Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Ex-

Ex-

(ĕks)
.
A prefix from the latin preposition,
ex
, akin to Gr.
ἐξ
or
ἐκ
signifying
out of
,
out
,
proceeding from
. Hence, in composition, it signifies
out of
,
as, in
ex
hale,
ex
clude;
off
,
from
, or
out
, as in
ex
scind;
beyond
, as, in
ex
cess,
ex
ceed,
ex
cel; and sometimes has a privative sense of
without
, as in exalbuminous, exsanguinous
. In some words, it intensifies the meaning; in others, it has little affect on the signification. It becomes ef- before f, as in effuse. The form e- occurs instead of ex- before b, d, g, l, m, n, r, and v, as in ebullient, emanate, enormous, etc. In words from the French it often appears as es-, sometimes as s- or é-;
as,
es
cape,
s
cape,
lite
. Ex-, prefixed to names implying office, station, condition, denotes that the person formerly held the office, or is out of the office or condition now;
as,
ex
-president,
ex
-governor,
ex
-mayor,
ex
-wife,
ex
-convict
. The Greek form
ἐξ
becomes
ex
in English, as in
ex
arch;
ἐκ
becomes
ec
, as in
ec
centric.

Definition 2022


ex-

ex-

See also: ex, Ex, ex., and -ex

English

Alternative forms

Prefix

ex-

  1. out of
    extract, expel, except, expression, exclusion
  2. outside
    exterior, ex-directory
  3. former, but still living (almost always used with a hyphen)
    ex-husband, ex-president , ex-wife
  4. (biology) Lacking.
    excaudate, exstipulate

Usage notes

  • Sometimes the x in ex- is elided before certain constants, being reduced to e- (as, e.g., in ejaculate).

Derived terms

Translations

See also

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:English_words_prefixed_with_ex-'>English words prefixed with ex-</a>

See also


Italian

Prefix

ex-

  1. ex-

Latin

Alternative forms

  • ē- (before b, d, g, j, l, m, n, r, or v)
  • ec-, ef- (before f)

Etymology

The preposition ex, ē used in combination.

Pronunciation

Prefix

ex-

  1. out, away
    ē- + veniōēveniō
    ex- + clāmōexclāmō
    ex- + exeō
  2. throughout
    ē- + dormiōēdormiō
    ē- + pōtōēpōtō
  3. thoroughly
    ē- + dūrus + ēdūrō
    ex- + acuōexacuō
  4. achievement
    ex- + ōrōexōrō
    ex- + pugnōexpugnō
  5. up
    ex- + aggerōexaggerō
    ex- + struōexstruō
  6. denoting privation
    ex- + anima + exanimō
    ex- + sanguisexsanguis

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Latin_words_prefixed_with_ex-'>Latin words prefixed with ex-</a>

Descendants

  • French: é-
  • Italian: s-

References


Spanish

Etymology

From Latin ex.

Prefix

ex-

  1. ex- (former)

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Spanish_words_prefixed_with_ex-'>Spanish words prefixed with ex-</a>

Swedish

Prefix

ex-

  1. ex-, former, past

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Swedish_words_prefixed_with_ex-'>Swedish words prefixed with ex-</a>