Definify.com

Webster 1828 Edition


Der

DER

, prefixed to names of places, may be from Sax. deor, a wild beast, or from dur, water.

Definition 2021


der

der

See also: dér, dêr, dër, -der, and der-

English

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • (AAVE) IPA(key): /dɛː(ɹ)/
  • Homophone: dare

Adverb

der (not comparable)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Interjection

der

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Noun

der (uncountable)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Pronoun

der

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Derived terms


Danish

Adverb

der

  1. there (in or at that place)

Pronoun

der

  1. (relative) who, which, that

Usage notes

  • Only used when the relative pronoun is subject
  • Som can be used for all positions (including subject)

Dutch

Pronunciation

stressed

  • IPA(key): /dɛr/

unstressed

  • IPA(key): /dər/

Etymology 1

Unstressed form of daar (there).

Adverb

der

  1. there
Synonyms
Antonyms

Etymology 2

Article

der

  1. (dated) genitive singular feminine of de; of the.
    geschiedenis der Nederlandsche taal ― history of the Dutch language
  2. (dated) genitive plural of de; of the.
    het koninkrijk der Nederlanden ― the kingdom of the Netherlands
  3. (dated) dative singular feminine of de.
Usage notes

Only the nominative forms are common in modern usage. Accusative and dative forms are archaic and limited to fixed expressions. Genitive forms, while still productive, are rare and reserved to poetic and literary language.

Inflection
Dutch definite article
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative de de het de
Genitive des der des der
Dative den der den den
Accusative den de het de

Anagrams


French

Noun

der f (plural ders)

  1. last
    la der des ders - the war that ends all wars (referring to the First World War; literally means the last of the lasts or the very last one)

Galician

Verb

der

  1. first-person singular future subjunctive of dar
  2. third-person singular future subjunctive of dar

German

Etymology

From Middle High German der, from Old High German der, ther, replacing the original masculine and feminine nominative forms from Proto-Germanic *sa, by analogy with the adjective inflection. Compare also Old Dutch thie and Old English þē where the same process occurred.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /deːr/
  • IPA(key): [deːɐ̯] (stressed)
  • IPA(key): [dɛɐ̯], [dɐ] (unstressed)
  • IPA(key): [də] (unstressed, some dialects, female article only)
  • Rhymes: -eːɐ̯
  • In colloquial speech in Germany, the /d/ can assimilate to a preceding coronal when the word is unstressed.

Article

der (definite)

  1. the; definite article for several declensions:
    1. Nominative singular masculine
    2. Genitive singular feminine
    3. Dative singular feminine
    4. Genitive plural for all genders.

Declension

German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die das die
Genitive des der des der
Dative dem der dem den
Accusative den die das die
Old Declension
German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die das
(older also: daß)
die
Genitive des
(older also: deß)
der des
(older also: deß)
deren or derer, also der
Dative dem der dem denen, also den
Accusative den die das
(older also: daß)
die

This older declension is nowadays not used anymore.
For examples see Citations:der.

Derived terms

Pronoun

der m (relative)

  1. who; that; which
    Ich kenne einen Mann, der das kann. ― I know a man who can do that.

Usage notes

In a subordinate clause, indicates a person or thing referenced in the main clause. Used with masculine singular referents.

Declension

Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das die
genitive dessen deren
younger also: derer
dessen derer
deren
dative dem der dem denen
accusative den die das die
  • By modern grammar works it is said that derer and deren can both be used without difference.
  • Modern grammar books mention the colloquial genitive plural form der.
Old Declension
Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das
older also: daß
die
genitive dessen
older also: deß, des
deren
older also: der, dero
dessen
older also: deß, des
derer
also: deren
older also: dero
dative dem
older also: deme
der dem
older also: deme
denen
accusative den die das
older also: daß
die

Pronoun

der (demonstrative)

  1. (attributive, stressed) that
    Der Mann war es! ― It was that man!
  2. (indicative) him, he
    Der hat es getan! ― It was him who did it!
  3. (differential) the one, him
    Der mit dem MantelThe one with the coat

Declension

Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das die
genitive dessen deren
younger also: derer
dessen derer
deren
dative dem der dem denen
accusative den die das die
  • By modern grammar works it is said that derer is used cataphoric, while deren is used anaphoric.
  • Modern grammar books mention the colloquial genitive plural form der.
Old Declension
Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das
older also: daß
die
genitive dessen
older also: deß, des
deren
older also: der, dero
dessen
older also: deß, des
derer
also: deren
older also: dero
dative dem
older also: deme
der dem
older also: deme
denen
accusative den die das
older also: daß
die

Latin

Verb

der

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of

Limburgish

Adverb

der

  1. there

Synonyms


Lojban

Rafsi

der

  1. rafsi of dertu.

Luxembourgish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dɐ/

Etymology 1

Determiner

der f

  1. unstressed form of där
Declension
Luxembourgish definite articles
masculine feminine neuter plural
nom./acc. deen (den) déi (d') dat (d') déi (d')
dative deem (dem) där (der) deem (dem) deen (den)

Etymology 2

Pronoun

der

  1. unstressed form of dir

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse þar.

Adverb

der

  1. there

Derived terms

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse þar.

Adverb

der

  1. there

Derived terms

References


Swedish

Adverb

der

  1. Obsolete spelling of där

Turkish

Verb

der

  1. third-person singular present simple indicative positive of demek

West Frisian

Pronoun

der

  1. there (used with wêze and some other verbs)
    • Der binne trije Fryske talen -- There are three Frisian languages.