Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Year

Year

,
Noun.
[OE.
yer
,
yeer
,
ȝer
, AS.
geár
; akin to OFries.
i[GREEK]r
,
g[GREEK]r
, D.
jaar
, OHG.
jār
, G.
jahr
, Icel.
ār
, Dan.
aar
, Sw.
år
, Goth.
j[GREEK]r
, Gr. [GREEK] a season of the year, springtime, a part of the day, an hour, [GREEK] a year, Zend
yāre
year. √4, 279. Cf.
Hour
,
Yore
.]
1.
The time of the apparent revolution of the sun trough the ecliptic; the period occupied by the earth in making its revolution around the sun, called the astronomical year; also, a period more or less nearly agreeing with this, adopted by various nations as a measure of time, and called the civil year;
as, the common lunar
year
of 354 days, still in use among the Mohammedans; the
year
of 360 days, etc. In common usage, the year consists of 365 days, and every fourth year (called
bissextile
, or
leap year
) of 366 days, a day being added to February on that year, on account of the excess above 365 days (see
Bissextile
)
.
Of twenty
year
of age he was, I guess.
Chaucer.
☞ The civil, or legal, year, in England, formerly commenced on the 25th of March. This practice continued throughout the British dominions till the year 1752.
2.
The time in which any planet completes a revolution about the sun;
as, the
year
of Jupiter or of Saturn
.
3.
pl.
Age, or old age;
as, a man in
years
.
Shak.
Anomalistic year
,
the time of the earth’s revolution from perihelion to perihelion again, which is 365 days, 6 hours, 13 minutes, and 48 seconds.
A year's mind
(Eccl.)
,
a commemoration of a deceased person, as by a Mass, a year after his death. Cf.
A month's mind
, under
Month
.
Bissextile year
.
Canicular year
.
See under
Canicular
.
Civil year
,
the year adopted by any nation for the computation of time.
Common lunar year
,
the period of 12 lunar months, or 354 days.
Common year
,
each year of 365 days, as distinguished from leap year.
Embolismic year
, or
Intercalary lunar year
,
the period of 13 lunar months, or 384 days.
Fiscal year
(Com.)
,
the year by which accounts are reckoned, or the year between one annual time of settlement, or balancing of accounts, and another.
Great year
.
See
Platonic year
, under
Platonic
.
Gregorian year
,
Julian year
.
See under
Gregorian
, and
Julian
.
Leap year
.
See
Leap year
, in the Vocabulary.
Lunar astronomical year
,
the period of 12 lunar synodical months, or 354 days, 8 hours, 48 minutes, 36 seconds.
Lunisolar year
.
See under
Lunisolar
.
Periodical year
.
See
Anomalistic year
, above.
Platonic year
,
Sabbatical year
.
See under
Platonic
, and
Sabbatical
.
Sidereal year
,
the time in which the sun, departing from any fixed star, returns to the same. This is 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, and 9.3 seconds.
Tropical year
.
See under
Tropical
.
Year and a day
(O. Eng. Law)
,
a time to be allowed for an act or an event, in order that an entire year might be secured beyond all question.
Abbott.
Year of grace
,
any year of the Christian era; Anno Domini;
A. D.
or
a. d.

Webster 1828 Edition


Year

YEAR

,
Noun.
[G.]
1.
The space or period of time in which the sun moves through the twelve signs of the ecliptic, or whole circle, and returns to the same point. This is the solar year, and the year, in the strict and proper sense of the word. It is called also the tropical year. This period comprehends what are called the twelve calendar months, or 365 days, 5 hours, and 49 minutes, within a small fraction. But in popular usage, the year consists of 365 days, and every fourth year of 366; a day being added to February, on account of the 5 hours and 49 minutes.
2.
The time in which any planet completes a revolution; as the year of Jupiter or of Saturn.
3.
The time in which the fixed states make a revolution, is called the great year.
4.
Years, in the plural, is sometimes equivalent to age or old age; as a man in years.
In popular language, year is often used for years. The horse is ten year old.
Sidereal year, the time in which the sun, departing from any fixed star, returns to the same. This is 365 day, 6 hours, 6 minutes, and 11, 5 seconds.
Anomalistical year, the time that elapses from the suns leaving its apogee, till it returns to it, which is 365 days, 6 hours, 14 minutes.
Civil year, the year which nay nation has contrived for the computation of time.
Bissextile or leap year, the year consisting of 366 days.
Lunar year, consists of 12 lunar months.
Lunar astronomical year, consists of 12 lunar synodical months, or 354 days, 8 hours, 48 minutes, 36 seconds.
Common lunar year, consists of 12 lunar civil months, or 354 days.
Embolismic or intercalary year, consists of 13 lunar civil months, and contains 384 days.
Julian year, established by Julius Caesar, consists of 365 days, 6 hours.
Gregorian year, is the Julian year corrected and is the year now generally used in Europe. From the difference between this and the Julian year, arises the distinction of Old and New Style.
Sabbatic year, among the Israelites, was every seventh year, when their land was suffered to lid untilled.
The civil or legal year, in England, formerly commenced on the 25th day of March. This practice continued till after the settlement of America, and the first settlers of New England observed it for many years.

Definition 2022


year

year

English

Alternative forms

Noun

year (plural years)

  1. The time it takes the Earth to complete one revolution of the Sun (between 365.24 and 365.26 days depending on the point of reference).
    we moved to this town a year ago;  I quit smoking exactly one year ago
  2. (by extension) The time it takes for any planetary body to make one revolution around another body.
    Mars goes around the sun once in a Martian year, or 1.88 Earth years.
  3. A period between set dates that mark a year, from January 1 to December 31 by the Gregorian calendar.
    • 2013 July 20, The attack of the MOOCs”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
      Dotcom mania was slow in coming to higher education, but now it has the venerable industry firmly in its grip. Since the launch early last year of Udacity and Coursera, two Silicon Valley start-ups offering free education through MOOCs, massive open online courses, the ivory towers of academia have been shaken to their foundations.
    A normal year has 365 full days, but there are 366 days in a leap year.
    I was born in the year 1950.
    This Chinese year is the year of the Rooster.
  4. A scheduled part of a calendar year spent in a specific activity.
    During this school year I have to get up at 6:30 to catch the bus.
  5. (sciences) A Julian year, exactly 365.25 days, represented by "a".
  6. A level or grade in school or college.
    Every second-year student must select an area of specialization.
    The exams in year 12 at high school are the most difficult.
  7. The proportion of a creature's lifespan equivalent to one year of an average human lifespan (see also dog year).
    Geneticists have created baker's yeast that can live to 800 in yeast years.

Synonyms

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

See also

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: true · friend · herself · #294: year · dear · high · above

References

Anagrams