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Webster 1913 Edition


True

True

(trṳ)
,
Adj.
[
Com
par.
Truer
(trṳ′ẽr)
;
sup
erl.
Truest
.]
[OE.
trewe
, AS.
treówe
faithful, true, from
treów
fidelity, faith, troth; akin to OFries.
triuwe
, adj.,
treuwa
, n., OS.
triuwi
, adj.,
trewa
, n., D.
trouw
, adj. & n., G.
treu
, adj.,
treue
, n., OHG.
gitriuwi
, adj.,
triuwa
,
Noun.
, Icel.
tryggr
, adj., Dan.
tro
, adj. & n., Sw.
trogen
, adj.,
tro
, n., Goth.
triggws
, adj.,
triggwa
, n.,
trauan
to trust, OPruss
druwis
faith. Cf.
Trow
,
Trust
,
Truth
.]
1.
Conformable to fact; in accordance with the actual state of things; correct; not false, erroneous, inaccurate, or the like;
as, a
true
relation or narration; a
true
history; a declaration is
true
when it states the facts
.
2.
Right to precision; conformable to a rule or pattern; exact; accurate;
as, a
true
copy; a
true
likeness of the original
.
Making his eye, foot, and hand keep
true
time.
Sir W. Scott.
3.
Steady in adhering to friends, to promises, to a prince, or the like; unwavering; faithful; loyal; not false, fickle, or perfidious;
as, a
true
friend; a wife
true
to her husband; an officer
true
to his charge
.
Thy so
true
,
So faithful, love unequaled.
Milton.
Dare to be
true
: nothing can need a lie.
Herbert.
4.
Actual; not counterfeit, adulterated, or pretended; genuine; pure; real;
as,
true
balsam;
true
love of country; a
true
Christian
.
The
true
light which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
John i. 9.
True
ease in writing comes from art, not chance.
Pope.
True is sometimes used elliptically for It is true.
Out of true
,
varying from correct mechanical form, alignment, adjustment, etc.; – said of a wall that is not perpendicular, of a wheel whose circumference is not in the same plane, and the like.
[Colloq.]
A true bill
(Law)
,
a bill of indictment which is returned by the grand jury so indorsed, signifying that the charges to be true.
True time
.
See under
Time
.

True

,
adv.
In accordance with truth; truly.
Shak.

Webster 1828 Edition


True

TRUE

, a.
1.
Conformable to fact; being in accordance with the actual state of things; as a true relation or narration; a true history. A declaration is true, when it states the facts. In this sense, true is opposed to false.
2.
Genuine; pure; real; not counterfeit, adulterated or false; as true balsam; the true bark; true love of country; a true christian.
--The true light which lighteth every man that cometh into the world. John 1.
3.
Faithful; steady in adhering to friends, to promises, to a prince or to the state; loyal; not false, fickle or perfidious; as a true friend; a true lover; a man true to his king, true to his country, true to his word; a husband true to his wife; a wife true to her husband; a servant true to his master; an officer true to his charge.
4.
Free from falsehood; as a true witness.
5.
Honest; not fraudulent; as good men and true.
If king Edward be as true and just--
6.
Exact; right to precision; conformable to a rule or pattern; as a true copy; a true likeness of the original.
7.
Straight; right; as a true line; the true course of a ship.
8.
Not false or pretended; real; as, Christ was the true Messiah.
9.
Rightful; as, George IV is the true king of England.

Definition 2022


true

true

See also: TRUE

English

Adjective

true (comparative truer or more true, superlative truest or most true)

  1. (of a statement) Conforming to the actual state of reality or fact; factually correct.
    This is a true story.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
      The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; [] . Now she had come to look upon the matter in its true proportions, and her anticipation of a possible chance of teaching him a lesson was a pleasure to behold.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 20, in The China Governess:
      The story struck the depressingly familiar note with which true stories ring in the tried ears of experienced policemen. No one queried it. It was in the classic pattern of human weakness, mean and embarrassing and sad.
    • 2013 July 20, Old soldiers?”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
      Whether modern, industrial man is less or more warlike than his hunter-gatherer ancestors is impossible to determine. [] One thing that is true, though, is that murder rates have fallen over the centuries, as policing has spread and the routine carrying of weapons has diminished. Modern society may not have done anything about war. But peace is a lot more peaceful.
  2. Conforming to a rule or pattern; exact; accurate.
    a true copy;   a true likeness of the original
    • Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832)
      making his eye, foot, and hand keep true time
  3. (logic) Of the state in Boolean logic that indicates an affirmative or positive result.
    "A and B" is true if and only if "A" is true and "B" is true.
  4. Loyal, faithful.
    He’s turned out to be a true friend.
  5. Genuine.
    This is true Parmesan cheese.
    • 2012 January 1, Henry Petroski, The Washington Monument”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 1, page 16:
      The Washington Monument is often described as an obelisk, and sometimes even as a true obelisk, even though it is not. A true obelisk is a monolith, a pylon formed out of a single piece of stone.
  6. Legitimate.
    The true king has returned!
  7. (of an aim or missile in archery, shooting, golf, etc.) Accurate; following a path toward the target.
    • 1801, Mrs. Cowley, “The siege of Acre”, in The British Critic, volume 17-18, page 521:
      Whate'er the weapon, still his aim was true, Nor e'er in vain the fatal bullet flew.
    • 2008, Carl Hiaasen, The downhill lie: a hacker's return to a ruinous sport, page 188:
      I held my breath and struck the ball. My aim was true, but I didn't give the damn thing enough gas. It died three feet from the cup.
  8. (chiefly probability) Fair, unbiased, not loaded.
    • 1990, William W. S. Wei, Time Series Analysis, ISBN 0201159112, page 8:
      Let be twice the value of a true die shown on the -th toss.
    • 2006, Judith A. Baer, Leslie Friedman Goldstein, The Constitutional and Legal Rights of Women: Cases in Law and Social Change (ISBN 9781933220222)
      In fact, few profit margins can be predicted with such reliability as those provided by a true roulette wheel or other game of chance.
    • 2012, Peter Sprent, Applied Nonparametric Statistical Methods, Springer Science & Business Media (ISBN 9789400912236), page 5
      We do not reject, because 9 heads and 3 tails is in a set of reasonably likely results when we toss a true coin.

Antonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Adverb

true (not comparable)

  1. (of shooting, throwing etc) Accurately.
    • 2013 May-June, David Van Tassel, Lee DeHaan, Wild Plants to the Rescue”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3:
      Plant breeding is always a numbers game. [] The wild species we use are rich in genetic variation, and individual plants are highly heterozygous and do not breed true. In addition, we are looking for rare alleles, so the more plants we try, the better.
    this gun shoots true

Translations

Noun

true

  1. Truth.
  2. The state of being in alignment.
    • 1904, Lester Gray French, Machinery, Volume 10:
      Some toolmakers are very careless when drilling the first hole through work that is to be bored, claiming that if the drilled hole comes out of true somewhat it can be brought true with the boring tool.
    • 1922, F. Scott Fitzgerald, O Russet Witch! in Tales of the Jazz Age:
      She clapped her hands happily, and he thought how pretty she was really, that is, the upper part of her face—from the bridge of the nose down she was somewhat out of true.
    • 1988, Lois McMaster Bujold, Falling Free, Baen Publishing, ISBN 0-671-65398-9, page 96:
      The crate shifted on its pallet, out of sync now. As the lift withdrew, the crate skidded with it, dragged by friction and gravity, skewing farther and farther from true.
    • 1994, Bruce Palmer, How to Restore Your Harley-Davidson:
      The strength and number of blows depends on how far out of true the shafts are.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

true (third-person singular simple present trues, present participle trueing or truing, simple past and past participle trued)

  1. To straighten.
    He trued the spokes of the bicycle wheel.
  2. To make even, level, symmetrical, or accurate, align; adjust.
    We spent all night truing up the report.

Usage notes

  • Often followed by up.

Derived terms

Translations

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: anything · matter · passed · #291: true · friend · herself · year

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse þrúga

Verb

true (imperative tru, present tense truer, passive trues, simple past and past participle trua or truet)

  1. to threaten

Derived terms

Related terms

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse þrúga

Alternative forms

Verb

true

  1. to threaten

Related terms

References