Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Have

Have

(hăv)
,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Had
(hăd)
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Having
.
Indic. present
, I
have
, thou
hast
, he
has
; we, ye, they
have
.]
[OE.
haven
,
habben
, AS.
habben
(imperf.
hæfde
, p. p.
gehæfd
); akin to OS.
hebbian
, D.
hebben
, OFries.
hebba
, OHG.
habēn
, G.
haben
, Icel.
hafa
, Sw.
hafva
, Dan.
have
, Goth.
haban
, and prob. to L.
habere
, whence F.
avoir
. Cf.
Able
,
Avoirdupois
,
Binnacle
,
Habit
.]
1.
To hold in possession or control; to own;
as, he
has
a farm
.
2.
To possess, as something which appertains to, is connected with, or affects, one.
The earth
hath
bubbles, as the water
has
.
Shakespeare
He
had
a fever late.
Keats.
3.
To accept possession of; to take or accept.
Break thy mind to me in broken English; wilt thou
have
me?
Shakespeare
4.
To get possession of; to obtain; to get.
Shak.
5.
To cause or procure to be; to effect; to exact; to desire; to require.
I
had
the church accurately described to me.
Sir W. Scott.
Wouldst thou
have
me turn traitor also?
Ld. Lytton.
6.
To bear, as young;
as, she has just
had
a child
.
7.
To hold, regard, or esteem.
Of them shall I be
had
in honor.
2 Sam. vi. 22.
8.
To cause or force to go; to take.
“The stars have us to bed.”
Herbert.
Have out all men from me.”
2 Sam. xiii. 9.
9.
To take or hold (one’s self); to proceed promptly; – used reflexively, often with ellipsis of the pronoun;
as, to
have
after one; to
have
at one or at a thing, i. e., to aim at one or at a thing; to attack; to
have
with a companion.
Shak.
10.
To be under necessity or obligation; to be compelled; followed by an infinitive.
Science
has
, and will long
have
, to be a divider and a separatist.
M. Arnold.
The laws of philology
have
to be established by external comparison and induction.
Earle.
11.
To understand.
You
have
me, have you not?
Shakespeare
12.
To put in an awkward position; to have the advantage of;
as, that is where he
had
him
.
[Slang]
Have, as an auxiliary verb, is used with the past participle to form preterit tenses; as, I have loved; I shall have eaten. Originally it was used only with the participle of transitive verbs, and denoted the possession of the object in the state indicated by the participle; as, I have conquered him, I have or hold him in a conquered state; but it has long since lost this independent significance, and is used with the participles both of transitive and intransitive verbs as a device for expressing past time. Had is used, especially in poetry, for would have or should have.
Myself for such a face
had
boldly died.
Tennyson.
Syn. – To possess; to own. See
Possess
.

Webster 1828 Edition


Have

HAVE

,
Verb.
T.
hav.
pret. and pp. had. Present, I have, thou hast, he has; we, ye, they, have. [L. habeo.]
1.
To possess; to hold in possession or power.
How many loaves have ye? Matt.15.
He that gathered much had nothing over. Ex.16.
I have no Levite to my priest. Judges 17.
To have and to hold, terms in a deed of conveyance.
2.
To possess, as something that is connected with, or belongs to one.
Have ye a father? Have ye another brother? Gen.43, and 44.
--Sheep that have no shepherd. l Kings 22.
3.
To marry; to take for a wife or husband.
In the resurrection, whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all had her. Matt.22.
4.
To hold; to regard. Thus, to have in honor, is to hold in esteem; to esteem; to honor.
To have in derision or contempt, to hold in derision or contempt; to deride; to despise.
5.
To maintain; to hold in opinion.
Sometimes they will have them to be the natural heat; sometimes they will have them to be the qualities of the tangible parts.
6.
To be urged by necessity or obligation; to be under necessity, or impelled by duty.
I have to visit twenty patients every day.
We have to strive against temptations.
We have to encounter strong prejudices.
The nation has to pay the interest of an immense debt.
7.
To seize and hold; to catch. The hound has him. [The original, but now a vulgar use of the word.]
8.
To contain. The work has many beauties and many faults.
9.
To gain; to procure; to receive; to obtain; to purchase. I had this cloth very cheap.
He has a guinea a month.
He has high wages for his services.
Had rather, denotes wish or preference.
I had rather be a door-keeper in the house of my God, than dwell in the tents of wickedness. Ps.84.
Is not this phrase a corruption of would rather?
To have after, to pursue. [Not much used, nor elegant.]
To have away, to remove; to take away.
To have at, to encounter; to assail; as, to have at him; to have at you. [Legitimate, but vulgar.]
To enter into competition with; to make trial with.
Dryden uses in a like sense, have with you; but these uses are inelegant.
To have in, to contain.
To have on, to wear; to carry; as raiment or weapons.
He saw a man who had not on a wedding garment. Matt.22.
To have out, to cause to depart. 2 Sam.13.
To have a care, to take care; to be on the guard, or to guard.
To have pleasure,to enjoy.
To have pain, to suffer.
To have sorrow, to be grieved or afflicted.
With would and should.
He would have, he desires to have, or he requires.
He should have, he ought to have.
But the various uses of have in such phrases,and its uses as an auxiliary verb, are fully explained in grammars. As an auxiliary, it assists in forming the perfect tense, as I have formed, thou hast formed, he hath or has formed, we have formed, and the prior-past tense, as I had seen, thou hadst seen, he had seen.

Definition 2021


have

have

See also: hâve

English

Alternative forms

  • haue (alternative typography, obsolete)

Verb

have (third-person singular simple present has, present participle having, simple past and past participle had)

Additional archaic forms are second-person singular present tense hast, third-person singular present tense hath, and second-person singular past tense hadst.
  1. (transitive) To possess, own, hold.
    I have a house and a car.
    Look what I have here — a frog I found on the street!
  2. (transitive) To be related in some way to (with the object identifying the relationship).
    I have two sisters.
    I have a lot of work to do.
  3. (transitive) To partake of a particular substance (especially a food or drink) or action.
    I have breakfast at six o'clock.
    Can I have a look at that?
    I'm going to have some pizza and a beer right now.
  4. (auxiliary verb, taking a past participle) Used in forming the perfect aspect and the past perfect aspect.
    I have already eaten today.
    I had already eaten.
  5. (auxiliary verb, taking a to-infinitive) must.
    I have to go.
    Note: there is a separate entry for have to.
  6. (transitive) To give birth to.
    The couple always wanted to have children.
    My wife is having the baby right now!
    My mother had me when she was 25.
  7. (transitive) To engage in sexual intercourse with.
    He's always bragging about how many women he's had.
  8. (transitive) To accept as a romantic partner.
    Despite my protestations of love, she would not have me.
  9. (transitive with bare infinitive) To cause to, by a command, request or invitation.
    • 2002, Matt Cyr, Something to Teach Me: Journal of an American in the Mountains of Haiti, Educa Vision, Inc., ISBN 1584321385, 25:
      His English is still in its beginning stages, like my Creole, but he was able to translate some Creole songs that he's written into English—not the best English, but English nonetheless. He had me correct the translations. That kind of thing is very interesting to me. When I was learning Spanish, I would often take my favorite songs and try to translate them.
    They had me feed their dog while they were out of town.
  10. (transitive with adjective or adjective-phrase complement) To cause to be.
    He had him arrested for trespassing.
    The lecture's ending had the entire audience in tears.
  11. (transitive with bare infinitive) To be affected by an occurrence. (Used in supplying a topic that is not a verb argument.)
    The hospital had several patients contract pneumonia last week.
    I've had three people today tell me my hair looks nice.
  12. (transitive with adjective or adjective-phrase complement) To depict as being.
    Their stories differed; he said he'd been at work when the incident occurred, but her statement had him at home that entire evening.
    Anton Rogan, 8, was one of the runners-up in the Tick Tock Box short story competition, not Anton Rogers as we had it. The Guardian.
  13. Used as interrogative auxiliary verb with a following pronoun to form tag questions. (For further discussion, see "Usage notes" below)
    We haven't eaten dinner yet, have we?
    Your wife hasn't been reading that nonsense, has she?
    (UK usage) He has some money, hasn't he?
  14. (Britain, slang) To defeat in a fight; take.
    I could have him!
    I'm gonna have you!
  15. (Ireland) To be able to speak a language.
    I have no German.
  16. To feel or be (especially painfully) aware of.
    Dan certainly has arms today, probably from scraping paint off four columns the day before.
  17. To be afflicted with, to suffer from, to experience something negative
    He had a cold last week.
    We had a hard year last year, with the locust swarms and all that.
  18. To trick, to deceive
    You had me alright! I never would have thought that was just a joke.
  19. (transitive, often with present participle) To allow.
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room Chapter 2
      "You're a very naughty boy. If I've told you once, I've told you a thousand times. I won't have you chasing the geese!"

Conjugation

Usage notes

Interrogative auxiliary verb

have ...? (third-person singular has ...?, third-person singular negative hasn’t ...? or has ... not?, negative for all other persons, singular and plural haven’t ...? or have ... not?); in each case, the ellipsis stands for a pronoun.

  • Used with a following pronoun to form tag questions after statements that use “have” to form the perfect tense or (in UK usage) that use “have” in the present tense.
    “We haven't eaten dinner yet, have we?”
    “Your wife hasn't been reading that nonsense, has she?”
    “I'd bet that student hasn’t studied yet, have they?”
    “You've known all along, haven’t you?”
    “The sun has already set, has it not?”
    (UK usage) “He has some money, hasn’t he?” (see usage notes below)
  • This construction forms a tag that converts a present perfect tense sentence into a question. The tag always uses an object pronoun substituting for the subject. Negative sentences use has or have, distinguished by number. Affirmative sentences use the same followed by not, or alternatively, more commonly, and less formally, hasn’t or haven’t. (See Appendix:English tag questions ).
  • In American usage, this construction does not apply to present tense sentences with has or have, or their negations, as a verb; it does not apply either to the construction “have got”. In those cases, use “does” or its negation instead. For example: “He has some money, doesn’t he?” and “I have got enough time, don’t I?” These constructions with “do”, “does”, “don’t” or “doesn’t” are considered incorrect in UK usage.

Quotations

  • For usage examples of this term, see Citations:have.

Derived terms

See also: Appendix:Collocations of do, have, make, and take

Translations

See also

References

  1. Internal Reconstruction in Indo-European: Methods, Results, and Problems

Statistics

Most common English words before 1923: on · her · which · #25: have · or · from · this

Danish

Etymology 1

From Old Norse hagi.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /haːvə/, [ˈhæːvə], [ˈhæːw̩]

Noun

have c (singular definite haven, plural indefinite haver)

  1. garden
  2. orchard
  3. allotment
Inflection

Etymology 2

From Old Norse hafa (to have, wear, carry), from Proto-Germanic *habjaną (to have, hold), from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to seize, grab).

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ha/, [ha] or IPA(key): /haː/, [hæːˀ]

Verb

have (imperative hav, infinitive at have, present tense har, past tense havde, perfect tense har haft)

  1. have, have got

Etymology 3

See hav (sea, ocean).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /haːvə/, [ˈhæːvə]

Noun

have n

  1. plural indefinite of hav

Norman

Etymology

Borrowing from Old Norse háfr (net), from Proto-Germanic *hēb-, *hēf-, an ablaut form of *hafjaną (to have; take; catch). Related to English dialectal haaf (a pock-net).

Pronunciation

Noun

have f (plural haves)

  1. (Jersey) shrimp net

Norwegian Nynorsk

Alternative forms

  • hava (a infinitive)
  • ha (also Norwegian Bokmål)

Etymology

From Old Norse hafa, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną (to have), durative of Proto-Germanic *habjaną (to lift, take up), from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to take, seize, catch).

Verb

have (present tense har, past tense hadde, past participle hatt, passive infinitive havast, present participle havande, imperative hav)

  1. to have (possess)
    Eg har eit hus og to bilar.
    I have a house and two cars.
  2. to have (to relate to in some manner)
    Eg har to systrer.
    I have two sisters.

References


Novial

Verb

have

  1. to have, to possess

Tarantino

Verb

have

  1. third-person singular present indicative of avere