Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


-est

-est

(-ĕst)
.
[AS.
-ost
,
-est
; akin to G.
-est
,
-ist
, Icel.
-astr
,
-str
, Goth.
-ists
,
-ōsts
, Skr.
-ishṭha
.]
A suffix used to form the superlative of adjectives and adverbs;
as, smooth
est
; earl(y)i
est
.

Definition 2022


-est

-est

See also: est, Est, EST, êst, ēst, est., and Est.

English

Suffix

-est

  1. Used to form the superlative of adjectives and adverbs.
    longest, biggest, fastest
Usage notes
  • See -er for notes on the usage of this suffix to form superlatives.
  • Occasionally, the -est suffix is added to a verbal adjective as a substitute for most. An example is winningest.
Coordinate terms
Related terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English -est, -st, from Old English -est, -ast, -st, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *-zi, from Proto-Indo-European *-si. The -t was by transfer from inverted order where thou followed the verb, which also occurred in most dialects of Middle Dutch and Middle High German (compare modern German -st).

Suffix

-est

  1. (archaic) Used to form the second-person singular present tense and past tense of verbs.
    goest, makest, wentest, madest
Translations
See also

Old English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *-ust-.

Suffix

-est f

  1. suffix forming feminine nouns, originally from verbs
    eornost (earnest)
    þēnest (service)
    ofost (haste)
    orrest (battle, combat)

Declension