentum