Webster 1913 Edition
saumon, fr. L.
salmonis, perhaps from
salireto leap. Cf.
Any one of several species of fishes of the genus
Salmoand allied genera. The common salmon (
Salmo salar) of Northern Europe and Eastern North America, and the California salmon, or quinnat, are the most important species. They are extensively preserved for food. See
☞ The salmons ascend rivers and penetrate to their head streams to spawn. They are remarkably strong fishes, and will even leap over considerable falls which lie in the way of their progress. The common salmon has been known to grow to the weight of seventy-five pounds; more generally it is from fifteen to twenty-five pounds. Young salmon are called parr, peal, smolt, and grilse.
Among the true salmons are:,
Black salmon, or
a salmon of Western North America (–
a Pacific-coast salmon (–
a variety of the common salmon (var.
Sebago), long confined in certain lakes in consequence of obstructions that prevented it from returning to the sea. This last is called also
Among fishes of other families which are locally and erroneously called
salmonare: the pike perch, called
jack salmon; the spotted, or southern, squeteague; the cabrilla, called
kelp salmon; young pollock, called
sea salmon; and the California yellowtail.
A reddish yellow or orange color, like the flesh of the salmon.
a large red raspberry growing from Alaska to California, the fruit of the–
a stickleback (–
Gasterosteus cataphractus) of Western North America and Northern Asia.
Fish ladder, under
a young salmon.–
a certain device for catching salmon.
The European sea trout (
Salmo trutta). It resembles the salmon, but is smaller, and has smaller and more numerous scales.
The American namaycush.
A name that is also applied locally to the adult black spotted trout (
Salmo purpuratus), and to the steel head and other large trout of the Pacific coast.
Of a reddish yellow or orange color, like that of the flesh of the salmon.
Webster 1828 Edition
A fish of the genus Salmo, found in all the northern climates of America, Europe and Asia, ascending the rivers for spawning in spring, and penetrating to their head streams. It is a remarkably strong fish, and will even leap over considerable falls which lie in the way of its progress. It has been known to grow to the weight of 75 pounds; more generally it is from 15 to 25 pounds. It furnishes a delicious dish for the table, and is an article of commerce.