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Definition 2022


он

он

See also: өн, -он, oh, , OH, óh, öh, and Appendix:Variations of "on"

Adyghe

Alternative forms

Verb

он (on) (??? please indicate transitivity!)

  1. to hit someone or something physically and directly (not by throwing for example)
    кӏалэр дэпкъым ео — the boy is hitting the wall. (transitive)
    усэоныу уфая? — do you want me to hit you? (transitive)
    Кӏалэм уемэуDon't hit the boy. (transitive)
    А кӏалэхэр къуотых — Those boys will hit you. (transitive)
    Кӏалэр мао — The boy is hitting. (intransitive)
  2. to eat with gusto
    нэкӏо пицэ ткъеот — let's eat a pizza! (with gusto) (transitive)
    пицэ укъеота?are you going to eat a pizza? (with gusto) (transitive)
    кӏалэр пицэ ео — The boy is eating a pizza (with gusto) (transitive)
  3. to play music
    кIалэр гитарым къео — the boy is playing the guitar (transitive)
    пяноуым шъукъеуа? — do you (plural) play the piano? (transitive)
    пшынэм еуPlay the accordion. (transitive)
  4. to shake (milk)
  5. to shoot (кӏэрахъомкӏэ еон)
    кӏалэр кӏэрахъомкӏэ ео тгъужъым — the boy is shooting the wolf with the gun. (transitive)
  6. to spend money thriftily
  7. to sting
  8. to weed
  9. to smoke
    лӏэр хьащищ ео — The man is smoking Hashish. (transitive)
  10. (mathematics) to multiply
    щым плӏыкӏэ уеомэ пшӏыкӏутӏу къычӏэкьижьытIf you multiply three times four it will make twelve. (transitive)

Conjugation

Transitive:

Intransitive:

See also


Bashkir

Он.

Etymology

From Old Turkic un, from Proto-Turkic *ūn (flour).

Cognate with Turkish un (flour).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ʊ̞n]
  • Hyphenation: он

Noun

он (on)

  1. flour
    Арыш оно.
    Arïš ono.
    Rye flour.
    Табаҡҡа биш йомортҡа һытығыҙ, ондо ҡушып болғағыҙ.
    Tabaqqa biš yomortqa hïtïğïð, ondo qušïp bolğağïð.
    Crack five eggs into the bowl, add flour and stir.

Declension


Karachay-Balkar

Numeral

он (on)

  1. ten

Kazakh

Kazakh cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : он (on)
    Ordinal : оныншы (onınşı)

Etymology

Cognates include Turkish on.

Numeral

он (on)

  1. ten

Khakas

Numeral

он (on)

  1. ten

Mongolian

Noun

он (on)

  1. year

See also


Russian

Etymology

From Old East Slavic онъ (onŭ), from Proto-Slavic *onъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [on]

Pronoun

он (on) (feminine она́, neuter оно́)

  1. third-person masculine singular pronoun: he, it.

Declension

Usage notes

  • Whenever a preposition stands immediately before any of the oblique cases of the third-person pronoun (singular or plural) and directly governs it, then an н- must be prefixed to the pronoun: от него́ (ot nevó) (from him), на нём (na njom) (on him), у него́ (u nevó) (he has), к нему́ (k nemú) (to him), с ним (s nim) (with him).
  • The explanation for the н-prothesis is that, originally, some Russian prepositions ended in the letter -н: сън (sŭn, “with”...cf. Greek σύν (σύν), Latin cum). Eventually, the final н of these prepositions migrated across to the pronoun, so that сън им became modern с ним (s nim), and then this was extended to include all prepositions when governing any third-person pronoun.
  • Note that if the preposition does not directly govern его́ (jevó) (i.e., when его is a possessive pronoun), then н- is not prefixed: у его́ бра́та (u jevó bráta) (at his brother’s), о его́ ма́тери (o jevó máteri) (about his mother), в его́ ко́мнате (v jevó kómnate) (in his room).
  • When there is another word separating a preposition and any oblique case of он, the н- is not added: у самого́ его́ (u samovó jevó) (with him himself).

Related terms


Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ôːn/

Pronoun

о̑н (Latin spelling ȏn)

  1. he

Declension


Tajik

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɔːn/

Determiner

Dari آن
Iranian Persian آن
Tajik он (on)

он (on)

  1. that

Pronoun

Dari آن
Iranian Persian آن
Tajik он (on)

он (on)

  1. that
  2. it
  3. she
  4. he