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Definition 2022


自然

自然

Chinese

 
from; self; oneself; since
 
correct; right; so; thus; like this; -ly
simp. and trad.
(自然)

Noun

自然

  1. nature; the natural world

Adjective

自然

  1. natural; of or relating to nature
  2. natural; at ease; without strain

Usage notes

To describe things literally produced by nature, use the attributive 天然 (tiānrán) instead.

Adverb

自然

  1. naturally; in a natural manner
  2. naturally; of course; as a matter of course

Conjunction

自然

  1. admittedly

Derived terms

Descendants

Sino-Xenic (自然):

Japanese

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
ぜん
Grade: 4
on'yomi

Pronunciation

Adjectival noun

自然 (-na inflection, hiragana しぜん, romaji shizen)

  1. natural
  2. spontaneous

Inflection

Adverb

自然 (hiragana しぜん, romaji shizen)

  1. naturally
  2. spontaneously
  3. rarely
  4. coincidentally

Noun

自然 (hiragana しぜん, romaji shizen)

  1. nature
  2. spontaneity

Synonyms

References

  1. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

Okinawan

Etymology

Cognate with mainland Japanese 自然 (shizen).

Noun

自然 (hiragana しじん, romaji shijin)

  1. nature

Vietnamese

Hán tự in this word

Noun

自然

  1. Hán tự form of tự nhiên, “nature

Adjective

自然

  1. Hán tự form of tự nhiên, “natural

Adverb

自然

  1. Hán tự form of tự nhiên, “naturally