Webster 1913 Edition
The dried bodies of the females of a scale insect (
Coccus ilicis), allied to the cochineal insect, and found on several species of oak near the Mediterranean; also, the dye obtained from them. They are round, about the size of a pea, contain coloring matter analogous to carmine, and are used in dyeing. They were anciently thought to be of a vegetable nature, and were used in medicine.
A small European evergreen oak (
Quercus coccifera) on which the kermes insect (
Kermes ilices, formerly
Coccus ilicis) feeds.
J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).
An artificial amorphous trisulphide of antimony; – so called on account of its red color.
A compound of the trioxide and trisulphide of antimony, used in medicine. This substance occurs in nature as the mineral
Webster 1828 Edition
is used in dyeing red. Hence the word crimson.