Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Red

Red

(rĕd)
,
obs.
imp.
&
p.
p.
of
Read
.
Spenser.

Red

,
Verb.
T.
To put on order; to make tidy; also, to free from entanglement or embarrassement; – generally with
up
;
as, to
red
up a house
.
[Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

Red

,
Adj.
[
Com
par.
Redder
(-d?r)
;
sup
erl.
Reddest
.]
[OE.
red
,
reed
, AS.
reád
,
reód
; akin to OS.
rōd
, OFries.
rād
, D.
rood
, G.
roht
,
rot
, OHG.
rōt
, Dan. & Sw.
röd
, Icel.
rauðr
,
rjōðr
, Goth.
ráuds
, W.
rhudd
, Armor.
ruz
, Ir. & Gael.
ruadh
, L.
ruber
,
rufus
, Gr.
ἐρυθρός
, Skr.
rudhira
,
rohita
; cf. L.
rutilus
. √113. Cf.
Erysipelas
,
Rouge
,
Rubric
,
Ruby
,
Ruddy
,
Russet
,
Rust
.]
Of the color of blood, or of a tint resembling that color; of the hue of that part of the rainbow, or of the solar spectrum, which is furthest from the violet part.
“Fresh flowers, white and reede.”
Chaucer.
Your color, I warrant you, is as
red
as any rose.
Shakespeare
Red is a general term, including many different shades or hues, as scarlet, crimson, vermilion, orange red, and the like.
Red is often used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, red-breasted, red-cheeked, red-faced, red-haired, red-headed, red-skinned, red-tailed, red-topped, red-whiskered, red-coasted.
Red admiral
(Zool.)
,
a beautiful butterfly (
Vanessa Atalanta
) common in both Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also
Atalanta butterfly
, and
nettle butterfly
.
Red ant
.
(Zool.)
(a)
A very small ant (
Myrmica molesta
) which often infests houses
.
(b)
A larger reddish ant (
Formica sanguinea
), native of Europe and America. It is one of the slave-making species.
Red antimony
(Min.)
,
kermesite. See
Kermes mineral
(b)
, under
Kermes
.
Red ash
(Bot.)
,
an American tree (
Fraxinus pubescens
), smaller than the white ash, and less valuable for timber.
Cray.
Red bass
.
(Zool.)
See
Redfish
(d)
.
Red bay
(Bot.)
,
a tree (
Persea Caroliniensis
) having the heartwood red, found in swamps in the Southern United States.
Red beard
(Zool.)
,
a bright red sponge (
Microciona prolifera
), common on oyster shells and stones.
[Local, U.S.]
Red birch
(Bot.)
,
a species of birch (
Betula nigra
) having reddish brown bark, and compact, light-colored wood.
Gray.
Red blindness
.
(Med.)
See
Daltonism
.
Red book
,
a book containing the names of all the persons in the service of the state.
[Eng.]
Red book of the Exchequer
,
an ancient record in which are registered the names of all that held lands per baroniam in the time of Henry II.
Brande & C.
Red brass
,
an alloy containing eight parts of copper and three of zinc.
Red bug
.
(Zool.)
(a)
A very small mite which in Florida attacks man, and produces great irritation by its bites
.
(b)
A red hemipterous insect of the genus
Pyrrhocoris
, especially the European species (
Pyrrhocoris apterus
), which is bright scarlet and lives in clusters on tree trunks.
(c)
See
Cotton stainder
, under
Cotton
.
Red cedar
.
(Bot.)
An evergreen North American tree (
Juniperus Virginiana
) having a fragrant red-colored heartwood.
(b)
A tree of India and Australia (
Cedrela Toona
) having fragrant reddish wood; – called also
toon tree
in India.
Red chalk
.
See under
Chalk
.
Red copper
(Min.)
,
red oxide of copper; cuprite.
Red coral
(Zool.)
,
the precious coral (
Corallium rubrum
). See Illusts. of
Coral
and
Gorgonlacea
.
Red cross
.
The cross of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
(b)
The Geneva cross. See
Geneva convention
, and
Geneva cross
, under
Geneva
.
Red currant
.
(Bot.)
See
Currant
.
Red deer
.
(Zool.)
(a)
The common stag (
Cervus elaphus
), native of the forests of the temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American elk, or wapiti.
(b)
The Virginia deer. See
Deer
.
Red duck
(Zool.)
,
a European reddish brown duck (
Fuligula nyroca
); – called also
ferruginous duck
.
Red ebony
.
(Bot.)
Red empress
(Zool.)
,
a butterfly. See
Tortoise shell
.
Red fir
(Bot.)
,
a coniferous tree (
Pseudotsuga Douglasii
) found from British Columbia to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and the American
Abies magnifica
and
Abies nobilis
.
Red fire
.
(Pyrotech.)
See
Blue fire
, under
Fire
.
Red flag
.
See under
Flag
.
Red fox
(Zool.)
,
the common American fox (
Vulpes fulvus
), which is usually reddish in color.
Red grouse
(Zool.)
,
the Scotch grouse, or ptarmigan. See under
Ptarmigan
.
Red gum
, or
Red gum-tree
(Bot.)
,
a name given to eight Australian species of
Eucalyptus
(
Eucalyptus amygdalina
,
resinifera
, etc.) which yield a reddish gum resin. See
Eucalyptus
.
Red hand
(Her.)
,
a left hand appaumé, fingers erect, borne on an escutcheon, being the mark of a baronet of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; – called also
Badge of Ulster
.
Red herring
,
the common herring dried and smoked.
Red horse
.
(Zool.)
(a)
Any large American red fresh-water sucker, especially
Moxostoma macrolepidotum
and allied species
.
(b)
See the Note under
Drumfish
. –
Red lead
.
(Chem)
See under
Lead
, and
Minium
.
Red-lead ore
.
(Min.)
Same as
Crocoite
.
Red liquor
(Dyeing)
,
a solution consisting essentially of aluminium acetate, used as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable fiber; – so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called also
red mordant
.
Red maggot
(Zool.)
,
the larva of the wheat midge.
Red manganese
.
(Min.)
Same as
Rhodochrosite
.
Red man
,
one of the American Indians; – so called from his color.
Red maple
(Bot.)
,
a species of maple (
Acer rubrum
). See
Maple
.
Red mite
.
(Zool.)
See
Red spider
, below.
Red mulberry
(Bot.)
,
an American mulberry of a dark purple color (
Morus rubra
).
Red mullet
(Zool.)
,
the surmullet. See
Mullet
.
Red ocher
(Min.)
,
a soft earthy variety of hematite, of a reddish color.
Red perch
(Zool.)
,
the rosefish.
Red phosphorus
.
(Chem.)
See under
Phosphorus
.
Red pine
(Bot.)
,
an American species of pine (
Pinus resinosa
); – so named from its reddish bark.
Red precipitate
.
See under
Precipitate
.
Red Republican
(European Politics)
,
originally, one who maintained extreme republican doctrines in
France
, – because a red liberty cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in social reform.
[Cant]
Red ribbon
,
the ribbon of the Order of the Bath in England.
Red sanders
.
(Bot.)
See
Sanders
.
Red sandstone
.
(Geol.)
See under
Sandstone
.
Red scale
(Zool.)
,
a scale insect (
Aspidiotus aurantii
) very injurious to the orange tree in
California
and
Australia
.
Red silver
(Min.)
,
an ore of silver, of a ruby-red or reddish black color. It includes
proustite
, or light red silver, and
pyrargyrite
, or dark red silver.
Red snapper
(Zool.)
,
a large fish (
Lutjanus aya
syn.
Lutjanus Blackfordii
) abundant in the
Gulf of Mexico
and about the
Florida
reefs.
Red snow
,
snow colored by a mocroscopic unicellular alga (
Protococcus nivalis
) which produces large patches of scarlet on the snows of arctic or mountainous regions.
Red softening
(Med.)
a form of cerebral softening in which the affected parts are red, – a condition due either to infarction or inflammation.
Red spider
(Zool.)
,
a very small web-spinning mite (
Tetranychus telarius
) which infests, and often destroys, plants of various kinds, especially those cultivated in houses and conservatories. It feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale red. Called also
red mite
.
Red squirrel
(Zool.)
,
the chickaree.
Red tape
,
(a)
the tape used in public offices for tying up documents, etc.
Hence,
(b)
official formality and delay; excessive bureaucratic paperwork.
Red underwing
(Zool.)
,
any species of noctuid moths belonging to
Catacola
and allied genera. The numerous species are mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly banded with bright red or orange.
Red water
,
a disease in cattle, so called from an appearance like blood in the urine.

Red

(r?d)
,
Noun.
1.
The color of blood, or of that part of the spectrum farthest from violet, or a tint resembling these.
“Celestial rosy red, love’s proper hue.”
Milton.
2.
A red pigment.
3.
(European Politics)
An abbreviation for Red Republican. See under Red,
Adj.
[Cant]
4.
pl.
(Med.)
The menses.
Dunglison.
English red
,
a pigment prepared by the Dutch, similar to Indian red.
Hypericum red
,
a red resinous dyestuff extracted from Hypericum.
Indian red
.
See under
Indian
, and
Almagra
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Red

RED

,
Adj.
[Gr red, and a rose, from its color. Heb. to descend, to bring down. L. gradior, also to correct, to teach, erudio.]
Of a bright color, resembling blood. Red is a simple or primary color, but of several different shades or hues, as scarlet, crimson, vermilion, orange red, &c. We say red color, red cloth, red flame, red eyes, red cheeks, red lead, &c.
Red book of the exchequer, an ancient English record or manuscript containing various treatises relating to the times before the conquest.
Red men, red people, red children, the aboriginals of America, as distinguished from the whites.

RED

,
Noun.
A red color; as a brighter color, the best of all the reds.

Definition 2021


Red

Red

See also: red, red-, -red, RED, and rěd

English

Noun

Red (plural Reds)

  1. A Communist
  2. A supporter of a sports team who wears red as part of their kit.

Proper noun

Red

  1. A nickname given to someone who has or had red hair.

Adjective

Red

  1. Communist
    the Red Army

Anagrams

red

red

See also: -red, red-, Red, RED, and rěd

English

Various shades of red
A Caucasian woman with red hair.
A Uyghur girl in China who has red hair.
A glass of red wine

Adjective

red (comparative redder, superlative reddest)

  1. Having red as its color.
    The girl wore a red skirt.
    • Shakespeare
      Your colour, I warrant you, is as red as any rose.
  2. (of hair) Having an orange-brown colour; ginger.
    Her hair had red highlights.
  3. (card games, of a card) Of the hearts or diamonds suits. Compare black (of the spades or clubs suits)
    I got two red queens, he got one of the black queens.
  4. (often capitalized) Left-wing, especially socialist or communist.
    • "Only Nixon could go to China" was the refrain of conventional wisdom during Richard Nixon’s 1972 official visit to Mao Tse-tung’s regime. Nixon’s anti-communist credentials, however dubious, provided useful camouflage as he opened diplomatic relations with Red China and made breathtaking concessions that an undisguised liberal couldn’t get away with.
  5. (US, modern) Supportive of or dominated by the political party represented by the color red, especially the U.S. Republican Party.
    a red state
    a red Congress
  6. (chiefly derogatory, offensive) Amerind; relating to Amerindians or First Nations
  7. (US, modern) Of, pertaining to, or run by (a member of) the political party represented by the color red, especially the U.S. Republican Party.
    a red advertisement
  8. (Britain) Supportive of the Labour Party.
  9. (politics) Related to the Social Democratic Party of Germany.
    the red-black grand coalition
  10. (astronomy) Of the lower-frequency region of the (typically visible) part of the electromagnetic spectrum which is relevant in the specific observation.
  11. (particle physics) Having a color charge of red.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

red (countable and uncountable, plural reds)

  1. (countable and uncountable) Any of a range of colours having the longest wavelengths, 670 nm, of the visible spectrum; a primary additive colour for transmitted light: the colour obtained by subtracting green and blue from white light using magenta and yellow filters; the colour of blood, ripe strawberries, etc.
    red colour:    
  2. (countable) A revolutionary socialist or (most commonly) a Communist; (usually capitalized) a Bolshevik, a supporter of the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War.
  3. (countable, snooker) One of the 15 red balls used in snooker, distinguished from the colours.
  4. (countable and uncountable) Red wine.
    • 1977, Billy Joel (music), Scenes from an Italian Restaurant”, in The Stranger:
      A bottle of red, a bottle of white / It all depends upon your appetite / I'll meet you any time you want / in our Italian restaurant.
    • 2005, Jeffrey P. Landry, Temptation Mango:
      He produced a wine key from his jacket pocket and effortlessly removed the cork from the bottle of red.
  5. (slang) The drug secobarbital; a capsule of this drug.
    • 1971, Hunter S. Thompson, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (Harper Perennial 2005), page 202:
      The big market, these days, is in Downers. Reds and smack—Seconal and heroin—and a hellbroth of bad domestic grass sprayed with everything from arsenic to horse tranquillizers.
  6. (informal) A red light (a traffic signal)
  7. (Ireland, Britain, beverages, informal) red lemonade
  8. (particle physics) One of the three color charges for quarks.
  9. (US, colloquial, uncountable) chili con carne (usually in the phrase "bowl of red")
    • 1982, The Rotarian (volume 140, number 1, page 39)
      Houston visited a home in an early pioneer settlement where he was offered a bowl of red. Houston eagerly took his first large spoonful. His eyes watering, he spat out his bite []
Derived terms
Translations

See also

Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)
     red      green      yellow      cream      white
     crimson      magenta      teal      lime      pink
     indigo      blue      orange      gray, grey      violet
     black      purple      brown      azure, sky blue      cyan

References

  • red” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).
  • red in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913

External links

Etymology 2

From the archaic verb rede.

Verb

red

  1. (archaic) simple past tense and past participle of rede

Etymology 3

From Middle English redden, from Old English hreddan (to save, to deliver, recover, rescue), from Proto-Germanic *hradjaną.

Verb

red (third-person singular simple present reds, present participle redding, simple past and past participle redded)

  1. (colloquial) Alternative spelling of redd

References

  • redd” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).
  • red in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913

Etymology 4

From Middle English, from Middle Low German, compare Dutch redden.

Verb

red (third-person singular simple present reds, present participle redding, simple past and past participle redded)

  1. (transitive, Pennsylvania) Alternative spelling of redd

References

  • redd” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Anagrams


Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /reːd/, [ʁæðˀ]

Verb

red

  1. past tense of ride

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛt
  • IPA(key): /rɛt/

Verb

red

  1. first-person singular present indicative of redden
  2. imperative of redden

Anagrams


Kurdish

Verb

red

  1. To disappear.

Lojban

Rafsi

red

  1. rafsi of bredi.

Manx

Etymology

From Old Irish rét.

Noun

red m (genitive singular red, plural reddyn)

  1. thing, object, item
    • Cha daink reddyn dy mie.
      • Things didn't pan out well.
    • Cha nel shen deyr son y leagh t'er reddyn nish.
      • That's not dear as things go.
    • Kanys ta reddyn goll er?
      • How are things?
    • Son y chied red, t'eh ro vie dy ve firrinagh.
      • For one thing, it is too good to be true.
    • Ta reddyn couyral.
      • Things are getting better.
    • Ta reddyn ennagh ayn nagh vel niart ain orroo.
      • There are some things we cannot help.
    • Ta shen red aitt.
      • That's a curious thing.
    • T'eh yn un red.
      • It amounts to the same thing.
    • T'eh çheet stiagh rish yn red elley.
      • It falls in with the other thing.
    • She'n red hene eh y traa shoh.
      • It's the real thing this time.
    • Va shen yn red cooie dy ghra.
      • That was the appropriate thing to say.
  2. matter

Norwegian Bokmål

Alternative forms

Verb

red

  1. simple past of ri
  2. simple past of ride

Old English

Noun

red m

  1. Alternative form of ræd

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [rɛt]

Noun

red

  1. genitive plural of reda

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *rędъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rêːd/

Noun

rȇd m (Cyrillic spelling ре̑д)

  1. row
  2. (mathematics) series
    konvergentan red ― Convergent series
    divergentan red ― Divergent series
  3. queue
  4. order (of magnitude)
  5. order (arrangement, disposition)
  6. line (of customers)
  7. (chess) rank

Declension

References

  • red” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *rędъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈréːt/
  • Tonal orthography: rẹ̑d

Noun

réd m inan (genitive réda, nominative plural redôvi or rédi)

  1. order (arrangement, disposition)
Declension

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈréːt/
  • Tonal orthography: rẹ̑d

Noun

réd f (genitive redí, nominative plural redí)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Declension

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈreð]
  • Rhymes: -eð

Etymology

From Latin rēte (net).

Noun

red f (plural redes)

  1. (hunting, tools) web, mesh
  2. (fishing) net
    • 1911, Benito Pérez Galdós, De Cartago a Sagunto : 13
      Si se consigue pescar a Dorregaray con cuarenta mil duretes, a Cástor Andéchaga con veinticinco mil, y a otros tales, habremos hecho más que cogiendo en la red a los bicharracos de menor cuantía.
  3. (arachnid) spiderweb
  4. trap, snare
  5. (communication, transport) net, network
    • red de carreteras, highway network
    • red de radiodifusoras, radio broadcasters network
    • red televisiva, TV broadcasting network
  6. (sports) net, goal
  7. (computing) Web, Internet
    • 2013 January 16, “España: al 74% le gustaría acceder por Red a su historial clínico”, in El País, page ...:
      La mayoría de la población (84%) accede a la red para temas relacionados con la sanidad.
      Most of the population (84%) accesses the web for health-related topics.

Related terms

Derived terms


Swedish

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -eːd

Verb

red

  1. imperative of reda.
  2. past tense of rida.

Turkish

Noun

red

  1. refusal

Verb

red (with the auxiliary verb etmek)

  1. To refuse.

Volapük

Etymology

Borrowing from English red.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /red/

Noun

red (plural reds)

  1. the colour red

Declension

Derived terms

See also

Colors in Volapük · köls (layout · text)
     red      grün      yelov      ?      viet
     ?      ?      ?      ?      redül
     ?      blöv      rojan      ged      violät
     bläg      purpur      braun      ?      ?