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Webster 1913 Edition


Blood

Blood

(blŭd)
,
Noun.
[OE.
blod
,
blood
, AS.
blōd
; akin to D.
bloed
, OHG.
bluot
, G.
blut
, Goth.
blōþ
, Icel.
blōð
, Sw. & Dan.
blod
; prob. fr. the same root as E.
blow
to bloom. See
Blow
to bloom.]
1.
The fluid which circulates in the principal vascular system of animals, carrying nourishment to all parts of the body, and bringing away waste products to be excreted. See under
Arterial
.
☞ The blood consists of a liquid, the plasma, containing minute particles, the blood corpuscles. In the invertebrate animals it is usually nearly colorless, and contains only one kind of corpuscles; but in all vertebrates, except Amphioxus, it contains some colorless corpuscles, with many more which are red and give the blood its uniformly red color. See
Corpuscle
,
Plasma
.
2.
Relationship by descent from a common ancestor; consanguinity; kinship.
To share the
blood
of Saxon royalty.
Sir W. Scott.
A friend of our own
blood
.
Waller.
Half blood
(Law)
,
relationship through only one parent.
Whole blood
,
relationship through both father and mother. In American Law, blood includes both half blood, and whole blood.
Bouvier.
Peters.
3.
Descent; lineage; especially, honorable birth; the highest royal lineage.
Give us a prince of
blood
, a son of Priam.
Shakespeare
I am a gentleman of
blood
and breeding.
Shakespeare
4.
(Stock Breeding)
Descent from parents of recognized breed; excellence or purity of breed.
☞ In stock breeding half blood is descent showing one half only of pure breed. Blue blood, full blood, or warm blood, is the same as blood.
5.
The fleshy nature of man.
Nor gives it satisfaction to our
blood
.
Shakespeare
6.
The shedding of blood; the taking of life, murder; manslaughter; destruction.
So wills the fierce, avenging sprite,
Till
blood
for
blood
atones.
Hood.
7.
A bloodthirsty or murderous disposition.
[R.]
He was a thing of
blood
, whose every motion
Was timed with dying cries.
Shakespeare
8.
Temper of mind; disposition; state of the passions; – as if the blood were the seat of emotions.
When you perceive his
blood
inclined to mirth.
Shakespeare
☞ Often, in this sense, accompanied with bad, cold, warm, or other qualifying word. Thus, to commit an act in cold blood, is to do it deliberately, and without sudden passion; to do it in bad blood, is to do it in anger. Warm blood denotes a temper inflamed or irritated. To warm or heat the blood is to excite the passions. Qualified by up, excited feeling or passion is signified; as, my blood was up.
9.
A man of fire or spirit; a fiery spark; a gay, showy man; a rake.
Seest thou not . . . how giddily ’a turns about all the hot
bloods
between fourteen and five and thirty?
Shakespeare
It was the morning costume of a dandy or
blood
.
Thackeray.
10.
The juice of anything, especially if red.
He washed . . . his clothes in the
blood
of grapes.
Gen. xiix. 11.
Blood is often used as an adjective, and as the first part of self-explaining compound words; as, blood-bespotted, blood-bought, blood-curdling, blood-dyed, blood-red, blood-spilling, blood-stained, blood-warm, blood-won.
Blood baptism
(Eccl. Hist.)
,
the martyrdom of those who had not been baptized. They were considered as baptized in blood, and this was regarded as a full substitute for literal baptism.
Blood blister
,
a blister or bleb containing blood or bloody serum, usually caused by an injury.
Blood brother
,
brother by blood or birth.
Blood clam
(Zool.)
,
a bivalve mollusk of the genus Arca and allied genera, esp.
Argina pexata
of the American coast. So named from the color of its flesh.
Blood corpuscle
.
See
Corpuscle
.
Blood crystal
(Physiol.)
,
one of the crystals formed by the separation in a crystalline form of the hæmoglobin of the red blood corpuscles; hæmatocrystallin. All blood does not yield blood crystals.
Blood heat
,
heat equal to the temperature of human blood, or about 98½ ° Fahr.
Blood horse
,
a horse whose blood or lineage is derived from the purest and most highly prized origin or stock.
Blood money
.
See in the Vocabulary.
Blood orange
,
an orange with dark red pulp.
Blood poisoning
(Med.)
,
a morbid state of the blood caused by the introduction of poisonous or infective matters from without, or the absorption or retention of such as are produced in the body itself; toxæmia.
Blood pudding
,
a pudding made of blood and other materials.
Blood relation
,
one connected by blood or descent.
Blood spavin
.
See under
Spavin
.
Blood vessel
.
See in the Vocabulary.
Blue blood
,
the blood of noble or aristocratic families, which, according to a Spanish prover , has in it a tinge of blue; – hence, a member of an old and aristocratic family.
Flesh and blood
.
(a)
A blood relation, esp. a child.
(b)
Human nature.
In blood
(Hunting)
,
in a state of perfect health and vigor.
Shak.
To let blood
.
See under
Let
.
Prince of the blood
,
the son of a sovereign, or the issue of a royal family. The sons, brothers, and uncles of the sovereign are styled princes of the blood royal; and the daughters, sisters, and aunts are princesses of the blood royal.

Blood

,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Blooded
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Blooding
.]
1.
To bleed.
[Obs.]
Cowper.
2.
To stain, smear or wet, with blood.
[Archaic]
Reach out their spears afar,
And
blood
their points.
Dryden.
3.
To give (hounds or soldiers) a first taste or sight of blood, as in hunting or war.
It was most important too that his troops should be
blooded
.
Macaulay.
4.
To heat the blood of; to exasperate.
[Obs.]
The auxiliary forces of the French and English were much
blooded
one against another.
Bacon.

Webster 1828 Edition


Blood

BLOOD

, n.
1.
The fluid which circulates through the arteries and veins of the human body, and of other animals,which is essential to the preservation of life. This fluid is generally red. If the blood of an animal is not red, such animal is called exsanguious, or white-blooded; the blood being white, or white tinged with blue.
2.
Kindred; relation by natural descent from a common ancestor; consanguinity.
God hath made of one blood, all nations of the earth. Acts 17.
3.
Royal lineage; blood royal; as a prince of the blood.
4.
Honorable birth; high extraction; as a gentleman of blood.
5.
Life.
Shall I not require his blood at your hands? 2 Sam.4.
6.
Slaughter; murder, or bloodshedding.
I will avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu. Hosea 1.
The voice of thy brother's blood crieth to me from the ground. Gen.4.
7.
Guilt, and punishment.
Your blood be upon your own heads. Acts.18.
8.
Fleshly nature;; the carnal part of man; as opposed to spiritual nature,or divine life.
Who were born, not of flesh and blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. John 1.
9.
Man, or human wisdom, or reason.
Flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee,but my Father who is in heaven. Matt.16.
10. A sacramental symbol of the blood of Christ.
This is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for the remission of sins. Matt.26.
11. The death and sufferings of Christ.
Being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. Rom. 5.3.
12. The price of blood; that which is obtained by shedding blood,and seizing goods.
Wo to him that buildeth a town with blood. Hab.2. Acts.1.
13. Temper of mind; state of the passions; but in this sense, accompanied with cold or warm, or other qualifying word. Thus to commit an act in cold blood, is to do it deliberately, and without sudden passion. Warm blood denotes a temper inflamed or irritated; to warm or head the blood, is to excite the passions.
14. A hot spark; a man of fire or spirit; a rake.
15. The juice of any thing, especially if red; as, 'the blood of grapes.' Gen.49.
Whole blood. In law, a kinsman of the whole blood is one who descends from the same couple of ancestors; of the half blood, one who descends from either of them singly, by a second marriage.

BLOOD

,
Verb.
T.
To let blood; to bleed by opening a vein.
1.
To stain with blood.
2.
To enter; to inure to blood; as a hound.
3.
To heat the blood; to exasperate. [Unusual.]

Definition 2022


Blood

Blood

See also: blood and Blööd

English

Noun

Blood (plural Bloods)

  1. A member of the Los Angeles gang The Bloods.

Coordinate terms

blood

blood

See also: Blood and Blööd

English

Alternative forms

Noun

blood (countable and uncountable, plural bloods)

  1. A vital liquid flowing in the bodies of many types of animals that usually conveys nutrients and oxygen. In vertebrates, it is colored red by hemoglobin, is conveyed by arteries and veins, is pumped by the heart and is usually generated in bone marrow.
    The blood flows into the menstrual cup.
    • 1927, F. E. Penny, chapter 4, in Pulling the Strings:
      The case was that of a murder. It had an element of mystery about it, however, which was puzzling the authorities. A turban and loincloth soaked in blood had been found; also a staff.
    • 2013 June 1, “A better waterworks”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 5 (Technology Quarterly):
      An artificial kidney these days still means a refrigerator-sized dialysis machine. Such devices mimic the way real kidneys cleanse blood and eject impurities and surplus water as urine.
  2. A family relationship due to birth, such as that between siblings; contrasted with relationships due to marriage or adoption (see blood relative, blood relation, by blood).
  3. (medicine, countable) A blood test or blood sample.
    • 2016, Steve Jamieson, Bilbo the Lifeguard Dog
      When I got Bilbo to their surgery the vet took Bilbo in for tests. [] His bloods showed nothing wrong at all.
  4. The sap or juice which flows in or from plants.
    • 1841, Benjamin Parsons, Anti-Bacchus, page 95:
      It is no tautology to call the blood of the grape red or purple, because the juice of that fruit was sometimes white and sometimes black or dark. The arterial blood of our bodies is red, but the venous is called "black blood."
    • 1901, Levi Leslie Lamborn, American Carnation Culture, fourth edition, page 57:
      Disbudding is merely a species of pruning, and should be done as soon as the lateral buds begin to develop on the cane. It diverts the flow of the plant's blood from many buds into one or a few, thus increasing the size of the flower, [...]
    • 1916, John Gordon Dorrance, The Story of the Forest, page 44:
      Look at a leaf. On it are many little raised lines which reach out to all parts of the leaf and back to the stem and twig. These are "veins," full of the tree's blood. It is white and looks very much like water; [...]
  5. (obsolete) The juice of anything, especially if red.
    • Bible, Genesis xiix. 11
      He washed [] his clothes in the blood of grapes.
  6. (obsolete) Temper of mind; disposition; state of the passions.
  7. (obsolete) A lively, showy man; a rake.
  8. Alternative letter-case form of Blood (member of a certain gang).

Synonyms

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

See also

References

Verb

blood (third-person singular simple present bloods, present participle blooding, simple past and past participle blooded)

  1. To cause something to be covered with blood; to bloody.
  2. (medicine, historical) To let blood (from); to bleed.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, page 121:
      Mr Western, who imputed these symptoms in his daughter to her fall, advised her to be presently blooded by way of prevention.
  3. To initiate into warfare or a blood sport.

Translations

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: forward · remember · fair · #525: blood · copyright · 4 · late

Dutch Low Saxon

Etymology

From Old Saxon blōd, from Proto-Germanic *blōþą.

Noun

blood n

  1. blood

See also


Middle English

Etymology

From Old English blōd, from Proto-Germanic *blōþą, of uncertain origin.

Noun

blood (plural bloods)

  1. blood

Descendants