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Definition 2022


U+4E59, 乙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E59

[U+4E58]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E5A]
See also:

Translingual

Stroke order

Original form of (swallow). Current meaning by phonetic loan.

Han character

(radical 5 乙+0, 1 stroke, cangjie input 弓山 (NU), four-corner 17710)

  1. the second of the ten heavenly stems
  2. second
  3. Kangxi radical #5, (second).
  4. the quantity 1

Derived characters

  • Index:Chinese radical/乙
  • 𢒼 𤴥 𥘆 𥝎 𦨇 𧈝 𩁶 𪐘

References

  • KangXi: page 83, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 161
  • Dae Jaweon: page 167, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 47, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E59
  • “乙”, in 字源 (in Mandarin), accessed 2014-03-21

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (49)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjit̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔjĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔit ›
Old
Chinese
/*qrət/
English 2nd heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14921
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qriɡ/
Notes ɡd

Noun

  1. second, 2, B, II, beta (used for unnamed people or object, to enumarate headings in a list, for grade)
    路人路人   Lùrén jiǎ hé lùrén .   Person A and person B / Person 1 and Person 2.
    法語成績 [MSC, trad.]
    法语成绩 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā fǎyǔ chéngjī dé le . [Pinyin]
    He got a B in French.
       gān   hepatitis B
  2. (chemistry) ethyl

Proper noun

  1. The second of the ten heavenly stems (天干 (tiāngān))
  2. Kangxi radical 5 (second)
  3. the seventh scale degree in Gongche musical notation (工尺譜工尺谱 (gōngchěpǔ))

Number

  1. (literary) one
    (公文)…   (gōngwén)... Jiā fèn.   (In official letters) …added one copy.

See also

Pronunciation


Proper noun

  1. (Chinese calligraphy) turning stroke

See also

References

  • “乙”, in MDBG English to Chinese dictionary (based on CC-CEDICT) (in Mandarin/English), accessed 2014-02-13
  • “Jukuu”, in Jukuu (in Mandarin/English), accessed 2014-03-21

Japanese

Kanji

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings

Compounds

Adjectival noun

(-na inflection, hiragana おつ, romaji otsu)

  1. strange
  2. interestingly strange, spicy

Inflection

Noun

(hiragana おつ, romaji otsu)

  1. the second
  2. the latter

(hiragana きのと, romaji kinoto)

  1. the second of the ten stems (十干 (jikkan))

Interjection

(hiragana おつ, romaji otsu)

  1. (Internet slang) Abbreviation of お疲れ様です (otsukaresama desu).

Derived terms

  • うぽつ (upotsu), うp (おつ) (upotsu)

Korean

Hanja

(eul)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: eul, McCune-Reischauer: ŭl)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: sae, McCune-Reischauer: sae)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References


Vietnamese

Han character

(ất, át, ắc, ắt, hắt, ặc, lớt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References