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Definition 2022


брат

брат

Belarusian

Noun

брат (brat) m, feminine equivalent сястра́ (sjastrá)

  1. brother

Declension

Usage notes

  • The word also has a vocative form - бра́це.

Derived terms

  • бра́цкі (brácki), братэ́рскі (bratérski)
  • бра́цтва (bráctva), братэ́рства (bratérstva)
  • стрые́чны брат (stryjéčny brat)

Bulgarian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /brat/

Noun

брат (brat) m

  1. brother

Inflection


Macedonian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Noun

брат (brat) m (plural браќа, diminutive братче)

  1. brother
    Брат ми се пресели во Лондон.
    My brother has moved to London.
  2. mate, pal, buddy (used in informal speech to address somebody)
    Кај си бе, брат?
    What's up, bro?

Declension

Usage notes

  • When this word is used in the sense of "brother", the vocative form is mostly "брату". When it's used in the sense of "mate", "pal", or "buddy", the vocative form is mostly "брате". However, in the second sense, the vocative form is not necessarily used. Among youngsters, the basic form "брат" is dominant (and quite popular, at that).

Russian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [brat]

Noun

брат (brat) m anim (genitive бра́та, nominative plural бра́тья*, genitive plural бра́тьев*) (* The soft ending of the plural was originally used for feminine collective nouns, and the meaning of братья then was brotherhood.)

  1. brother
  2. old boy, pal

Declension

Related terms


Rusyn

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Noun

брат (brat) m

  1. brother

Declension


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /brât/

Noun

бра̏т m (Latin spelling brȁt)

  1. brother
  2. mate, pal, buddy, when used in informal speech to address somebody in vocative (brate)

Declension

Usage notes

There is no plural form for this noun. Instead, the collective term бра̏ћа is used for plural meanings.

Derived terms

  • бра̏тити се
  • бра̏тјенац
  • бра̏тољӯбље
  • братоу̀билачкӣ
  • братоу̀бојица
  • братоу̀бо̄јство
  • бра̏то̄в

Ukrainian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈbrɑt]

Noun

брат (brat) m anim (genitive брата́, nominative plural брати́)

  1. brother (biological sibling)
  2. brother (member of the Christian brotherhood)

Declension

References

  • Bilodid I. K., editor (1970–1980), брат”, in Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy, Kiev: Naukova Dumka