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Webster 1913 Edition


Salmon

Salm′on

(săm′ŭn)
,
Noun.
;
pl.
Salmons
(-ŭnz)
or (collectively)
Salmon
.
[OE.
saumoun
,
salmon
, F.
saumon
, fr. L.
salmo
,
salmonis
, perhaps from
salire
to leap. Cf.
Sally
,
Verb.
]
1.
(Zool.)
Any one of several species of fishes of the genus
Salmo
and allied genera. The common salmon (
Salmo salar
) of Northern Europe and Eastern North America, and the California salmon, or quinnat, are the most important species. They are extensively preserved for food. See
Quinnat
.
☞ The salmons ascend rivers and penetrate to their head streams to spawn. They are remarkably strong fishes, and will even leap over considerable falls which lie in the way of their progress. The common salmon has been known to grow to the weight of seventy-five pounds; more generally it is from fifteen to twenty-five pounds. Young salmon are called parr, peal, smolt, and grilse.
Among the true salmons are:
Black salmon
, or
Lake salmon
,
the namaycush.
Dog salmon
,
a salmon of Western North America (
Oncorhynchus keta
).
Humpbacked salmon
,
a Pacific-coast salmon (
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha
).
King salmon
,
the quinnat.
Landlocked salmon
,
a variety of the common salmon (var.
Sebago
), long confined in certain lakes in consequence of obstructions that prevented it from returning to the sea. This last is called also
dwarf salmon
.
Among fishes of other families which are locally and erroneously called
salmon
are: the pike perch, called
jack salmon
; the spotted, or southern, squeteague; the cabrilla, called
kelp salmon
; young pollock, called
sea salmon
; and the California yellowtail.
2.
A reddish yellow or orange color, like the flesh of the salmon.
Salmon berry
(Bot.)
,
a large red raspberry growing from Alaska to California, the fruit of the
Rubus Nutkanus
.
Salmon killer
(Zool.)
,
a stickleback (
Gasterosteus cataphractus
) of Western North America and Northern Asia.
Salmon ladder
,
Salmon stair
.
See
Fish ladder
, under
Fish
.
Salmon peel
,
a young salmon.
Salmon pipe
,
a certain device for catching salmon.
Crabb.
Salmon trout
.
(Zool.)
(a)
The European sea trout (
Salmo trutta
). It resembles the salmon, but is smaller, and has smaller and more numerous scales.
(b)
The American namaycush
.
(c)
A name that is also applied locally to the adult black spotted trout (
Salmo purpuratus
), and to the steel head and other large trout of the Pacific coast.

Salm′on

,
Adj.
Of a reddish yellow or orange color, like that of the flesh of the salmon.

Webster 1828 Edition


Salmon

SALMON

,
Noun.
sam'mon. [L. salmo.]
A fish of the genus Salmo, found in all the northern climates of America, Europe and Asia, ascending the rivers for spawning in spring, and penetrating to their head streams. It is a remarkably strong fish, and will even leap over considerable falls which lie in the way of its progress. It has been known to grow to the weight of 75 pounds; more generally it is from 15 to 25 pounds. It furnishes a delicious dish for the table, and is an article of commerce.

Definition 2022


Salmon

Salmon

See also: salmon and salmón

English

Proper noun

Salmon

  1. A surname.
  2. A city in Idaho.

Descendants

Anagrams

salmon

salmon

See also: Salmon and salmón

English

Noun

salmon (plural salmon or salmons)

  1. One of several species of fish, typically of the Salmoninae subfamily.
  2. (plural salmons) A yellowish pink colour, the colour of cooked salmon.
    salmon colour:    
  3. (Cockney rhyming slang) snout (tobacco; from salmon and trout)

Synonyms

  • (fish): lax
  • (smoked salmon): lox
  • (colour): salmon pink

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Adjective

salmon (not comparable)

  1. Having a yellowish pink colour.
    • 1977, John Le Carré, The Honourable Schoolboy, Folio Society 2010, p. 155:
      Smiley and Guillam perched disconsolately beneath it, on a bench of salmon velvet.

Translations

See also

Anagrams


Esperanto

Noun

salmon sg

  1. accusative singular of salmo