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Definition 2022


Ek

Ek

See also: ek, ek-, -ek, ék, -ék, EK, and ÉK

Swedish

Proper noun

Ek

  1. A surname.

ek

ek

See also: ek-, -ek, ék, -ék, Ek, EK, and ÉK

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch ik, from Proto-Germanic *ek, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂om (I).

Pronoun

ek (object my, possessive my)

  1. I (subject)

See also


Esperanto

Etymology

From ek-.

Interjection

ek

  1. let's go

Fiji Hindi

Etymology

From Hindi एक (ek), from Sanskrit एक (éka) (or a closely related Old-Indo-Aryan language, through Prakrit), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Haykas (compare Persian یک (yek)), from Proto-Indo-European *(H)óykos (one, single).

Numeral

ek

  1. (cardinal) one

References


Icelandic

Etymology 1

From Old Norse ek, from Proto-Norse ᛖᚲ (ek), from Proto-Germanic *ek, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Alternative forms

  • ég (modern)
  • eg (archaic, poetic)

Pronoun

ek

  1. (archaic) I
    Ek spurða þá, hvar ek skyldi sitja.
    I asked then, where I should sit.
Declension

Etymology 2

Inflected form of aka (to drive).

Verb

ek

  1. first-person singular active present indicative of aka

Ido

Etymology

Borrowing from Latin ex, with the x changed to just k so not to interfere with ex-, which shares the same origin.

Preposition

ek

  1. out of (motion from; made or extracted from; fractional part of), out from, out (forth from), of (made of)

Derived terms

Related terms

  • ex- (ex-, late, former, retired (prefix indicating one who formerly held a position))

Marshallese

Pronunciation

  • MED phonemes: {yẹk}
  • IPA phonemes: /jɘk/
  • IPA articulation: [e̯e͡ɤk]

Noun

ek

  1. fish.

References


Middle English

Alternative forms

Conjunction

ek

  1. also

Related terms


Middle Low German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛk/, /ek/

Etymology

From dialectal differences going back to Proto-Germanic.

Pronoun

ek

  1. Alternative form of ik.

North Frisian

Etymology

From Old Norse ekki. Cognate with Danish ikke, Faroese ikki, Norwegian Nynorsk ikkje.

Adverb

ek

  1. not (Sylt dialect)
    "Di rocht Saaken ken di Oogen ek se", sair di Litji Prins, fuar höm dit tö morki.(please add an English translation of this usage example)

Novial

Preposition

ek

  1. out of, from
  2. out of (expressing a fraction or a ratio)

Old Norse

The inscription on the shaft of the Kragehul I spear.

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Norse ᛖᚲ (ek), from Proto-Germanic *ek (whence also Old English , Old Saxon, Old Frisian and Old Dutch ik, Old High German ih, Gothic 𐌹𐌺 (ik)), from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. Among the earliest attestations of the pronoun, as ᛖᚳ ek, is the proto-Norse inscription on the 2nd-4th century Lindholm amulet, which also contains a postpositive, perhaps clitic, form of the word, in ᚺᚨᛏᛖᚳᚨ hateka, “I am called” — compare Old Norse heiti ek (I hight, I am called) (Old Gutnish hait-) and the form of terms such as kank, kannk (I can) (kann + ek).

Pronoun

ek

  1. I (first-person singular pronoun)
    • 150–350, inscription on the Lindholm amulet:
      ᛖᚳᛖᚱᛁᛚᚨᛉᛋᚨᚹᛁᛚᚨᚷᚨᛉᚺᚨᛏᛖᚳᚨ
      ek erilaz sa[w]ilagaz hateka
      I [am an] earl, Sawilagaz hight I
    • 200–475, inscription on the Kragehul I spear-shaft:
      ᛖᚳᛖ⁀ᚱᛁᛚᚨ⁀ᛉ...
      ek e⁀rila⁀z asugisalas m⁀uh⁀a h⁀aite []
      I, earl of Asugisalaz, hight Muha, []
    • circa 1000, Vǫluspá, verse 1, line 1:
      Hliods bið ec allar... (Codex Regius, circa 1270)
      Hlioðs bið ek allar... (Hauksbók, circa 1306)
      Hljóðs bið ek allar... (normalised orthography)
      For silence I ask all...
    • 1220-1240, Egils saga, chapter 3, line 16:
      "Þótt þetta vandræði hafi nú borit oss at hendi, þá mun eigi langt til, at sama vandræði mun til yðvar koma, því at Haraldr, ætla ek, at skjótt mun hér koma, þá er hann hefir alla menn þrælkat ok áþját, sem hann vill, á Norðmæri ok í Raumsdal." (Norse)
      translation by William Charles Green:
      Though this danger now touches us, before long the same will come to you; for Harold, as I ween, will hasten hither when he has enthralled and oppressed after his will all in North Mæra and Raumsdale.
      translation by Hallvard Lie:
      Though this trouble have now lighted on our hand, 'twill not be long ere the same trouble shall come upon you; for Harald, I ween, will shortly hither come, soon as he hath all men thralled and enslaved, according to this will, in Northmere and Raumsdale.

Declension


The Lindholm amulet, a 2nd to 4th century piece of bone with a Proto-Norse inscription containing two instances of the pronoun.

Descendants

References

  • ek in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *aiks, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eyǵ- (oak).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛːk/

Noun

ēk f

  1. oak

Declension

Descendants

  • Low German: Eek

Rohingya

Etymology

From Bengali [Term?].

Numeral

ek

  1. (cardinal) one

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse eik, from Proto-Germanic *aiks, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eyǵ- (oak).

Pronunciation

Noun

ek c

  1. oak

Declension

Inflection of ek 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ek eken ekar ekarna
Genitive eks ekens ekars ekarnas

Tocharian B

Etymology

From Proto-Tocharian *ëk, from Late Proto-Indo-European *okʷs, from *h₃okʷ-, *h₃ekʷ- (eye; to see). Compare Tocharian A ak.

Noun

ek

  1. eye
    eśane klausane ṣeycer-me kartstse yolo lkātsi klyaussisa
    "you had eyes and ears to see and hear good and evil"

Turkish

Noun

ek (definite accusative eki, plural ekler)

  1. annex

Hyponyms

Declension

Verb

ek

  1. second-person singular imperative of ekmek

Volapük

Pronoun

ek

  1. someone; anyone

Declension


West Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian āk, from Proto-Germanic *auk. Compare Middle English eek (archaic English eke), Dutch ook, German auch.

Adverb

ek

  1. also, too