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Webster 1913 Edition


Eu


Eu

.
[Gr.
εὖ
well, orig. neut. of
εὔσ
good; prob. connected with Skr.
su
, from the same root as E.
is
; or with Skr.
vasu
good, prob. fr. the same root as E.
was
.]
A prefix used frequently in composition, signifying well, good, advantageous; – the opposite of dys-.

Definition 2021


Eu

Eu

See also: eu, EU, .e'u, eu-, -eu, .eu, , and Appendix:Variations of "eu"

Translingual

Symbol

Eu

  1. (chemistry) Symbol for europium.

eu

eu

See also: Eu, EU, .e'u, eu-, -eu, .eu, , and Appendix:Variations of "eu"

Aromanian

Pronoun

eu

  1. Alternative form of io

Chuukese

Numeral

eu

  1. (cardinal) one

Related terms


French

Etymology

From Old French eu, from Vulgar Latin *habutus (Classical Latin habitus). Compare Aromanian avut, Catalan hagut, Dalmatian avoit, Friulian vût, Italian avuto, Occitan agut, Old Spanish avudo, Portuguese havido, Romanian avut, Sicilian avutu, Spanish habido, Venetian avudo.

Pronunciation

Verb

eu m (feminine singular eue, masculine plural eus, feminine plural eues)

  1. past participle of avoir

Usage notes

  • Eu is pronounced /y/, despite the fact that the digraph -eu- is regularly pronounced /ø/ or /œ/.

Anagrams


Galician

Etymology

From Old Portuguese eu, from Vulgar Latin *eo, attested from the 6th century in Romance, from Latin ego.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

eu nominative (oblique min, dative me, accusative me)

  1. I (singular first-person personal pronoun)

See also


Japanese

Romanization

eu

  1. rōmaji reading of えう

Latvian

Interjection

eu

  1. Use to draw somebody's attention

Manx

Pronoun

eu (emphatic form euish)

  1. 2nd person plural/formal of ec
    at you/ye

Old French

Verb

eu

  1. past participle of avoir

Old Portuguese

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin *eo, attested from the 6th century in Romance, from Latin ego, from Proto-Italic *egō, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. Compare Old Leonese you, yo Spanish yo, and Mozarabic yo.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛw/

Pronoun

eu

  1. I

Descendants

  • Eonavian: eu
  • Fala: ei
  • Galician: eu
  • Portuguese: eu
    • Barranquian: ê
    • Malaccan Creole Portuguese: yo

Old Provençal

Alternative forms

  • ie (before enclitic)
  • ieu

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin *eo, attested from the 6th century in Romance, from Latin ego.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛw/

Pronoun

eu

  1. I (first-person singular subject pronoun)

Descendants


Old Saxon

Alternative forms

Etymology

See iu.

Pronoun

eu

  1. you (accusative)

Declension


Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Portuguese eu, from Vulgar Latin *eo, attested from the 6th century in Romance, from Latin ego, from Proto-Italic *egō, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

eu m f

  1. I (first-person singular personal pronoun)
    • 2005, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e o Enigma do Príncipe (Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince), Rocco, page 184:
      Eu estava na esperança de encontrá-lo antes do jantar!
      I was hoping to meet you before dinner!

Quotations

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:eu.

See also

Portuguese personal pronouns (edit)
Number Person Nominative
(subject)
Accusative
(direct object)
Dative
(indirect object)
Oblique Oblique
with com
Non-declining
m f m f m and f m f m f m f
Singular First eu me mim comigo
Second tu te ti contigo você
o senhor a senhora
Third ele ela o
(lo, no)
a
(la, na)
lhe ele ela com ele com ela o mesmo a mesma
se (reflexive) si (reflexive) consigo (reflexive)
Plural First nós nos nós connosco (Portugal)
conosco (Brazil)
a gente
Second vós vos vós convosco vocês
os senhores as senhoras
Third eles elas os
(los, nos)
as
(las, nas)
lhes eles elas com eles com elas os mesmos as mesmas
se (reflexive) si (reflexive) consigo (reflexive)
Indefinite se (reflexive) si (reflexive) consigo (reflexive)

Noun

eu m (plural eus)

  1. (chiefly philosophy) ego; self (individual person as the object of his own reflective consciousness)

Synonyms

Derived terms

  • eu lírico

Related terms

Interjection

eu!

  1. Used to draw attention to oneself after having their name called.
    — Dr. Hélio?
    Eu!

Romanian

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin *eo, attested from the 6th century in Romance, from Latin ego, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [jew], [jo]

Pronoun

eu

  1. (nominative form) I

Declension

Nominative
eu
Accusative
stressed unstressed
mine
Genitive
Singular Plural
m & n f m f & n
meu mea mei mele
Dative
stressed unstressed
mie îmi
Reflexive
Accusative Dative
stressed unstressed stressed unstressed
mine mie îmi

See also

Noun

eu n (plural euri)

  1. ego

Declension


Romansch

Alternative forms

  • (Rumantsch Grischun) jau
  • (Sursilvan) jeu
  • (Sutsilvan) jou
  • (Surmiran) ia
  • (Puter) eau

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin *eo, attested from the 6th century in Romance, from Latin ego; akin to Greek εγώ (egó), Sanskrit aham, all from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronoun

eu

  1. (Vallader) I

Welsh

Alternative forms

  • ’u (after vowels)

Pronunciation

  • (ordinary speech) IPA(key): /i/
  • (careful speech) IPA(key): /əi/
  • Homophone: ei

Determiner

eu (triggers h-prothesis of a following vowel)

  1. their
    Cwynent am eu blinder a’u hafiechyd.
    They complained of their weariness and their illness.
  2. them (as the direct object of a verbal noun)
    Fe fu amser pan fyddai drysau trên yn eu hagor i chi.
    There was a time when train doors would be opened for you.

Usage notes

Nhw is often added after the noun.