Definition 2022



See also: poño




  1. morality, goodness, excellence
  2. correct procedure, true nature, rights, duty
  3. prosperity, well-being
  4. property, supplies
  5. use, purpose



  1. (stative) good, moral, proper
  2. (stative) beneficial
  3. (stative) should, must, necessary



  1. (preceding a word or term) careless, any old way
    Mai pono helu ʻoe, e helu pono!
    Don't count carelessly, count properly!



From Proto-Italic *posnō. Equivalent to po- + sinō.



pōnō (present infinitive pōnere, perfect active posuī, supine positum); third conjugation

  1. I place, put, lay
  2. I ordain
  3. I set up, pitch (camp)



   Conjugation of pono (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pōnō pōnis pōnit pōnimus pōnitis pōnunt
imperfect pōnēbam pōnēbās pōnēbat pōnēbāmus pōnēbātis pōnēbant
future pōnam pōnēs pōnet pōnēmus pōnētis pōnent
perfect posuī posuistī posuit posuimus posuistis posuērunt, posuēre
pluperfect posueram posuerās posuerat posuerāmus posuerātis posuerant
future perfect posuerō posueris posuerit posuerimus posueritis posuerint
passive present pōnor pōneris, pōnere pōnitur pōnimur pōniminī pōnuntur
imperfect pōnēbar pōnēbāris, pōnēbāre pōnēbātur pōnēbāmur pōnēbāminī pōnēbantur
future pōnar pōnēris, pōnēre pōnētur pōnēmur pōnēminī pōnentur
perfect positus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect positus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect positus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pōnam pōnās pōnat pōnāmus pōnātis pōnant
imperfect pōnerem pōnerēs pōneret pōnerēmus pōnerētis pōnerent
perfect posuerim posuerīs posuerit posuerīmus posuerītis posuerint
pluperfect posuissem posuissēs posuisset posuissēmus posuissētis posuissent
passive present pōnar pōnāris, pōnāre pōnātur pōnāmur pōnāminī pōnantur
imperfect pōnerer pōnerēris, pōnerēre pōnerētur pōnerēmur pōnerēminī pōnerentur
perfect positus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect positus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pōne pōnite
future pōnitō pōnitō pōnitōte pōnuntō
passive present pōnere pōniminī
future pōnitor pōnitor pōnuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pōnere posuisse positūrus esse pōnī positus esse positum īrī
participles pōnēns positūrus positus pōnendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
pōnere pōnendī pōnendō pōnendum positum positū

Derived terms


  • Occitan: pónder, pondre
  • Portuguese: pôr
  • Romanian: pune, punere
  • Sardinian: pòniri, pònnere, pònni, pònniri
  • Sicilian: pòniri
  • Spanish: poner
  • Venetian: poner, ponder, pondar
  • Walloon: ponre


  • pono in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pono in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), “pono”, in Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to offer a prize (for the winner): praemium ponere
    • to set up a statue in some one's honour: statuam alicui ponere, constituere
    • to apply oneself zealously, diligently to a thing: studium, industriam (not diligentiam) collocare, ponere in aliqua re
    • to throw doubt upon a thing: in dubio ponere
    • to cite a person or a thing as an example: aliquem (aliquid) exempli causa ponere, proferre, nominare, commemorare
    • it is a debated point whether... or..: in contentione ponitur,
    • to bring a thing vividly before the eyes: ante oculos ponere aliquid
    • to give a general idea of a thing: in uno conspectu ponere aliquid
    • to make a short survey of a thing: in brevi conspectu ponere aliquid
    • to publish, make public: in medio ponere (proponere)
    • to propose, set a theme: ponere
    • to set some one a theme for discussion: ponere alicui, de quo disputet
    • to let those present fix any subject they like for discussion: ponere iubere, qua de re quis audire velit (Fin. 2. 1. 1)
    • to propose a subject of debate, put a question: quaestionem ponere, proponere
    • to lay down a book (vid. sect. XII. 3, note vestem deponere...): librum de manibus ponere
    • to set one's hope on some one: spem suam ponere, collocare in aliquo
    • to put confidence in some one: fiduciam in aliquo ponere, collocare
    • to consider virtue the highest good: summum bonum in virtute ponere
    • to place some one in ambush: aliquem in insidiis locare, collocare, ponere
    • to undress: vestem ponere (exuere)
    • to set food before a person: cibum apponere, ponere alicui
    • to consider a thing as profit: in lucro ponere aliquid (Flacc. 17. 40)
    • to pile arms (cf. sect. XII. 3, note vestem deponere...): arma ponere (not deponere)
    • to place a close line of sentry-posts: vigilias crebras ponere (Sall. Iug. 45. 2)
    • to encamp: castra ponere, locare
    • (ambiguous) to be favourably situated: opportuno loco situm or positum esse
    • (ambiguous) to fail to see what lies before one: quod ante pedes est or positum est, non videre
    • (ambiguous) to depend upon a thing: positum, situm esse in aliqua re
    • (ambiguous) to be in a person's power: in manu, in potestate alicuius situm, positum esse
    • (ambiguous) to consider a thing beneath one's dignity: aliquid infra se ducere or infra se positum arbitrari
    • (ambiguous) it is a matter of conjecture, supposition: aliquid in coniectura positum est
    • (ambiguous) we start by presupposing that..: positum est a nobis primum (c. Acc. c. Inf.)
    • (ambiguous) to occupy a very high position in the state: in altissimo dignitatis gradu collocatum, locatum, positum esse




  1. true




  1. Eye dialect spelling of pondo, representing Northeastern Brazilian Portuguese.