Definify.com

Webster 1913 Edition


Adverb

Ad′verb

,
Noun.
[L.
adverbium
;
ad
+
verbum
word, verb: cf. F.
adverbe
.]
(Gram.)
A word used to modify the sense of a verb, participle, adjective, or other adverb, and usually placed near it;
as, he writes
well
; paper
extremely
white.

Webster 1828 Edition


Adverb

AD'VERB

,
Noun.
[L. adverbium, of ad and verbum, to a verb.]
In grammar, a word used to modify the sense of a verb, participle, adjective or attribute, and usually placed near it; as, he writes well; paper extremely white. This part of speech might be more significantly named a modifier, as its use is to modify, that is, to vary or qualify the sense of another word, by enlarging or restraining it, or by expressing form, quality or manner, which the word itself does not express. The term adverb, denoting position merely, is often improper.

Definition 2022


Adverb

Adverb

See also: adverb

German

Noun

Adverb n (genitive Adverbs, plural Adverbien)

  1. (grammar) adverb

Declension

  • The genitive singular is also (des) Adverbes and the dative singular is also (dem) Adverbe though these forms are uncommon nowadays.

Usage notes

The standard plural of Adverb is Adverbien. The plural forms Adverbe (dated; cf. Adjektiv and its plural Adjektive) and Adverben (cf. Verb and its plural Verben) have never been common.

Synonyms

Hyponyms

  • Affirmationsadverb, Durativadverb, Finaladverb, Frequenzadverb (Frequentativadverb, Häufigkeitsadverb), Gradadverb, Instrumentaladverb, Intensitätsadverb, Interrogativadverb (Frageadverb), Kausaladverb, Kommentaradverb (Modalitätsadverb, Satzadverb, Urteilsadverb), Konditionaladverb, Konsekutivadverb, Konzessivadverb, Modaladverb, Negationsadverb (Verneinungsadverb), Quantitätsadverb, Situierungsadverb, Temporaladverb (Zeitadverb)
  • Lokaladverb (Ortsadverb)
    • Direktionaladverb (Richtungsadverb), Herkunftsadverb
  • Komparationsadverb, Komparativadverb, Superlativadverb
  • Konjunktionaladverb, Pro-Adverb (Präpositionaladverb, Pronominaladverb), Relativadverb

Luxembourgish

Noun

Adverb n (plural Adverben)

  1. (grammar) adverb

adverb

adverb

See also: Adverb

English

Noun

adverb (plural adverbs)

  1. (grammar) A word that modifies a verb, adjective, other adverbs, or various other types of words, phrases, or clauses.
    • 1897, Henry James, What Maisie Knew:
      ‘Fortunately your papa appreciates it; he appreciates it immensely’—that was one of the things Miss Overmore also said, with a striking insistence on the adverb.
    (modifying a verb) I often went outside hiking during my stay in Japan.
    (modifying an adjective) It was often cold outside.
    (modifying another adverb) Not often.

Usage notes

Adverbs comprise a fundamental category of words in most languages. In English, adverbs are typically formed from adjectives by appending -ly and are used to modify verbs, verb phrases, adjectives, other adverbs, and entire sentences, but not nouns or noun phrases.

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

adverb (third-person singular simple present adverbs, present participle adverbing, simple past and past participle adverbed)

  1. (rare) To make into or become an adverb.
    • 1973, Indian Linguistics, volume 34, page 241:
      Considering these postpositional phrases to be adverbed phrases would be an insufficient analysis, since the postpositions are determined by the verb.
    • 1998, English linguistics:
      Even if, in the case of native speakers of English in particular, bonded adverbed verbs are always understood and used as entities, the different stages of théir formation are probably those I have just described.
    • 2005, John Barth, The Book of Ten Nights and a Night: Eleven Stories, page 8:
      Then, post-adverbially, they start over again from Square One, explaining that queer name of hers and who and where she is and what's going on here besides adverbing.

Synonyms

Anagrams

See also

  • Category:Adverbs by language

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin adverbium, from ad- (to) + verbum (word, verb).

Noun

adverb n (definite singular adverbet, indefinite plural adverb or adverber, definite plural adverba or adverbene)

  1. (grammar) adverb

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Latin adverbium, from ad- (to) + verbum (word, verb).

Noun

adverb n (definite singular adverbet, indefinite plural adverb, definite plural adverba)

  1. (grammar) an adverb

References


Romanian

Etymology

From Latin adverbium, from ad- (to) + verbum (word, verb), French adverbe.

Noun

adverb n (plural adverbe)

  1. adverb

Declension


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Latin adverbium, from ad- (to) + verbum (word, verb).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ǎdʋerb/
  • Hyphenation: ad‧verb

Noun

àdverb m (Cyrillic spelling а̀дверб)

  1. adverb

Declension

Synonyms


Swedish

Etymology

From Latin adverbium, from ad- (to) + verbum (word).

Noun

adverb n

  1. adverb

Declension

Inflection of adverb 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative adverb adverbet adverb adverben
Genitive adverbs adverbets adverbs adverbens

Related terms


Veps

Noun

adverb

  1. adverb

Inflection

Inflection of adverb
nominative sing. adverb
genitive sing. adverban
partitive sing. adverbad
partitive plur. adverboid
singular plural
nominative adverb adverbad
accusative adverban adverbad
genitive adverban adverboiden
partitive adverbad adverboid
essive-instructive adverban adverboin
translative adverbaks adverboikš
inessive adverbas adverboiš
elative adverbaspäi adverboišpäi
illative ? adverboihe
adessive adverbal adverboil
ablative adverbalpäi adverboilpäi
allative adverbale adverboile
abessive adverbata adverboita
comitative adverbanke adverboidenke
prolative adverbadme adverboidme
approximative I adverbanno adverboidenno
approximative II adverbannoks adverboidennoks
egressive adverbannopäi adverboidennopäi
terminative I ? adverboihesai
terminative II adverbalesai adverboilesai
terminative III adverbassai
additive I ? adverboihepäi
additive II adverbalepäi adverboilepäi

References

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), наречие”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika