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Webster 1913 Edition


Par

Par

,
Noun.
(Zool.)
See
Parr
.

Par

,
p
rep.
[F., fr. L.
per
. See
Per
.]
By; with; – used frequently in Early English in phrases taken from the French, being sometimes written as a part of the word which it governs;
as,
par
amour, or
par
amour;
par
cas, or
par
case;
par
fay, or
par
fay.

Par

,
Noun.
[L.
par
, adj., equal. See
Peer
an equal.]
1.
Equal value; equality of nominal and actual value; the value expressed on the face or in the words of a certificate of value, as a bond or other commercial paper.
2.
Equality of condition or circumstances.

Webster 1828 Edition


Par

P`AR

,
Noun.
[L. par, equal, paro.]
1.
State of equality; equal value; equivalence without discount or premium. Bills of exchange are at par, above par, or below par. Bills are at par, when they are sold at their nominal amount for coin or its equivalent.
2.
Equality in condition.

Definition 2022


Par

Par

See also: par, PAR, pár, pār, păr, par-, pār-, and Appendix:Variations of "par"

English

Proper noun

Par

  1. the name of a town and beach near St Austell in Cornwall

Anagrams


Luxembourgish

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle High German pharre, from Old High German pharra, from Late Latin parochia, from Ancient Greek παροικία (paroikía). Compare German Pfarrei.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /paːʀ/

Noun

Par f (plural Paren)

  1. parish

par

par

See also: Par, PAR, pár, pār, păr, par-, pār-, and Appendix:Variations of "par"

English

Abbreviation

par

  1. paragraph
  2. parallel
  3. parenthesis
  4. parish

Etymology 2

Borrowing from French par (through, by), from Latin per (through).

Pronunciation

Preposition

par

  1. By; with.
Usage notes
  • Used frequently in Middle English in phrases taken from French, being sometimes written as a part of the word which it governs; as, par amour, or paramour; par cas, or parcase; par fay, or parfay.

Noun

par (plural pars)

  1. Equal value; equality of nominal and actual value; the value expressed on the face or in the words of a certificate of value, as a bond or other commercial paper.
  2. Equality of condition or circumstances.
  3. (golf, mostly uncountable) The allotted number of strokes to reach the hole.
    He needs to make this shot for par.
  4. (golf, countable) A hole in which a player achieves par.
    • 2009, January 18, Paul Casey storms to four-stroke lead in Abu Dhabi:
      Kaymer started with six straight pars before making a birdie on the seventh and an eagle on the eighth.
  5. (Britain) An amount which is taken as an average or mean.
Derived terms

Verb

par (third-person singular simple present pars, present participle parring, simple past and past participle parred)

  1. (transitive, golf) To reach the hole in the allotted number of strokes.
    He will need to par every hole in order to win this game.

Etymology 3

Compare Scottish Gaelic bradan (salmon).

Noun

par (plural pars)

  1. Young salmon. (also spelled parr)

Anagrams


Ambonese Malay

Preposition

par

  1. for

Aromanian

Alternative forms

Etymology 1

From Latin pāreō. Compare Daco-Romanian părea, par.

Noun

par

  1. I seem, appear.
Derived terms
  • pãreari/pãreare
See also
  • undzescu

Etymology 2

From Latin pālus. Compare Daco-Romanian par.

Alternative forms

Noun

par

  1. stake

Related terms


Danish

Etymology 1

From late Old Norse par, from Middle Low German par, from Latin pār.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /par/, [pʰɑ]

Noun

par n (singular definite parret, plural indefinite par)

  1. pair
  2. couple
Inflection

Etymology 2

Borrowing from English par.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /paːr/, [pʰɑː]

Noun

par c

  1. (golf) par (the allotted number of strokes to reach the hole)

Etymology 3

See parre.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /paːr/, [pʰɑːˀ]

Verb

par

  1. imperative of parre

Faroese

Etymology

From late Old Norse par, from Middle Low German par, from Latin pār.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pʰɛaːɹ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛaːɹ

Noun

par n (genitive singular pars, plural pør)

  1. pair

Declension

n5 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative par parið pør pørini
Accusative par parið pør pørini
Dative pari parinum pørum pørunum
Genitive pars parsins para paranna

French

Etymology

From Middle French par, from Old French par, from Latin per, from Proto-Indo-European *peri.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /paʁ/
  • Rhymes: -aʁ

Preposition

par

  1. through
    par la fenêtrethrough the window
    aller par le parc ― go through the park
  2. by (used to introduce a means)
    voyager par train ― travel by train
    par surpriseby surprise
  3. over (used to express direction)
    Viens par ici ! ― Come over here!
  4. from (used to describe the origin of something, especially a view or movement)
    voir par devant ― see from the back
    le liquide est arrivé par le robinet ― the liquid arrived from the tap
  5. around, round (inside of)
    par tout le cinéma ― all around the cinema
  6. on (situated on, used in certain phrase)
    par terreon the ground
  7. on, at, in (used to denote a time something occurs)
    par un beau jouron a nice day
    par un soirin one evening
  8. in
    marcher par deux ― walk in twos
  9. per, a, an
    trois fois par semaine ― three times a week
  10. out of (used to describe the reason for something)
    par pure colèreout of pure anger
    par tristesseout of sadness
  11. for
  12. by (used to introduce the agent in a passive construction)
    le bateau est attaqué par des pirates. ― the boat is [being] attacked by pirates.

Derived terms

Noun

par m (plural pars)

  1. (golf) par

Anagrams


Friulian

Etymology

From Latin per.

Preposition

par

  1. for
  2. through
  3. by

Gabrielino-Fernandeño

Alternative forms

Noun

par

  1. water

References

  • Kroeber, Shoshonean Dialects of California, in University of California Publications: American archaeology and ethnology, volume 4, page 81
  • HG

Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pʰaːr/
  • Rhymes: -aːr

Etymology 1

From Middle Low German par, from Latin pār (equal).

Noun

par n (genitive singular pars, nominative plural pör)

  1. pair
  2. a couple, two people who are dating
  3. (poker) pair
Declension
Synonyms

Etymology 2

Borrowing from English par.

Noun

par n (genitive singular pars, no plural)

  1. (golf) par
Declension

Indo-Portuguese

Etymology

From Portuguese para, from Old Portuguese pera, from Latin per (through) + ad (to).

Preposition

par

  1. (Diu) to (indicates indirect object)
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      Já fallou par su pai aquêl mais piquin, []
      The youngest one told (literally: said to) his father []
  2. (Diu) for (indicates subject of an infinitive)
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      Trasê tamêm um vaquinh bem gord e matá par nós comê e par nós regalá:
      Bring also a small and very fat cow and kill (it) for us to eat and for us to regale ourselves:

Istriot

Etymology

From Latin per.

Preposition

par

  1. for
  2. through

Kurdish

Noun

par f

  1. share, part

Etymology

From *p- + *ar-, cognate with Avestan [script needed] (yārə-, year), English year, all from Proto-Indo-European *yeh₁r- (year).

Noun

par f

  1. last year

Adverb

par

  1. last year

Latin

Etymology

Unclear. A traditional reconstruction is Proto-Indo-European *perH- (exchange), comparing Ancient Greek πέρνημι (pérnēmi) etc. and Lithuanian pirkti; but this accounts badly for the /a(ː)/. Others refrain from assigning an Indo-European root.

Pronunciation

Adjective

pār m, f, n (genitive paris); third declension

  1. even (of a numbers)
  2. equal
  3. like
  4. suitable

Inflection

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative pār parēs paria
genitive paris parium
dative parī paribus
accusative parem pār parēs paria
ablative parī paribus
vocative pār parēs paria

Derived terms

See also

Descendants


Latvian

Preposition

par (with accusative)

  1. about, on
  2. than
  3. for (price)
  4. as

Lojban

Rafsi

par

  1. rafsi of cpare.

Middle French

Etymology

From Old French par.

Conjunction

par

  1. by (introduces an agent)
    • 1532, François Rabelais, Pantagruel:
      Comment Epistemon qui avoit la teste tranchée, fut guery habillement par Panurge.
      How Epistemon who had his head cut off was adroitly cured by Panurge
      .

Descendants


Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

par n (definite singular paret, indefinite plural par, definite plural para or parene)

  1. a pair
    et par sko ― a pair of shoes
  2. a couple
  3. a few (determiner)
    for et par dager siden ― a few days ago

Derived terms

Noun

par n

  1. (golf, uncountable) par
    ett slag under par ― one stroke under par

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

par n (definite singular paret, indefinite plural par, definite plural para)

  1. a pair
    eit par sko ― a pair of shoes
  2. a couple
  3. a few (determiner)
    for eit par dagar sidan ― a few days ago

Derived terms

Noun

par n

  1. (golf, uncountable) par
    eitt slag under par ― one stroke under par

Old French

Etymology

From Latin per.

Conjunction

par

  1. by; via (introduces a medium)
  2. because of; due to (introduces a medium)
  3. by
  4. by; through; across
  5. by (introduces an exclamation)
  6. in (at a location)

Descendants

  • Middle French: par

Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Portuguese par, from Latin pār (equal, like), from Proto-Indo-European *per (exchange).

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈpaʁ/
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈpaɾ/
  • Hyphenation: par

Noun

par m (plural pares)

  1. pair
  2. couple
  3. peer
  4. (golf) par

Derived terms

  • grupo de pares

Adjective

par m, f (plural pares, not comparable)

  1. (mathematics) even

Romanian

Etymology 1

From Latin pālus (stake), from Proto-Italic *pākslos, from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂ǵ-slos, from *peh₂ǵ-.

Noun

par m (plural pari)

  1. stake
Related terms
See also

Etymology 2

Form of părea.

Verb

par

  1. first-person singular present tense form of părea.
  2. first-person singular subjunctive form of părea.
  3. third-person plural present tense form of părea.

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Latin pār (equal, like).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pâːr/

Noun

pȃr m (Cyrillic spelling па̑р)

  1. pair, couple

Declension

Derived terms


Slovene

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpàːr/
  • Tonal orthography: pár

Noun

pár m inan (genitive pára, nominative plural pári)

  1. pair
  2. some, a couple (of)
  3. couple (two partners)
  4. (golf)) par
  5. (card games) (poker) pair

Declension

Synonyms

See also

Poker hands in Slovene · poker karte (layout · text)
najvišja karta par dva para tris lestvica, kenta
barva full house poker barvna lestvica kraljeva lestvica

Spanish

Etymology

From Latin pār (equal, like), from Proto-Indo-European *per (exchange).

Adjective

par m, f (plural pares)

  1. even

Noun

par m (plural pares)

  1. pair
  2. (physics) two equal non-collinear forces

Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

par n

  1. a pair, a couple (either two or a few of something)
  2. a couple, two people who are dating

Declension

Inflection of par 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative par paret par paren
Genitive pars parets pars parens

Related terms


Venetian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin pār. Compare Italian paio.

Noun

par m (plural pari)

  1. pair